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2 Apalona

1 Jesse Albert Victor 1 Gertrude Victoria 1 Edward 1 Betty .. 2 John

1 Gladys Mary Emanuel 1 Catherine 4 John Albert Victor***

1 Harriett Agnes George 1 Diana 1 John Francio

1 Harriett Elizabeth Henry 8 Elizabeth 21 John Richard


Alice Isaack 1 Hannah 11 Jobp Thomas

i Helea Mary James 3 Lydia ... 1 Joseph

2 Jano Job 2 Lucy 1 Joseph Bennett

1 Jane Elizabetb John 20 Mabel

i Maurice Maynard 1 Jane Ellen Jobo Culcope i Mariah i Norman Percy

1 Jane Maria Joseph 8 Margaret 1 Percival 1 Jonny

1 Richard 1 Margery 2 Samuel

2 Jessio ... Robert 1 Martha 3 Samuel George 1 Juliana

1 Samuel 4 Mary 19 Sidney Charles 1 Leah Adelaide

1 Thomas 19 Nancy 3 Thomas 2 Lily Louisa

1 William 29 Obedienco 1 Thomas William

1 Louisa
3 Walter
1 Lucy

8 Walter Jamos
1 Lucy Elizabeth

1 Walter Thomas

1 Lucy Emma Alice 1 100 100 / William

4 Marian May...

1 In all pineteen names; one In all twenty names,

William Edward 2 Mary
double name.
William Greening 1 Mary Anna

William Harry
1 Martha Mercy

1 In this list we have the first instance of the use William Moreton 1 Mabel Charlotte

1 of a double name, the second appellative being a William Newton

i Mabel Rutb ...

1 family one.

William Thomas
1 May


May Elizabeth

1 Male. Female.

Mildred Mary Nevill Albert 2 Ada 3

Muriel Grace

1 Albert Edwin 1 Ada Jane 1


7 Albert Theodore 1 Alice


1 Albert William 1 Alice Louisa ... 1

Nellie Maria

1 Alexander William Ann

Olive Iris

1 Victor 1 Annie 4

Phyllis Dora

1 Alfred 5 Amanda Leonora 1


1 Arthur 4 Amelia Mary


1 Arthur George 1 Beatrice Mary

Sarah Anne

1 Arthur James 1 Blanche Winifred

Sarah Annette

1 Bertie 1 Caroline Emily


1 Bertram William 1 Caroline Hannah

Winifred Beatrice 1 Charles 4 Charlotte

Charles John
i Clara ...


100 Charles William 2 Clara Sophia

In all sixty-seven names ; In all eighty-three names; Christopher 1 Dora ... i thirty-seven double names; fifty-two double

names; David ... 1 Dorothea Osborn i five treble names.

three treble names. Edgar James 1 Dorothy Margaret 1

It is curious to notice in the lists of male names Edward 3 Dinah Rose

1 Edwin 2 Edith ...


that while the typical name Jobo in the sixteenth 1 Edith Blanche

i century takes the lead with twenty-two out of the Ernest 4 Edith Mary

1 bundred, and in the seventeenth century is at the Ernest Walter 1 Elizabeth

? head again with thirty-one, in the eighteenth cenFelix John 1 Elizabeth Louisa

1 Francis Robert 1 Eliza Jane

i tary William takes the lead with twenty-nine, Francis James 2 Eliza Gertrude

1 while John counts only twenty. In the nineteenth Frank 5 Ellen

4 century we have but one John, simple and un. Frederick 1 Ellen Beatrice

1 adorned, and only four in combination with other Frederick Arthur 1 Ellen Fitter


names. Frederick William 1 Emily

1 George 3 Emily Rosine


The corresponding Joano or Jone, sach a favourGeorge Frederick 1 Emma

ilito in old literature, while counting sixteen in the George Robert 1 Ethel

1 sixteenth century, drops to two in the seventeenth Harry 2 Eunice Ellen

1 and then entirely disappears. Fashion might do Henry 1 Eva Florence

1 Henry George 1 Fanny


worse than revive it. Heber 1 Fanny Louise

1 Of boys' names, for the earlier three centuries, Herbert Charles 1 Florence

2 as might be expected, John, Thomas, and William James 1 Florence Elsie


are by far the most in favour, accounting together James William 1 Florence Ellen


for Afty-two, sixty-five, and sixty-eight in the James Shirley Chat- Frances Mabel

1 terton i Frances Mary

hundred of the successive periods. It will, perhaps,

1 James Shirley Hamil- Gertrude Ellen

i be rather a surprise, considering how many Henrys, ton ...

