« ÖncekiDevam »
principles of the most exalted piety, never occur in our Church, we, relying and the sublimest virtue. With the on the fidelity and diligence of the exception of a few hours for neces- Bishop of Ely for the time being, do sary repose and sustenance, their sta- appoint him Visitor of our Cathedral tutes enjoined them to devote their Church, requiring him to watch and be whole time to manual labour or
vigilant, that these Statutes and Ordito study, to their religious cere
nances be inviolably observed. All which monies and meditation, to the relief of
we will have understood according to
their obvious and grammatical sense.” the destitute, and the instruction of the ignorant. For these purposes a
The Statutes were revised by Queen large tract of waste land was granted Elizabeth, and again, after the Restoto the Monks of Ely: they drained ration, by Bishop Wren, under the the fens, they cultivated the desert, sanction of the reigning Monarch ; they built churches and schools, they and as these modified Staiutes are the raised a flourishing city, and collected latest which have been promulgated round them a prosperous tenantry. by Royal authority, and vary in some The Abbey of St. Ethelburga existed particulars from those of Henry VIII., in great splendour from the reign of I may be permitted to insert at length Edgar to the Norman Conquest, and those which relate to the subject unthe Conventual School was selected der enquiry * : for the education of King Edward the “ DE CHORISTIS ET EORUM MAGISTRO. Confessor. Ely was converted into
“We appoint and ordain that in our an Episcopal See A.D. 1109; and the aforesaid Church there shall be eight Cathedral Church has been fortunate Choristers, chosen and appointed by the in a succession of generous Prelates, Dean (or, in his absence, the Sub-dean and no less so in an Historian to and Chapter); boys of tender age, with record their liberal donations for the clear voices and musical talent, who increase of hospitality and the ad. shall attend, minister, and sing in the vancement of learning. The School Choir. For instructing these boys, and of the Cathedral, under their fostering instilling into them modesty of bebacare, continued in a flourishing state
viour no less than skill in singing, we to the reigo of Henry VIII. And the
will that a proficient in music, of good reformation commenced by that Mo- conduct and character shall be appointnarch was here, at least, unmarked ed, who shall carefully employ his time by the cruelty and rapacity which in the performance of Divine Service, stained his subsequent conduct. The if he'prove idle or negligent in teach
and in the instruction of the boys. But revenues of the Priory were almost ing the boys, let him, after a third adentirely restored to the Protestant Ca- monition, be deposed from his office." thedral; the Prior was continued in the government, under the name of Dean;
There is no provision for an Orthe superior Members of the Soci ganist in the Statutes of Henry VIII. ety were admitted as Prebendaries,
but he occurs among the Members and eight of the junior Monks as
of the Cathedral in those of King Minor Canops. Šuch as were old Charles. The Master of the Chó and infirm were allowed to retire risters, in point of emolument is inwith ample pensions. The King re
ferior to the High Master, and takes established the School on a more libe. precedence of the Minor Canons and ral scale, and gave to the reformed second Grainmar Master. Establishment a Code of Statutes com.
" De PUERIS GRAMMATICIS. piled under his own immediate inspec
“ That piety and literature may for tion, wherein he appoints the Bishop that there be always in our Church of
ever flourish and increase, we ordain of Ely Special Visitor :
ELY, elected by the Dean, or in his “No work,” observes the King, “is absence the Sub-dean and Chapter, 24 so piously undertaken, so prosperously poor boys, for the most part destitute of executed, so happily completed, which friends, as far as may be of a good capamay not be easily undermined and sub- city for learning, who shall be mainverted by negligence and want of care. tained out of the revenues of our Church. No statutes are made so strict and holy but that, in process of time, they sink * Harl. MS. 6885, mis-printed in the into contempt and oblivion, if not Index 6805. The Ely Statutes, with a watched over with the constant vigi- translation, were printed by Barnard lance of piety and zeal. That this may and Farley, 1817.
1819.) Ely Cathedral School.-- Tour of a Divine in 1797. 25 Whom, moreover, we will not have ad- Latin verses, for which purpose five, mitted ainung the poor boys of our or at the most six years, were allowed. Church before they can read, write, and Henry Casar, or Adelmare, Dean are moderately versed in the first rudi- of Ely, who died 1636, bequeathed ments of grammar, according to the
20001. for the benefit of the Choir judgment of the Dean, or in bis absence
and the Schoolmasters, and for found. the Sub-dean and principal Schoolmaster. And we will that ibese boys shall ing 'wo Fellowships and four Scholarbe maintained at the expense of our
ships at Cambridge, to be chosen out Church until they shall be moderately of the King's School at Ely. This skilled in the Latin grammar, and shall legacy, during the calamitous period have learned to speak in Latin and to
that succeeded, was lent to the Crown, write in Greek, for wbich purpose the
and neither priocipal por interest have space of six years shall be allowed, or, if
been hitherto recovered *. M. H. the Dean and principal Sehoolmaster think fit, seven years, and no more.
