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free burgesses, voters, and electors of the decisions had been established by Ora borough of Great Grimsby, in the county ders and Resolutions of the House, perof Lincoln, who were voters and voted at sist in discharging the said full court of the last election for members to serve in mayor, aldermen, common councilmen, this present parliament for the said bo- and burgesses on the evening of the said rough of Great Grimsby, on behalf of 5th of October, although he then knew themselves and others, free burgesses and that many persons who had rights and voters of the said borough of Great claims to be admitted to their freedoms of Grimsby, was read ; setting forth, and in the said borough were then waiting

“ That, at the last election for the bo- and remaining in the said borough for that rough of Great Grimsby, on the 6th of purpose, who had spoken to him the said October 1812, John Henry Loft, esq., W. Wardale thereupon, and to whom lie Ebenezer John Collett, esq., Sir Robert had given his promise that the said full Heron, bart., and John Peter Grant, esq., court should be adjourned until the next were candidates; and that the said peli- morning, as was usually and heretofore tioners, who have thereunto signed their the case, and on which day, being Tuesnames, were then and now are free bur. day, it ought to have been held: but he, gesses and voters of the said borough, and finding that the whole, or nearly so, of the voted at the said last election; and that, persons then within the borough, who on the 5th of October last, being the day were likely to vote for the said sir R. preceding the election, William Wardale, Heron and. J. P. Grant, whose cause and esq., the mayor of the said borough, and interest he had most publicly and glaringly returning officer, held a full court of espoused, had gained their admissions, he, mayor, aldermen, common councilmen, by the most determined, wilful, and flas and burgesses of the said borough, at which grant injustice, discharged the court, not said court the said W. Wardale did par- only without putting it to the consideration tially and corruptly, wilfully, unlawfully, and judgment of the aldermen, common and of his own authority, admit certain councilmen, and burgesses, but in direct persons to the freedom of the said borough and positive opposition to the almost unawho were not entitled thereto, and did nimous claim of them all, upon a motion neglect and refuse to submit to the consi- put by one alderman, a burgess, and sederation and judgment of the said court, conded by another alderman, a burgess, the claimed right of such persons to be to have it adjourned to the next morning, admitted to their freedom, which by the as by law and the custom and usage of constitution and usage of the said borough the said borough he ought to have done, he ought to have done; that the said w. but he actually did order the discharge, Wardale did also partially and corruptly, and did discharge the said court accordwilfully, unlawfully, and of his own autho- ingly without any adjournment; and that, rity, refuse to admit certain other persons on the next day, the 6th of October last, who were entitled and claimed at the said being the day of election, great numbers full court to be admitted freemen of the of persons baving undoubted rights and said borough, to their freedom therein, claims to be admitted to their freedoms some of whom had been declared, decided, of the said borough, did make application and established by a Committee of the to and demand of the said W. Wardale, House to have such claims, rights, and in court, to hold a full court, that they titles, and did also neglect and refuse to might be legally admitted, and did demand submit to the aldermen, common council and claim to be so admitted to their freemen, and burgesses of the said borough, in dom of the said borough, without which the said full court assembled, the rights they were incapable of using their elective and claims of such persons to be admitted franchises and birth-rights at the said to their freedom of the said borough, and election for members to serve in this prewhich, by the constitution and usage of sent parliament, and which said demands the said borough, he ought to have done ; and applications for the said full court that the said W. Wardale did wilfully, and admissions to the freedom of the partially, corruptly, illegally, and of his said borough were supported by great own authority, in Jirect violation of the numbers of the aldermen, common counlaws of the realm, the constitution and cilmen, and burgesses, to prevent such usage of the said borough, and also wilful, determined, and flagrant acts of inin wilful opposition to the decisions of justice; but the said W. Wardale, did Committees of the House, and which most wilfully, wantonly, vexatiously, cor tomed to victory, to armies commanded operations. It was not necessary to press by men of the first military talents, trained these things upon the attention of the in the school of danger and experience, House, they were in the recollection of confident of success, for they had been every person. The questions now for accustomed to conquest, with their laurels them to consider were; first, What was fresh and yet blooming round them. Such the policy; and, 2dly, What were the were the armies, such were the captains means of rewarding such services? With whose laurels withered before the bright- respect to the policy of rewarding military niess of his fame. Fortunately for the services, although there were many ques. world, those laurels had been transplanted tions of policy, in the consideration of to another region where they would which he would not refer for examples to flourish, he hoped, for ever, not for the de- the councils of the enemy, there could not struction of mankind, but for the protec. | however be a better policy than theirs, in tion of their liberties and their religion, so far as it regarded rewards for military and their rights. Never did the country service. Let them look to France; could produce a man who had received so large they find in that country one general of a measure of parliamentary and national any merit, who was not loaded with all approbation. No man had been ever so the rewards and the honours that it was greatly and so justly distinguished. In in the power of their ruler to confer? the peninsula, taking all together, his cata- Different, indeed, far different were they Jogue of successes vnchequered by any from the rewards and the honours of the thing to diminish their glory, was the gallant marquis, different in the grace greatest that any individual ever before that belonged to them; different in the had to boast of. Those successes were in services that gained them, and in the the recollection of the House. Every per principle on which they were bestowed. son who heard him must recollect the They, it was true, were highly rewarded, battle of Busaço, in which a victory was but their rewards were such as the brave gained over nearly double numbers; the Wellington would disdain to accept. A Battle of Fuente de Honore, and other right hon. gentleman (Mr. Canning) had battles which, if not fought immediately truly stated upon a former occasion, that under his eye, were fought at least under his though placed at the head of the Portudirection; also the battle of Albuera; but, guese army,

