Ancient Law: Its Connection with the Early History of Society and Its Relation to Modern Ideas
J. Murray, 1887 - 415 sayfa
In his preface, Maine defines his scope: "...the chief object of the following pages is to indicate some of the earliest ideas of mankind, as they are reflected in Ancient Law, & to point out the relation of these ideas to modern thought."
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acts adopted ancient appear authority became become belonged body called CHAP civil claims codes common complete conception condition considered continued Contract course Court criminal descendants distinction doctrine doubt duties early Edition effect Empire English entirely equal Equity exercise existence expression fact feudal followed founded give Greek hand ideas importance individual influence inheritance institutions interest Italy juris jurisconsults jurisprudence kings known land language later lawyers legislation less limited meaning mind mode moral Nature never notion object Obligation observed once origin particular period person political position possession practice present primitive principle probably progress question race reason regarded relation remarkable respect result Roman law Rome rules seems separate slaves social society succession supposed term Testament theory thought tion true universal Western whole writers
Sayfa 170 - All the forms of Status taken notice of in the Law of Persons were derived from, and to some extent are still coloured by, the powers and privileges anciently residing in the Family. If then we employ Status, agreeably with the usage of the best writers, to signify these personal conditions only, and avoid applying the term to such conditions as are the immediate or remote result of agreement, we may say that the movement of the progressive societies has hitherto been a movement from Status to Contract.
Sayfa 310 - At first, nothing is seen like the interposition of law to compel the performance of a promise. That which the law arms with its sanctions is not a promise, but a promise accompanied with a solemn ceremonial. Not only are the formalities of equal importance with the promise itself, but they are, if anything, of greater importance...
Sayfa 31 - ... somewhere a rule of known law which will cover the facts of the dispute now litigated, and that, if such a rule be not discovered, it is only that the necessary patience, knowledge, or acumen is not forthcoming to detect it. Yet the moment the judgment has been rendered and reported, we slide unconsciously or unavowedly into a new language and a new train of thought. We now admit that the new decision has modified the law.
Sayfa 82 - That an English writer of the time of Henry III. should have been able to put off on his countrymen as a compendium of pure English law a treatise of which the entire form and a third of the contents were directly borrowed from the Corpus Juris...
Sayfa 252 - For, by the law of nature and reason, he, who first began to use it, acquired therein a kind of transient property, that lasted so long as he was using it, and no longer : or, to speak with greater precision, the right of possession continued for the same time only that the act of possession lasted.
Sayfa 168 - The movement of the progressive societies has been uniform in one respect. Through all its course it has been distinguished by the gradual dissolution of family dependency, and the growth of individual obligation in its place.
Sayfa 256 - The vice is one which necessarily afflicts all the theories descended from the Natural Law of the Romans, which differed principally from their Civil Law in the account which it took of Individuals, and which has rendered precisely its greatest service to civilisation in enfranchising the individual from the authority of archaic society. But Ancient Law, it must again be repeated, knows next to nothing of Individuals. It is concerned not with Individuals, but with Families, not with single human...
Sayfa 123 - It is to be noted, however, that the legal testimony comes nearly exclusively from the institutions of societies belonging to the Indo-European stock, the Romans, Hindoos, and Sclavonians supplying the greater part of it ; and indeed the difficulty, at the present stage of the inquiry, is to know where to stop, to say of what races of men it is not allowable to lay down that the society in which they are united was originally organized on the patriarchal model.
Sayfa 75 - One of the rarest qualities of national character is the capacity for applying and working out the law, as such, at the cost of constant miscarriages of abstract justice, without at the same time losing the hope or the wish that law may be conformed to a higher ideal.
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