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4 Dr. Roberts's Apparatus for accumulated Electricity. [Feb. 1, and orderly; and many of the parents To the Editor of the Monthly Magazines of the children, as well as other

persons, SIR, avail theinselves of the additional oppor- CCORDING to promise, in the

A Montbly Magazine Forte Jäne, he service at St. Margaret's church in the have forwarded a drawing of the appa. afternoon.

ratus for exhibiting accumulated elecTo such as have conducted themselves tricity. If you approve of it, and think well, a Bible and Prayer-book have been it will have a tendency of giving the presented upon their leaving the school, Jeast help to the farther investigating with a testimonial of their good conduct the science of electricity, it is at your inscribed in each book : and the parents service for insertion in your useful Ma. have spontaneously attended to return gazine. thanks for the benefits which their chil

Bridport, G. L. ROBERTS, dren have received from this institution, August 17, 1814.

[graphic]

B. a glass tube, three feet long, and of the tube about three quarters of an six inches diameter, with a brass ball inch from that. Set the machine in inserted at each end; the balls to be motion, and, as soon as the jar is about about two inches diameter, and to be three parts charged, the aurora borealis well turned and polished, and as free will appear; keep the machine in motion, from holes, or any imperfections, as and balls of fire, of dense purple colour, possible. A. a brass cap, with a valve will pass froin ball to ball; still continue for exhausting the tube, which must be to turn the machine, and they will soon as complete as a good air-pump will do be succeeded by stars, with a loud reit; at any rate, for it to succeed well, port, and as bright as the sun.* 98 or 99 parts out of 100 is necessary. C.C. a brass ball at each end of the so the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tube, well polished, three inches diameter, SIR, F.F. two glass pillars to support the SubeD. The conductor of Culiberce AS dhe miscellaneous character of

your work precludes long details son's plate-machine, (the plate of which or discussions on agricultural subjects, is two feet diameter.) E. a jar, of the I regret that you have been led, from usual sort, coated with tin-foil, in the the perosal of the Norfolk newspapers, common way, eighteen inches high, ten to give currency, among your Provincial inches diameter. G. a chain, which is Occurrences,page 583 of the last volume, fastened to the ball at the farthest end to a pretended fact, ascertained in Nor. of the tube, and to the external coating folk, as to the deleterious effects of of the jar. When this apparatus is used, place the ball of the jar against

• See the Monthly Magazine for Jane, the ball of the conductor, and the ball 1814, page 446.

3

mangel

SIR,

1815.] Mr.Farey on a Mis-statement respecting Mangel-IV urzeles mangel-wurzel to cows fed thereon; to the dairy cows; and that such injubecause the real facts resulting from rious effects. seemed to have followed considerable experience, of hundreds of this new practice, that it was judged agriculturists in every part of Britain, proper, without delay, to put the grow. are the very reverse of this; and, long ers of this root on their guard against before you gave so extended a circula- deviating from the usual and perfectly tion to this alarming and mischievous safe and successful practices of giving statement, (without any intimation of to cows a proportion of dry hay witla its fallacy) a very unusual number of these as well as other roots. these agriculturists had pressed forward That inadvertence, ratber than a deto deny and rebut the same, and are sign to cry down the use of this valuable still doing so, by unanswerable evidence, root, bad led to the strange course that in tbe Farmer's Journal, a weekly news- has been pursued, I would be glad to paper of very wide circulation, near think; but, unfortunately, this seems one-third of whose pages is devoted to nearly precluded, by the manner of deagricultural correspondence, and where. fending the first assertion, and particu. in the statement was first made, on the larly the aiding of that " very judicious 28th of November last, by the clerical statement," by another assertivn, rather gentleman mentioned, who, resting his as doubtfully expressed, chat, “in addition sertion on only one case in Norfolk, and to the other objections, mangel-wurzel is two others in Cheshire and Staffordshire, a great exhauster of land. from another's information, deemed these Westminster,

Joun FAREY, sen. sufficient to ground his positive dogma- January 4, 1815. “That mangel-wurzel, if given to cows, is extremely injurious” !! forgetting, as To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. is not unusual on another topic, to offer any of the essentially necessary conco

T.

