Political Culture and Conflict Resolution in the Arab Middle East
Academic Monographs, 2009 - 352 sayfa
Political Culture and Conflict Resolution in the Arab MIddle East develops a method for examining the explanatory capacity of political culture in relation to the issues of civil war and conflict resolution in Lebanon and Algeria. How perception, shaped by values and assumptions, affects political behaviour presents scholars with potentially valuable but also dangerous possibilities. Namely, seeking to explore the explanatory capacity of the nebulous concept of political culture can prospectively lead to the cul de sacs of essentialism or relativism. In an attempt to engage with the concept of political culture, this book develops a method for examining the explanatory capacity of political culture in relation to the issues of civil war and conflict resolution in Lebanon and Algeria. Applying strict limits on the implementation of political culture in an explanatory capacity, namely its role as a secondary, relational and comparative concept, this book demonstrates how political culture operates to shape the form and affect the legitimacy of conflict resolution processes. This is applied to two peace agreements, Lebanon's Taef Agreement and Algeria's Civil Concord. Here. the importance of 'contextuality' is emphasised in developing a space where political culture can provide explanatory capacity whilst remaining connected to 'macro' theoretical concepts.
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al-Hariri Algerian civil war Algerian political amnesty Aoun approach Arab political Arab society Arab World behaviour Beirut Bouteflika Christian Civil Concord community cohesion community of Arab confessional politics conflict resolution conflict resolution process country’s crimes Document of National dominance Druze economic effort elements emphasise explanatory capacity factors focus focussed forces Hezbollah highlight Human Rights Ibid identity influence institutions insurgency International Crisis Group Islamic Islamist Israel Israeli issue justice leaders Lebanese civil war Lebanese economy Lebanese political legitimacy Maila Maronite ment Middle East military militia Muslim National Pact negotiations organisations Palestinian Parliament participation particular peace agreements perspectives political culture analysis political elites political reform political structure political system President Rafiq al-Hariri recognition reconciliation regional relation resolution theory role seeking Shi’a social sought Syria Ta‘if Taef Agreement third party tion undermined values and assumptions violence Walid Jumblatt Washington D.C. whilst