the pay attendant upon above all, the attack upon the bridge of which situation was not less than 8,000l. a Almarez, conducted by general Hill, year, when asked to accept that pay, be under the direction of lord Wellington. answered, that whatever services were in Soult confessed, that from the moment of his power, he would be always willing to that successful attack, the measurés he had perform for Portugal; but as he received planned with Marmont were completely the pay of his own sovereign, he would Deranged. The army of Spain was forced not accept of it from another. The pay to act in two divisions, and its generals had been suffered to accumulate in the were prevented from their intended co- expectation that his feelings might at some operation. It was indeed true, that his time be prevailed upon to accept it. He splendid course of military successes was was apprised that the money was to be not upchequered by retreat. Retreat, delivered to him, but with a generosity however, was not defeat: and in the re- never before excelled, with the noble treat to which circumstances obliged him, self-denial of a soldier, he begged it should he still gave evidence that the resources be disposed of for the Portuguese army. of a great mind did not forsake him. In Reverting to the system of the French short, within the space of four years, he army, the noble lord observed, that not had beaten the proudest marshals of only were the successful officers of that France. He had beaten Marmont, he had army rewarded with such honours as beaten Soult, who was himself considered could be bestowed on them, but with posas a host; he had beaten Massena and sessions (which it was a disgrace to acNey, and Jourdan. In no one instance cept) granted out of the countries wbich did he lead a British army into the field, they had devastated, in pursuance of that in which they were not crowned with unjustifiable principle on which modern glory and success. He presented the new France had uniformly acted, of making and grand spectacle of four years suc- the territory of one sovereign afford the resses, without any of the disasters that means of desolating the dominions of ano

e naturally attendant upon military ther-Happily a different system.prevailed, and he trusted would ever prevail into the possession of an individual wbo in this country. The troops of Great would be too happy, if parliament agreed Britain went forth to fight for the interests to the proposed vote, to surrenderit in and tranquillity of other nations as well as order that it might be handed down to of their own; and their officers, although posterity, as the spot granted by the legis. they might accept the honours conferred lature in testiinony of their approbation of on them by the legitimate sovereigns of the services of that illustrious individual the countries in whose cause they were by whom that title was first assumed. contending, were not disposed to avail With this view, he was persuaded that the shemselves of any pecuniary advantage, Committee would deem that he best disunless it flowed from the country to which charged his duty by proposing that a sun they belonged.—He now came io consider of money shculd be vested in trustees for whát, under all the circumstances of the the purchase of lauds to descend with the case, it appeared to bim to be becoming title of Wellington, and to be enjoyed by in parliament to grant in the present in the future representatives of the noble mar. ştance. If he had to consider lord Wel. quis. He would, therefore, not trespass lington's services in a similar point of further on the time of the House, but conview to that which called forth the muni- clude with moving, " That it is the opificence of parliament on a former occasion nion of this Committee, that a sum, not -if he had to consider them under cir- exceeding 100,000!. be granted to his cumstances similar to those under which Majesty, to be vested in trustees, for the lord Nelson's services bad been considered use of the marquis of Wellington and such -if such a calamity bad occurred as the other persons on whom the title of marquis death of the noble marquis (and no greater of Wellington shall descend, and to be calamity could befall the country than employed in the purchase of lands, tenethe loss of such a treasure); if the noble ments and hereditaments to accompany marquis were by such a melancholy oc- the said title, and that the said sum be currence put out of the reach of the fur- issued and paid without any fee or other ther favour of the crown and the further deduction whatsoever.” notice of parliament, he should then, in Mr. Whicshed Keene did not rise for the. submitting a proposition to the Committee purpose of opposing the motion. In all on behalf of the noble marquis's family, military cases, when a reward was asked, be influenced by a very different feeling; proper attention should be paid in proporbut, considering that lord Wellington was tioning it to the quantity of forces' by comparatively young in the service, con- which the achievement had been pere sidering that he was placed in a great formed; but the success of the marquis of crisis, which had, indeed, principally Wellington, especially considering the arisen out of the noble lord's own exer- means he had at his disposal, had far surtions in the peninsula ; considering that passed the most sanguine expectations. he might yet render important advantages Considering the price of landed property, to his country and to the world, he was he did not conceive the present grant as not willing, however high bis merit, that too considerable, and when he reflected the honours of the crown and the bounty that the marquis of Wellington's services of parliament should be at once exhausted were warm in the minds of every one, he upon him. Under these circumstances even thought that the House might have he was anxious to submit to the Commit. gove farther. tee such a proposition as should at once Sir Francis Burdett said, that however mark their sense of his great and glorious strong the claims of lord Wellington might services, and their recollection that he be, he could not think that they were might, and in all probability would, ex- much advanced by the advocacy of the perience the further favour of the sove. noble lord or of the hon. gentleman who reign and the further bounty of parlia- had just sat down. The noble lord bad ment. An additional motive to a concur- dwelt, with much satifaction, on the pecu. rence in the vote which he should have liar advantages and blessings of our happy the honour to propose, and which he was constitution, under which such opportuni. sure that the Committee would seize with ties were afforded of rewarding merit; avidity, was, that by a happy coincidence but before this praise was entirely ac. of circumstances, the manor of Wellington, quiesced in, there were two considerations from which the noble lord derived his which presented themselves to those who title, had passed from its former owner were appointed the guardians of the pube