AS excepted) shall be elected a poor scholar LXXXVII. Part ii. p. 305) at of our Church, who bath not completed
my request, a Tour of a late respect. the 9th, or bath exceeded the 15th, year able Kentish Divine, in 1796, I now of bis age. And we will that no one, transcribe his Journal of another tour after he hath completed bis 18th year,
in the following year.
N. R. S. shall remain any longer in our School. “But if any boy be remarkable for
Journal of a Tour in the Summer dulness of apprehension, then, after a
of 1797. long probation, we enjoin that be shall
June 13. To London by coach : be expelled and sent elsewhere, that he ad agreeable fellow Traveller. He was may not like a drone devour the honey the architect who refitted Maidstone of the bees.
Church ; and has just finished the very “And we charge the consciences of elegant new spire at Faversham. the Masters that they use the utmost June 16. By coach to Oxford, diligence that all the boys make progress where I staid till Monday. At Lin. in learning, and not suffer any one who colo College ; on enquiring of the is noted for indolence to loiter unpro- porter when the Chapel opened, I fitably among the rest."
asked the man how loog he had been The conclusion of the Statute is porter there, and he said 48 years. similar to the corresponding Statute Eight and forty years! then you must of Durham, already published *. remember Mr. Parsonst By the regulations of Heory VIII.
I do, Sir, and you too, now I look at the candidates for admission as gram
you. At Baliol College. Sighed over mar-scholars must be “poor friend.
the memory of Ridley and Latimer. less boys;" but in those of Bishop On Sunday io St. Mary's Church's the Wren the expression is qualified, and a
sermon by Dr. Finch.
He warngreater latitude of choice is given to
ed very much towards the the Dean. “ 24 pueri pauperes, & clusion, and reprobated by name amicorum ope, ut plurimum desti- Priestley, Gibbon, and Plowden. Ox toti." Jo the election of Choristers
ford is a beautiful place, and much there is no intimation of poverty in improved since I was in it in 1779. either instance.
Two evenings were delightfully passBy the Statute of Elizabeth it is
ed in the walks at Magdalen and Christ appointed that the boys shall be main
Church, the lalter of which aboundtained at the expense of the Churched with company, and the adjoining until they have acquired a fine hand- river swarmed with boals. writing, a moderate knowledge of the
June 19. Left Oxford a little be. science of musict, and of the Latin,
fore nine : to Faringdon ; while the Greek, and Hebrew grammars; and chaise was preparing, walked inlo also bave learned to speak and write the Church, in which there are some in Latin, and to compose Greek and elegant monuments, and an organ in
an odd situation, as it seems support* Gent. Mag. Vol. LXXXVIII. ij. 104.
ed by two long beams, between the + In the copy printed from the Harl. MS. the word numerice has been erro- • Bentham's History of Ely Cathedral. neously substituted; but the original is + Robert Parsons, of Lincoln College, obviously artis musicæ.
M.A. 1782. GENT. MAG, July, 1819.
3 yes, that
body of the Church and the Chancel. amined it at leisure. It is a fine To Fairford ; in this Church are 28 building; and, among the monuments, windows full of painted glass ; it is in that of Mrs. Morley is particularly general very beautiful, but so much beautiful and affecting. After tea, as injured by time, though many of the the rain abated, took the opportunity colours are strong and brilliant, and of walking through the principal the historical figures extremely ex- streets, and round by the county. I pressive. To Cirencester ; the place cannot leave Gloucester without noseems large and rich, and the ap- ticing the great civility of the lower pearance of the Gothic foundation of sort of people, of which I met with the steeple singular and grand. From