VIIE object of this letter is not to mitant circumstances, by which, convic. anticipate the multifarious and in. tion of the truth, rather than belief of teresting facts which will shortly be prethe assertion, might be obtained by the sented to the curious

is not to prove, growers of this root, to whom it was, that De Lolme wrote the Letters of with such officious zeal

, addressed. Yet, Junius—but simply to refute the only when the fact, thus broadly advanced, argument on which the converse of the had been denied by numbers of well- proposition is founded ; the physical imknown agriculturists, on large experience possibility that he should have written through many years, and the reverend them; the very weak and idle miscongentleman was loudly called on for the ception that a foreigner could not be mode of feeding, &c. be accompanied capable of producing such English as the same by this remark, viz. “ whether we find in the Leliers of Junius. In the cows were fed judiciously or not, is your late exposure of this self-delusion, by no means a question for me to enter you very fairly instanced the English of upon"!! and, a little further on, he Baretti, and of Badini; as also that of complaisantly adds, “ I have stated what the present elegant writer in our lan• every farmer, who grows mangel-wurzel, guage, the learned and ingenious Mr. ought to thank me for"!

Fuseli; and, you might have added, the The reverend gentleman alluded to still more striking example of the Eng. would undoubtedly have been entitled to lish of that distinguished scholar, Count the thanks, not only of all growers of Carracioli, whose contributions, for years, mangel-wurzel, but of all well wishers to imparted so much eclat to an English agricultural improvements; and the pre- periodical publication; and whose sesent intrusion on your valuable pages cession froin that publication, was so Inight bave been avoided, if he had immediately and strongly felt, as to pro. stated, as has since appeared, to the duce its speedy decline. following purport, viz. -ihat, while the A gentleman, writing in the Morning respectable individuals mentioned, were Post, under the signature of Coriolanus, absent from their houses and farms in has informed the public, that he knew Cheshire and Staffordshire, and were De Lolme personally; that he, for some enjoying the renowned hospitality of their time, owed the honor of his daily visits friend in Norfolk, by some strange la to the necessity that ingenious foreigner tality, the farming servants of each of was under, of having his ideas modelled them had, about the same time, given and einbodied by an English scholar. mangel-wurzel roots alone, in unlimited Now, Sir, I will not aver, though, perquantities, spread on bare pasture land, haps, I safely might, that De Lolme,

had

had bis birth occurred some forty or did not, viewed constitutionally, invafifty years later, would, while in his lidate the whole of the proceedings." woyhood, have been, in English litera. If De Lolme did not translate his own ture, the master of this gentleman's Essay, he did not write any of the above manhood; but, without any qualifica- pieces; since they are all precisely in the tions whatever, do I assert, that he was same style : as perfectly so as the paraa perfect master of our language at the graph given from the Essay by Junius, period of this gentleman's childhood. is in the style of all the other paragraphs

It does not appear to be generally in the same Essay. Therefore, if Junius known, that the author of the " Essay translated the paragraplı with which be on the English Constitution," gave to concludes his presace, not only did the world, as early as 1772, (the very Junius, (be Junius whoever be might,) year in which his letters were first pub- translate the whole Essay, but the same lished collectively,) an English work, Junius produced all the other pieces entitled “A Parallel between the Enge bearing ihe name of De Lolme. It, on lish and Swedish Governments;" that the other hand, De Lolme did translate the style of this work is, in every respect, his Essay, De Loline, not Junius, was the equal to the masterly language of his author of all the productions I have eng. translated Essay; that, of about one inerated; and was, by consequence, the hundred and twenty paragraphs, one translator of the paragraph given by hundred and five are taken, word for word, Junius; since, in the style of that parafrom the translation of that very Essay, as graphs, and the style of the rest of the that translation then existed in the private work, we see one and the same style ; possession of the author, and as it was and are reduced to the necessity of disfirst published in the year 1775. It covering how Junius, if Junius was not is, however, well understood by many De Lolme, became possessed of that persons, that his Essay, in its origi- paragraph, since it is, syllable for syllable, nal language (French) was written in the same as the corresponding paragraph England, ready for the press as early as

in the E-say. * the year 1770, and sent, or earried, by If Junius was not De Lolme, yet did the author, to Holland, to be printed translate the quoted paragraph; or, if there; where it actually was printed De Loime was not Junius, but did adopt early in 1771. It will therefore, no the translation of Junius; still De Lolme doubt, be said, that Junius, in 1771, did not adopt the one hundred and five (ior in the November of that year, le paragraphs, in the " Parallel between sent the MS. of his preface to the printer ihe English and Swedish Governments, of the Public Advertizer,) translated the which are extracted from the translated

cited paragraph from this first French Essay on our Constitution;" there. edition ; and ibat De Lolme, finding it fore, it is evident, that this foreigner,

