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ARTICLES OF RELIGION.
I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. V. Of the Holy Ghost. THERE is but one living and THE Holy Ghost, proceeding
true God, everlasting, without from the Father and the Son, body, parts, or passions ; of infinite is of one substance, majesty, and power, wisdom, and goodness; the glory, with the Father and the Son, Maker, and Preserver of all things very and eternal God. both visible and invisible. And in VI. Of the Sufficiency of the holy unity of this Godhead there be three
Scriptures for salvation. Persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; the Father, the Son, HOLY Scripture containeth all
salvation : and the Holy Ghost.
so that whatsoever is not read thereII. Of the Word or Son of God, in, nor may be proved thereby, is which was made
not to be required of any man, that VHE Son, which is the Word of of the Faith, or be thought requi
it should be believed as an article THE
the Father, begotten from ever, site or necessary to salvation. In lasting of the Father, the very and the name of the holy Scripture we do eternal God, and of one substance understand those canonical Books with the Father, took Man's nature of the Old and New Testament, of in the womb of the blessed Virgin, whose authority was never any of her substance: so that two whole doubt in the Church. and perfect Natures, that is to say, the Godhead and Manhood, were of the Names and Number of the
Canonical Books. joined together in one Person, never
ENESIS, to be divided, whereof is one Christ,
, very God, and very Man; who tru
Leviticus, ly suffered, was crucified, dead and
Numbers, buried, to reconcile his Father to
Deuteronomy, us, and to be a sacrifice, not only
Joshua, for original guilt, but also for actual
Judges, sins of men.
Ruth, III. Of the going down of Christ The First Book of Samuel, into Hell.
The Second Book of Samuel, S Christ died for us, and was
The First Book of Kings, buried, so also is it to be The Second Book of Kings, believed, that he went down into The First Book of Chronicles, Hell.
The Second Book of Chronicles,
The First Book of Esdras, IV. Of the Resurrection of Christ. The Second Book of Esdras, CHRI
HRIST did truly rise again The Book of Esther,
from death, and took again his The Book of Job, body, with flesh, bones, and all The Psalms, things appertaining to the perfec- The Proverbs, tion of Man's nature; wherewith Ecclesiastes or Preacher, he ascended into Heaven, and there Cantica, or Songs of Solomon, sitteth, until he return to judge all Four Prophets the greater, Men at the last day.
Twelve Prophets the less. 407
And the other Books (as Hie- IX. Of Original or Birth-sin. For example of life and instruction O Rthe following of Adam, (as the of manners; but yet doth it not apply them to establish any doc- Pelagians do vainly talk ;) but it is trine; such are these following:
the fault and corruption of the Na
ture of every man, that naturally The Third Book of Esdras, is ingendered of the offspring of The Fourth Book of Esdras, Adam ; whereby man is very far The Book of Tobias,
gone from original righteousness, The Book of Judith,
and is of his own nature inclined The rest of the Book of Esther, to evil, so that the flesh lusteth The Book of Wisdom,
always contrary to the spirit; and Jesus the Son of Sirach,
therefore in every person born into Baruch the Prophet,
this world, it deserveth God's wrath The Song of the Three Children, and damnation. And this infection The Story of Susanna,
of nature doth remain, yea in them Of Bel and the Dragon,
that are regenerated; whereby the ''he Prayer of Manasses,
lust of the flesh, called in the Greek, The First Book of Maccabees, øpómua o apkòs, which some do exThe Second Book of Maccabees. pound the wisdom, some All the Books of the New Testa- desire, of the flesh, is not subject to
ality, some the affection, some the ment, as they are commonly re- the Law of God. And although ceived, we do receive, and account there is no condemnation for them them Canonical.
that believe and are baptized, yet VII. Of the Old Testament.
the Apostle doth confess, that conHE Old Testament is not con
cupiscence and lust hath of itself THE
the nature of sin. trary to the New : for both in the Old and New Testament everlasting life is offered to Mankind
X. Of Free-Will. by Christ, who is the only medi- НЕ ator between God and Man, being THE condition of Man after the
fall of Adam , both God and Man. Wherefore cannot turn and prepare himself, they are not to be heard, which by his own natural strength and feign that the old Fathers did look good works, to faith, and calling only for transitory promises. Al upon God: Wherefore we have no
: though the Law given from God power to do good works pleasant by Moses, as touching Ceremonies and acceptable to God, without the and Rites, do not bind Christian
of God by Christ preventing men, nor the Civil precepts thereof
us, that we may have a good will, ought of necessity to be received in and working with us, when we any common-wealth ; yet notwith- have that good will. standing, no Christian man whatsoever is free from the obedience of the Commandments which are
XI. Of the Justification of Man. called Moral.
E are accounted righteous beXII. Of Good Works. was not in him. But all we the LBEIT that Good Works, rest, although baptized, and born which are the fruits of Faith, again in Christ, yet offend in
fore God, only for the merit VIII. Of the Three Creeds.
