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but could not prevail on him. I have attended to the visiting of ships on the river and in the docks, and also the sailors in the lodging-houses. I have distributed tracts and sold Bibles, and endeavoured to do all the good I could. I met with several Greeks and Italians at one lodging-house, and I have supplied them with tracts in their own languages, which they received very gladly. Last month I held 16 services afloat, attendance 268, and 2 services on shore. I paid 431 visits vessels, and 167 to sailors' lodging-houses. sold 24 Bibles, and 9 Testaments; distributed 1,630 English, and about 50 foreign tracts.
MR. J. TROTTER'S REPORT. According to promise, I now send another report of our operations here; and it is my growing conviction that it was a providential arrangement when you appointed a seaman's missionary in Cornwall, especially to the port of Falmouth. The consideration that more than 2000 vessels visit this harbour annually, which vessels contain at least about 25,000 seamen, will fully justify my impression. When I look sometimes at the magnitude and importance of the work, I am ready to give it up. Hitherto, however, the Lord hath helped me, and I know that “God hath chosen the foolish things of this world to confound the wisc; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things that are mighty.”. Since
report, we have had many interesting and refreshing services in our Bethel. It continues to be as well attended as the first day it was opened. We have three preaching services every week, two on the Sunday, and one on the Thursday evening; also a prayer meeting every Monday evening, when an extract or two is generally read from your interesting magazine. A short time ago, we held a sailors’ fellowship meeting in the Bethel, which was well attended. Several sailors stated their Christian experience,-how they were brought to God, how religion supported them in the midst of danger, and how they had succeeded in persuading others of their shipmates to enlist under the banners of the cross. Many interesting facts were stated, one of which I will take the liberty of relating. An old veteran for Jesus Christ, who is a sailmaker, said :-“ I once joined a vessel in this port, and after being on board a day or two, was engaged in doing a small job on the top-gallant forecastle, when one of the crew came up to me and said, Are you the sailmaker ? ' Yes,' said I, 'in the place of a better. You are a Methodist, too,' said the man. “Yes I am,' said I, pray what are you, my friend ?? To which the man said, 'I hardly know what I am.' But I will tell you,' said I, you are of Peter's gang; you have run away from Jesus Christ.'
• How do you know that?' said the man. I know it, I can see it,' said I. The man at once acknowledged he was a backslider, and began to weep like a child. Two days after, we met again, and joined conversation on the same subject, when I said to him, 'Come, my friend, we have had enough of talk, let us try to find a place for prayer,-a praying heart never wants a praying place.'. We at once crept upon our hands and knees under the forecastle, and while I prayed, the man groaned and wept for redemption. He became a true penitent. The vessel went to sea, and after we had been out four days, I was up earlier than usual one morning, and saw my friend coming down from the fore-top with his countenance shining with joy. Suspecting what he had been after, I said to him, “Is your soul happy?' 'Yes,' said he, 'I shall have to bless God that ever you came on board this ship.' The man had been pleading with God on the fore-top for pardon, and God had there and then spoken peace to his soul. We continued to meet under the top-gallant
forecastle for prayer and Christian fellowship during the whole of the voyage, in the midst of much persecution; and what is more cheering still, nine others of the ship's company were converted to God through our instrumentality, and joined us in our social worship. One of the nine was a black man, who had long been confined to his berth by affliction, but such was his thirsting for the water of life, that he got four of his shipmates to lift him out of his bed and carry him on their shoulders to the place where we held our meeting. About three weeks after this, he professed to find peace in believing. Our fellowship meeting was held on New Year's eve, and many of the old seamen said, at the close, it was the best New Year's eve they had ever spent, and would like to have kept it up all night.
The following is a brief summary of our labours since my last report. I have held services at Penzance, Deveron, St. Ives, Hayle, Tuckingmill, and Camborne. Altogether, 306 visits have been paid to vessels ; 1,585 English, 585 foreign, and 165 Welsh tracts, and 66 old magazines distributed; 50 visits have been paid to the sick and dying; and 77 services held.
A large and valuable parcel of useful books has been received from a friend at Cheltenham, and another from a friend at Richmond, also a parcel of magazines from Captain Allen, R.N. The esteemed donors have our warmest and best thanks, as well as the good wishes and prayers of many a son of the deep. May they long be spared for the benefit of those useful men who go down to the sea in ships.
REPORT OF MR. J. VALLINS.
Since my last, I have seen proofs that the truth as it is in Jesus is getting hold of the mind and heart of several sailors and fishermen, as well as some others whom I have been called to visit, and I have observed, more clearly than ever, how circumstances (painful though they be) occur in the providence of God to render that truth effectual in deepening religious convictions, and converting the soul. I will naine a few cases with which I have had and still have to do.