so well executed, preferred iis adoption, either translated as well as Junius, (if in his first English edition, published in Junius and De Lolme were different 1775. But to admit this hypothesis, writers,) or furnished Junius with a transwould he, either to confess that De lation, sufficiently excellent, in the judge Loline did not translate his own Essay; ment of Junius, to be incorporated with and then, he never produced any thing his own exquisite epistles. Coriolain English; or, that he did translate his nus appears to have been acutely selle Essay; and then, though a foreigner, sible, that the narrative of a gentleman did surmount the physical impossibility who, (in the same paper,) wrote under of writing as good English as Junius. the signature of Mercator, was too proFor, if he did not translate his own bable, too natural, too consistent, too Essay, neither did he write the "Parallel specious and plausible, to be fairly conbetween the English and Swedish Go. tradicted. Coriolanus, with a certain vernments," the “ History of the Fla- pamphlet which will hereafter be progellants, or Memorials of Human Super duced, received from Mercator, a letter. stition," the “ Dissertation" prefixed to This leiter, Mercator, in a subsequent De Foe's “ History of the Union of communication to me, charges CoriolaEngland and Scotland," “ Thoughts on nus with having mutilated and curtailed; the Shop Tax,” “Thoughts on the Win- as also with the total suppression of andow Tax," " Thoughts on the Tax upon llawkers and Pedlars;" nor the “ En- • 'The editor of the Monthly Magazine quiry," so highly extolled by Dr. Coote, is possessed of a leaf of the manuscript of s wiiether the Dissolution of the Par- his own hand, in pure English, and in a

one of Mr. De Lolme's Tracts, written in liament, during the Trial of Mr.Ilastings, neat and terse'style.

other,

LAND.

Morlaix,

1815.] Entrance of the Confederates into Paris,

7 other, complaining of the disingenu.

For the Monthly Magazine. ous treatment he had experienced ACCOUNT of the AssaULT ON PARIS, and from Coriolanus. To what extent the of the ENTRANCE of the CONFEDEmutilations and curtailments were car

RATES into thut city; in a LETTER ried, I bave to learn; not bemg yet in pos

from 4 LADY to her SISTER in ENG. session of the copy of that letter, though it has been promised me by Mercator.

Paris, April 16, 1814. Without being insensible of Mercator's kindness, (he Mercator whomsoever

ALL the French were he may,) I am able to rest my evidence persuaded they were coming with the of the fact, that De Lolme was Junius, determination of pillaging ihe houses, upou certain intiisputable, irresistible murdering the inhabitants, and setting circumstances, the knowledge of which, fire to the town, in revenge for Moscow a sedulous and determined research has with these ideas, numbers of families obtained.

inade their escape into Normandy and We see, Sir, however, how Mercator has different parts of France. We had been treated! Mercator, who has con almost resolved to go to ducted himself so explicitly, so fairly! which is a sea-port three hundred miles Mercator, who, for whatever he advances, off; but we continued talking of it produces some substantial evidence, only, till too late : we were told it was some satisfactory corroboration! Why absolutely dangerous travelling, as the has not Coriolanus been equally expla. Cossacks were roving about in every Ratory ? equally ingenuous ? Why has direction, and frequently robbed the dilihe administered to the public appetite gences on the road. I had prevailed on for truth and reality, what does not bear my father and mother to leave Passy, and even the semblance of truth? Why come and live with us, that we might has he neither produced, nor named, comfort each other in case of the worst; those productions of De Lolme, for the and it is very fortunate they did, for correction and improvement of which, the environs of Paris bave, and still conthat ingenious foreigner honoured him tinue to suffer very much by the soldiers, with his daily visits? Why has he not who feel themselves entitled to rob and pointed out even a single solitary pas- plunder there as much as they choose. sage, from the many with which he en. Imagine to yourself what a state we were riched the needy lucubrations of the in, when, on the Tuesday, March 29, author of the " Essay on the English our servant came into our room at six in Consticution ?” For his generous decla. the morning, to tell us she bad heard the ration, that great credit is due to my enemy was only three leagues from Paris. deep reseurch into the subject of Junius, Several wounded soldiers had given the I ato thankful.

Did I perceive in his account, who were just arrived from the letter, or in the annotation appended to

scene of action. Mr. Bmwent out ta that letter by its author, any thing like make enquiries, and found the report research, any thing like argument, any

true enough. All Paris appeared in thing like delicate, or even candid, alarm;

fear and consternation were treatment, I would be equally liberal in pictured in every countenance. I had any acknowledgments.

presence of mind sufficient to pack up I only wish to add, that, however per- them in a cupboard under the staircase ;

what few valuables we possess, and hide suasive the circumstances, however com gent the reasoning, bere adduced, may

our place and money we put in a hole appear, to unprejudiced minds, they are under ground. Afterwards I went out not meant to establish the fact of which to buy a little provision of flour, rice, I am convinced, and in the afirmation of meat to salt, &c. in case we survivedl, which, I am so unequivocally direct. and should not be able to leave the house. The physical impossibility of that fact, I Nothing was to be seen all day hut carshave disproved, and the proofs of the loads of goods, cattle of every descripfact itself are about to appear.

