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6. Der heilige Geist bildet die 6. The Holy Spirit forms the Vermittlung zwischen dem Vater und mediation between the Father and dem Sohne und ist durdy den Sohn the Son, and is, through the Son, mit dem Vater verbunden.

united with the Father.'

NOTES. 1. The Filioque controversy, which is now a thousand years old, refers only to the metaphysical question of the eternal procession (extrópevoig) of the Holy Spirit (John xv. 26); the Greek Church, in the interest of the monarchia of the Father, maintains the single procession from the Father alone; the Latin Church, since Augustine, in the interest of the homoousia of the Son, the double procession from the Father and the Son. About the temporal mission (Tétı) of the Spirit from the Father and the Son (John xiv. 26; xv. 26; xvi. 7), and the practical question of the work of the Spirit in the regeneration and sanctification of belierers, there has been no controversy between the Greek and Latin Churches. See Vol. I. p. 26.

2. Joun or DAMASCus, or JOANNES DAMASCENUS (surnamed CHRYSORRHOas, gold-pouring; also called by the Arabs Mansur, i. e., dedurpwuévos), born at Damascus (then under Saracen rule), monk in the convent of St. Sabas near Jerusalem, died after 754, is the last of the Greek fathers, and the greatest and most authoritative of the divines of the Oriental Church. He may be called the Thomas Aquinas of the East. Inferior in productive genius and originality to Origen, Athanasius, Gregory Nazianzen, and Gregory of Nyssa, he is more comprehensive in his range of teaching, and more uniformly orthodox in his dogmatic statements. Flis chief work is his ‘Exposition of the Orthodox Faith' (ixooois cirpißrs is opocézov Triotewc), which sums up under a hundred heads the results of the theological labors of the Greek fathers and councils down to the seventh century. It was the first complete system of divinity, and by the use of Aristotelian dialectics ushered in the scholastic period. He distinguished himself also by his hymns, and by his eloquent defense of images against the iconoclasts, for which he was highly lauded by the second Council of Nicæa (787). The best edition of his works has been issued by Le Quien, Paris, 1712, two vols. folio, reproduced in Migne's Patrologia Græca, Vols. XCIV.-XCVI., Paris, 1857.

3. After reading this agreement, the aged Dr. Döllinger, who is the head of these Union conferences, added the following hopeful remarks: “So far then are we agreed, and the theologians know that the question of the Holy Spirit is herewith properly exhausted. A dogmatic conflict concerning this question no longer exists between us. May God grant that what we have here adjusted be received by the Churches of the East in the spirit of peace and discrimination between dogma and theological opinion. What we have accomplished furnishes a new ground of hope that our efforts are blessed by God, and that we shall succeed still further ; while the history of former union transactions makes the impression that God's blessing did not rest on them. I think it no presumption to believe that here we perceive the blessing of God, there the absence of his blessing (Gotles Unsegen). Let us remember how much deception and fraud, what a tissue of falsifications, how much ambitious violence were employed at the Councils of Lyons and Florence, how both parties were always conscious of aiming at something else than agreement in the great truths of the Christian faith. I hope we shall be able to continue these international conferences next year. What a joy, if then the Orientals bring the glad tidings-Our Bishops, Synods, and Churches hare approred our agreement.'

' De fide orthod. Ι. 13: μέσον του αγεννήτου και γεννητού και δι' Υιού τω Πατρί συναι: τόμενον.

INDEX TO VOL. II.

Catechism, Larger, of Eastern Church, 416.
A.

Celibacy, 197, 230.
Absolution, sacerdotal, 105, 111, 113, 151, Chalcedon, Statement of, 62.
167, 387.

Cherubim, 297.
Adam's sin, 85, 301.

Christ: name, 314, 466; value of death, 326;
Adultery, 196.

humanity, 12, 60, 62, 319; sinlessness, 324,
Almsgiving, 371, 344, 391, 433.

325; state after death, 331, 477; reasons
Amusements forbidden, 373.

for death, 334; theanthropic nature, 62, 68,
Anathema, power of, 238.

etc. See Consubstantiality; Generation.
Angels : functions, 294; classes, 297; guard- Church, attributes of, 218, 237, 256, 359-362,

ian, 463; intercession of and prayers to, 410, 483; mediuin of grace, 20, 362; au-
295, 409, 435.

thority of, 269, 364, 403; inspiration of,
Antichrist, 481.

417.
Apocrypha. See Scriptures.

Church and State, 220, 223, 226; separation
Apollinarianism condemned, 36, 62, 64, 69. of, 227.
Apostles' Creed, 45.

Clergy, seven orders of, 187.
Apostolical constitutions, 39; succession, 263, Comparative Table of Creeds, 40.
411, 412.