1 Gertrude Florence 1 Edwards, and Georges we have had upon the

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tbrone, though not within the periods 'under In the 'King of Tars,' 605, it is said of a man analysis, that these dames should show 80 small that he is “in his herte sore attrayed,” i. 6., sorely a percentage.

vexed at heart. See A tray in the ‘N. E. D.' The of girls' names, Elizabeth, with % or 8, keeps the glossary has, “ Attrayed, poison'd.” This is a lead for three centuries. But it is rather singular very bad shot, for the A.-S. attor, poison, could that while in the sixteenth century Margaret is not possibly produce such a verb as attrayen. even with it, both being nineteen, in the seven- Blyve, we are told, sometimes means blithe, and teenth we have no Margaret at all, and in the is corrupted from it." It never has that sense, and eighteenth only one. In the sixteenth century we the assumed “corruption," like most others, is have no Mary, but three Maries. In the seven- uowarranted. teenth and eighteenth centuries Mary is as popular Borken, barking” is entered without a refer

Elizabeth, while in the nineteenth we have but ence. It occurs in the 'King of Tars,' p. 400, and ope.

is the past tense plural, meaning “barked." Mr. Obviously the most remarkable thing about the Ritson sbould have known that -en is not the nineteenth century list is the extent to which the suffix of a present participle. If the hapless Warton practice of giving in baptism double or even treble had been caught in such an error, Ritson would names is now carried. While in the last century have called the statement "a lye.” & hundred' boys had only pineteen names among The glossary gives us cronde, unexplained. This them, and a hundred girls only twenty, now, is an error for croude, as was shown by Price. owing to this practice, a hundred boys have sixty- Dang, we are told, is the “plural” of Ding; but seven names, and a hundred girls eighty-three-80 it is charitable to suppose that "plural” is a much bave we onlarged upon our fathers' vocabu- misprint for “preterite." lary.

Denketh roun, thinks to run," is surely comic. The most fanciful and romantic of the double the text has roune, i. e., to whisper. and treble dames belong as often as not to the Druye is unexplained, yet it is merely our "dry." labouring classes.

Ernde, yearn, desire'd." But it means he There are indications also of the increasing ran," as the context requires. See rennen in favour shown to pet names, and what used to be Stratmand. considered picknames—Annie, Jendy, and Nellie “Glyste up," not explained. The s is printed -will probably be followed as baptismal names as a "long 8”; in fact, it is an error for glyfte up. by many which are now confined to the family To gliff is to glance quickly, to look, gaze. It is circle, but which are often displayed in wedding duly explained in Stratmann. notices, as when we are told parenthetically that Hone is explained by “shame; Fr. honte.” But "Gwendoline Florence," for example, is the young “ withouten hone" means" without delay," and is lady known to her friends as Florrie."

a fairly common phrase.

ROBERT Hodson. Pende, bond," must be a misprint of hond for Lapwortb.

pond. Pende is explained by Stratmann as a

pound, or (perhaps) a pond. CURIOSITIES OF INTERPRETATION.-No. IV. “ Ryne, rine [sic], the white covering of a noc

A famous antiquary and editor was Joseph turnal frost." This is a complex error, and refers Ritson. We all remember the acrimony with to 'King Hord,' p. 11: "For reyn ne myhte by wbich he attacked Warton. Frequently, but not ryne." The answer is simple; read by-ryne, i.e., always, he had good reasons to show for his stric-be-rain, rain upon. tures. If, however, we were to draw the conclu- In the • Erlo of Tolous,' p. 337, we have, “Ho sion that he was himself accurate, we should be bebelde yoly bur face," where ynly (for in-ly) very much mistakep. His throwing of stones was means inwardly, hence, intently. But Ritson was doubtless intended to let us know that he did not entirely puzzled by it, and misprints it yuly. bimself live in a glass house. Nevertheless, that Hence the curious entry in the glossary, Yuly, house had an over large proportion of windows in handsome, beautiful.” This be supports by a it, as may easily be seen.

