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harbour, and it is generally admitted that, at a comparatively small expense, a refuge could be constructed sufficient to accommodate some hundreds of vessels with the greatest ease.
As regards the improved model, there was yesterday a pleasing proof of its advantages. Among the vessels embayed off this port was a clipper schooner, built on the plan of Hall's improved bow. This vessel rounded the Ness without shipping a drop of sea, and stood for the harbour. The captain, finding that it would be unsafe to cross the bar, wore his vessel ; and while two other ships laboured heavily, making much leeway, the clipper hauled right out in the wind's eye, and in two hours was at a sufficient offing to enable him to clear the heads, and run the Murray Frith. This was the ouly vessel of all the ships then in sight that weathere I the storm.
TOTAL LOSS OF H.M.S. “MUTINE,” NEAR VENICE. The following details of the melancholy wreck of this beautiful brig are from a letter written by one of her young officers :
The Mutine was at anchor, waiting off Venice for her captain, when it came on to blow from the eastward, with threatening weather, and the brig weighed, and ran down off Port Malamoco, firing a gun and hoisting the jack for a pilot. This was on the 20th Dec., and while waiting for a pilot the Mutine came to an anchor a considerable distance from the shore. Soon after it came on to blow a heavy gale right on the shore, with a tremendous sea, and her bower anchor having parted, the sheet, spare, and storm anchors were let go, besides two 39-cwt. shell guns bent on ten hawsers. In the meantime topmasts and lower yards were struck, but the brig continuing to drive, the lower masts were cut away, and early in the morning of the 21st Dec., she struck astern. All the guns were immediately thrown overboard, and the water started and pumped out. The terrific sea now made a fair breach over the unhappy wreck, but fortunately, by the help of a studding sail set on the stump of the foremast, she was driven close to the beach. Many breakers were now launched overboard, with lead-lines attached, but they did not reach the beach, owing to the great outdraught. An attempt was then made to send a line by the j. lly-boat, but she capsized, and poor Whiting, małe, was killed on the rocks. Rogers, mate, then tried to swim on shore with a line, but he was hauled on board insensible. At length a breaker reached the shore, and a hawser was pulled to the beach, by which, after great suffering, all lives were saved, except Charlton, mate; Burke, assistant surgeon ; Dowse, the carpenter, and James, a marine, frozen to death, besides poor Whiting already mentioned. The writer had three fingers and his great toes frost-bitten, and many of the crew suffered very severely, though all were recovering when the latter left Trieste, on Christmas-day. The Ardent steamer took the crew from Malamoco to Trieste, where they were received on board H.M.S. Sparlun. So excessive was the cold, though in the latitude of 45 deg., that the seas froze as they fell on the decks! There remained scarcely a hope of saving anything from the wreck, and the officers and crew were to be sent to Malta, where a court-martial would be held on them. It should be stated, that the first lieutenant and master (the latter, Mr. Maunder, of Truro, or the neighbourhood) remained on the wreck all night, exposed to great danger and suffering, and reached the shore safely in the morning.
The Mutine was one of the beautiful experimental brigs built at Chatham, in 1844, by Mr. Fincham. Her tonnage was 428, and during many trials, in 1847, she proved the fastest sailer in the Mediterranean fleet.
Poetry. “Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might.”—Eccles. ix. 10.
Do something, do it soon, with all thy might;
PUBLIC MEETING AT CARLISLE, IN AID OF THE
NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE AUXILIARY. A public meeting, in conuection with the Newcastle Auxiliary Sailors' Society, took place on Tuesday evening last, in the lecture-room of the Athenæum, T. H. Graham, Esq., of Edmond Castle, in the chair, supported by the Rev. Mr. Ward, the Rev. Mr. Hunter, and T. G. Bell, Esq., of Newcastle, the Hon. Secretary to the society.
The Rev. Mr. WARD having read an appropriate chapter from the Bible, and opened the proceedings with prayer,
The Chairman said that the object for which they had met together was undoubtedly interesting, at the same time that it was one in which few present had been in the habit of taking an active part. But we must remember that we were a maritime nation, and that upon our navy we depended for our safety, our power, and prosperity. Our ships then must be manued by sailors; and the object of this society was to promote the spiritual good of these men ; and, as there was a gentleman present who would tell them how far it had suc. ceeded up to the present time, he should at once introduce him to their notice.
