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six miles, such was the disposition of the approached the Douro, and the English Spanish people in that province, that the were advanced to the Guerena, I can. French were under the necessity of form- not at this time refrain from noticing ing redoubts, for the purpose of prevent that disposition which has peculiarly ing their communication being intercepted. distinguished the character of lord Wel. These were lord Wellington's first inten. lington. Lord Wellington had a fa. tions, and these were the measures he pur- vourable opportunity of giving battle to posed to pursue; and although circum Marmont, and he was confident the issue stances occurred which led him to change would bave been successful; but he dehis plans, yet the object of them continued clined that opportunity, because he knew the same. General Marmont having come however brilliant the achievement, it would with an army from the north, and ad. cost more lives than would be compenvanced upon the Agveda, soon called sated by the object of victory. Let any forth the attention of our general, and one reflect on the different means which other circumstances having intervened, he he used for two days, to circumvent all was at length determined to change bis the schemes of the French general. The intended course, and march into Castile. policy that each was pursuing became Marmont, in the mean time, used every distinctly different, on account of the efendeavour, but in vain, to relieve the for- fect they endeavoured to produce. Mar. tress of Almeida, and at length posted mont was anxious to bring the English himself strongly upon the bridge of Al to a general engagement, upon ground marez, by which means he endeavoured, not actually unfavourable. Lord Wel. not only to act in opposition to lord Wellington, on ihe other hand, wished to avoid lington, but to effect a communication an engagement, unless he could commence with the army of Soult. To your lord. I it under favourable circumstances. The ships is well known the promptitude and noble earl then took a view of the operaintrepidity with which the French were re- tions of the contending armies immediately moved from that position, and the commu- previous to the batile of Salamanca, and nications cut off between the army of Por- particularly adverted to the skill and gal. tugal and the army under Soult in the lantry displayed by sir Thomas Grahain southern provinces. Indeed, my lords, in executing one of the orders of his illussuch were the skill and management of trious chief-an achievement which was the noble marquis during this period of performed within sight of the hostile the campaign, that no words which I can armies. The object of gaining that post use would be adequate to represent their furnished another striking proof of the value. It afterwards happened that a cor- uniform unwillingness of our illustrious respondence between the French generals commander to commit the general safety was intercepted, and the papers fell into of his armies, or unnecessarily to risque our hands. From these letters we were the lives of his soldiers.

His lordship made acquainted with their sentiments on then noticed the circumstances of Marthis subject; and perhaps no greater eulo mont's receiving reinforcements from the gium could possibly bebestowed upon lord northern army, and panegyrised the able Wellington than was contained in their retreat of the British commander, in conobservations. From these it appeared that sequence, without loss, and in such a way, no movement of the enemy could disap. as enabled the allied force in that quarter point his plans or controvert his projects; to form a junction. The manner in which while on their part no movement was lord Wellington passed the Tormes, and concerted but it was anticipated—00 ex. afterwards drew up in front of Marmont, pectation was raised but it ended in disap who was extending his left to cut off his pointment no fear was entertained but it opponent from communicating with Sabecame realized. In one of these inter- lamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo, was a bril. cepted letters it is said, “ he must read our liant and admirable military maneuvre, correspondence, or be must dive into our In this situation it was not lord Wellinghearts, for no sooner do we form a design ton's intention to engage; and it was than he knows it, and forms measures to Marmont's policy to drive him to that defeat it." Nothing, my lords, could measure. Lord' Wellington cautiously equal the wisdom which marked all lord watched the operations which were atWellington's movements previous to the tempted to intercept him on one side, and battle of Salamanca. If we turn our at- force bim to battle on the other, and at tention to his maneuvres after Marmont the same time he was not remiss in wait.