quotation about "a captain's wife most yewly," Ritson's "Metrical Romance ës' (to adopt his adding, “though it must be confess’d that the own peculiar spelling) is a valuable book in its original has not yerly, but vewlie, unless the tail way, but we must not trust it too mucb. I give of the y bave been broken off at the press "; that a few samples of some of its peculiarities, for which is, his imaginary word is to be explained by purpose it is simplest to examine the glossary. manipulating another passage to suit it.

In 'King Horn,' 1120, we read how Horn In 'Ywaine and Gawaine,' p. 677, is a curious craved some drink, because he and his companions passage about Sir Ywaine riding under a port“bueth afurste,” é. e., are athirst. The glossary cullis. says that afurste bere means "at first,” which

Under that than was a swyke. makes nonsense of the whole passage.

The knight's horse's foot touched the swyke, i. 6.,

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the trap, or contrivance for letting the rortcu'lis Dapple in his own confines, by forked hoado go, and down it came. But Ritson coolly identifier

Has his round baunches gored. swyke with syke, and explains it by “sike, hole, or Now let me try to show the unsoundness of the ditch.

note p. 101.

“A forked arrow was not," as Under the word thoghte, however, he succeeds Steevens says, " barbed, but just the contrary"; in gibbeting a mistake of “mister Ellises” very and the noto proceeds to say the arrow was barbed neatly, as follows: "In mister Ellises edition, the like a new moon, and adds, Commodus the Emthe text has hym poghte; the comment, 'In posté, peror would smite off the head of a bird and never Fr. in power'; than which nothing can be more mise. I should have thought, and seldom bit. Now ridiculous." WALTER W. SKEAT. really could there be a note of more absurdity ?

A half-moon on a shaft! You might as well use

a hayfork. How could an arrow of this class be SHAKSPEARIANA. "As You LIKE IT,' II. i., p. 19 (Clarendon did ase such an arrow, it must have been in a very

balanced or guided by its fléche? If Commodus Press edition).-Objection to note (p. 101) reading Darrow enclosure, and only a short distance to " forked heads " as meaning " forked arrows": shoot and the bird standing still. Again, the

Duke S. Come, shall we go and kill us venison ? comparison between the neck of a bird and the Here is a challenge to his companions. As a neck of a deer! Supposing the bird's neck hit by skilled hunter he speaks as if he is sure of his the arrow so sbaped, it would easily be killed; but game, and he has no thought of wounding the what of the neck of a deer, ten times as thick, deer. He stops to moralize—having himself been with a tough skin and hide to cover ? The hallkicked out of house and home-and considers the moon, too, a non-penetrating weapon, and theretreatment, when the deer are hunted by him, that fore hardly able to cause a wound. the one singled out for “hunter's aim ” will receive There might be some sense in a barbed arrow-it from his brothers. They will treat the deer as the could pierce, maybe, to the heart, but I do not duke's brother has treated him; and the duke assent to this as the forked head. regrets that his necessity compels him to be a Then afterwards (1. 51), that the herd do not hunter, and thus to draw forth the selfish character allow the hunted deer to rejoin them, still less a of animal life.

