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His successor will reap the advantage of his self-denying labours, in a temporal as well as in a spiritual respect. Cliff-lane Chapel, through his exertions, is free of debt. Like tvo many of his brethren in the ministry, he often suffered more than prudence or necessity dictated for the cause of God. Those only who have been placed in similar circumstances can appreciate the amount of labour which he bestowed in behalf of his church, and ihat not only at the beginning, but towards the close of his ministry. He went to London in 1831, and returned with upwards of £90 to his people, where perhaps no one else at that time would have obtained as many shillings. Nor did the master of the vineyard allow him to go unrewarded, as various sources of comfort and emolument opened to him. It has seldom happened that any faithful labourer in the Gospel has not ultimately received what was right, either as to success or reward. And Dr. Young has now reached that land with which all his early struggles were so intimately connected, and will hold a higher place than many who have laboured in richer corners of the vineyard. To leare a church free of debt, and in circumstances to call and support a minister of the gospel, as the gospel itself requires, is the richest legacy which any man, or number of men, cau bequeath to posterity. It is proper also to add, that he did not labour alone in chapel affairs. By donations, sales of laulies' work, and jubilee purses, his people and their friends aided the Debt. liquidation Fund ; and one of his early Sabbath scholars, at his own expense, lighted the chapel with gas, and also placed a time-piece in the front of the gallery.

(To be continued.)

The Bethel Pulpit.


THE LATE REV. DR. YOUNG, OF WHITBY. Jonah i. 4.6.—"But the Lord sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty

tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken."

(Continued from page 81.) While the mariners prayed for deliverance, they did what they could to procure it; for they lightened the ship, that she might be in less danger of foundering: The blessings of God are commonly received in the use of means; and we only insult him, if we pray for those blessings, without employing the means adapted to obtain them. If the husbandman neglect to cultivate his fields, how can he presume to pray for an abundant harvest? The thoughts of God's all-sufficiency, and the promises of his aid, instead of inducing habits of sloth, should encourage our efforts as well as our prayers. When Paul, in his perilous voyage to Rome, had assured his companions that God would preserve the lives of all on board, he told them immediately after, that this could only be done, through the skill and exertions of the seamen; “Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved."* So it is also in spiritual matters. We cannot consistently pray for holiness, while we are neglecting

• Acts xxvii. 22--31.

the means of grace; and the hope of experiencing the operations of the Holy Spirit ought not to relax, but stimulate our endeavours: “ Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.'

The method employed by the seamen for their preservation was to throw part of the cargo overboard : they “cast forth the wares that were in the ship into the sea, to lighten it of them.” They had promised themselves large profits on those wares, at the end of their voyage; yet now they are willing to part with them, to save their lives. It is a true saying, though it was uttered by the father of lies, “All that a man hath will he give for his life.”+ It was better to sink half the cargo, nay, the whole of it, thau be sunk by it to the bottom. Of what service are the most precious goods to those who are on the verge of eternity? Nay, they are worse than useiess, when they are ruining their owners. Too often have riches brought destruction on their possessors; many have they sunk in the depths of the sea, and many more in the gulf of perdition. O that men would set a proper value on their best life, the life of their souls; and cast off those worldly attachments which would ruin them for ever! “What is a man profited, if he should gain the whole world and lose his own soul ? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?"I As nothing on board was so valualıle as the lives of the seamen, and everything else must be sacrificed for their preservation-even so, nothing in man is so precious as his soul; and all the concerns of the body, and of the present world, should be deemed as nothing, compareil with its salvation. Is natural life so highly prized, and shall eternal life be set at nought? O that all men, and especially seamen, who are so often hovering on the brink of an eternal world, would give earnest heed to the interests of their immortal souls ! Ah ! how mad is the conduct of those who ruin their souls for ever, to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season!

But where was Jonah, while these things were passing in the Tarshish trader? One would have expected that, like Paul in a similar case, he would have been the most active and conspicuous person on board ; that he would have been directing the views of the sailors to the God of salvation, and making them acquainted with his doctrices and promises. But far otherwise was he now occupied : "Jonah was gone down into the sides of the ship, and he lay, and was fast asleep.” Before the storm arose, he had gone below, and lying down in some retired part of the ship, he fell asleep; and was so fast asleep, that neither the roaring of the winds nor the dashing of the waves, neither the tossing of the ship nor the cries of the sailors, had awaked him. Perhaps he had got little sleep from his leaving Gath-hepher, till he came on board ; and hence, his mind and body being both exhausted, he fell into a deep sleep, when be lay down to rest in the vessel. Yet his sleeping at this time can scarcely be excused ; for it showed that he was little concerned about the wickedness of his conduct in running off from God's service. One would have thought that his anxiety, on account of his disobedience and disgraceful flight, would have kept hiin awake, or at least have prevented him from sleeping soundly. Of all men on board he had most reason to be awake, and to be employed in prayer; yet he only is fast asleep, while all the rest are toiling and praying. It too often happens, in public calanıities, that those whose sins have procured them are least affected with them ; the most guilty are often the most secure. Let us not count such insensibility enviable; it is the worst of curses. Ah! how many sinners sleep on in carnal security, in

