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try, and in the highest degree just to the The Lord Chancellor then proposed the exalted object of it. He would offer no motion from the woolsack, which was apology to their lordships for presenting agreed to nem. diss. bimself to them on the present occasion; he was satisfied they all felt nearly the

HOUSE OF COMMONS. same sentiments as himself; for, (if he might use so bold an expression) they

Thursday, December 3. were all attached to the noble general by

The Prince Regent's ANSWER TO THE blood; they all, perhaps, had relations Address.) The Speaker reported to the under his command, and they had heard House, that the House attended his royal the testimony of a father's beart as to the highness the Prince Regent yesterday parental tenderness shewn by lord Wel with their Address; to which his Royal lington to the flower of the British army. Highness was pleased to give this most If ihe merits of the great general could gracious Answer : have a bigber and more eloquent eulogium “ Gentlemen; than that pronounced by the noble Secre- “ I thank you for this loyal Address. tary of State, it would be that bestowed by Your warm and affectionate expressions the noble peer (lord Somers) near him. respecting bis Majesty are peculiarly There could have been but one feeling grateful to my feelings. in the House, when that noble person It affords me the utmost satisfaction spoke. His praise of the British general to find that you concur with me in the was most valuable. He spoke like a representation I have laid before you repatriot. He had sustained a deep and specting the state of the contest in which bitter loss, but he had sustained it with we are engaged, and that you cordially the honourable and manly feeling of one rejoice with me in the improved prospects who had given up a dear son for his coun- which have resulted to this country and try. That noble lord had praised the bu. to Europe, as well from the brilliant manity and almost parental kindness of achievements of his Majesty's forces and lord Wellington to his officers :-he be- those of his allies in the peninsula as from stowed a panegyric above all other. On the heroic exertions of Russia in the north. the general subject of the motion, it could “ From your determination to give a scarcely be supposed, that he (lord Wel. firm and generous support to the great lesley) should offer any objections. One cause in which his Majesty and his allies tbing only be had to observe: the noble are engaged, I derive a confident hope Secretary had alluded to the display of that all the efforts of our enemies will be the British general's talents in the pressure finally frustrated, and the security of the of retreat. For my part, said 'marquis British dominions established by a solid Wellesley, if I were called on to give my and honourable peace.” impartial testimony of the merits of your great general, I confess, before Heaven, I WEYMOUTH AND Melcombe REGIS would not select his victories, brilliant as ELECTION--Petition Of Voters.] A Pethey have been; I should mention the tition of John Herbert Browne, of Weyvery circumstances (though unfortunate mouth and Melcombe Regis, in the county in some particulars) which your lordships of Dorset, esq.; Edward Balston, of Win have seen recorded this day-I would go terborne St. Martin, in the said county of to the moments when difficulties pressed Dorset, esq., and Robert Penny the and crowded upon him when he had but younger, of Warwick Court, in the city of the choice of extremities.--when he was Westminster, gentleman, who claimed a overhung by superior strength. It is to right to vote, and did' vote at the last elechis retreats that I would go for the proudest tion for the borough and town of Weyand most undoubted evidence of his abi- mouth and Melcombe Regis, was delivered lity.

It is not my intention to dilate upon in and read; setting forth, these matters,-ihere is but one feeling « That, at the last election for members with respect to them among us. The to serve for the said borough and town, speech of the noble mover was sufficient ; sir John Murray, bart., the right hon. but, if its chasteness, tastefulness, and truth Thomas Wallace, John Broadhurst, Henry could have a want, it was more than com-Trail, William Williams, and Richard pensated by the admirable speech of the Augustus Tucker Steward, esquires, were noble marquis who had followed him in candidates, when the said sir J. Murray, the debate.