wounded deer, because of the smell of blood, gives Shakespeare was an observer of nature and know full force to the moralizing of Jaques, who (1. 28) the babits of deer ; at least it is not unreasonable swears in that kind, you do more usurp than doth to think this, when the story of his being charged your brother that bath banished you, i. e., your with deer killing is remembered. Having in my brother has gored your haunches, and when you early days constantly hunted deer for the pur- bunt the deer, or wound him as you sometimes pose of paddocking them, I will try to describe miss your aim, you excite the herd to be as what I could tell much better. We rode into the unkind as Duke F. You have not learnt the park, the keeper and I, both on horseback, two sweet use of adversity, so in that manner you outassistants on foot, the one holding the deerhound Herod Herod. in leash. The deer being in a park, an enclosure, The duke speaks of the haunches being gored not a forest, were balf tame, and instead of taking as a certainty. I think I have shown how it is so, useless Alight, immediately closed in a body, for by the antlers of the other deer. To read "forked mutual protection. The keeper would point out heads” as arrows is at once to make an uncerto me the deer wanted. Imagine a herd of twenty, tainty of it, for no hunter would aim at the all black, and “one dappled fool," and this last the haunch, a non-vital part, and a prime part, which required one. I rode straight to the dapple, and no hunter would wish to damage. The heart 80 cat the herd in two. Again riding after dapple, would be aimed at, and it would be an accident if the rest would, if not all, join the original body, the haunch was gored. To gore, does not this dapple, too, if he could, I still riding after dapple. imply an injury inficted by a horn! It would be very soon perceived that dapple was

C. J. WILDING. the one wanted. The herd then, not wishing to be disturbed, face dapple, and with their forked over and over again-in fact, it is the usual habit

I have seen a wounded deer gored by the others heads would beat dapple off or out of the herd; of deer. The only difference would be that in the and in turning round his “round haunch” would early stages of the growth of the horns the latter be struck, and possibly gored. I have seen a would be soft, and " goring” would be then imposhaunch gored many inches long-the selfish deer sible; but the moment the velvet peels off the newly thus in self-defence assisting to the capture-formed horn (the time for this varies quite a month hitting bim now he is down.

in various parks, depending on the pastore and 'Tis just the fashion.-L. 56.

other causes) it is a very different state of things, Dapple, discarded of his velvet friends, was driven and no wounded deer would be allowed to remain into the open and was captured by the bound. Thus long in the herd—the others would strike at him

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with their horns right and left. I have seen a 11. 3, 4. True, she had not been absolutely at rest, wounded deer so gored that in a very few minutes but she had been idly spending her time " in some his haunches were practically spoilt for venison, worthless song,” neglecting him, and at rest_as being gorod or stabbed all over. There is not a regards the praise of “ truth in beauty dy'd.” Nor year that I do not have a buck or two killed from either here or in these sonnete, nor, I believe, elsefighting in my park, or rather I should say from where, does Shakespeare ever address or speak of being gored by the others, for it is more an old his muse as restive, or use any epithet suggestive of deer being attacked by younger and stronger rivals the same. than a regular fight.

I am, indeed, aware that in Cassell's ' Dictionary If a deer was wounded this is what generally one meaning given to restive is “idle"; but first,. takes place : the rest of the herd bolts, the woanded that is no reason for ousting the text word resty, deer tries his very best to keep up with them, and, and secondly, the quotation given in support of if possible, to get in the centre of the herd. This this sense refutes it, the phrase being idle he may do until the herd stops, when his condition restive presence." The verb rise is wholly against is at once found out by the rest and no mercy restive, and for resty. BR. NICHOLSON. given him. He will, if left alone by the hunter, soon drop away from the rest, and probably lie down.



Here is a first-rate opportunity of seeing ourselves In illustration of Ascham's crescent-headed as others see us. Dr. Carl Horstmann, in his arrows, Mr. P. A. Daniel sends the following preface to 'A Legendary of the Thirteenth Century' quotation from the Melbourne Age of April 30. (E.E.T.S., 1887), has expressed himself with a The writer is describing a Buddhist temple in frankness which we ought to receive with gratitude Japan, and says :

and profit. But as, on his own showing, very few “In a shed to the left of the temple strange relics are

Englishmen are likely to open his book or read his exhibited. Foudal armour.....two-handed swords worthy preface, perhaps N. & Q.' will give them one of giants; and enormous arrows, more than 5 feet long, more chance of enlightenment:with shafts nearly an inch in diameter. One has a crescent head about 9 inches from horn to horn, the interior to print all these legends. I know they regard them as

“I know most Englishmen consider it not worth whil of the crescent being sharp as a knife. Such a missile worthless stuff, without any merit, because they are would take off a man's head, if shot with great

force, wholly absorbed in questions of the day, in politics and but I can scarcely believe Alcira's [the guide's ) assurance that such ponderous arrows were shot from a bow by hand authore, which to an intellect of the middle ages would

no end, in the fade poetry of poets laureate and lady only.

have appeared infinitely more insipid (as turping on F. J. F.

momentary interest, the self' and its lust) than these SonNet C., 1. 9.

legends may appear to the present generation. The Rise resty Muse.

