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Diocesan Institutions,

| who had been educated in other forms of 1. Episcopal Bible, Prayer Book, Tract, faith, but came into the church through

1. Episcopal Bible, Prayer Book, Tract, conviction of truth and duty. The first and Missionary Society, 1816. 2. Committee for the relief of disabled is about 1707. In 1708 a parish was

trace of any Episcopalians in this colony clergymen, and the widows and orphans formed, composed mostly of Englishmen, of deceased clergymen. 3. Diocesan Missionary School, Valle But he died before entering upon his du

and Rev. Muirson appointed missionary. Crucis. 4. Episcopal High School, 'Raleigh, until 1721, when Rev. Mr. Pigott was

ties, and no clergyman was settled there 1834. 5. St. Mary's Episcopal Female High sent. While there, Rev. Samuel Johnson,

a Congregational Minister in West Haven, School, Raleigh, 1843.

formed his acquaintance, and thus strength

ened the predilections he had formed for 9. NEW JERSEY.

the church some years before, from the

study of the Prayer Book. These cir. The first missionary to this colony was

cumstances induced him to examine the Rev. John Talbot, who was stationed here claims of both bodies, in which the books in 1705. He had previously traversed a

given by bishop Berkley to Yale College considerable part of the province in com; aided very materially. The result was, pany with Rev. George Keith. In 1723 that Mr. Johnson himself, together with he went to England, and while there, in Mr. Cutter, president of the college, Mr. conformity with the wishes of many of Daniel Brown, a native of West Haven, the clergy, was consecrated bishop for the and a tutor in the college ; Mr. Wetmore, American colonies, by the non-juring a Congregational Minister in North Haven, bishops of Scotland. But he died soon resigned their places and went to England after his return to this country. In 1752 for Orders. The discussions to which the number of parishes was sixteen, of these facts gave rise, resulted in bringing clergy eight ; in 1770 the clergy were ten, the following persons into the ministry of in 1792 only nine ; in 1844 the parishes the church, who had been either ministers, were forty-six, clergy fifty.

or candidates for the ministry among the

Congregationalists.
Episcopate.

1. Rev. Samuel Johnson, West Haven, Bishops

1723. July 30,

2. Rev. Timothy Cutter, President Yale James Kemp,

College, 1723.

3. Rev. David Brown, Tutor, Yale Col. lege, 1723.

4. Rev. James Wetmore, North Haven, Diocesan Institutions.

1723. 1. Corporation for the relief of widows 5. Rev. Samuel Seabury, Groton, 1732. of deceased clergymen.

6. Rev. Jonathan Arnold, West Haven, 2. Episcopal Society for the promotion 1730. of Christian Knowledge and Piety, 1815. 7. Mr. Henry Caner, New Haven, 1727.

3. Diocesan Missionary Fund, 1804. 8. Mr. Isaac Brown, West Haven, 4. Burlington College, Burlington, 1846. 1732.

5. St. Mary's Hall, Green Bank Bur- 9. Mr. Richard Caner, New Haven, lington.

1736.

10. Rev. Ebenezer Punderson, Groton,

1740. 10. CONNECTICUT.

11. Rev. Richard Minor, Monroe, 1742. This Diocese, though far younger than 12. Rev. Christopher Newton, Hunting. some of the others, may be said to be the don, 1740. first place where the church was composed 13. Mr. Ebenezer Dibble, Danbury. almost entirely of native born citizens, | 1742.

John Croes,

Consecrations, Consecrators. Died.

Wm. White,
Nov. 19, 1815. {J, H. Hobart,

1832.
Wm. White,
Oct. 31, 1832. B. T. Onderdonk,

Levi 8. Ives,

G. W. Doane.

14. Mr. Richard Mansfield, New Haven, | Common Prayer; and to them we owe it, 1748. that no portion of that Catholic truth, which has come down from the earliest ages, has been erased from that book.

Episcopate.

15. Mr. Jeremiah Leaming, Middletown, 1748.

16. Mr. Thomas Badbury Chandler, Woodstock, 1751.

17. Mr. Ichabod Camp, Middletown, 1751.

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Bishops,

A. Jarvis,

Such an influx of native citizens into S: Seabury, the ministry of the church, a majority of whom had been ministers among the Congregationalists, and nearly all of whom remained in their native state, gave the church an impulse that nothing else could impart, as may be seen by the following

T. C. Brownell. Oct. 27, 1819. J. H. Hobart

A. V. Griswold.

statistics.

15,000

15,000

40 3,400

20,000

60

3,700

22,200

73

3,750 22,500

75

3,800

22,800

79

130,000

141,000

166,000

209,000

240,000

250,000

260,000

275,000

Consecration,

Nov 14, 1784.

Oct, 18, 1797.

Consecrators.

R. Kilgour.
A. Petrie,
J. Skinner.
Wm. White.

8. Provoost. May 3, 1813.
Edward Bass,
William White,

Died.

Feb. 25, 1796.

Diocesan Institutions.