T. Wallace, J, Broadhurst, and H. Trail, (VOL. XXIV.)


were returned as members to serve in par- | H. Trail, contrary to the resolution of this liament for the borough and town; that House, and in direct violation of the laws the poll upon the said election comienced and constitution of the realm ; and that, upon the iOth of October, 1812, and ended before and at the said election, divers on the 27th of the said month; that Wilo persons, holding offices under the crown, liam Weston esq., the mayor and return. did, by themselves and their agents, intere ing officer for the same, received divers fere in the said election, in order to proillegal votes in favour of the said T. Wal. cure the return of the said T. Wallace, J. lace, J. Broadhurst, and H. Trail, and re- Broadhurst, and H. Trail, contrary to the fused divers legal votes tendered in favour established law of the land, and in direct of the said W. Williams and R. A. T. violation of the privileges of this House; Steward ; and that, at the said election, the and that the said T. Wallace, J. Broad said W. Weston did, during the first twelve hurst, and H. Trail, by themselves and days of the poll, indifferently receive the himself, their and his agents, did, after the different voters for the several candidates as teste and issuing out of the writ of elec. they presented themselves at the poll; tion, and before and at the said election, that at the close of the poll, on the said give to persons claiming a right to vote, twelfth day, there was an illegal majority and voting at the said election, meat and of votes in favour of the members returned drink, and also make other presents, gifts to serve in parliament; that many roters and rewards to such persons, in order ihat during the poll on the thirteenth day at the said T. Wallace, J. Broadhurst, and tended for the purpose of giving their H. Trail, might be returned to serve in votes in behalf of the said W. Williams parliament for the said borough and town, and R. A. T. Steward ; and the said w. contrary to and in defiance of the standing Weston, contrary to his duty as returning order of this House, and contrary to the officer, and in defiance of the rights of the statute in that case made and provided ; electors of Weymouth and Melcombe and that the said T. Wallace, J. BroadRégis aforesaid, would not permit them to hurst, and H. Trail, by themselves and give their votes as they presented them. himself, their and his agents, did, after the selves to him for that purpose, but insisted teste and issuing out of the said writ of that a voter should be permitted to vote election, give and advance to persons for the said sir J. Murray, T. Wallace, having vote in such election, divers sums J. Broadhurst, and H. Trail, and that a of money, in order to be returned as aforevoter should be permitted to vote for the said, contrary to law and the constitution said W. Williams and R. A. T. Steward of the realm ; and that certain persons, in regular order and successively, thereby not being qualified to vote at the said elecpreventing many persons, who had a right tion, claimed to vote, and were permitted to vote, from giving their votes to the said to vote at the said election by the said W. W. Williams and R. A. T. rd, which Weston, in prejudice of the legal voters they would otherwise have done; that the of the said borough and town, and consaid W. Weston did, on the said thirteenth trary to the rights of the said borough and following days, refuse to receive seves and town; and that, at the said election, ral votes for the said W. Williams and R. the said W. Williams and R. A. T. Steward A. T. Steward, the same being tendered had a majority of legal votes on the poll, after a former vote for them, and waited and ought to have been returned; and for long spaces of time until the agents praying, that the House will take the prefor the said sir J. Murray, T. Wallace, mises into their consideration, and grant J. Broadhurst, and H. Trail procured the petitioners such relief as to the House voles for them; that, in consequence of shall seem meet.” such conduct, large numbers of votes were Ordered to be taken into consideration wholly lost to the said W. Williams and upon the 9th of February next. R. A. T. Steward, and the voters were prevented from exercising their elective Bath ElecTION-PETITION OF MR. franchise ; that the conduct of the return- | ALLEN AND MR. COLLETON.] A Petition ing officer was, in many other respects, of John Allen, of the city of Bath, and of partial and illegal; and that, before and Samuel Colleton Graves, of Hembury at the last election, several peers of par. Fort, in the county of Devon, esquires, liament illegally interfered in the said was delivered in and read; setting forth, election, in order to procure the return of “ That at the last election of iwo citithe said T. Wallace, J. Broadhurst, and zens to represent the city of Bath in this present parliament, the petitioners; the ing themselves freemen, who purchase the right hon. John Thynne esq. commonly same at 250l. each, and which sum is never called lord John Thynne, and Charles accounted for to the legal freemen, though Palmer, esq. were candidates; and that they are entitled to partake of the receipts the notice of the said election was not in of the estates belonging to the freemen of pursuance to the sheriff's precept, and that the said city, and that the right of electing Joseph Phillout, the then mayor and re. two members to represent the city of Bath turning officer, acted with gross partiality, has been usurped by 30 individuals, many and refused to admit the petitioners as of whom do not ever reside in the said candidates, though duly qualified by law city, and others hold sinecure places and to be so, and legally proposed at the said pensions to a great amount in the court of election; and that the said Joseph Phil Exchequer, Lottery Office, Stamp Office, lott

, the returning officer, with 21 others, and other situations under government, self-appointed, claiming to be freemen, and that the said Joseph Phillott, as mayor were exclusively proceeding to elect two and returning officer, refused to admit a members of parliament in the Guildhall, majority of legal votes who desired to vote the doors of which were closed on the for the petitioners, and received others freemen and citizens of the said city, at who had not been duly admitted to their the hour appointed for the election to freedom to vote for the sitting members, commence, being also guarded by above whereby a colourable majority was obtain30 ruffians called bludgeon-men, who ed for lord John Thynne and Charles Palwere protected in all their gross outrages mer esq., who were not duly qualified to and violence on the freemen and citi- represent the said city as the law directs; zens of the said city, contrary to the and praying such relief as to the House freedom of election, the express law of shall appear meet.” the land, and the privileges of the House, Ordered to be taken into consideration and so continued till the Guildhall was upon