Concordats, 223.
Arius, Creed of, 28, 61.

Concupiscence versus Sin, 88.
Ascension, 336, 479.

Confession: of Dositheus, 401; of Nathaniel,
Athanasius, Creed of, 66; quoted, 25, 350, 4; orthodox, 213; of Peter, 4; of Thomas,
451.

4.
Augustine on Infant Salvation, 424.

Confession to priest, 139, 147, 166, 368, 391,

549.
B.

Confirmation, 125, 378, 421, 494.
Baptism, 39, 122, 374, 423, 491; by water, Constantinople (iii.), Creed of, 72.

122, 425; condition of salvation, 123, 423; Consubstantiality of Son, 33, 36, 57, 66, 287,
not to be repeated, 124, 493; of infants, 312, 401; of Spirit, 57, 66, 287, 348.
174, 421.

Contrition. See Repentance.
Baptismal Formula, 5.

Councils, authority of, 265, 277, 364, 451 ; of
Baptismal Regeneration, 86, 87, 142, 375, 377, Ephesus, 73; of Florence, 262, 267 ; of
392, 421, 425.

Lyons, 267; æcumenical, iii., 73; v., 73;
Basil, quoted, 61, 301, 306, 448, 449, 436. vi., 72.
Beatitudes, 514-19.

Courts, ecclesiastical, 220.
Bellarmin, quoted, 548.

Creation, 239, 280, 293, 300, 406, 403.
Bible. See Scriptures.

Creationism, 308.
Bible Societies denounced, 218.

Creed: definition, 456 ; Apostles', 15; of
Bishops: superior to priests, 192; functions Cæsarea, 61; Comparative Table, 40; of
of, 226, 364, 411, 415, 501.

Constantinople, 72; of Arius, 28, 61;
Blasphemy, 528.

Athanasian, 66 ; of Chalcedon, 62; of Je-
Bonn, Theses of, 515.

rusalem, 61 ; Nicene, 57.

Cross, sign of, 332, 493 (see Images); adora-
C.

tion of, 436.
Cæsarea, Creed of, 61.

Crucifixion, 324.
Calvinism denounced, 402, 411.

Cup denied, 175; water and wine, 182.
Catechism, definition of, 415.

Cyprian, 20.

Cyril of Jerusalem, 31; quoted, 331, 438, 446, 358; procession of (from the Father), 31, 38,
451, 493.

57, 58, 60, 282, 350, 401, 481, 545, (from

the Son), 59, 68, 545, 552.
D.

Hymns, 440.
Dead, prayers and alms for, 269, 314, 370,
414, 432, 550; states of, 346, 432.

I.
Decalogue, 521, 542.

Ignatius, 11.
Depravity, human, 89, 110, 112, 419. Images, 201, 209, 43.5, 527 ; approved by
Devil, 463.

bishops, 204.
Dionysius, 296.

Immaculate Conception, 88, 211, 519.
Divorce, 197, 229.

Immersion, Trine, 491.
Docetism, 12.

Inability, human. See Depravity.
Dositheus, Confession of, 401.

Incarnation, 6, 319, 408, 471, etc.

Indulgences, 205, 209, 220, 549.
E.

Infallibility. See Pope.
Education, 224.

Infants, regenerate, 174, 424.
Election. See Predestination.

Irenæus, 12, 448.
Ephesus, Council of, 73.
Epiphanius, 33, 35.

J.
Episcopacy, 192, 263, 411, etc.

James, Bishop of Jerusalem, 413.
Eternal life, 14, 398, 505.

Jerusalem, Creed of, 61; Church of, 361 ;
Eternal punishment, 14, 312.

Synod, decrees of, 401.
Eucharist, 126, 136, 380,421, 427, 495; adora- Jesus, 313, 466.
tion of, 132, 137, 430.

John, baptism of, 122, 491.
Eusebius of Cæsarea, 29.

John of Damascus, quoted, 291, 294, 305, 319,
Eutychianism condemned, 62, 65, 69.

330, 383, 413, 498,552, etc.
Extreme Unction, 159, 169, 394, 414, 421, 502. Judgment, last, 69, 338, 479.

Justification, 91, 97, 110, 113, 115, 275, 410,
F.

418; knowledge of, 103, 113; equivalent
Faith, 80, 113, 243, 253, 277, 410, 44). See to sanctification, 99, 115.

Justification.
Fall in Adam, 85, 302, 407, 470.

K.
Fasting and fast days, 365, 370, 391, 411, Knowledge rersus Faith, 446.

531.
Filioque. See Holy Spirit.

L.
Florence, Council of, 262, 267.

Latitudinarianism, 217.
Foreknowledge, 304, 307, 310.

