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at home. I must therefore express myself “ without it; particularly as this will be sent “ by our own messengers.

A.D. 1515. A. t. 40. A. Pont. III:

Our most reverend cardinal and the “ magnificent Lorenzo recommend themselves " to you as fully as can be expressed. I hope

you will not omit to write to them, and es

pecially to his holiness, whom I ought to “ have mentioned first. In this I trust you 66 will not fail, as the reverence due to his 66 holiness and the love which they bear you “ require it. The cardinal has received the placet of his most christian majesty for the 6 cathedral of Narbonne, and wholly through " the means of the duchess of Angoulême,(a) “ on which account your excellency may re6 turn thanks in the name of his holiness to 66 the duke and his consort. The business

was concluded in the consistory the day be66 fore yesterday and the bull dispatched to “ France, as I believe Ardinghelli informed

you, as well as with the alliance which the 6 Swiss have made with the emperor, the ca “ tholic king, and the duke of Milan. The

6 substance


(a) The mother of Francis I. and sister to the wife of Giuliano de' Medici.


A. Et. 40

“ substance of this treaty Ardinghelli must CHAP. " have transmitted to you, as I gave him a

copy of the heads of it. To this his holi- A. D. 1515. ness is not, for many reasons, disposed to A. Pont. III.

assent; it appearing to him to be proper 46 that when a league is agreed upon in which “ he is to be included, it should be negotiated $6 and stipulated with him, as the head of the " league and of all christendom.

66 Tomaso says, that he expects they “ should accept and agree to what he pro

poses, and not that he should have to accept what is done by others.(a)

We hear by way of France that the king “ of England intends to give his sister to the só duke of Suffolk, to which she is not averse. " This is not much believed, and yet the in

telligence is pretty authentic.

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56 It is thought his most christian majesty “ will not this year make his attempt against * Lombardy.

56 The

(a) These passages afford a presumptive proof that the pope had not at this time determined to enter into the league against Francis I.


“ The king of England is resolved that 66 his sister shall on no account remain in 66 France.

A. D. 1515. A. Et. 40. A. Pont. III.

“ The emperor and the catholic king are “ using all their efforts to have her married to 66 the archduke. This is what we hear from

our nuncios in Germany and in Spain.(a) I recollect nothing further that can be new “ to you. I leave the festivities of this car“ nival to be narrated by others. I shall only “ mention that on Monday the magnificent 66 Lorenzo will have the Pænulus(b) repre“ sented in your theatre, and will give a sup

per in your salon to the Marchesana. And

on Sunday, in Testaccio, he and the most “ reverend cardinal Cibò will exhibit a mag“ nificent gala with twenty persons, dressed “ in brocade and velvet, at the expense of his $6 holiness, It will be a fine sight.

66 You

(a) It is not improbable that the attachment of the widow of Louis XII. to the duke of Suffolk, and the sudden celebration of their marriage, terminated a negotiation which might have had such important consequences to these kingdoms and to Europe.

16) Of Plautus,


A. Et 40.

“ You have never yet informed us whether CHAP. you have excused yourself to the duke of “ Milan; whether you have sent to the Swiss A. D. 1515. " and the cardinal of Sion, as was spoken of and A. Pont. III. " advised; or whether


have had any com“ munication with his most Christian majesty.

Respecting all these matters it is requisite " that his holiness should be fully informed.

“ Remember that next to his holiness, every s one regards you as the person in whom all " the thoughts, the expectations, and the de

signs, of the pope are concentred. I must “ also remind you, that all your actions are $ not less noted and considered than those of “ his holiness; and I therefore entreat you,

by the great affection which I bear you, that you will daily if possible manifest such a

course of conduct as may be worthy of your 6 character.


From Rome, the 16th Feb. 1515,

Could the French monarch have remained satisfied with the neutrality of the pontiff, the motives which had led to its adoption were sufficient to have induced Leo to persevere in it;



A. Et. 40.

Leo X.

cedes to


CHAP. but as the contest approached, Francis. became

more desirous of engaging the pope to take a deA. D. 1515. cided part in his favour. Such, however, was the A. Pont. Il aversion which Leo entertained to the establish

ment of the French in Italy, that even the so

licitations of his brother to favour their cause compelled to take a were of no avail. As far as expressions of redecisive

spect and paternal admonitions could appease part, ac

the king, Leo spared nothing that might be the league likely to conciliate his favour; but the more against

Francis pressed him to a decision, the more apparent became his inclination to the cause of the allies. In order, however, to ascertain his intentions, Francis dispatched as his ambassador to Rome, the celebrated Budæus, who is deservedly considered by Guicciardini, as “ perhaps one of the most learned men of the

age both in Greek and Roman literature."(a) He was shortly afterwards succeeded by Anton-Maria Pallavicini, a Milanese nobleman, who was supposed to possess great influence with the pope ;(b) but the endeavours of the king to obtain a positive sanction to his enterprise were still ineffectual. Sometimes Leo


(a) Guicciard. Storia d' Ital. lib. xii. ii. 86.

(6) Ligue de Cambr. liv. iv. ii. 410.

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