Mendel's Legacy: The Origin of Classical Genetics

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CSHL Press, 2004 - 332 sayfa
This latest book by Elof Carlson ( The Unfit) is a first history of classical genetics, the era in which the chromosome theory of heredity was proposed and developed. Highly illustrated and based heavily on early 20th century original sources, the book traces the roots of genetics in breeding analysis and studies of cytology, evolution, and reproductive biology that began in Europe but were synthesized in the United States through new Ph.D. programs and expanded academic funding. Carlson argues that, influenced largely by new technologies and instrumentation, the life sciences progressed though incremental change rather than paradigm shifts, and he describes how molecular biology emerged from the key ideas and model systems of classical genetics. Readable and original, this narrative will interest historians and science educators as well as today's practitioners of genetics.
 

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This is an account of the development of classical genetics by a geneticist. Fittingly, it is fairly heavy on technical details and pays almost no attention to wider currents in society outside the ... Tam incelemeyi okuyun

İçindekiler

What Is Classical Genetics?
1
Routes to Classical Genetics Evolution
7
Routes to Classical Genetics Cytology
17
Routes to Classical Genetics Embryology and Reproduction
31
Routes to Classical Genetics Breeding and Hybrid Formation
41
The Rise of the American University
53
The Sex Chromosomes
79
The Rediscovery of Mendelism
99
Forming the Fly Lab Contributions of AH Sturtevant and CB Bridges
181
Forming the Fly Lab Contributions of HJ Muller
203
Drosophila Genetics after 1915
215
Darwinism Mendelism and the New Synthesis
231
Classical Genetics to the MidTwentieth Century
243
Classical Genetics and OneCelled Organisms
261
Classical Genetics in the Service of Politics
275
Classical Genetics and Human Genetics
291

The Chromosome Theory of Heredity
109
The Predominance of Plant Breeding to 1910
119
Maize Genetics and the Popularization of Genetics
139
Animal Genetics in the First Decade of the Twentieth Century
153
Morgan and Fruit Fly Genetics
163
The Future and Significance of Classical Genetics
301
Classical Genetics and the History of Science
307
Index
319
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Yazar hakkında (2004)

Elof Axel Carlson (born 1931) was raised in Brooklyn, New York, and attended New York University for his B.A. degree. He went to Indiana University to study genetics with Nobelist H. J. Muller, completing his Ph.D. in 1958. He then took a position as Lecturer at Queen's University in Kingston,Ontario and in 1960 accepted a position at UCLA where he sponsored six students for their Ph.D. degrees. In 1968, Carlson moved to Stony Brook University and in 1974 he was awarded the statewide title of Distinguished Teaching Professor. He retired from Stony Brook University in 2000 and moved toBloomington, Indiana, where he is a Visiting Scholar in Indiana University's Institute for Advanced Study.Carlson is a geneticist, historian of science, and writer. He has authored or edited 13 books, including The Gene: A Critical History; Genes, Radiation, and Society: the Life and Work of H. J. Muller; The Unfit: A History of a Bad Idea; Mendel's Legacy: A History of Classical Genetics; and The 7Sexes: Biology of Sex Determination. He also has written a science column, Life Lines, which has appeared since 1997 in the North Shore Long Island newspapers of publisher Leah Dunaieff.Carlson is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and recipient, in 1972, of the Harbison Award for Gifted Teaching from the Danforth foundation. He is married to Nedra (nee Miller) Carlson and they have five children, 12 grandchildren, and threegreat-grandchildren.

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