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“ In vain do they worship me, teaching our neighbors : we are acquainted with for doctrines the commandments of men.

We will wait a little, to see what (Matt. xv.)

effect your preaching has upon them. If “ From the days of your fathers ye are we find it does them good, makes them gone away from mine ordinances, and honest, and less disposed to cheat Indians, have not kept them. Return to me, and we will

then consider again what you have I will return to you, saith the Lord of said.” Thus closed the conference! Alas! hosts.” (Mal, iii. 7.)

poor people! how do our divisions and “ Come out of her, my people, that ye corruptions stand in your way? What a be not partakers of her sins, and that ye pity that you find us not upon original receive not of her plagues." (Rev. xviii. ground, such as the apostles left the pri4.)

mitive churches! Had we exhibited to “He that testifieth these things saith, you their unity and charity; their humble, Surely I come quickly; Amen. Even so honest, and affectionate deportment towards come, Lord Jesus.

each other, and towards all men, you As a striking instance of the necessity would not have had those evil and shame. and importance of the proposed reforma- ful things to object to our holy religion, tion, we present the following extract from and to prejudice your minds - against it. the Boston Anthology, which, with too But your conversion, it seems, awaits our many of the same kind that might be ad- reformation-awaits our return to primiduced, furnishes a mournful comment upon tive unity and love. To this may the God the text-we mean upon the sorrowful of mercy speedily restore us, both for your subject of our wosul divisions and corrup- sakes and for our own ; that his way may tions. The following reply to the Rev. be known upon earth, and his saving Mr. Cram, missionary from Massachusetts health among all nations. Let the people to the Senecas, was made by the principal praise thee, O God; let all the people chiefs and warriors of the Six Nations, in praise thee. Amen and amen. council assembled at Buffalo Creek, state Upon the whole, we appeal to every of New York, in the presence of the candid mind, that has one serious thought agent of the United States for Indian Ar- upon the great subject of Christianity: is fairs, in the summer of 1805: “I am not the necessity of a religious reformacome, brethren,” said the missionary, “to tion among professed Christians most conenlighten your minds, and to instruct you vincingly evident, and universally achow to worship the Great Spirit agreeably knowledged, by the serious of all denomi. to his will, and to preach to you the gospel nations ?. We appeal," then, to all conof his Son, Jesus Christ. There is but cerned, what should be its character ? one way to serve God, and if

Shou it be divine or human ? Shou it embrace the right way, you cannot be be the simple belief and obedience of the happy hereafter.” To which they replied, word and testimony of God, or of the “ Brother, we understand your religion is opinions and dictates of men ? You will, written in a book. You say that there is no doubt, say, Of the former. So say we; but one way to worship and serve the and yet, strange to tell, all the sects are Great Spirit. If there be but one religion, offended. And why? We shall leave it to why do you white people differ so much them to say; for they have not yet, no, about it? Why not all agree, as you can not one of them, presented any relevant all read the book ? Brother, we do not reason, why we should desist from urging understand these things. We are told the indispensable duty, absolute necessity, your religion was given to your fore and vast importance of the reformation for fathers. We also have a religion which which we plead. They have not presented was given to our forefathers. It teaches us with the detection of one single error us to be thankful for all the favors we re- in our premises. We shall conclude our ceive, to love one another, and to be united. humble appeal by respectfully assuring all We never quarrel about religion. We are concerned, that if they, or any of them, told you have been preaching to the white will convince us of any error, either of people in this place. Those people are faith or practice, that we will candidly re.

you do not

linquish it, and thank God and man for the discovery. Also, that if they will show us how we may, without giving offence, plead the cause of a reformation, which involves the glory of God and the happiness of mankind, we shall thankfully adopt it.

For the assistance and satisfaction of our inquiring friends, who wish to avail themselves of the luminous fulness of the holy scriptures upon the great subject under consideration, we subjoin the following analysis of the sacred oracles, and the great salvation which they exhibit; by the due consideration of which the scriptural evidence and certainty of what is intended, will, we hope, be apparently obvious.

upon every subject in the sacred volume, the following things should be duly considered: viz. Who speaks; to whom he speaks; what he says; why he says it; when; and where he said so.