Mr. T. G. Bell, llen. Secretary, then came forward, and said that he felt proud that the first time he had the pleasure to attend a meeting in Carlisle was in connection with a subject of such peculiar interest as the evangelising of sailors. The olject of the society he representeil was simply to improve and elevate the moral condition and religious character of our sailors. The means by which they were carrying it out were, in the first instance, by the circulation of the Word of God amongst them; and, to effect this, they employed persons to go about from ship to ship with Bibles and Testaments, offering them for sale at reduced prices. The society had been established about three years and a half, and during that period it had sold to seamen no less than 4,613 copies of the Word of God; and they had also the satisfaction of knowing that these Bibles had been blessed to those who had become possessed of them. They also distributed tracts in the same way, and during the same time they had thus circulated 424,336 religious tracts. The society had charge of the port of Newcastle, part of the coast of Durham, the coast of Northumberland, and the coast of Berwickshire; and they found, as they went on, that sailors had become much interested in their efforts, in many instances applying for leave to assist in the good work. In that way they were enabled to circulate tracts, and disseminate religious instruction in places which were inaccessible to any other means.
They had also a missionary, who was regular in his visitations to the seamen, conversing with them upon religious subjects, and endeavouring to lead them to the truth. In this way, 21,800 vessels had been visited, besides which, 1,587 meetings had been held, with the same object in view, Nor had sailors' families been neglected ; 2,916 houses had been attended, and there were nineteen ports of the district regularly visited and supplied with the means of religious instruction. A school had been established for sailors' children, and during the last few months there had been fifty scholars. All this had been done at an expense of only 8531. 4s. 7d. Mr. Bell then proceeded to speak of seamen in connection with foreign missions. He would say of the sailor two things-first, that he had proved himself, in times past, a curse in the missionary fields ; and, secondly, were the efforts of the society blessed, and the character of the British sailor changed, elevated, and improved, he would be a blessing, instead of a curse, upon missionary efforts abroad. From the three ports of London, Liverpool, and Bristol, no less than 23,000 vessels sailed, and these vessels were manned by 154,000 seamen. If they were active, zealous Christian men, what opportunities would they have of inducing others to think with them, and of recommending in foreign countries the good cause which they themselves were engaged in. It had been calculated that there were two millions of sailors of all nations, and of these 300,000 were British sailors ; out of this 300,000, only 20,000 were converted and consistent Christians, whilst the remaining 280,000 were in a state of sin and rebellion against God! Mr. Bell here spoke of the manifold dangers to which a sailor was exposed, and urged the necessity of imparting to him that good hope and faith which alone could render him fit to meet that melancholy death which ever stared him in the face. By a report of a committee of the House of Commons, it appeared that the loss of life by the shipwreck of British vessels around our shores, during the year 1836, amounted to at least 1,000, whilst the annual loss of property was estimated at three millions of pounds sterling! Five or six years after that, 600 vessels were lost in one year, and 1,560 Jives sacrificed.' In 1829, there were 800 vessels lost, including 521 collier and coasting vessels. From Nov. 17, 1838, to Nov. 11, 1839, there were 3,586 British sailors lost, according to a table published in the Nautical Magazine. In whose service had those lives been lost? It was to advance the cause of their country-it was to administer to the general good of their country-to furnish us with our luxuries and comforts, that they went forth on the seas, and it was in our service that they risked their lives, and that those lives were lost. In the gales of Nov., 1842, in one month, more than a thonsand poor fellows perished on the coasts of Great Britaiv; and in the same month ten total wrecks took place in the Baltic, and thirty on the Black Sea. On the 13th of January, 1813, no less than 180 merchant ships belonging to this country were wrecked on the coasts of Great Britain, Ireland, and France, and 443 souls perished ; 160 widows and 450 fatherless children were then left in the ports of Tyne and Wear alone. By a document published in America, it appeared that, in 1837, there were 490 vessels lost belonging to that country, and 1,295 sailors had perished. These numbers had reference to sailors only, and did not include the large number of passengers which had been lost from time to time, principal!y in emigrant ships. From these melancholy details, the eloquent speaker drew a touching appeal in favour of the poor sailors. In conclusion, Mr. Bell observed that, in times like the present, when disease, sickness, and death were surrounding us on all hands, it well became us to look to ourselves, and see that our own souls were saved—that we were not, whilst we were speaking of others, neglecting our own salvation.
The Rev. Mr. HUNTER proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Bell for his very interesting address.