“ If you like en, this place the road for nipe miles to- take en, Sir,” said a poor woman gether was very remarkable, and evi. with a flower in her basket, which I dently a Roman work. It was per. admired: nor will I omit to note the fectly strait, very wide, and highly ind where I slept; where the attendance elevated : this continued to a village was obliging and ready, while the bill called Birdlip, at the end of which, the was the cheapest and most reasonable driver dismounting, and seeming very I ever met witb. busy about his wheels - is any thing June 21. Left Gloucester a little the matter, friend, said I? what are before ten to Rodborougb, intending you about ? Chaiving the wheels, to go by Tetbury and Malmesbury; Sir; for what? because we are going but the mistress of the inn strongly to descend an hill about two miles recommended nie to go by Pettit long. He remouoted and went on ; France, and through the Duke of Beauin a few minutes such a scene opened fort's park at Badminton. I agreed, upon me! how shall I describe iti On and went that road to Chippenbam, the left, I look down upon and over ao and to Devizes for the night. Why extensive valley, abounding in woods the landlady pointed out this road, I and in pastures; and on the right, do not understand, for Pettit France look up to towerings and cliffs very was nothing but a pitiful ino, the near and very high. This domestic road to and through the park ordiview continued nearly to the end of nary, the park nothing extraordinary, the hill, within about six miles of and the view of the Duke's house digGloucester, where I arrived about six tant and contracted. But a prospect o'clock, and drove to the King's on this road was particularly pleasing ; Head. After tea walked to the Ca- it was at the village of Nailsworth, thedral, and then to the Quay, where where, on ascending a steep hill, a I was much disappointed. The Se- scene like fairy ground presented it. vern, of which I had heard and read self. Look down on the right band ; so much, appeared here a mean river, observe a river gliding at the bottom, with a small stream creeping between on the rising banks of which you see very steep baoks; and the quay pre- a delightful intermixture of pumerous sented a dirty coal-dust scene, with a white buildings, among tall and thick few strauded small vessels on the trees; and at the summit a quantity of shores, and ordinary buildings about red and white flavnels stretched on it. I learned afterwards that my disap- frames, which seem to serve as borpointment arose from the time I was derings to this enchanting picture. there. The case is very different at the The slow motion of the carriage up 'seasons of the new or full moon; then the steep ascent, allows full leisure the river soon fills its steep banks, to contemplate the scene. Dined and the tide rolls up with an unex- at Chippenham, which is large, neat, pected swell, and a roaring noise, and elegant: reached Devizes at five; which may be heard at a considerable walked into two of the Church-yards distance; and the quay is filled with in the evening, which are gravelled ships that come up with the tide. round, and shaded with lime' trees :
June 20. Walked before breakfast in the ramble, entered a workshop, to see a noble building, which proved and saw the whole process of making to be the county jail. After break- and dressing. fast, to a pin-maker's, and was shewn June 22. Left Devizes at nipe for the wbole process of the work, from Salisbury. Soon came to the Plain, the first wire to the finishing the pin. which though it is very long and bas At eleven to the Cathedral, and ex- a great deal of sameness, was get
1819.] Slate of Religion in Bombay, &c.
27 occasionally and pleasingly varied by tachment to prevailing usages, re. large and separate flocks of sheep, tain many Pagan customs which are collected and managed by the shep- a source of regret to their spiritual herds and their dogs. The tụrf of the guides. Plain is smooth and verdant, and very
Of the five Romish Churches on agreeably diversified with various wild the island of Bombay, the Archbishop flowers. Went about two miles out of Goa for many years claimed and of the way to view Stonehenge; got exercised an ecclesiastical jurisdiction out of the carriage, and fully exa- over two ; in consequence, bowever, mined the wonderful ruins, which oc- of its baving been asserted in a man. cupied a less compass of grouod than per that created considerable agitaI had supposed. "But the size of the tion among the parishioners, comvast stones greatly exceeded my ima- plaints were made to the Government, gination, and their positions were and the prelepsions of the Archbishop singular and striking: Arrived at having been satisfactorily proved not Salisbury after one ; dioed, procured to have been founded on any legitilodgings in the High-street, near the mate basis, the Bombay Government Cathedral. On the evening proving determined, in 1813, to enforce the very rainy, I could only take a sbort orders of the Hon. Court, received in turn in the Close, so they call the 1793, founded on similar complaints, Cathedral-yard, which is so far from made at that period by the Portubeing close, that it is large and spacious. guese inhabitants, in which such juris(To be continued.)