lic property-namely, the merit of the that of general Moore. Though a retreat claimant in ihe first place, and in the se- might be no proof of demerit on the part cond, one of not inferior importance, out of a general, he could not think it fur. of what fund the proposed remuneration nished grounds on which to call for parought to come. On this last point he was liamentary remuneration. To him, as a of opinion, that while such enormous funds man of a plain way of thinking, it appear. were in the hands and at the disposal of ed, that the results of the campaign bad government, and while the amount of been disaster and defeat. The victory of taxation was so great and so complicated, Salamanca appeared to be a victory as to render its collection in a great de- forced upon lord Wellington. After that gree impossible—while all this was the victory he could wish it to be explained case, ministers ought to be ashained to whether it was good conduct to proceed apply to the public parse. In the re. against Burgos, whether in the conduct of sources and the patronage they possessed, that siege there was a want of ability in there were surely abundant means of re- the commander, whether the project was muneration; and it should be recollected, a bad one, or whether the ministers of this that when there was a general outcry country bad given him positive orders to against the number of sinecure places, the advance against it without furoishing him ready and constant answer was, that these with the means of taking it. In one of places in the hands of government enabled lord Wellington's dispatches there was a them to reward the services performed by singular paragraph ; " Your lordship is the servants of the public.

If this were

aware I had little hopes of success at the defence, there could be no doubt that | Burgos; yet after the battle of Salamanca the funds accruing from those places it was necessary to proceed against should be appropriated as they were said Burgos, to ensure the success of the camto be. But ihere was also another fund on paign.” Thus, then, the consequence of which it would have been more becoming that victory was disaster. He did not in ministers to have rawn-he meant the wish to undervalue the services of Lord Droits of Admiralty, which strictly ought Wellington, but the victories he had gainto be appropriated to reward the services ed in Spain had none of the characteristics of naval officers, except where they were which distinguished those of the duke of applied to the purpose which had been Marlborough. The advantages that gestated the other night, of indemnity in the neral gained he retained; yet it was not case of American captures, in the event till after the decisive batile of Blenheim of a peace with that power. But when that parliament rewarded his services. this fund was employed iu grants to the Now in the peninsula it had been observed, princes of the blood, who did not hesitate and by military men too, that marquis to accept of them, and in other purposes Wellington had brought his army into difequally foreign from their original and ficulties, but his men had fought him out proper designation, he then thought that of them again, and that in the capture of it night also be found fit to apply them the fortresses which he had won, a waste on the present occasion also. "With re- of life was to be complained of. This be spect to the conduct of the noble marquis understood to have been the case at who was the subject of the present motion, Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajoz, which the noble lord had told them that replaces had been stormed without a breach treat was no proof of demerit; unques being previously made. A similar comtionably not; and there were many in- plaint he had heard respecting Burgos. stances on l'ecord of late years, in which He did not wish to divide the House on retreats had been conducted in such a the grant, but he wished to move that the manner, and under such circumstances, as consideration of the grant should be deplaced them far beyond the most bril- ferred till some enquiry had been made liant victories; but this was the first time into this extraordinary campaign. He he ever heard that there was merit or did not see that flattering success which glory in a most disastrous retreat. He was the noble lord thought he saw in the not perfectly sure that the military hospi. siege of Cadiz having been raised by tals had not been abandoned, but from all the enemy. The cause of Spain to him that could be known from returns, private appeared infinitely more hopeless than it letters, &c. there was reason to believe was at the commencement of the cam. that the losses incurred in the retreat paign. If lord Wellivgton bad never from Burgos were not much less than in marched to Madrid, and if he had not