Of sin. 4. Of the Saviour. 5. Of 1. The knowledge of God. 2. Of man. his salvation. 6. Of the principle and means of enjoying it. 7. Of its blissful effects and consequences.

Also, that in order to enjoy a clear and comprehensive knowledge of what we read


The Bible consists of two volumes-the Old Testament and the New. Each of these consists of histories, prophecies, moral dictates, divine institutions, and devotional exercises. The Old Testament contains three distinct dispensations of religion, and predicts a fourth, which is contained in the New; viz. 1st. The primitive or Edenic delivered to our first parents immediately after their creation. 2d. The Patriarchal-also delivered to our first parents immediately after their fall. 3d.joyment. The Israelitish or Mosaic-delivered to the Israelites by Moses. And the 4th, called the Christian,-exclusively contained in the New Testament. Concerning these two volumes we observe, that although the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments are inseparably connected, making together but one perfect and entire revelation of the divine will, for the edification and salvation of the church; and, therefore, in that respect cannot be separated: yet as to what directly and properly belongs to their immediate object, the New Testament is as perfect a constitution for the worship, discipline, and government of the New Testament church, and as perfect a rule for the particular duties of its members, as the Old Testament was for the worship, discipline, and government of the Old Testament church, and the particular duties of its members.

which the scriptures were specially deThese are the grand doctrinal topics signed to teach, in the knowledge, belief, and practical influence of which, consists our present salvation.


I. Of its concurring causes.-1. The prime moving or designing cause the love of God. 2. The procuring causethe blood of Christ. 3. The efficient cause-the Holy Spirit. 4. The instrumental cause the gospel and law of Christ, or the word of truth.

II. Of the principle and means of en


The sole principle of enjoyment is belief or faith.


I. The prime instituted means of enjoy. ment is baptism. 2. Prayer. 3. Church fellowship in the social ordinances. 4. The Lord's day. 5. The Lord's Supper. 6. The prayers. 7. The praises. 8. The teaching of the word. 9. The contribution for charitable purposes. 10. Religious conversation. 11. Studious perusal and meditation of the holy scriptures. 12. All manner of good works-called works of faith and labors of love, &c., all of which are but means of enjoyment-not of procurement. "For eternal life is the gift of God, through Jesus Christ our Lord."

III. Of the present and proper effects, and perseverance in it to the end of our of this salvation.These are justifica race, tion, adoption, sanctification, assurance IV. Of its ultimate effects. These are of God's love, peace of conscience, joy a glorious resurrection and a blissful imin the Holy Spirit, increase of grace, mortality.

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In attempting to sketch an outline of the mouths of those prosessing different sysRise and Progress, Faith and Practice tems of faith. This will be done as of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the strictly as possible in the language of the United States, the writer feels how impos- Liturgy, Articles, Offices, and Homilies sible it is in so brief a space to give an of the Protestant Episcopal Church ; and account that will be regarded as accurate on points where any thing else is neces. and impartial by those belonging to that sary, to combine its practical theory into body, or which shall convey an accurate a logical system, the writer has followed and impartial idea of the same to others. that author who is regarded by all parties The principal reasons of this, are: (1) as being the best exponent of the teaching the extent of the field ; (2) the variety of of the church, the judicious and immortal topics necessarily embraced in it; (3) Hooker. want of acquaintance with many of them, On only two points has the writer of on the part of readers in general ; and this article ventured language which may (4) more than all, the different senses in seem to differ from that of Hooker. It is which theological language is employed, i generally conceded, that in the doctrine by those different schools of theology of Election, Hooker has not spoken with which represent the various religious de his usual clearness and force; a deficiency nominations in the land. These, and which has been supplied by Faber in his other causes of less consequence, render it Treatise on the Primitive Doctrine of impossible to make full or complete stale- Election, the truth of which is assumed ments in regard to all the topics brought in this account. The other point, upon into view ; and the writer has chosen to which the language of this article may give the most concise, and as the best seem to be different from that of Hooker, adapted to this work, a brief account of but which is intended to convey the idea the doctrinal system of the church, as clearly involved in what he says, is in re. seen in its practical operation ; divested gard to what is meant by the grace of the as much as possible of technicalities, and Sacraments. And as here lies one great avoiding, so far as practicable, the use of cause of misapprehension of the church's terms that bear different senses in the teaching, a word of explanation seems to

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