The first I notice is of a sailor, who, to use his own words, has “tried to send his soul to hell, if ever a man did,” so reckless has he been. I observed this man at the Mariners' Chapel occasionally, twelve months ago, when he would just creep within the door, and often seemed affected during the service. But of late he has been to almost every meeting when in port, and often seemed deeply distressed, but hastened from the chapel at the close of every service, so that I could get no private intercourse with him. At length I met with him in the town, when he told me he had for months past been groaning beneath a load of sin. I invited him to my house, and in the evening he came and unbosomed all his care; when I again directed him to the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the world. He now seems more at ease, enjoying the means of grace, and is, I trust, a new creature in Christ Jesus. His history would be interesting, but my report would be too long were I to give the whole of it; still there is a point or two which I cannot pass without noticing. He said, among other things, “I have had many hair-breadth escapes from death. I can scarcely tell how, but had it been allowed, I must surely have been in hell. Yet it appears God would not suffer me to perish,- I see it now. Only last voyage, the captain fell overboard, and I took the bite of a rope, whipped it round me, and jumped over to his rescue. I succeeded in catching him with one hand, but I slipped out of the bite, yet kept hold
with one hand, while I maintained my grasp of the master with the other. But our united weight was too much for one hand, and in hauling us up the ship's side, my arm was injured, and I am forced to stay on shore till it is restored. But this event has led me to decide for God, and has given me an opportunity of attending His house to pay my vows unto the Lord, in the presence of His people. So all things work together for good for me. I am now going to sail with my brother, and hope soon to see him brought to a better mind.” As I traced the providence of God, running like a silken thread through the history of this man, and observed the working of God's Spirit and grace in connection with that providence in subduing and saving him, I remembered similar cases, and was led to say, “He calleth them all by name ; by the greatness of His might, for that he is strong in power, not one faileth.”
A few weeks since, and during a heavy gale, our beachmen saw a ship in distress, and in their haste to launch a yawl, for the purpose of going to the relief of the sufferers, the large boat unfortunately fell from the check beneath it, and the keel coming on the foot of a beachman, crushed it in a frightful manner. He was taken to the hospital immediately, and several medical gentlemen were speedily in attendance, who after a short deliberation pronounced it expedient to amputate the foot, wbich was quickly done. The man is now doing well. Last winter I preached once a week to the company to which this man belonged. I think he was present at every service, and by his attention and serious demeanour gave hopes that he profited thereby. I'visit him still, and trust he is a penitent, seeking mercy in earnest. He says the word made a deep impression on his mind, and he often wished he could find some other employment, in which he might serve his Gud, and attend to his soul. Still he was undecided, and from time to time let the impressions wear away. He believes the hand of God is in this, and that it is permitted to decide his wavering mind, and drive him to Christ. I trust it has been effectual in so doing, and that he may yet be useful to that class to which he belongs, for he is intelligent, and much respected by the beachmen generally, having been boatswain to his company, whose office it is to attend to the boats, sails, spars, &c. They have generously offered to retain him in that capacity, letting him stay on shore, yet giving him a share with themselves. The committee of the hospital will, I believe, provide him with a cork foot, as a member of that committee, who is a friend to sailors and to the Bethel cause, is using his friendly influence for that purpose. I trust good will result to the beachmen generally, from this providence.
“ God moves in a mysterious way,
His wonders to perform.” Since I have been here, two beachmen have had their backs broken by the yawls falling on them while in the act of launching them. They are both dead. I visited them while languishing, as well as before each accident, and had hope of both in their death. Five days since I was requested by the mate of a vessel, (who often attends the Mariners' Chapel, but is yet undecided,) to offer thanksgiving to God for his deliverance with the crew from a watery grave. The vessel was run down, leaving them scarcely time to get the boat out, which they stove, in doing; a sea was shipped, which nearly filled the boat, but they were obliged to jump into her as the only chance to save their lives. Fortunately, the oiher ship hove to, and succeeded in saving them. But he said, when I thought we were going, I also thought of you and the chapel, and, though I have lost everything else, I thank God I have not lost my soul.”
Last Sunday, the captain of a Scotch vessel put a note in my hand requesting the congregation to unite with himself and crew, in thanking God for their deliverance. They hal been towed in here with loss of anchor and cable. This captain often hoists the flag for our brethren when in London, and will hoist it for me as soon as convenient. I have many proots of late that religious truth is gaining on the minds and hearts of our sailors, and that we do not labour in vain. But my report is already too long to notice more at present. May the Great Head of the Church succeed with His blessing every effort for the sailor's welfare, and cause that church to feel more deeply that He is also the sailor’s God.
THE GROG QUESTION IN THE ROYAL NAVY.
WHENEVER homage is done to moral principles, the friends of religion rejoice. They cannot look on with indifference, if they behold men rampant in vice ; neither can they remain insensible to the most refined pleasure, if they see others, as well as themselves, determined to put an end to any vicious, and, consequently, hurtful practices. Most heartily, therefore, do we rejoice at the measures recently adopted by the Board of Admiralty to check the enormous evils that have long prevailed in the navy, arising from drunkenness. On the 30th January last the Board appointed a committee, consisting of Admiral Byam Martin, Admiral C. Adam, Vice-Admiral Thos. Cochrane, Rear-Admiral G. Seymour, Captain Edward Collier, Captain A. L. Corry, Commodore T. Herbert, Captain H. D. Chads, and four other captains, "to inquire into the expediency of reducing the daily ration of spirits, and the equivalent to be paid to the seamen for such reduction.”