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ing for an opportunity of advantage, | longs to those who are possessed of elowhence the retreat he had hitherto con- quence. Eulogium, my lords, when not ducted might suddenly be changed into a chastened by the powers of eloquence and contest for victory. "Consider, my lords, the judiciousness of taste, becomes unseem. what must have been the sensations and ly and inflated, and induces a degrading anxious reflections of this general at the representation of that character which it time; these must have been moments of was intended to praise and recommend." rack to his deliberative genius, when de- -The noble earl concluded by moving, ciding upon the mode of action which “ That the Thanks of this House be given should best tend to the success of bis to Arthur, marquis of Wellington, K. R. country's cause. Marmont, after gaining for the great and unparalleled skill, galthe heights opposite to those maintained lantry, and conduct displayed by him in by the marquis, suddenly weakened his the command of the allied troops in Spain, left by the extension of his line, and no during the whole of the late campaign. sooner was the error perceived by the Bui more especially for the achievement of brave and gallant general, than he ex- the signal and brilliant Victory over the claimed, “ Now I have you.” The feli- French army under marshal Marmont at citous, the long sought moment where a Salamanca, on the 22d of July last, therefair prospect of success presented itself, by reflecting additional lustre on the Bri. was instantaneously seized by the illus- tish military character.” trious chief, and improved and followed up The Marquis of Lansdowne said, it was to a brilliant result of victory almost un with great and sincere satisfaction he had precedented in the annals of the country. listened to the just, glowing, and eloquent The onset was made, the left of Marmoni's eulogium which the noble earl had, from army was completely turned, and the his heart, pronounced upon the illustrious victory became decisive. Nothing shew- subject of ihe present motion. No person ed more the vast extent and range of his who bad the honour to be connected with mind, or its scientific adroitness, than the the family of that illustrious individual who ability which appeared at the time of was at the head of our army on the peninseizing a favourable moment for disposing sula, could be more anxious to support the an army for immediate and decisive ac- proposition now submitted to their lordtion, which but a few minutes before was ships than he was. That anxiety was not prepared for retreat! -The noble earl diminished by the recent unfavourable proceeded to pass high encomiums upon events which had taken place; for he pergeneral Le Marchant, who, very unfortu- fectly agreed with the noble earl, that nately for the service, fell in the battle, those circumstances in no degree tarnished and also upon general Cotton, who distin- or diminished the splendid military fame guished himself on that occasion. “ Not and character of the noble and gallant only,” said earl Bathurst,“ had the noble marquis, and ought to make no alteration marquis immortalized himself in an action as far as regarded the present proposition. like ibis, so transcendent and brilliant, but The question was not now, as it was on a under all circumstances his mind has ever former night, and might be at a future discovered itself capable of executing period, whether the general bad been supevery project suitably to the reverses plied by the government with proper and the changes of affairs. The events means and resources? the question now which have now come to our knowledge, was, whether the means with which the will, I am persuaded, afford equal proofs general had been entrusted, had been of his military foresight and conception. wisely, skilfully, and successfully, as far My lords, I am not disposed to trespass as circumstances would permit, applied Jonger upon your attention; there is no- for the public service? Though unwilling thing I can say will sufficiently speak the to mix these topics with the present subpraises due to the marquis of Wellington, ject, yet this much he might be permitted whose fame in all those accomplishments to say, that if there were any persons who which constitute a consummate com- had seen the difficulties of the war in the mander was established long before the peninsula in a stronger light than others, brilliant achievement of Salamanca : and if who thought the means of carrying it I offer no panegyric in commendation of op were very imperfect, and who, thought this hero, attribute it not to a want of admiring the patriotism of the Spanish:27 anxious zeal, but to a conviction of my people, yet feared that the organization, inability to perform the task, which be- civil and military, in that country, was

