Poverty and Leadership in the Later Roman Empire
UPNE, 2002 - 160 sayfa
In three magisterial essays, Peter Brown, one of the world's foremost scholars of the society and culture of late antiquity, explores the emergence in late Roman society of "the poor" as a distinct social class, one for which the Christian church claimed a special responsibility. It is the story of how a society came to see itself as responsible for the care of a particular class of people -- a class that had not previously been cared for -- and of who benefited from that shift in interests.
In his characteristically elegant and lucid prose, Brown seeks to recover the pre-Christian status of poor people, the actual nature of the relations between the Christian church and the poor, and the true motivations -- sometimes sincere, sometimes self-serving -- behind Christian rhetoric of love for the poor. He draws not only on the standard Greek and Latin sources for the later Roman Empire, but also on Jewish sources to document the interactions between Middle Eastern provincial societies and classical Roman traditions. Brown gracefully illuminates a crucial transition from classical to Christian culture: the emergence of a new understanding of what society -- and the Church -- owes to the poor that continues to resonate.
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alms almsgiving ancient Antioch appeals Armenia associated Augustine Basil of Caesarea beggars bishop Byzantine Cambridge University Press charity cheerful giver Chris Christ Christentum Christian church citizens civic classes classical clergy Constantine Constantinople Constantius II Coptic court Cyril destitute Early Christian early modern Eastern Eerdmans Egypt emperor euergetes Eustathius famine fellow fifth centuries flesh fourth century Garnsey Garsoian governor Greek Gregory of Nyssa human imperial impoverishment Israel Jerusalem Jesus Jews John Chrysostom Journal of Roman language late antique period Late Antiquity late Roman society later empire Later Roman Empire Letter London medieval Menahem Stern model of society Monophysite Nerses Nestorius notion Oxford P'awstos pagan Paris Patlagean Patrologia Graeca Patrologia Latina Pauvrete persons piety poor relief poverty preaching priest privileges religious rich Roman empire Roman world Rome Saint sermons siecle slaves social solidarity Theodosius Theodosius II tian tion town trans urban wealth widows xenodocheion