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THE

L I F E

AND

PONTIFICATE

OF

LEO THE TENTH.

IN SIX VOLUMES.

BY WILLIAM ROSCOE.

THE SECOND EDITION, CORRECTED.

VOL. II.

LONDON:

PRINTED BY J. MÓCREERY,

FOR T. CADELL AND W. DAVIES, STRAND.

1806.

Quanti alpestri sentier, quanti palustri

Narrerò io, di morte e sangue pieni,
Pe'l variar de' regni e stati illustri!

Machiavelli, Decennale. i. 1503-1507.

CAUSES of dissension between the French and

Spanish monarchs in the kingdom of Naples Successes of the French army_Battle between thirteen French and thirteen Italian combatants -Gonsalvo defeats the French and effects the conquest of NaplesCommotions in Rome Cæsar Borgia quits the city-Election and short pontificate of Pius III.-The states of Romagna retain their fidelity to Cæsar Borgia

-Election of Julius II.-He endeavours to deprive Borgia of his territories-Borgia betrayed by Gonsalvo and sent to SpainHis death and character— Federigo the exiled king of Naples mediates a peace between the French and Spanish monarchsDefeat of the French on the Garigliano-Death of Piero de' Medici -Marriage of his daughter Clarice to Filippo StrozziModeration and prudence of the cardinal de' Medici ~Untimely death of Galeotto della RovereDifficulties and embarrassments of the cardinal de' Medici-Death of Ercole duke of Ferrara and accession of Alfonso I.Tragical event in the family of EsteFinal expulsion of the French from Naples Julius II. seizes on the cities of Perugia and Bologna-Ferdinand of Spain visits his Neapolitan dominions-Gonsalvo honoured and neglectedHe repents of his errors--Is vindicated by Paolo Giovio.

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