Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era

Ön Kapak
Oxford University Press, 2014 - 558 sayfa
The classic images of Iranian nomads in circulation today and in years past suggest that Western awareness of nomadism is a phenomenon of considerable antiquity. Though nomadism has certainly been a key feature of Iranian history, it has not been in the way most modern archaeologists have
envisaged it. Nomadism in Iran recasts our understanding of this timeless tradition.

Far from constituting a natural adaptation on the Iranian Plateau, nomadism is a comparatively late introduction, which can only be understood within the context of certain political circumstances. Since the early Holocene, most, if not all, agricultural communities in Iran had kept herds of sheep
and goat, but the communities themselves were sedentary: only a few of their members were required to move with the herds seasonally. Though the arrival of Iranian speaking groups, attested in written sources beginning in the time of Herodutus, began to change the demography of the plateau, it
wasn't until later in the eleventh century that an influx of Turkic speaking Oghuz nomadic groups--true nomads of the steppe--began the modification of the demography of the Iranian Plateau that accelerated with the Mongol conquest. The massive, unprecedented violence of this invasion effected the
widespread distribution of largely Turkic-speaking nomadic groups across Iran. Thus, what has been interpreted in the past as an enduring pattern of nomadic land use is, by archaeological standards, very recent. Iran's demographic profile since the eleventh century AD, and more particularly in the
nineteenth and twentieth centuries, has been used by some scholars as a proxy for ancient social organization. Nomadism in Iran argues that this modernist perspective distorts the historical reality of the land. Assembling a wealth of material in several languages and disciplines, Nomadism in Iran
will be invaluable to archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians of the Middle East and Central Asia.


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1 Nomadism
2 The Coming of the Iranians
3 Iranian Nomads in the Achaemenid Seleucid and Arsacid Periods
4 Late Antiquity
5 From the Islamic Conquest to the Oghuz Infiltration
6 The Mongols and Timurids
7 The Aqqoyunlu and Safavids
8 From Karim Khan Zand to World War I
9 From World War I to the Present
10 On Nomadism in Iran through Time
Appendix The Position of Nomadism on the Social Evolutionary Ladder
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D. T. Potts is Professor of Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology at the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York University.

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