tion, women with their children coming Queen Ann Street,

T. Busby.

into the town, without knowing where Jun. 14, 1815.

to g“, being driven from their hories. As the public feel a certain degree What hurt me most was, to see the of interest in this development, we shall pnor wounded soldiers brought in by cheerfully admit any communication of the cart londs, stretched upon straw, like so writer who signs Mercator; and we hope, many calves, the greater part of thein before our next publication, to receive nearly expiring for want of food, or froin seme conclusive information from Geneva, their wounds not being dressed. Being

witness to all these dismal scenes, you servant) was quite sobbing as she clasped may suppose we passed a most restless the little baby ; Nancy, who is mama's night, and the next morning we were servant) held Zelia, and I had Ursina in awoke at five o'clock, with the sounds of my arms; in fact, we louked the picture guns and cannons at a distance. I must of despair. Mr. B-, who was more iell you, our house is very near. one of calm than we (as men generally are on the entrances or gates of Paris, aud op- these occasions), desired us to go in the posite the mountain of Montmartre, cellar, which we did immediately, with which was slightly fortified. A vast my soother and a neighbour of our's with number of people were assembled on the her daughter, who were here during the hill, to see the battle on the plains be whole day: as to papa, he was as com. hind; papa had the curiosity to go alsu, posed as possible; no inore alarmed than and came back with the account, that little Caroline, or indeed than either of the Russians were gaining ground very the children, for happily at their age they fast. We saw all the artillery and troops have no idea of danger. Fortunately go by many thousands who were never we were not obliged to remain long to return any inore. Our anxiety during in the cellar. All on a sudden, 'twas half the day' was beyond every thing, lo then between four and five in the afterknow what was going forward in the noon, the fireing ceased; only conheld of battle, and what would be the ceive how delighted we were; it seemed result. All the inhabitants were stauding to ine as if I were in heaven. From our at their doors, asking one another what window up. stairs we saw the French was the news? Sometimes they were ab. making their escape from Montmartre, surd enough to say, the allies were com. running down the hill as hard as they pletely beaten, and obliged to retreat ; could scamper; and in less than ten mithen it was rumoured about, that the nutes after, we saw the Russians take emperor Napoleon was arrived with possession of it, and their flag hoisted. eighty thousand men, and consequently The report soon spread itself that the the victory would soon be declared on allies had sent messengers to capitulate: his side. The French were delighted with all we had now to fear was if the twelve this news: as to ne, though I really mayors to whom they addressed should dreaded the consequences of the city refuse to yield to their conditions. We being taken, yet I am so truly English, knew the Russians were masters of all I could not help feeling quite angry when the heights, and that a vast quantity of I heard the French were likely to gain artillery was on Montmartre; therefore, any advantage. I wished and prayed in case of a refusal, they would imme. most heartily for the success of the allies. diately have begun to throw balls and Only think what a providential thing it bombs into the town, and our house, was, that Bonaparte could not get to being so near, would have been one of Paris, for, by all accounts, he had deter- the first to tremble. However, before mined to inake every inan march, and ten o'clock, we were told that Paris had see every house in flanes, rather than surrendered, and that the emperor of surrender. To continue towards three Russia would enter the next o'clock the reports began to change; it ing. I was so happy to think all our was evident the Russians were advancing, fears of being bombarded were over, as the sinuke behind the hills became though I felt still so agitated I could more thick and black. Presently, we not sleep during the whole night. We saw ihe French troops tearing into the had the pleasure of hearing the contown, infantry, cavalry, men, women, querors hefore we saw them : those who all pell-mell, screaming out that the were posted on the mountain celebrated enemy were entering by force. The their victory with the most enchanting sounds of the cannon made the house music; we could discern their fires blatremble beneath us; but, when they be. zing on the ground while they were engan tu throw the balls into lown, which joying their repast, as I suppose they had we heard hissing over our heads, and the been more than twelve hours without drum beat to arins, the signal for every eating. The next morning, 'twas hea. nian to go and defend the city, while the venly weather, the emperor of Russia and people were crying that one of the gates the king of Prussia entered Paris at the (or what they call bere barriers) was in head of their armies. Such an immense Haines ! Never, my dear Jane, shall I army struck every one dumb with astaforget that moment; my heart seemed nishinent. The cavalry only were more to die within me: we all looked as pale than two hours in passing by: at the as death, and appeared almost berest of head of every regiment was a bind of wur senses. Poor Therèsę (who is our inusico *

M.B.

morn

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