the 11th of February next. thrown open with some violence from without; and that the Durham Act was Vote OF THANKS TO THE MARQUIS not read, though repeatedly required ; and OF WELLINGTON VICTORY Or Sala. that on trivial pretences, and without any MANCA.] Lord Castlereagh rose, pursuant justifiable reason, a large military force to the notice he had given on a former was introduced into the said city, during day, to call the attention of the House to the election, to disperse a portion of the the services rendered to their country by freemen legally assembled, and to prevent that gallant officer, general the marquis of the exercise of their elective franchise Wellington, and the brave army under his contrary to their rights and the privileges command during the last campaign in of the House ; and that the said Joseph Spain, and particularly to those by which Phillott, as returning officer, refused to they had signalised themselves in the admit a majority of the freemen of the glorious and ever-memorable battle of Sa. said city to vote for the petitioners, and lamanca. He was sure he should forget admitted to vote at the said election only | bis duty to the House, the country, and to 22 persons, styling themselves the mayor, that illustrious officer and his army, if on aldermen, common.council and freemen this occasion he were to introduce into of the city of Bath, most of whom have the discussion any matter that might been illegally admitted to the freedom of cause a controversial feeling respecting the said city, and most of whom are also the policy of the war in the peninsula, and bonorary freenen not qualified to vote, more especially if he were to offer any thereby giving to 22 sell-appointed indi- thing respecting the conduct of his Majesviduals the exclusive right of choosing ty's ministers in connection with the subtwo representatives for a city containing aject of the motion he was about to submit population of 35,000 persons, and exclud- to the House. Any charges that might be ing the whole body of the freemen who preferred against them for the mode in have legally and constitutionally obtained which that war had been conducted, they the right of freedom in the said city, and would be happy to meet on a future day. who have voted in the election of mem- On this, they hoped it would not be nebers to represent the city of Bath in par. cessary, as it was their wish to bring for. liament from time immemorial, till they ward nothing that might divide the feelings were illegally deprived of the same by the of the House and the public, and abstract admission of a new order of persons styl- them from that subject, on which all de.

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lighted to dwell with admiration and gra- | that he was enabled to reduce this fortress titude. At the same time, however, while (which was one of a most respectable. de. he wished to guard against the introduc cription) before marshal Marmont was tion of any matter on which a difference of able to call his troops from their winter opinion might exist; he thought it would cantonments, and advance further eban not be just to the army, and more parti. Salamanca. Lord Wellington having got cularly, he thought, it would not be just possession of Ciudad Rodrigo, meditated to the marquis of Wellington, if he were an advance on Badajoz, and his arrangeto confine himself to the feelings excited ments consequent on this design were by that great transaction, considered as an made with so much expedition and se. insulated affair, brilliant as it was in itself, crecy, that marshal Marmont believed the and great and glorious as it was,—and a English army to be still at Ciudad Romore glorious action had never adorned drigo, when seven of eight divisions had the annals of this or any other great mili- arrived at Badajoz. He attacked this fortary power : for he was proud to say, this tress, which was stronger and of more imcountry had become a great military portance than that of Ciudad Rodrigo, power, though formerly looked to princi- early in the month of March, and carried pally as a naval one by the other nations on the works with such vigour and alaof Europe. But still he contended, it crity, that the French armies of the north would be to let down and to undervalue and of Portugal, under Soult and Marthe victory of Salamanca, if it were to be mont, were unable to relieve it, and it was brought before the House unconnected even confessed by Soult, an officer of great with other considerations, and not as it ability, in explaining to the war minister stood, connected on the grand scale of the of France the causes of the loss of Bs. military operations of which it formed so dajoz-it was admitted in his dispatches to pre-eminent a part. This was not a victory Berthier, which were intercepted, that lord which had been thrown in the way of lord Wellington had taken Badajoz in the face Wellington, which he had been able to ac- of two armies, each of which in strength complish, and gloriously accomplish, on was equal to his own. It was stated by the instant; but it was a transaction which Soult that the army under lord Wellington wound up a military object, the result of was not superior to that under his comlong preparation and of foresight, in which mand, nor to that commanded by Marthe application of just principles was so mont; but be stated the difficulty of asinterwoven with various circumstances, sembling troops to be so great, and the rathat he should fail in his duty to the army, pidity of lord Wellington's movements to and to the marquis of Wellington, if he be so extraordinary (an admission most were not shortly and generally to describe honourable to the gallant marquis, more the causes which had led to the Victory of particularly as it came from an enemy), Salamanca, and its consequent advantages. his operations carried on with such ceThe House would recollect, that at the lerity, the siege pressed with such vigour, close of the former, and at the commence and the assauli made with such gallantry, ment of the present campaign, lord Wel. as to exceed all his calculations : so tbat lington, after dispossessing Massena of he had only reached Albuera with his Portugal, had made himself master of Al. army, on his way to relieve the fortress, meida, but Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajoz when he received intelligence that it had were still in the hands of the enemy. fallen. These services then, it would be Both armies had retired into winter seen, lord Wellington had accomplished quarters, and remained for some time in under circumstances of great difficully. inactivity on account of the season; but He had taken two important fortresses, in such vigorous preparations for renewing the presence of two armies, respectively bostilities were made by the marquis of equal in numbers to his own, and in such a Wellington so early as January, (a period way as to extort from the French comat which, even in that clime, armies have manders an acknowledgment, that all their seldom been occupied in preparing to preparations were rendered useless, and take the field) that in that month he was all their efforts foiled. Lord Wellington enabled to lay siege to Ciudad Rodrigo. having done these services, which of Nothing higher to the praise of the mar. themselves would have appeared most quis of Wellington could be said, than that splendid in the career of an individual less he had completed his preparations for this illustrious than himself, and completed operation with such activity and secrecy, that task which had been the glorious ob

