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1819.] Eaton House, Cheshire.--The Antiquarian Tourist. 893 Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 1.1 entrances to the city of Chester.--The E ATON HOUSE, the seat of the Old Hall was a large plain brick build

Right Honourable EARL GROS- ing, with stone facings; surrounded VENOR, is distant about three miles by a lantborn, and curious iron railand a half South of the city of Ches- ing; there was a fouutain in the front. ter, on the banks of the river Dee, It was taken down in 1803, and the on a site commanding a varied and present structure erected on ils site, luxuriant view into Cheshire, bound- which was completed in 1813, at an ed, by the Peck fortorr Hills and Bick- enormous expense; but Lord Groserton Hills, and the high lands of the venor has it in contemplation, we are forest of Delamere. The house - is ioformed, to add another wing to the built entirely of white stone, in the South side, to correspond with the florid Gothic style of Architecture, stabling, &c. and the stabling on the North side The Grosvenors are of ancient and gives a very picturesque effect to the illustrious descent, and have been well whole: the original designs were fur. known in Cheshire since the Conquest. nished by M. Pordon. EATON House The present estimable head of the facontains on the ground floor a com. mily is descended from Gilbert le Gros, plete suite of rooms, fitted up in the Veneur, or great Huntsman, and kinsfirst style of splendour and elegance. man to William the Conqueror, and The Entrance Hall, which is of spa

who followed bim into England; precious dimensions, is: paved with va. vious to which the family had flou. riegated marble; the chimney-pieces rished in Normandy with great digare beautifully ornamented, and the pity and grandeur from the time of viches occupied with admirable spe- its first accession to a sovereign Dukecimens of tabernacle work. On the dom, A.D. 912, to the Conquest of East side of this apartment is a mu. England in 1066. On the distribution sic gallery, with a rich antique of the lands of the vanquished among screen in froot, and from the centre the Duke's followers, Robert le Grosdescends a highly-wrought branch, to venor had assigned to him the Lord. which is attached an immense lamp ship of Over-Lostock, in Cheshire, of massily sculptured brass. On the where his descendants continued unwindows are the numerous armorial til 1465 ; sometime after which, bearings of the family in stained Raufe le Grosvenor marrying Joan, glass ; and, on the North and West daughter and sole heiress of J. Eaton, walls, are two large paintings by Mr. Esq. of Eaton, it became the family West, the earliest historical produc. seat, and continues to be so at the tions of his pencil, namely, “Crom- present day. Several of the Groswell dissolving the Long Parliament,” venors distinguished themselves in Paand “the Landing of Charles 11." lestine, and in the French Wars under The great rooms are hung with crim- our Henrys and Edwards. W. son velvet and blue silk, edged with massy draperies of gold fringe. The PORTRAIT FROM THE LIFE.

THE zealous whole-length figures of Hugh Lupus, from whom Lord Grosvenor traces citizeus bave opened their shops, his descent, and the otber Earls Pa- mounted on a trim poney-bis pocklatine of Chester previous to the an- ets filled with pedigrees in embryo, nexation of the Earldom to the crown. blank registers, &c.-Travels a rapid The ceilings are, for the most part, pace-his eye fixed on some distant groined, and variously interwrought spire-his mind full of doubt and apwith burnished gold, and gilt springs prehension as to his reception-bis aud brackets. The staircase is finish- arrival at the village sets the dogs ed in a style of uniform grandeur, and all barking-tben, after having ex. costly chandeliers of cut glass light plained the nature of bis journey, the principal rooms. The paintings aod softened, with modest request, are numerous, and by the first masters. the stern brow of the Vicar--the key

Eaton House stands in the centre of is produced which conceals from mora park well stocked with deer : the tal view the envied treasures -- the several approaches to it are through grating of the binges of the iron gateways, similar to the old artificial chest forming a “concord of sweet Gent. Mag. November, 1819.:


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windows on the East side present Teaceed to wa before the laggard


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sounds” delightful to bis ear alone-- to certify its safety-be forgels that the appearance of the tattered vo. he has paid the turopike; or, in his lumes, without backs, scarcely legi. joy and exultation, pays it againble, confused, mangled, presenting to thinks where his dates will fit, and his afflicted sight one dismal mass of ruminates on giving sons to fathers, horrible confusion--the brief remark and marrying sterile virgios. He arof the Vicar, “ You'll find nothing rives. worth your notice ;” and the Clerk His aoxious spouse, full of womanyelping, Nobody never could read ish fears at his lengthened stay, teothem oulld books.” The chilled damp derly reproaches his absence, yet seevestry hung with the remains of Ox. ing the brightened visage of her lord, ford Almanacks. A short surplice forbears to chide too long-dipver stained with iron moulds, from the appears; and, after a few slices from scant skirts of which appears the Antiquarian mutton, a few yards of handle of a cracked utensil.