English mind is always running into extremes with full

steam, with brutal energy, from Popery to No Popery,'For resty my friend Mr. Tyler, in his 'Shake- now into the grossost superstition, and again disclaiming speare's Sonnets,' substitutes restive, a word of and holding in abhorrence what their own fathers revered wholly opposite meaning, and one which I would and held in awe : it only sees its present objects, and is most strenuously oppose. Resty is used in a double blind to everything, which lies behind or around: it sense (one so often indulged in, nay, sought for wants

, the juste milieu, the repose of a contemplative

mind" by Shakespeare) of restful, torpid, or idly resting, and also to that consequence of being too long kept

There may be some truth in all this terrible out of use in the instance of bacon which has thus censure; but there are a few things which puzzle become rancid. So used resty perfectly agrees with

It seems hard to be scolded equally at both our author's other words as to the non-productive ends, for superstition and for the rejection of it. ness of his muso apent his dearest W. 8. In this

The contemplative mind itself must sometimes very sonnet we have

disclaim, and even hold in abhorrence, things which

our own fathers revered and held in awe (certain thou Muse that......forgetst so long, To speake of that which gives thee all thy might,

particulars in the ritual of Odin, for instance?). And

who are those poets laureate whose fade poetry And in 11. 5, 6:

of the self and its lust we are all so deeply absorbed Returno forgetfull Muse, and straight redeeme, in, when we are not talking politics and no end ? In gentle numbers time so idly spent.

Surely not Tennyson or his two predecessors, So in ci. wo find, “Oh truant Muse...... Excuse Wordsworth and Southey! Does Dr. Hortsmann, not silence so...... Then do thy office, Muse”; and as I balf suspect, think that we keep half a dozen for similar phrasings see lxxxiii. 1. 5 and 11. 9-14; laureates always on hand ? Poor Lord Tennyson, lxxxv. 1. 1, ll. 5, 6, and 11, 13, 14; as also lxxxvi. having done so much to acquaint us with one cycle U. 13, 14.

of mediæval legend, might have hoped to be quoted In defiance of all these, it is said that Shake on the other side. Perhaps, also, he might retort speare's muse had not been at rest, as shown by on Dr. Horstmann, that when he is on the war


path, his manners have not that repose which unknown to eome of your readers, as it was to me stamps the caste of-the contemplative mind. till I came upon it almost casually, wbich will be

C. B. MOUNT. found of great service in bistorical and topoCol. Mark BEAUFOY (1764-1827), ASTRONOMER the kind hitherto published is Chassant's charming

graphical researches. The most perfect work of AND PAYsicist.--It may be noted, as an addition little volume, Dictionnaire des Abbreviations to the account of him appearing in ‘Dict. Nat. Biog. (Paris, Martin, 1884), supplemented by his 'Paléovol. iv. p. 51, that bis wife, Margaritta, only child of Benjamin and Sarah Beaufoy, of Homerton, died graphie des Chartes et des Manuscrito.' Handy on Aug. 26, 1800, and was buried in the church. illustrative examples, they furnisball that the record

in form, admirable in arrangement, and rich in yard of St. John's, Hackney, co. Middleser, in the reader can require, but they do not in any way same grave as her father, who died June 5, 1809, lessen our gratitude to Mr. Martin for supplying aged eighty-one years (Robinson's History of Hackney,' 1843, vol. ii. p. 139).

a long-felt want for English readers.


