Proximity to Power and Jewish Sectarian Groups of the Ancient Period: A Review of Lifestyle, Values, and Halakhah in the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and Qumran
Brill, 2006 - 332 sayfa
This book deals with the values, lifestyle and code of law of four Jewish sectarian groups in the Hellenistic and Roman (Second Temple) period, in the land of Israel. It reviews the groups according to their proximity to power, highlighting the fact that political involvement has a decisive impact on the life and development of these social groups. The groups under review, the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes and Qumran, receive a new historical description, from the viewpoint of their proximity to power. The issue of what determines the course of a social group, whether normative or sectarian, is discussed, and the traditional terminology is re-examined. Original terminology is established. The first part of the book deals with the question of terminology, the available sources and the presentation of the different groups.
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Chapter One Terminology and Methodology
Chapter Two Jewish Groups in the Hasmonean Period
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A. I. Baumgarten accept according Alexander Jannaeus approach argued aspects attributed behavior Boethusians chapter Christian clothing communal meal Community Rule context Coser Damascus Document Dead Sea Scrolls described discussion dispute dissenting groups distinction earthly eating Eshel Essenes example greedy institutions group members Halakhah Halakhic system Halakhot Hasmonean period Hebrew Hillel historical Pharisees House of Hillel ibid identified ideological impurity interpretation involvement Israel Jerusalem center Jewish groups John Hyrcanus Josephus Judaism L. H. Schiffman later leader leadership Licht lifestyle Megilat mentioned Miqsat Ma'ase Mishnah Neusner normative center opinion passage Pesher Pharisees Pharisees and Sadducees Philo principle prophecy prophetic Qumran group Qumran texts Rabbi references regarding regime Sabbath Sadducees Sages Schiirer scholars Schwartz seceding groups Second Temple period sect shel social sources stressed supernatural Talmudic Tannaitic Tannaitic literature Teacher of Righteousness Temple Scroll term tion Torah Tosefta types of groups value-orientated values women