The Rev. Mr. Ward seconded the resolution. The rev. gentleman said he could very readily corroborate what had been said by Mr. Bell with regard to the depravity of sailors, which had in many instances prored a snare and a stumbling-block to the poor heathen, whom he had been instructing in the way of truth, to whom he was often obliged to admit that his own countrymen were Christians only in name, and not by practice. He confessed that he had not thought so much upon the suloject as he ought to have done, but he hoped Mr. Bell's eloquent address would have the effect of stimulating many to esert themselves in so good a cause.
The CHAIRMAN having put the motion to the meeting, it was carried with applause.
The Rev. Mr. WARD then proposed a vote of thanks to the worthy Chairman, which was seconded by Mr. Bell, and duly acknowledged by Mr. Graham, and the meeting broke up about half-past nine, leaving at the door a contribution towards the funds of tbe society.
Monthly Chronicle. The claims and necessities of fallen and perishing humanity are sure, some day, in one way or another, to force themselves upon the attention of mankind, demanding their sympathy and help. The sailor, though he be an outcast, and a wanderer over the wide waste of restless waters, yet finds some who remember him in his absence, and plead for him in his need. Alas! that their voice seems not loud enough, or their appeal strong enough, to secure for him either much care or liberality. But sometimes God himself takes up his case, and bids the winds of heaven plead his cause, and the roar of the midnight tempest urge it home upon the heart. This He has just now done; and the howl of the wintry storm—the booming of the angry ocean—the crash of splitting ships, and the shrieks of drowning men, are yet scarcely hushed. Nor is the interior of our country able to plead its distance from, and its ignorance of these scenes of woe; for the press, as with a thousand tongues, has daily trumpeted forth the havoc of life and property upon the deep, and the pages of this Magazine detail some most terrible disasters. These men, that went down quick into a deeper grave than the caverns of the ocean, had they ever heard the gospel ? Reader! they went out upon the
you; you made one effort for their salvation ?-offered one prayer for their welfare ?given one sixpence for their good ? Oh, if you have not heeded the pages we have written, or responded to the appeals which our feeble voice has uttered, listen, we pray you, at least to the words of the
Almighty, whose "voice is upon the mighty waters," and own your brotherhood-acknowledge your obligation-initate your Saviour, and henceforth befriend poor scamen, and strive to bless them, while yet within your reach, with the knowledge of that unchanging Friend who can strengthen them in duty, cheer them in death, and bless them for
We would remind our readers, and especially our collectors, that with this month we enter upon the last quarter of our financial year. In the end of April the accounts of this Society will be made up, prior to the annual meeting on the 14th of May. At present there is still space sufficient to atone for past neglect, and opportunity to put forth a final and earnest effort on our behalf, The Society needs such assistance, or the debt with which we commenced the year will not be removed. In all this island home of ours, are there not five hundred grateful hearts and active hands, who could either give or gather twenty shillings, within the next three months, as a thank-offering to the God of Britain, that he has placed between this land of peace and a whole continent of revolutions—the rolling ocean? We hope there are, But are there one hundred such ? At least there ought to be. At any rate we shall be very thankful for whoever will take up our case, and help to raise the sum we need; and should you, reader, be disposed to aid us, and will drop a line to that effect, we shall be most happy to send you a Collecting Card, and printed appeals to promote
We should here observe, that the Board of Directors having accepted the resignation of the late Secretary, all communications and remittances should now be addressed to the Secretary, Mr. Thomas Augustus Fieldwick; or to the Rev. Thomas Clarkson Finch, at the Society's Offices, 2, Jeffrey-square, St. Mary Axe, London.
On behalf of our esteemed friends, the Rev. E. Adey, and the Rev. H. L. Adams, who are about to undertake tours in Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, and for other deputations which are about to visit the provinces for the Society, we confidently solicit the kind encouragement and support of the public to whom they may appeal.
We have received a Gibraltar paper of a recent date, which informs us, that the brig lying in that bay, which has been fitted up as a Floating Chapel, was opened for divine worship on the 24th of December last, and will be appropriated for that purpose every Lord's day, expressly for the use of seamen. We mention this, not simply that seamen may be informed of this kind provision for their benefit, but because we know that many of our readers were interested in the grant of books, &c. with which we recently supplied the Rev. T. Dove, with whom this Bethel has originated. But, as we shortly expect to receive fuller particulars from that gentleman himself, we need not at present refer at greater length to the subject, but turn to the operations of our Home Agents, the summary of whose labours is given on the following page.