gained the battle of Salamanca, there baronet possibly have got his information? would have been infinitely more hope than He had talked of our hospitals having been there was after those events had taken abandoned ; in this, however, he could place, seeing the Spaniards had not joined assure him, that he had been completely us with that spirit with which ministers de- misinformed. Some few of our sick, luded themselves, and would fain delude whose removal would bave been attended the House to believe in existence. The with certain death, bad been, perhaps, reverse of this appeared to him to be the left behind in the hospitals, as was usual fact, and therefore he thought the case of in such cases; but he could assure the the peninsula more deplorable than ever. hon. baronet for his satisfaction, that the He wished to move, “ihat the considera. retreat had been effected in the most tion of the grant be deferred till after the complete order. There was no baste, holidays.”

no trepidation, no uncertainty ; ihe meaMr. Robinson observed, that though the sure had been foreseen, formed a part hon. baronet had professed his ignorance of a general plan, and all the necesof military affairs, he had nevertheless sary precautions had been taken. The dealt with no sparing hand in military enemy did not come up in force against cənsures. The hon. baronet's opinions our army-there were only partial affairs were so erroneous, that he could not pos- between the van-guards and the rearsibly conceive how he had formed them, guards, and the amount of the loss on or where he bad procured his information. each day, except the last, had been transHe had talked indeed of military autho- mitted by the marquis of Wellington, and rities, but without naming them, and he regularly inserted in the Gazette. On was aware that it would be useless to that last day, the noble general had inpress the hon. baronet on that head. He deed mentioned that our troops had sufhad asserted that Ciudad Rodrigo had fered severely, but nothing very disastrous been stormed before a breach had been could be concluded from that expression, effected ; the contrary was notorious; a as the distant cannonading had lasted only breach had been first effected, and that one day, and as the enemy had afterwards breach, although most gallantly defended, desisted from following our troops.-Adwas stormed afterwards; nor did he think verting next to the hon. baronet's histothat all the anonymous military authorities, rical recollections, the hon. gentleman quoted by the hon. baronet, could point out was sorry to find that in this he was no to him any other way of taking a town. At more at home than be was on military afBadajoz two breaches had been effected, fairs.—The hon, baronet had stated that it and it was owing to the attention of the was not till after the battle of Blenheim enemy being diverted by a front attack that the duke of Marlborough had receivon those very breaches, that general Pico ed parliamentary remuneration; it was a ton succeeded in converting his false ato fact, however, that long before that batile, tack on the castle into a real one-a case and as early as the 10th of December in not unfrequent in war, and always within the year 1702, the duke of Marlborough the calculations of the general, as was the had received from parliament an annuity case with the marquis of Wellington. of 5,000l. ;* and Blenheim was, besides, The same mistake seemed as if fatally to the first victory of any importance he had follow the hon. baronet when talking of the obtained. Not so with the marquis of attack on Burgos, for no less than five Wellington : it was not for the victory of breaches had been effected in that fortress, Salamanca alone that the vote of 100,0001. by sapping and mining. It was true the was demanded for the noble marquis. storming did not succeed, because the The whole of his life had been devoted to place was most bravely and ably de. the service of his country. All the advanfended ; indeed such a resistance sel- tages obtained in Spain were owing to his dom was exhibited; but in the failure of military genius, and if ever there was a that enterprize, of which he never enter- case which called for an expression of natained any sanguine hopes, he was at a tional gratitude, it was the case of the loss to discover how lord Wellington was marquis of Wellington. to blame. The hon. gentleman next ad

Sir Frederick Flood was sorry that the verted to the picture drawn of lord defalcation in the revenue, during the two Wellington's retreat by the hon. baronet, at which he could not sufficiently express * See the Parliamentary History, vol. his astonishment. Where could the hon. 6, p. 57. (VOL. XXIV.)


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