On the 18th March last, this committee made their Report. It would have afforded us real satisfaction had our space allowed us to present this valuable document in extenso : but, though this is impracticable, we shall make as full a quotation as possible. They say :
“The concurrent testimony of all whom we have examined on the subject of drunkenness in the navy, proves the necessity of some remedial measures; and we consider the step now contemplated, with a view to its prevention, not only
expedient, but imperatively called for, as well for the safety, as the credit, of her Majesty's fleet.
"To those familiar with the naval service, it is unnecessary to state the risks and dangers attendant on drunkenness in a ship; but to others not conversant with the subject, it may be proper to point out some of its effects.
" Accidents, frequently fatal, are the consequences of men, under the influence of liquor, having to perform duties aloft. The lives of boats' crews are often risked, and sometimes sacrificed, in the attempt to save drunken men who have fallen overboard.
“ Fire, under the most awful circumstances, is another of the dangers to be apprehended; but still more serious would be the consequences of drunken men being called suddenly into battle at night-time, amidst lighted lanterns and gunpowder.
"To guard against dangers of such magnitude, as well as to repress the insubordination which generally attends drunkenness, severity has sometimes been necessary. But no dread of punishment seems to overcome the propensity:
“It is, therefore, better to seek preventive measures than continue an ineffectual effort to suppress the crime by the ordinary resources of discipline.
“We have reason to believe that the respectable part of the seamen (happily the great majority of a ship's crew) will gladly welcome any arrangeinent which will abate a nuisance tending so much to their discomfort.
“The importance of the subject has made us desirous of hearing what could be urged by persons of every class, and especially by the seamen thenselves, for, or against, a reduction of the ration of spirits, with a liberal compensation in money.
“ The seamen, without one exception, admit in their evidence that drunkenness is the prevailing crime on board her Majesty's ships, and they acknowledge with equal frankness that drunkenness is the cause of almost every punishment. Mar.
“ With such evidence from the seamen themselves, it would be superfluous to seek further proof of the necessity of some measure which may put an end to a state of things so destructive to discipline, and injurious to health.
“ The evidence before us clearly proves that the evening grog is the source of those evils which render discipline irksome, and give to the naval service a character for harshness which it does not deserve.
“ Tea, introduced into the navy in 1824, as a part the su titute for the diminished allowance of rum, is served at the same time as the evening grog; and men who prefer the tea, sell their allowance of grog to others of less temperate habits. This is one source of drunkenness.
“Another is—the men who are expert in making clothes, or other articles, very frequently receive payment for their work in liquor.
• It appears also, by the evidence of the seamen, that a custom prevails, more or less, in every ship, which enables at least one man in each mess to get drunk every night; namely, that the cook of the mess of the day has, by consent of his messmates, a large proportion-and, in many messes, the whole of the evening grog of the mess—for his own use, or disposal; and in the latter case he has the power to make many others drunk, as well as himself.
“We come now to the consideration of the best means of preventing a misuse of the allowance of grog :- 1. We propose that the ration of spirits or wine be reduced one-half, continuing the dinner allowance as it has been since 1826, and to do away altogether the evening grog. 2. That no raw spirits shall be issued as a daily ration to any one, but that the allowance be mixed with three times its quantity of water, except at the discretion of the captain, under special circumstances; and that an allowance which shall be omitted to be drawn on one day, shall not be taken up on any subsequent day. 3. That no allowance be issued to the midshipmen, master's assistants, clerk's assistants, or first-class boys, except by the special direction of the captain, and that compensation be granted as hereinafter provided. 4. That the allowance to cadets and second-class boys be wholly taken away, and that compensation be given as hereinafter mentioned. 5. Troops, when embarked, to receive the same allowance of spirits or wine as seamen.
“ This brings us to the consideration of their lordships' second question, viz.—The equivalent to be paid for such reduction.'
“ Admirals, captains, and ward-room officers having the same rations as the men, will, of course, be subject to the same reduction, but we do not think it necessary to include them in the scale of compensation, as they have, when afloat, their wines and groceries duty free.
“But apart from this view of the subject, we cordially concur in the opinion expressed by the committee, of which Lord Exmouth was chairman, that the Hag and other officers will consider themselves amply rewarded by the great improvement which will evidently arise in the general health of the seamen, and the discipline and good order of her Majesty's fleet.'
“ We believe that the officers will cheerfully assent to any sacrifice that can be proposed, with a view to the success of a scheme promising such advantages to the service.
“We propose that mates, assistant surgeons, second masters, midshipmen, masters' assistants, clerks, clerks' assistants, naval cadets, and boys of both classes, be allowed compensation equal to the present savings price, proportionate to the reduction already recommended for each class.
“But as regards the seamen and marines, in an arrangement which takes from them what they have been so long accustomed to, we think they are entitled to a liberal compensation in money:
“We therefore discard the idea of regulating the amount to be given to them by the value of the spirits saved to the country by the reduction.
"It is proposed to give to all warrant officers (including junior engineers,) working petty officers, able and ordinary seamen, non-commissioned officers