ject of a former campaigo, and expelled | jato Andalusia, this will be my object." the enemy from the country of an ally al. When lord Wellington had reduced Ba. ways wound up in the interest and affec- dajos, in consequence, certainly, of a cir. tions of England - Portugal. After this cumstance for which he was not respon. he had still a great object before him; it sible, the delay on the part of the Spawas for him to direct his force so as to niards to revictual Ciudad Rodrigo, be etfect what he might be capable of doing was obliged to march to protect that for the interest of Spain, with a view to fortress, and secure that ialeresting frontier repel the invading army. Lord Welling of Portugal. The noble lord afterwards ton bad now to compare his army with stated, that he did not altogether regret that of the enemy, and to deliberate on that circumstances had caused him to di. what would be the probable result of the rect an operation in the north instead of the campaign. Though the army under him south, as be bad intended; and he hoped, was certainly both respectable and im as he found bimself at the head of an portant, yet when he compared it with army to which he could look with confiihe means of the enemy, a very grave dence for success in an action with Mar. prospect appeared before him, and he mont, he might in that quarter, more parcertainly could not flatter himself with a ticularly if Castile were thrown open, be result like that which had crowned his able to do that which would deliver Anda. measures. The French armies were so lusia more completely than if, as he had strong, though the successes of lord Wel. first intended after the capture of Badajoz, lington had caused their strength to be he had advanced against the French in frequently under-rated in this country, and that province itself. The climate also be indeed by the world at large; that the found more favourable to his soldiers, and gallant marquis did not expect to be en- he advanced with a perfect confidence in abled with his means to drive them out of the moral qualities and physical force of Spain, (as many sanguine persons did), his army. He (lord C.) begged the House but he felt that he might force them to to bear this in mind. Lord Wellington abandon the military hold they had at that did make an irruption into Castile. He time; that grasp of the country, on which drove the French from Salamanca, and alone the French must ground their hopes advanced upon the line of the Douro. of ultimate success. These, unless they Though at the commencement of these could now retain, he would venture to say operations, his army was such that he they were farther off the consummation could court a general action with Marof their hopes, than at any period of the mont, when he arrived upon the line of four years during which the war had been the Douro, this was no longer the case. continued in the peninsula. He would The French, as was their practice, sacrirepeat it, unless the moral subjugation of ficed all the hold they had of the country, the people could be effected, which the by withdrawing their troops from the semilitary possession of the country could veral fortresses they had previously occualone secure, the French were further from pied, to make head against lord Wellingthe end they had in view than at any pe- ton. Before the battle of Salamanca, riod of the last four years. The noble Marmont was reinforced from Leon and lord did not look at that time to the com- Estremadura, from the army of Cafplete expulsion of the enemy from Spain, farelli, and from the army of Madrid. and this he distinctly stated in his commu- From that moment lord Wellington said, nications with his government; he (lord “I am not prepared to risk a general Castlereagh) did not speak of what he battle, unless I find that upon military might bave written to individuals; but to grounds I engage you with a prospect of those under whom he served, the language success." This lord Wellington laid down of lord Wellington was this: " If I can re- as the principle on which he would act-a duce the two fortresses (Ciudad Rodrigo principle in every respect correct, and conand Badajoz), and place Portugal under sistent with his genius. It was not for us their protection, my next operation shall to court general engagements in the abbe, directed to the south of Spain, to de- stract. The French might wish to do so; prive the enemy of the resources they but lord Wellington felt, that while he re possess in Seville; or if I oblige them to mained in Spain with such an army, the collect an army to defend them, I shall country never could be conquered ; and it then compel them to raise the siege of was his object to make the French abanCadiz. If from Badajoz I can advance don all but the ground on which they

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