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not such as afforded security for effectual Such a school could not, indeed, be formed co-operation,-the greater they felt these without great sacrifices; such, for inJifficulties to be, in that proportion must stance, as those which were made in the be their admiration of the talents of the siege of Burgos, where, besides regret for general who had met, and, in many in the failure of the object, one could not stances, gloriously surmounted them. The help feeling an additional pang at the fall campaign, indeed, must be characterized of so many brave officers, and especially as one of various fortune : yet out of this of colonel Somers, who, if he had lived, very circumstance, there arose a display promised to have added to the other gloof military talents in the commander which ries of that illustrious name, that of the would not otherwise have appeared. It highest military fame and glory. Notwas rendered evident that, whether the ge- withstanding such losses, many officers neral pursued the triumphs gained by him- must be formed by the marquis of Wel. self, or experienced disappointment from lington, wbo, having the advantage not extraneous circumstances, he was no less only of his instructions, but of his example, capable, by his rare talents, of alleviating before them, must be capable of rendering misfortune, than of improving success. In the highest services to their country. lle reviewing the military transactions on the thought it right to advert to this circumpeninsula for the last three years, if he stance, as it appeared to be a favourite obwere qualified to decide at all on the subject with the marquis of Wellington, who, ject, those which he would rest upon with in the intervals of war, kept several of the the highest admiration, would be such as officers about him, who had thus an opoccurred under the circumstances when portunity of improving themselves by his lord Wellington was forced to retreat be instruction and example, in military fore a superior force of the enemy. How- science. There was still another point ever unfavourable the circumstances, he connected with this, to which he was dehad always, on these occasions, preserved sirous of calling their lordships' attention. his army and its resources entire, and fit | No person who heard him would think for attack when the proper moment for that he was disposed to censure the advice attack should arrive. In these circum- given to his royal highness the Prince Re- . stances, his great mind shone more emi. gent, to advance the marquis of Wellingnently conspicuous in availing himself of ton in the peerage after the battle of Salathe difficult circumstances of the country manca: but he did think that there then for the protection of a retreating army, existed an opportunity of granting to the and for maintaining his communications marquis of Wellington promotion of a dif. with his resources. Such was the retreat ferent nature, more appropriate and conof the marquis of Wellington to bis lines genial with the service to which he was at Torres Vedras;-such was his retreat devoted; and, therefore, likely to be more before the battle of Salamanca,-a retreat useful to his country. If that promotion converted in a moment into a brilliant had been conferred, it would no doubt victory, where a superior enemy was have met with the applause of the country checked, and forced to retrace his steps. and of the army;, and it would have been Such, too, was the present retreat to the approved by none, more than by the frontiers of Portugal,- all of them evincing many gallant generals, who, by such a the greatest military genius in the com- measure, would have been enabled to mander. Having said thus much as to the share his glory. While we were urging merits of the marquis of Wellington, there the Spaniards to give way in every puncwas another subject of congratulation to tilio, and to think only of the best means their lordships and the country, which he of promoting the great cause in which they wished to touch upon, although it could were engaged, it would have been wise in not well be einbodied in any resolution of us to have shewn them the example. Such that House. No man who had attentively was the feeling which he had at the time, watched the conduct of the marquis of and which he still had ; and therefore he Wellington and the officers under his com- thought it right to state it: but in doing mand, could fail to have observed, that a so, it was not his intention to object to any military school existed in the peninsula, other honours which were conferred on in which a race of officers were forming, the marquis of Wellington. If any doubt on whom the country might rely with could have existed as to the propriety of confidence in the future military career, conferring such honours, thai doubt must which in all probability it had yet to run. have been removed by the review taken by the noble earl opposite, of the great His Royal Highness the Duke of Clatalents displayed by the marquis, in every RENCE, seeing only one man belonging situation where the exertion of great ta- to bis Majesty's navy in the House, lenls was required. The marquis of Wels except himself

, thought himself called lington had, in reality, distinguished him upon, under these circumstances, to self for the judgment and temper with offer his tribute of applause to the marwhich he conducted himself in regard to quis of Wellington, and the brave army the government of Spain, no less than by under his command. He had always bis military genius and valour.

wished that our men should have an opLord Somers cordially agreed with the portunity of distinguishing themselves by motion then before their lordships, and land as well as by sea, in order to shew was most anxious to add his tribute of ap- the world that they were the same on both plause to the merits of the great officer in elements. From the moment that lord question, which were so ably and justly Wellington went to Spain they had had eulogized by the noble earl who opened that opportunity, -and the result was, that the discussion. He gave his testimony to they surpassed all the actions recorded in the transcendent abilities of lord Welling. the inilitary annals of this, or any other ton, not only from a sense of public duty, country, within the memory of man. The but he was influenced in doing it by bis difficulties which the duke of Marlborough own particular obligation to that excellent had to contend with, were nothing comgeneral. He could tell their lordships, pared with those against which the margvis ihat while his great mind seemed to be of Wellington had to struggle. The duke wholly taken up with the important cares of Marlborough was then the favourite of of his situation, he bestowed an attention the court, and had means amply supplied almost inconceivable, upon the comforts him, and great diversions made in his and conveniencies of those under his com- favour. The marquis of Wellington, ex. mand. Whether they were suffering from cept during the short stand made by fatigue, from sickness, or from privations, Austria, and the present effort by Russia, they were equally the objects of his soli- had always had alınost the whole of the citude. For himself, he knew that to a enormous power of France to oppose in dear relative of his (major Somers) whose the field. It must afford the highest saconstitution was fast sinking under the se. tisfaction to the country that the army had vere duties of his station, his parental kind such a commander as the marquis of Welness was such, that it preserved a life lington, both on account of his own great which else had been yielded soon after talents, and the example which he furthe battle of Salamanca, nor prolonged till nished to others. He had done what had that period when he laid it down for his never been equalled, except, perhaps, in country in a manner which gave him a the Roman History. After so much had melancholy pride in saying his son had so been said on this subject by others, he did died. In alluding thus particularly to his not feel biinself called upon to say any own relation, he was far from meaning to thing farther, than that he fully acknowinsinuate that his was a single case; lord ledged the merits of the marquis of WelWellington's kindness extended to all lington, and gave his hearty assent to the alike; but he thought it his duty thus to proposition submitted to their lordships. express his peculiar obligation to him. Marquis Wellesley felt proud and gratiThere never was, indeed, a general, as fied by all that occurred in the course of had been justly mentioned by the noble the present debate. He should not now lord opposite, who was less disposed to sa intrude on their lordships at any length, crifice the lives of his men for the acqui. he should not have intruded on them at sition of mere personal glory; but when all, but from the natural wish to give the the services of his king and country re- tribute of a brother's feelings to a brother's quired it, never did any one display more praise. The noble earl had said, that only ardour, intrepidity, and gallantry. His the highest powers of eloquence, chastened soldiers knew this, and combining that by the purest taste, could aspire to an knowledge with his resplendent talents, adequate eulogy of his great talents; but wbat a confidence, he maintained, must it he could assure the noble earl, that at the tend to excite throughout the whole army; very moment when he disclaimed his own a confidence highly advantageous to the power to pronounce such an eulogy, he had, cause in which we were engaged. He in fact, discharged it in a manner honourtherefore cordially approved of the motion. able to himself, honourable to the country, and in the highest degree just to the The Lord Chancellor then proposed the exalted object of it. He would offer no motion from the woolsack, which was apology to their Jordships for presenting agreed to nem. diss. himself to them on the present occasion ; he was satisfied they all felt nearly the