of our Lord and Saviour Jesus TH HE Three Creeds, Nicene Christ by Faith, and not for our
Creed, Athanasius's Creed, and own works or deservings: Wherethat which is commonly called the fore, that we are justified by Faith Apostles' Creed, ought thoroughly only is a most wholesome Doctrine, to be received and believed: for and very full of comfort, as more they may be proved by most certain largely is expressed in the Homily warrants of holy Scripture.
many and follow after Justification, can- | things; and if we say we have no not put away our sins, and endure sin, we deceive ourselves, and the the severity of God's Judgement;
truth is not in us. yet are they pleasing and accept- XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. able to God in Christ, and do spring out necessarily of a true and lively NOT every deadly
committed after Baptism is sin Faith; insomuch that by them a lively Faith may be as evidently against the Holy Ghost, and unparknown as a tree discerned by the fruit.
repentance is not to be denied to
such as fall into sin after Baptism. XIII. Of Works before Justification. Ghost, we may depart from grace
ORKS done before the grace given, and fall into sin, and by the
of Christ, and the Inspiration grace of God we may arise again, of his Spirit, are not pleasant to and amend our lives. And thereGod, forasmuch as they spring not fore they are to be condemned, of faith in Jesus Christ, neither do which say, they can no more sin they make men meet to receive as long as they live here, or deny grace, or (as the School-authors the place of forgiveness to such as say) deserve grace of congruity: truly repent. yea rather, for that they are not done as God hath willed and com- XVII. Of Predestination and Elecmanded them to be done, we doubt
tion. not but they have the nature of sin. PREDESTINATION to Life
purpose of XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. God, whereby (before the founda
) VOLUNTARY Works besides, tions of the world were laid) he over and above, God's Com
hath constantly decreed by his coun
sel secret to us, to deliver from mandments, which they call Works of Supererogation, cannot be taught he hath chosen in Christ out of
curse and damnation those whom without arrogancy and impiety : for by them men do declare, that they Christ to everlasting salvation, as
mankind, and to bring them by do not only render unto God as
vessels made to honour. Wheremuch as they are bound to do, but that they do more for his sake, than fore, they which be endued with so of bounden duty is required : where excellent a benefit of God be called as Christ saith plainly, When ve according to God's purpose by his have done all that are commanded Spirit working in due season : 'they to you, say, We are unprofitable they be justified freely: they be
through Grace obey the calling :
made sons of God by adoption: XV. Of Christ alone without Sin.
they be made like the image of his
only-begotten Son Jesus Christ : CHRIST in the truth of our na- they walk religiously in good works
, ture was made like unto us in and at length, by God's mercy, all things, sin only except, from they attain to everlasting felicity. which he was clearly void, both in As the godly consideration of his flesh, and in his spirit. He came Predestination, and our Election to be the Lamb without spot, who, in Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, by sacrifice of himself once made, and unspeakable comfort to godly should take away the sins of the persons, and such as feel in themworld, and sin, as Saint John saith, I selves the working of the Spirit of
Christ, mortifying the works of the XX. Of the Authority of the Church. Hesh, and their earthly members, and drawing up their mind to high THE Church hath power to de
cree Rites or Ceremonies, and and heavenly things, as well because authority in Controversies of Faith : it doth greatly establish and con- And yet it is not lawful for the firm their faith of eternal Salvation Church to ordain any thing that to be enjoyed through Christ, as is contrary to God's Word written, because it doth fervently kindle neither may it so expound one place their love towards God: So, for of Scripture, that it be repugnant curious and carnal persons, lacking to another. Wherefore, although the Spirit of Christ, to have con- the Church be a witness and a tinually before their eyes the sen- keeper of holy Writ, yet, as it tence of God's Predestination, is a ought not to decree any thing amost dangerous downfal, whereby gainst the same, so besides the the Devil doth thrust them either
same ought it not to enforce any into desperation, or into wretchless- thing to be believed for necessity ness of most unclean living, no less of Salvation. perilous than desperation.