* Philippians ii. 12, 13. + Job ii. 4. # Matthew xvi. 26.

spite of the loudest warnings, and never awake, till they lift up their eyes in hell! It was not Jonah's happiness, but his misery, that he was now asleep; and it was a mercy to him, and to all on board, that God did not suffer him to sleep on, till he and they had sunk beneath the waves.

While we condemn the thoughtlessness of Jonah, we cannot but commend the laudable concern of the shipmaster for the welfare of those entrusted to his care. Missing his Israelitish passenger, who had not appeared on deck since the commencement of the storm, he went down to seek him; and finding him asleep, he calls him up to engage in prayer. The conduct of this heathen may furnish a lesson to many captains who are called Christians. Every master of a ship should consiiler his crew and passengers as his family, and feel it his duty to attend to their best interests. He has not only the charge of their bodies, but, to a certain extent, the charge of their souls; and may do much for promoting their spiritual and eternal good. As this Tarshish captain called up Jonah to pray, so should every captain encourage prayer, and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, on board his ship. By giving countenance to religioni

, and setting his face against all manner of profaneness and immorality, a master may be eininently useful, by the blessing of God, in edifying the good and reclaiming the vicious and thoughtless. It is the interest, as well as the duty, of all officers, to encourage piety and virtue among those who are under them; for the latter will be found dutiful and faithful, in proportion as they are impressed with the fear of God, and acquainted with the doctrines and duties inculcated in his word. When masters countenance swearing rather than praying, aud ilrunkenn essand disorder instead of sobriety and decorum, it is no wonder if they find themselves despised and disobeyed. Teach men to fear God, and they will then respect their superiors, and be fạithful to their employers.

The reproof wbich Jonah received from the captain was very, just and reasonable ; " What meanest thou, O sleeper? arise, call upon thy God; if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.” How effectualls does sin degrade us ! Jonah might have been reproving the Ninevites, the lords of the world, and admonishing the king of Nineveh himself; but now, having deserted his duty, he meets with the reproofs of a heathen seaman.

Yet it was good for the prophet, that God sent hiin this seasonable rebuke, even through the mouth of a heathen, as it served to bring hîin to his senses. Well might the master expostulate with Jonah on the madness of his insensibility : “What meanest thou, O sleeper?” 'Art thou alone indifferent about the wrath of heaven, and the approac of death ? Art thou only without a God, without religion? Whal meanest thou by this strange unconcern?' “ Arise, call upon thy God; if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not."

Probably the master knew, or suspected, that Jonah was an Israelite; and as, in trading to Joppa, he might hear something about the greatness of the God of Israel, he might expect that Jonah's God would prove superior to the gods whom he and his crew had been adoring, and would be better able to help thein in this extremity. He therefore exhorts the drowsy prophet to arise and call upon his God, in the hope that he might have mercy upon them. Amidst difficulties and dangers, it is good not to let go our hope ; for where despair enters, exertion is at an end. The captain's prospects were dark in the extreme, yet a ray of hope faintly shone through the gloom. Escape was next to impossible; yet, who could tell but that the God who raised the tempest so suddenly, might as quickly still it? The deities already invoked had rendered no assistance, yet relief might be obtained from Jonah's God. “ Arise, call upon thy God; if so be that God will think upon us, that

we perish not.” The words in which his hope is expressed are remarkable : “if so be that God will think upon us.The same kind of language is often used by the people of God, to express their humble expectations of his mercy, Thus Nehemiah prayed : “ Think upon me, my God, for good:” and the dying prayer of the converted malefactor was, “ Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.” If the Lord have gracious thoughts towards us, and remember us with that favour which he bears unto his people, all shall be well. We must not prescribe to him any particular plan of operation, but leave it to himself to accomplish our deliverance in his own way.