macoroni, and a few glasses of oldest The Antiquary, after having per. port, bis treasures are exposedbacksuaded the worthy pair to leave him bones of pedigrees are clothed with to his destiny, begins his job ; draws healthful sinews-vacant blank spaces from a case bis penkoife, pencils, ink. are filled with smiling progeny, and stand, &c.; and, through the fissure of the doited skeleton assumes the shape some broken pane, reads undigested of mortal cognizance and reasonable dates and broken periods-writes what conclusion-then in a parcel placed, he sees, and guesses what is left- sent by the early stage, to Rowley's then, after having sacked the chest, he dark abode, whose glistening eye seeks the Vicar--asks multitudinous wanders over names and dates till questions of glebe, lithes, terriers, now unheard of-scans with a quibells, and monuments, scours round vering doubt some youthful matches ; the Church, notes in his book the ta. but, after having tried and proved pering forms of the windows, &c. To their virtue, consigns them to Nichols the constant demand of the Church's and Eternal Fame. A LICENTIATE. age"-gravely declares it cannot be older than one of the early Henrysthis satisfactory reply agrees with the

Mr. URBAN, Towcester, Oct. 20. pre-conceived opinion of the Vicar,


THE services of the Right Hon. and the willing Antiquary is led to George Rose, in the departvisit the Parish-school-claps the ment of the Admiralty, have ever head boy's head, and gives him six- been held in the bighest esteem. pence-praises the master's skill- Those distinguished exertions being asks many sage queries regarding the 80 affectiouately expressed in the au

anfoundation-notes what he hears- nexed letter, received from him and departs to visit the village an- amongst others in reply to my applitiquities ;-is shewn a well, suid to cation during a period of upwards of have been a wishing well, now fallen 12 years, I have no doubt, in lestiinto disuse [since all wishes are so mony of his uprighi character, you easily gratified];--sees the Old Hall will allow this record of the same to house--asks who lived there in for. appear in your valuable Miscellany. mer days, and receives a mangled ac- Yours, &c. GILBERT FLESHER. count of t’ould squire, youog squire, and young squire's sons --- sets all dowo-and now the reflection of na


Navy Pay Office, ture demands his care-calls for bis

August 5, 1817. horsem-the clerk appears, and, hold- “I always hear with satisfaction of ing with his sinister hand the nether attention being paid to Seamen who stirrup, the Antiquary, unperceived, state themselves to be in distress, esslips gently into his welcome grasp pecially when that arises from allea new balf-crown-pulls off his hat, gations of money due to them that and, with a bow teeming with grati- they cannot recover; no case of that tude, salutes the Vicar, and departs-- sort ever escapes my immediate enrattles a brisk pace along the road, quiry, and relief, when that can by big with the treasures that are con- any means be afforded. I do not altained in his portwanteau, to which low my anxiety to be abated by the he ever and anon turns half round incessant impositions practised by


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1819.) Letter from the late George Rose, Esg. 395 wandering seamen upon myself very this subject, as you seem disposed to frequently. It is only a few days ago be generally useful in it. two of them came to me at Cuffnells,

“ I am, Sir, on their way to Plymouth, without a your faithful humble Servant,

GEORGE ROSE. shilling : I was satisfied that prizemoney had been due to both ; they If the man writes from Liver. gave me most solemn assurances they pool, bis case will be attended to, as had not received it; I took receipts, all cases are: there must be some and gave them the money ; one of mistake about his having given the which is returned to me from Green- requisite information when he apwich, that the amount had been paid plied at the office. to the claimant himself above a fort.

“ GILBERT FLESHER, Esq. night ago,-and I am persuaded the

Towcester.same answer will be returned respecto ing the other.

NUGE ANTIQUÆ. * More than 500 Sailors were about

(Continued from p. 305.) the streets of London last winter, for whom (natives and foreigners) the LINEN for shirts was not used in

Rome for many years after the Admiralty had provided passages to

Government becane despotic; even their several places of residence, but so late as the eighth century it was they alleged they waited for their not common in Europe. prize-money, which they could not

The first map of the earth was get, from having lost their certifi. made by Anaximander some ages becates; on hearing that, I undertook fore Christ. to attempt to admit proof of identity

Spectacles were in vented about the without their papers; in which I suc- end of the 13th century by Alexander ceeded, and it turned out that a few Spina, a monk of Pisa. more than 40 had any prize-money at The Chinese have 11,000 letters in all due, and the total sum to the whole

use, and in matters of science they was under 501.