HOUSE OF COMMONS. same sentiments as himself; for, (if he might use so bold an expression) they

Thursday, December 3. were all attached to the noble general by

The Prince Regent's ANSWER TO THE blood; they all, perhaps, had relations ADDRESS.) The Speaker reported to the under his command, and they had beard House, that the House attended his royal the testimony of a father's beart as to the highness the Prince Regent yesterday parental tenderness shewn by lord Wel- with their Address; to which his Royal lington to the flower of the British army. Highness was pleased to give this most If ihe merits of the great general could gracious Answer : have a higher and more eloquent eulogium “ Gentlemen; than that pronounced by the noble Secre- “ I thank you for this loyal Address. tary of State, it would be that bestowed by Your warm and affectionate expressions the noble peer (lord Somers) near him. respecting his Majesty are peculiarly There could have been but one feeling grateful to my feelings. in the House, when that noble person “ It affords me the utmost satisfaction spoke. His praise of the British general to find that you concur with me in the was most valuable.

He spoke like a representation I have laid before you repatriot. He had sustained a deep and specting the state of the contest in which bitter loss, but he had sustained it with we are engaged, and that you cordially the honourable and manly feeling of one rejoice with me in the improved prospects who had given up a dear son for his coun- which have resulted to this country and try. That noble lord had praised the bu. to Europe, as well from the brilliant manity and almost parental kindness of achievements of his Majesty's forces and Jord Wellington to his officers :-he be those of his allies in the peninsula as from stowed a panegyric above all other. On the heroic exertions of Russia in the north. the general subject of the motion, it could “ From your determination to give a scarcely be supposed, that he (lord Wel firm and generous support to the great lesley) should offer any objections. One cause in which his Majesty and his allies thing only be had to observe: the noble are engaged, I derive a confident hope Secretary had alluded to the display of that all the efforts of our enemies will be the British general's talents in the pressure finally frustrated, and the security of the of retreat. For my part, said 'marquis British dominions established by a solid Wellesley, if I were called on to give my and honourable peace.” impartial testimony of the merits of your great general, I confess, before Heaven, I WEYMOUTH AND MelcomBE REGIS would not select his victories, brilliant as ElectION-PETITION OP Voters.) A Pethey have been; I should mention the tition of John Herbert Browne, of Weyvery circumstances (though unfortunate mouth and Melcombe Regis, in the county in some particulars) which your lordships of Dorset, esq.; Edward Balston, of Win have seen recorded this day - I would go terborne St. Martin, in the said county of to the moments when difficulties pressed Dorset, esq., and Robert Penny the and crowded upon him,

when he had but younger, of Warwick Court, in the city of the choice of extremities --when he was Westminster, gentleman, who claimed a overhung by superior strength. It is to right to vote, and did vote at the last elechis retreats that I would go for the proudest tion for the borough and town of Weyand most undoubted evidence of his abi- mouth and Melcombe Regis, was delivered lity. It is not my intention to dilate upon in and read; setting forth, these matters,-ihere is but one feeling “ That, at the last election for members with respect to them among us. The to serve for the said borough and town, speech of the noble mover was sufficient ; sir John Murray, bart., the right hon. but, if its chasteness, tastefulness, and truth Thomas Wallace, John Broadhurst, Henry could bave a want, it was more than com- Trail, William Williams, and Richard pensated by the admirable speech of the Augustus Tucker Steward, esquires, were noble marquis who had followed him in candidates, when the said sir J. Murray, the debate.

T. Wallace, J, Broadhurst, and H. Trail, (VOL. XXIV.)


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