Furthermore, we must receive XXI. Of the Authority of General God's promises in such wise, as
Councils. they be generally set forth to us in holy Scripture: and, in our do
ENERAL Councils may not be GEN
gathered together without the ings, that Will of God is to be commandment and will of Princes. followed, which we have expressly And when they be gathered todeclared unto us in the Word of gether, (forasmuch as they be an God.
assembly of men, whereof all be
not governed with the Spirit and XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salva- Word of God,) they may err, and
tion only by the Name of Christ. sometimes have erred, even in THEY THEY also are to be had ac- things pertaining unto God. Wherecursed that presume to say,
fore things ordained by them as That every man shall be saved by necessary to salvation have neither the Law or Sect which he profess- strength nor authority, unless it eth, so that he be diligent to frame may be declared that they be taken his life according to that Law, and out of holy Scripture. the light of Nature.
XXII. Of Purgatory. Scripture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby THE Bomish Doctrine concernmen must be saved.
shipping and Adoration, as well of XIX. Of the Church.
Images as of Reliques, and also in
vocation of Saints, is a fond thing THE HE visible Church of Christ is vainly invented, and grounded up
a congregation of faithful men, on no warranty of Scripture, but in the which the pure Word of rather repugnant to the Word of God is preached, and the Sacra- God. ments be duly ministered according to Christ's ordinance in all XXIII. Of Ministering in the Conthose things that of necessity are
gregation. requisite to the same.
T is not lawful for any man to As the Church of Jerusalem, take upon him the office of pubAlexandria, and Antioch, have err- lick preaching, or ministering the ed; so also the Church of Rome Sacraments in the Congregation, hath erred, not only in their living before he be lawfully called, and and manner of Ceremonies, but sent to execute the same. And also in matters of Faith.
those we ought to judge lawfully
called and sent, which be chosen them unworthily purchase to themand called to this work by men selves damnation, as Saint Paul who have publick authority given saith. unto them in the Congregation, to call and send Ministers into the XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Lord's vineyard.
Ministers, which hinders not the
effect of the Sacrament. XXIV. Of speaking in the Congregation in such a tongue as the ALTHOUGH in the visible
Church the evil be ever minpeople understandeth.
gled with the good, and sometimes IT *T is a thing plainly repugnant to the evil have chief authority in the the Word of God, and the cus
Ministration of the Word and Satom of the Primitive Church, to craments, yet forasmuch as they do have publick Prayer in the Church, not the same in their own name, or to minister the Sacraments in but in Christ's, and do minister a tongue not understanded of the by his commission and authority, people.
we may use their Ministry, both
in hearing the Word of God, and XXV. Of the Sacraments.
in receiving of the Sacraments.
Neither is the effect of Christ's SA
ACRAMENTS ordained of ordinance taken away by their wic
Christ be not only badges or kedness, nor the grace of God's tokens of Christian men's profes- gifts diminished from such as by sion, but rather they be certain faith and rightly do receive the sure witnesses, and effectual signs Sacraments ministered unto them; of grace, and God's good will to which be effectual, because of wards us, by the which he doth Christ's institution and promise, work invisibly in us, and doth not although they be ministered by evil only quicken, but also strength- men.
confirm Faith in Nevertheless, it appertaineth to him.
the discipline of the Church, that There are two Sacraments or- enquiry be made of evil Ministers, dained of Christ our Lord in the and that they be accused by those Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and that have knowledge of their ofthe Supper of the Lord.
fences; and finally being found Those five commonly called Sa- guilty, by just judgement be decraments, that is to say, Confir
posed. mation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and extreme Unction, are
XXVII. Of Baptism. ofte fto be counted for Sacraments BAPTISM. is not only of sight of
a Gospelbeing such have
, and mark differgrown partly of the corrupt follow- ence, whereby Christian men ing of the Apostles, partly are states discerned from others that be not of life allowed in the Scriptures; christened, but it is also a sign of but yet have not like nature of Regeneration or new Birth, whereSacraments with Baptism, and the by, as by an instrument, they that Lord's Supper, for that they have receive Baptism rightly are grafted not any visible sign or ceremony into the Church ; the promises of ordained of God.
forgiveness of sin, and of our adopThe Sacraments were not tion to be the sons of God by the dained of Christ to be gazed upon, Holy Ghost, are visibly signed and or to be carried about, but that we sealed; Faith is confirmed, and should duly use them. And in such Grace increased by virtue of prayer only as worthily receive the same unto God. The Baptism of young they have a wholesome effect or Children is in any wise to be reoperation : but they that receive tained in the Church, as most