Leo III., 351.
Free Will, 92, 111, 507.

Light of Light, 317, 467.

Lord's Supper. See Eucharist.
G.

Lucian, 27.
Generation, eternal, of Son, 23, 26, 30, 31, Lucifer, rebellion of, 297.
282, 312, 317.

Lutherans condemned, 428.
God: incomprehensible, 284, 459; unity of, Lyons, Council of, 267.
280, 459; attributes of, 239, 286, 288, 459.

M.
Grace, prevenient, 110, 404.
Gregory Thaumaturgus, 24.

Marriage, 193, 229, 231, 293, 372, 393, 421,
Gregory Theologus, 288, 350.

501.
Gregory the Great, quoted, 264.

Mary, worship of, 64, 320, 321; "Mother of

God,' 62, 64, 88, 201, 209, 211, 320, 323,
II.

408, 435, 472 ; sinlessness of, 88, 117, 211,
Heaven, degrees of bliss in, 311.

408, 471 (see Immaculate Conception);
Hell, 347, 477.

prayer to, 409.
Heretical books forbidden, 369.

Mass, 170, 181, 208, 550; propitiators, 179;
Holy Spirit, charisms of, 352-58, 483; di- for the dead, 180, 199.

vinity of, 57, 68, 287, 348, 481 ; fruits of, Materialism, 227.

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Military service, clerical immunity from, 221. Revelation, 214, 211, 252, 446.
Miracles, 244, 253, 455, 473.

Rome, Bishop of, 209. (See Pope.)
Monotheism, 3, 281, 401, etc.
Monothelites condemned, 72.

S.

Sabbath, 529.
N.

Sacraments : number of, 119, 207, 374, 420,
Nathaniel, Confession of, 4.

490, 547; definition of, 129, 374, 490; ob-
Natural Religion, 215, 210, 252, 447

ject of, 120, 375; validity of, 122, 167.
Nestorianism condemned, 62, 65.

Saints, invocation and worship of, 199, 435 ;
Nicene Creed, 57.

apparitions of, 486.
Novatian, 21.

Satisfaction, 155.

Science and Christianity, 247, 255.
0.

Scriptures, 80, 241, 253, 373, 402, 448, 546 ;
Old-Catholic Conference, Theses of, 5t. interpretation of, 242, 245, 402, 434, 449,
Only-begotten, 316, 466.

454 ; limited use of, 433, 454; translation
Ordination, 191, 197, 386, 421, 501.

of, 80, 241, 546.
Ordines Minores, 188, 389.

Second Coming, 337, 479.
Origen, 22, 345.

Seven Orders, 187. See Ordination.
Orthodox Confession, 213.

Sin, Original, 84, 304, 407.

Sirach, book of, quoted, 285, 302.
P.

Societies, Bible and Secret, 218.
Pantheism, 213.

Soul, origin of, 308.
Paradise, 316, 464.

Subordinationism, 25.
Pelagianism, 73, 92, 111.

Supererogation, works of, 547.
Penance, 105, 113, 116, 390, 421, 500. Syllabus of Errors, 213.
Perseverance of Saints, 103, 114, 115. Synergism. See Pelagianism.
Peter, Confession of, 4. (See under Pope.)
Polygamy prohibited, 195.

T.
Pope, primacy of the, 209, 258, 260, 363, 410; Temporal power, 232. See Pope.

functions of the, 220, 231, 263 ; authority Tertullian, 16, 413.
of the, 209, 265, 269; infallibility of the, Theophylact, quoted, 343.

266, 270; gives new doctrines, 269. Thomas, Confession of, 4.
Prayer, 369, 506; Lord's, 508.

Tradition, 80, 82, 207, 448, 548.
Predestination, 103, 305, 310, 403, 461. Transubstantiation, 126, 136, 336, 380, 382,
Primitive State, 81, 301, 419.

427, 431, 495, 497.
Prophecies, 454.

Trent, Canons of, 77; curse upon repudiators
Protestantism denounced, 217.

of, 118.
Providence, 310, 406, 465.

Trinity, 24, 27, 66, 79, 280, 284, 461.
Public Schools, 224.

Tritheism, 67.
Purgatory, 117, 198, 315.

V.
R.

Vatican Decrees, 234.
Rationalism condemned, 213.

Vulgar tongue, Bible in, 183, 186, 546.
Relics, 200, 435-38, 527.

Vulgate, authority of, 82, 241.
Repentance, 141, 389, 390.
Reprobation. See Predestination.

W.
Resurrection of Christ, 333, 477; of the Works, good, 107, 115, 116, 213, 418, 445.

body, 48, 69, 396, 503 ; of the flesh, 47, (See Justification.)
49, 50.

Worship, 365.

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THE END OF VOL. II.

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