diction was virtually disallowed, and
the parishioners were left to the choice Mr. URBAN,
of their own pastors. TH THE Population of Bombay is sup
The other three are under the tiposed by Mr. Hamilton, in the tular Bishop of Antipbilæ, who is East India Gazette, from such im per- the Apostolic Vicar of the Pope; be fect sources as he was able to oblain, derives his mission from the congrega“to be above 220,000; of this number tion de propagandâ fide, and is attend. there are supposed to be 8000 Parsees, ed by four Italian Carmelite Friars. nearly as many Mahometans, and 3 or The Armenians form a part of 4000 Jews; the remainder are Portu. those Eastern societies of Christians guese and Hindoos; the latter compos- who differ in points of faith, discipline, ing more than three-fourths of the and worship, both from the Greek whole population.” By a more correct and Latin Churches, and have shown census, however, lately made by the di. an inviolable attachinent to the opirection of the Government, it would nions and institutions of their ancesappear, that the whole number of tors, under the severest trials from native inhabitants in Bombay, not in their Mahometan rulers. They are cluding the persons who periodically not pumerous in Bombay, but form a visit the Presidency, as the Emporium very respectable class of Christians, for the commerce of the Western side and have one Church within the fort; of Jodia, does not exceed 161,550. they are occasionally visited by one
of the native Christians in Bom- of the forty-two Archbishops who bay the far greater part are what are are subject to the patriarch of Echusually termed Portuguese, chiefly miazin; the far greater part of these from their frequenting the Portu- Archbishops are only titular Prelates, guese chapels; for, excepting a few, each of whom may clain the obeconstituting the higher and more re. dience of four or five suffragans, and spectable classes, the great mass of whose cbief duty is the visiting of Portuguese population throughout their numerous Churches dispersed India, forming the lower orders of over the Eastern world. Beside the Christians, are iu general the spu- Church at Bombay,they have Churches rious descendants of the several Eu- at Surat, Bussora, Bagdat, and Buropean settlers by native women, and shire. the numerous converts who have There are many native Christians united with them; these, from neglect, on the islands of Salsette and Carauand the want of a decent education, jah; on the former the population are but little acquainted with the is estimated at 50,000, of which proHoly' Religion they profess; and bably one-fifth are Christian, prothrough ignorance, and a blind at- fessedly members of the Portuguese
Church; and the few more respectable of two Syrians, Marsapor aod Manpejohabitants among them are the re- dosis. "On the arrival of the Portumains of the Portuguese families who guese, these Christians," says Mr. Gibsettled on the island: the lower or- bon, “in arms, in arts, and possibly in ders consist of fishermen, cultivators virtue, excelled the patives of Hin. of the land, and bhaudaries, or draw. dostan; the husbandınan cultivated ers of toddy; these, as may be sup. the palm-tree, the merchants were posed, are but indifferent Christians ; enriched by the pepper trade, the soland, while they are in the habit of diers preceded the Nairs or Nobles of attending any Christian sanctuary, Malabar, and their bereditary privistill retain in their houses many sym- leges were respected by the gratitude bols of the Hindoo mythology, and or the fear of ihe King of Cochin, and enter indiscriminately into the perni- the Zamorio himself. They acknowcious usages of a deplorable super. ledged a Gentoo Sovereigo; but they stition.
were governed, even in temporal conBesides these, there are also resi- cerns, by the Bishop of Angarwala or dent at Taonrah, the capital of the Cranganvre. He still asserted his islaud, about 100 or more European ancient title of Metropolitan of lodia; soldiers, with their families, wbo have but his real jurisdiction was exercised been invalided, or have retired from in 1400 Churches, and he was intrusted the service, and who prefer spending with the care of 200,000 souls. It was the remainder of their lives in India the first care of the Ministers of Rome to returniog to their native country: to intercept all correspondence with
On Caraujah, at Surat, at Kaira in the Nestoriao Patriarch; and several Guzerat, and at Seroor in the neigb- of his Bishops expired in the pribourhood of Poonah, one English sons of the holy office. The fock clergyman is now stationed. South- without a shepherd was assaulted by ward of Bombay, at Cananore, Mahé, the power of the Portuguese, the and at Cocbin, there are numerous arts of the Jesuits, and the zeal of Christians.
Alexes de Menezes, Archbp. of Goa, locluding the islands, the Portu- id bis personal visitation of the coast guese territory round Goa is about of Malabar. The trading companies 40 miles in length, by 20 in breadth; of Holland and England are the and within the province there are friends of toleration, but if opprescomputed to be 200 Churches and sion be less mortifying than contempl, Chapels, and above 2000 Priests. the Christians of St. Thomas have
The dialect most prevalent is a reason to complain of the cold and mixture of the European with the silent indifference of their brethren uf Kavara and Mahratta languages; but Europe.” the European is still well understood, The Syrian Churches have been and spoken by a great proportion, presented with a few copies of the and from every account of their dis- Syriac Gospels from England. Bepositions, it is conceived that the fore the French Revolution the conlower orders, and even the Priests, 'will gregation de propagandå fide used to readily accept copies of the Scrip- furbish such of them as adopted the tures.
doctrine, and acknowledged the juBut of all these places, Cochin is risdiction of the Roman Pontiff, with the most interesting-here the an. copies of the Syriac Testament; but cient Syrian Churches, as well as the the distracted state of Europe has a more recent remnants of the Dutch, long time deprived them of this source. claiin peculiar favour and protection. Beside the Syrian Churches there are The Christiavs of St. Thomas bad at Cochin a greal population of Pro. been long sealed on the coast of testantsthe remains of the Dutch Malabar when the Portuguese first colonists. Among the Christians who opened the navigation of India : they have settled in ludia the Dutch have were probably converted to Chris- very justly the merit of having done tianity about the middle of the 5th a great deal towards the promotion of century by the Syrian Mar-Thomas, a Christianity; wberever they went Nestorian, wbo has been confounded they established and provided funds with ibe apostle St. Thomas ; during for the inaintenance of public schools; the 7th century their Church was they caused the New Testament, and considerably ipcreased by the labours a great part of the Old, to be translated