employ 60,000, bul articulate sounds “ In cases where Seamen have lost do not exceed 30. their Certificates (which from their There is no mention of writing in carelessness too often bappens) their the time of Homer. Cyphers, in ventOfficers are written to for pew ones ed in Hindostan, were brought into by the principal officer in the Prize France from Arabia about the end Department here: and even where . of the tenth century. no Certificates can ultimately be ob.. The use of fire-arms helped to tained, I admit circumstantial proof introduce less exertion and bodily where it can be obtained ; such as the strength than was practised heretonames of the several officers of the fore. ships to which the men belonged ; Giraldus Cambrensis, speaking of the dames of the men before and after the monks of St. Swithin, says that them in the ships books, &c. &c. they threw themselves prostrate at

Your recommendation to the Sea- the feet of Henry II, and with many man you mention, however well-in. tears complained that the Bishop, who tended, will cost him a long and weary was their Abbot, bad withdrawn from journey, that will prove fruitless, be them three of their usual number of cause the Certificate from the Mi- dishes. Heory, having made them pister can afford no satisfaction of acknowledge that there still remained the services of the man in the ship. ten dishes, said, that he himself was The best advice that can be given io contented with three, and recomSeamen is, to address their applica- mended to the Bishop to reduce thein tions to the Treasurer or Pay-master to that number. of the Navy, stating all the circum- For feasts in tcmp. Edward IV. stances of their cases.

curious dessert was given called sultel" If you will mention the names of tie, a paste moulded into the shape the seaman, and of his ship, an en- of animals. quiry will be immediately set on foot From a household book of the Earl how a certificate can be obtained for of Northumberland in the reign of him, and how he can be otherwise Henry VIII. it appears, that bis faidentified.

mily, during winter, fed mostly on “ I have entered more at length on salt fish and salt meat, and with that


view there was an appointment of moted by, air stagnating in narrow 160 gallons of mustard. The Earl streets and small houses. Since the had two cooks, and more than 200 fire in 1666, these have been enlarged, domestics.

and considerable openings made, and Holinsbed says, that merchants, the plague has not been known there. when they gave a feast, rejected Between 1740 and 1770, no fewer butchers' meat as unworthy of their than six Lord Mayors of London died tables : haviog jellies of all colours, in office, a greater number, says Lord and iu all figures, representing flowers, Kaimes, than in the preceding 500 trees, beasts, fish, fowl, and fruit.

years. lo Queen Mary's time, a Spaniard Nations where luxury is unknown remarked, “ These Eoglish have their are troubled with few diseases, and houses of sticks and dirt, but they have few physicians by profession. fare as well as the King”-buildings in the early ages of Rome, women were then only of timber wattled and and slaves were the only physicians, plastered. Grates in houses were then because vegetables were the chief unknown; coal was burnt upon the food of the people ; who beside were hearth, and a sum allowed for wood, constantly employed in war or jp hus. " because coal will not buro without bandry; when luxury prevailed among it."

the Romans, their diseases multiplied, The streets of Paris, not being pav- and physic became a liberal profession. ed, were covered with mud; and yet The increase of wbeel carriages is for a woman to travel those streets in

a pregnant proof of luxurious indoa cart was held an article of_luxury, lence. Queen Elizabeth rode on and prohibited by Philip the Fair. horseback behind her Chamberlain, on

An old tenure in England binds the public processions. Jo the reign of vassal to find straw for the King's James I. the Judges rode to Westbed, and hay for his horse.

minster-ball, and continued it for The lines allowed for the Earl of many years afterwards. Northumberland's bousehold for one Charles I. by a proclamation proyear was 70 ells, of wbich there were to bibited backney coaches in London, be eight table-cloths (no napkins) for except by those who travelled at least his Lordship’s table, and two towels three miles out of town. for washing his face and hands.

Charles II. made bis public entry It was a luxurious change of wood at bis Restoration on horseback beplatters for pewter plates, and from tween the Dukes of York and Glou. wooden spoons to those of tin.

cester. Holinsbed says,

"s when our houses The rough manners of the English were builded of willow, then had we in former years, and their sanguinary oaken men ; but now that our houses laws, afford a striking contrast with are made of oak, our men are not the severest punishments of modern only become willow, but many, thro’ times. By a law of Edward I. the Persian delicacy, crept io among us, third act of stealing in the lead mines altogether of straw, which is a sore in Derby was thus requited-a band alteration.

of the criminal was ailed to a table, A knot of Highlanders, benighted, and in that coudition he was left wrapped themselves up in their plaids, without meat or driok, baving no and lay down in the snow to sleep. means of freedom but to employ the А

young gentleman making up a ball one hand to cut off the other. of snow, used it for a pillow ; his fa- The punishments in Amboyna ther, Sir Evan Cameron, striking away among the Malayans cannot be read the ball with his foot, said, What, without shuddering; a native found Sir, are you turning effeminate ?”

guilty of theft is deprived of bis ears In 1768, a man died in the island and nose, and made a slave for life, of Rum, one of the Western isles of imprisoned and never suffered to go Scotland, at the age of 103, who was abroad but to saw timber, cut stones, 50 years old before he had ever tasted

or carry heavy burdens. bread.