UNDATED Books.-I did not expect that a voice

from Fiji would endorse a suggestion of mine conFOREIGN ENGLISH.-Recent volumes of 'N. & Q.' tained in the Athenaeum of Jan. 30, 1886. It was have contained numerous specimens of English as this : "Would it be beneath the dignity of Parit is written and printed on the Continent, but no liament to pass a short Act to compel publishers. instance that has been given surpasses, I think, the to date their books, and in the case of mere reprints following : “ Foogsach is the Kingdom of heaven.” to retain the original date on the title-page ?” This is the title given in the official catalogue of the

O. TOMLINSON. Salon of the Champs Élysées to a picture by Mr. Highgate, N. Bramley, whose address is stated to be “ Newlyn. Comwall, Angleterre." JOAN RANDALL

Tennyson's “Maid Marian.”—The following,

from the Glasgow Mail of May 18, merits a corner INTERPRETATION OF RECORDS. —Passing over

in N. & Q.':old and well-known books, such as Astle's 'History been anticipated by a third-rate dramatist in what may

“It is an odd coincidence that Tennyson should have of Writing,' Wright's 'Court Hand Restored,' and be described as the leading idea or sentiment of his the like, by far the best and most handy Eoglish beautiful lyric in Maid Marian'— Love flew in at the book for the interpretation of medieval documents window.' In Cbarles Dibdin junior's farce of ‘My is that by Mr. Charles Trice Martin, published Spouse and I one of the characters says :during the present year by Messrs. Reeves &

Love and poverty they say do not agree; but the love Turner. In addition to the forms of abbreviation thul pies out of ihe window at the sight of poverty deserves

to have the door shut in his face.' of Latin words used in English records, which "Query-Was Tennyson in his early days by a strange occupies nearly half the book, there is a correspond chance present at some performance of this now long ing list of abbreviations of French words, and a con- forgotten farce ?" venient, though by no means complete-when shall

J. R. M. we get our long-promised condensed Ducange ?

A WOMAN SOLDIER. glossary of mediæval Latin words; separate glos- "Copenhagen, Dec. 23. An Amazone is lately dissaries of the Latin names of places and of bishoprics cover'd bere, being a Finland Gentlewoman, who had in England, Scotland, and Ireland; and a list of | Mans Apparel, serv'd 6 years as a Mariner under John

been ill us'd by her Relations; and putting her self in Latin forms of English surnames, and of Litin du Bart, and quitting his Service, Listed her self into Christian names with their English equivalents. our Marine, where she bath serv'd the King of Denmark For 80 compact and fairly complete a manual for 5 years, and been in England, Holland, and the East the record-reader, which bas long been a desidera- Indies. At last

she engaged with a Captain as his Man, tum, our obligations both to compiler and publisher found means to Rob him of 500 Rix dollars, and afterwards

put herself into Woman's Habit, but a Great Reward are great. As a previous contribution to the same being proffer'd, she was discover'd in three days, put in subject, we must not pass over the complete and Prison, and most of the money found about her; being comprehensive list of abbreviations prefixed to the Sentenc'd to Run the Gantlet, and thereupon afraid of fourth volume of the late Sir T. Duffus Hardy's having her Sex discover'd, she desired to speak with her edition of the 'Registrum Palatinum Danelmenge Captain, and discover'd all to him: whereupon he in the “Rolls Series." But as forming a portion His Majesty, that be order'd her to be brought before

acquainted the King with it, which was so pleasing to of a bulky volume, itself one of a series, its use bim in Mans Apparel, set ber at Liberty, and sent her must be limited even among the comparatively in a Coach to the Houses of all the Foreign Ambassadors. few who know of its existence. There is also a

After which, the Queen gave her a Rich Suit of Cloaths, valuable list of “ Geographical Terms," i.c., the and the Ambassador of Sweden is to send her home to

her Relations with a handsome Present of Money, she Latin and French, &c.,

names of places, appended being one of his Masters Subjects." — Flying Post, No. 571, to the fourth volume of the Bishop of Oxford's Jan, 5-7, 1698/9. edition of Hoveden's Chronicle,' which may be

H. H. S.

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