The hopes of the shipmaster were far from being sanguine; there seemed to be no more than a possibility of escaping; and yet he urges Jonah to pray, though the prospect of success was extremely faint. A bare chance of deliverance appeared sufficient to warrant the most fervent prayers and most strenuous efforts. O that men were as eager for the salvation of their immortal souls ! Did the gospel merely state, that peradventure we may be saved by coming to Jesus, even this would justify every possible endeavour to obtain a redemption so invaluable. How inexcusable then are we, if we neglect this great salvation, while there is not merely a possibility or a probability, but a full assurance given us, that he who believeth shall be saved, that he who cometh unto Christ shall in no wise be cast out; and while we hear the voice of a redeeming God, beseeching us to accept the offers of his grace, proclaiming to lost sinners, “Whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely !"* What meanest thou then, O careless hearer of the gospel? Arise, call upon God, Jest thou perish for ever. Shake off thy spiritual sloth; awake from chine unwarrantable slumbers; and flee for refuge, to lay hold on the hope set before us. Is not the salvation of thy soul at stake? Is not eternal life freely offered thee? Art thou not hanging between life and death ; ready to fall into everlasting perdition, if mercy prevent not? Why then despise the offers of infinite love? Why refuse to flee from the wrath to come? O rtject not this great salvation, procured by the blood of the Son of God, and generously granted without money and without price! “Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light."


(From Chambers' Edinburgh Journal.) We supposed we had heard of all sorts of heroes, but find ourselves to have been mistaken. A hero in humble life has been made known to us of quite a new order. This brave man, by name Richard Hoodless, following the occupation of a farmer near Grainthorpe, on the coast of Lincolnshire, has for many years devoted himself to the saving of mariners from drowning, and this without any of the usual apparatus for succouring ships in distress. Unaided by such appliances, and unaccompanied by any living creature but his horse, Hoodless has been the means of saving many unfortunate sailors from perishing amidst the waves.

Cultivating a small piece of ground, which is, as it were, rescued from the sea, and almost cut off from the adjacent country by the badness of the roads, this remarkable man may be said to devote himself to the noble duty of saving human life. On the approach of stormy weather, he mounts to an opening in the top of his dwelling, and there, pointing his telescope to the tumultuous ocean, watches the approach of vessels towards the low and dangerous shores. By night or by day be is equally ready to perform his self-imposed duty. A ship is struggling amidst the terrible convulsion of waters; no human aid seems to be at hand ; all on board give themselves up for lost, when something is at length seen to leave the shore, and to be making an effort to reach the vessel. Can it be possible ?-a man on horseback ! Yes, it is Richard Hoodless, coming to the rescue, seated on his old nag, an animal accustomed to these salt-water excursions! Onward the faithful horse swims and plunges, only turning for an instant when a wave threatens to engulf him in its bosom. There is something grand in the struggle of both horse and inan--the spirit of unselfishness eagerly trying to do its work. Success usually crowns the exertions of the horse and his rider. The ship is reached ; Hoodless mounts two or three mariners en croupe, and taking them to dry land, returns for another instalment.

* Mark xvi. 16. John iji. 16 ; vi. 37. 2 Cor. v. 20. Rev. xxi. 17.

That a horse could be trained to these unpleasant anıl hazardous enterprises may seem somewhat surprising. But it appears that in reality no training is necessary: all depends on the skill and firmness of the rider. Hoodless dee clares he could manage the most unruly horse in the water; for that, as soon as the animal finds that he has lost his footing, anıl is obliged to sirim, he becomes as obedient to the bridle as a boat is to its helm. The same thing is observed in this sagacious animal when being hoisted to the deck of a ship. He struggles vehemently at first against his impending fate; but the moment his feel fairly leave the pier, he is calm and motionless, as if knowing that resistance would compromise his safety in the aërial passage. The only plan which our hero adopts is, when meeting a particularly angry surf or swell, to turn his horse's head, bend forward, and allow the ware to roll over them. Were the horse to face the larger billows, and attempt to pierce them, the water would enter his nostrils, and reuder him breathless, by which he would be soon exhausted.

In the year 1833, Hoodless signaliserl himself by swimming his horse through a stormy sea to the wreck of the Hermione, and saving her crew, for which gallant service he afterwards received a testimonial from the Royal Humane Society. The words of the resolution passed by the society on this occasion may be transcribed, for they narrate a circumstance worthy of being widely known. "It was resolved unanimously, that the noble courage and humanity displayed by Richard Hoodless for the preservation of the crew of the Hermione from drowning, when that vessel was wrecked near Donna Nook, on the coast of Lincolnshire, on the 31st of August, 1833, and the praiseworthy manner in which he risked his life on that occasion, by swimming his horse through a heavy sea to the wreck, when it was found impossible to launch the life-boat, hus called forth the lively admiration of the special general court, and justly entitles him to the honorary medallion of the instituition, which is hereby unanimously adjudged to be presented to him at the ensuing anniversary festival."

As it may not be generally understood that a horse can be made to perform the office of a life-boat, when vessels of that kind could not with safety be launched, the fact of Hoodless performing so many feats in the manner described cannot be too widely disseminated. On some occasions, we are informed, he swims by himself to the wreck ; but more usually he goes on horseback, and is seldom unsuccessful in his efforts. About two years ago he


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