Scarlet fever first known in EngHolioshed inveighs against drink. land in 1680. ing glasses as an article of luxury. Ulcerated sore throat began at Bow,

The plague, some centuries ago, Greenwich, and adjacent places, in made frequent visits to London, pro. 1746,-returued in 1786.


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1819.) Remarks on the Poetry of Scott and Crabbe. 397

Noah's ark occupied 100 years in of intimacy either with the full rebuilding

sounding line of Pope, or the energy Sir R. Walpole said, when he had and pomp of Milton, and the bold, to deal with the landed interest, all expanding, and elevated measure of went on smoothly, they came quietly Akenside. Although, therefore, ima. to be shorn ; but if he only touched gination, wbich is confessedly the the trader, it was like sheering a bog, store-bouse of the Poet, may rank more cry than wool.

high in the author of "The Lady of The sedan chairs were not koowo the Lake,” other qualities in which in Englaod before the year 1634. he is sigoally deficient, likewise de

The people of Switzerland seldom mand the attention of a writer who think of a writing to confirm a bar- would please under every

circumgain ; a lawsuit is scarcely known stance,-bis neglect or bis failure in among them, and many there are who these must be thought to have placed have never beard of an advocate or his fame on a very equivocal basis. of an attorney.

A. H. A writer, of characteristics differ

ing altogether in point of genius and REMARKS PHILOSOPHICAL AND pretensions from Scott, lays claim to LITERARY.

notice as engrossing a large share of (Continued from p. 317.) the Poetical attention of the 19th cenCHE pregnant scenes of imagery tury. It must be owned that the luthe page of Scott, certainly suffers subordinate rank among the Poets of considerable disadvantage from the his day. His happy talent at descripmeasure of his verse, and the quick tion, the occasional justness of his gingle of returning sounds which sentiments, and the general ease, marks the ocio-syllabic line; for, bow- beauty, and harmony of bis flow of ever natural to the author himself, numbers, must be appreciated by every it sorts not with the heroic character reader of disceromeut. A parallel of his subjects. Dryden has remark- has been drawn by a writer of the ed of Butler, “ the choice of puin- present day, between Lord Byron and bers is suitable enough to bis design, Danté - the parallel is not ill-imaas he bas managed it, but in any other gined. The mind teeming with a conhand, the shortness of his verse, and stant flow of original creations, and the quick returns of rhyme, bad de- rising occasionally to fine and delibased the dignity of his style.” The cate sentiment, involves more than same celebrated writer, in his Dis- an occasional resemblance between course on Satire, has poioted out the them-it must render it powerfully decided advantages which the English striking to the intelligent reader. Å verse of ten syllables possesses over resemblance, it may be said, not inthat of eight. 6. This kind of verse," deed matter, but in style and manhe continues, “is more roomy,--the Der, may as obviously be traced be. thought can turn itself with greater tween Crabbe and Pope. Correct ease in a larger compass. When the and harmonious in his numbers, the rhyme comes too thick upon us, it agreeable collocation and full flow straiteps the expression; we are think and measure of phrases which chaing of the close when we should be racterizes the former, must immediadorning the thought. It makes a ately recal to the imagination of the Poet giddy with turning in a space Classical Reader the polished and elatoo narrow for his imagination; he borate diction of the Augustan Bard loses many beauties without gaining of England. If here the parallel one advantage. On these occasions ceases,-if in lieu of the energy of it is, as in a tennis-court, the strokes thought and refined sentiments which of greater force are given when we accompany the latter, the mind is strike out and play at length.” often offended with the coarseness

The loose and negligent arrange- of the scenes which the former has ment of Scott's numbers, and the shewn, such an unaccountable prufrequent absence of all agreeable col- riency in selecting, as the vehicle at location and harmony of modulation, once for the exercise of his powers offends the classic ear, and some- and the inculcation of moral seoti. times becomes almost intolerable to ments, this will rather excite the wonthe student who has been in habits der of a future age at his vicious taste,


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