1. Society for promoting Christian knowledge, 1816.

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1830

1840

1847

85 103

4,500

99 6,500

27,000

39,000

105 7,500 45,000

297,000

310,000

320,000

The same causes which gave the church an impulse in this Diocese, also gave it unity of sentiment, and the leading features stamped upon the first churchmen of this colony by its learned and laborious clergy remain to this day. And so universal has been its influence, that no such thing as a party has ever been known in the church in this Diocese; and the epithets of high and low church, by which parties are often described, have never been known here, except as matters of history. Brought into the church through conviction of duty, the clergy and laity of this Diocese have ever remained true to it, as a matter of principle. Consequently, when the proposition was made at the South near the close of the revolution, to adopt a provisional organization without the Episcopacy, the clergy of Connecticut not only refused to join in it, but at the very earliest possible moment, elected a bishop and sent him to England for consecration, as has already been related. And it is in no small degree owing to the learning and faithfulness of Bishop Seabury and his clergy, that serious innovations were not made in the book of

Bishop.
S. Elliott,

The first missionary to this colony was Rev. John Wesley, afterwards the celebrated founder of Methodism. He returned to England in 1738, and was succeeded by Rev. George Whitfield, the other father of the Methodist Societies. The Church of England was established in Georgia, at an early period, but so late as 1769, there were but two churches in the colony. It was first admitted into union with the General Convention in 1820, when there were but four parishes. In 1844, the parishes were seventeen, clergy twenty.

Episcopate.

Consecration. Consecrators.

William Meade,

Feb. 28, 1841.

C. E, Gadsden,

Diocesan Institutions.

1. Domestic Missionary Society, 1828. 2. Montpelier Episcopal Institute, 1840.

12. VERMONT.

The Episcopal Church was planted in this Diocese before the Revolution, and to a considerable extent er dowed with Glebes by the various owners in the various town

Consecrators,

ships. These lands, however, were seized

Diocesan Institutions. and confiscated by the civil authorities,

1. Episcopal Missionary Board, 1827. and not recovered to the use of the church until from 1820 to 1830. About 1794,

2. Sunday School Board, 1827. some of the Episcopalians of Vermont elected Rev. Sainuel Peters, then in Eng.

14. MAINE. land, Bishop of that Diocese. He applied to the English Bishops for consecration, Diocese from an early period; but the

There has been one congregation in this who declined, on the ground that there were a canonical number of Bishops in tion until 1820, when the state had been

church did not receive a distinct organiza. America, to whom application should be made. Accordingly in 1795, the subject into a distinct jurisdiction. The parishes

separated from Massachusetts, and erected was brought before the General Conven. in 1844, were six, clergy eight. It has tion, but the church in Vermont, not hav. ing been duly organized, and not having been under the provisional supervision of

never yet had a Bishop by itself, but has been received into union with the conven the Bishop of some other Diocese. It has tion, and there being but one clergyman in the state, the consecration was refused.

a board of missions, organized in 1842,

for domestic missionary purposes. It was received into union with the Gene. ral Convention in 1811, but so late as 1814, there was but a single clergyman

15. OHIO. in the Diocese. In 1844, the parishes The church in this Diocese was first were thirty-three, clergy twenty-two. organized in 1818, and admitted into union

with the General Convention, in 1820. In Episcopate.

1844 it had seventy-eight parishes, fifty. Bishop. Consecration,

seven clergy.

William White, J. H. Hopkins, Oct. 31, 1832. A. V. Griswold, Nathaniel Bowen.

Episcopate.

Bishops. Consecration, Consecrators,
Diocesan Institution.

Wm, White,
P. Chase, Feb, 11, 1819,

J. H. Hobart, [Abandoned Domestic Missionary Society, before

J. Kemp, the See, 1830.] 1826.

William White,
C. P. M'llvalne, Oct. 31, 1832. Alex. V. Griswold,

William Meade,
13. NEW HAMPSHIRE.

Diocesan Institutions. A church was established and well en. dowed at Portsmouth, about 1640, but the

1. Domestic Missionary Society, 1828. puritans drove off the minister and seized 2. Theological Seminary, Gambier, the lands belonging to the church, and it 1828. was long before any other congregation

3. Kenyon College, Gambier, 1828. was gathered. In 1764, the church was 4. Preparatory School, Gambier, 1828. endowed in various towns throughout the colony by Governor Wentworth. But as

16. MISSISSIPPI late as 1772, there were only three par. ishes, and two clergymen in the province, preached in this Diocese was Rev. James

The first Episcopal Clergyman who These lands have been most of them seized Pilwar, in 1822. It was admitted into and confiscated. In 1844, the parishes union with the General Convention in were fourteen, the clergy eleven.

1826, when it had five clergymen, and as

many parishes. In 1844 the number of Episcopate.

clergy was fifteen, of parishes about Bishop. Consecration,

twenty. No Bishop has yet been conse

crated for this Diocese. It has a Diocesan Carlton Chase, Oct. 20, 1844. Benj. T. Onderdonk, school for boys; St. Thomas's Hall Holly ( Benj. B. Smith.

Springs, 1842.

John Croes,

Consecrators,
Philander Chase,
T. C. Brownell,

Levi S. Ives,

17. MICHIGAN.

Philander Chase, William Meade, Charles The first congregation of Churchmen P. Mcllvaine, George W. Doane, and in this Diocese was gathered at Detroit in James Hervey Otey. 1823; the first missionary, Rev. R. H.

It has a Diocesan Missionary Society, Cadle, preached here in 1826. The Dio and a Female Institute at Tuscaloosa. cese was admitted into union with the General Convention in 1832. Parishes

21. ILLINOIS. in 1844, thirty-one; clergy twenty-five. This Diocese was received into the Its Bishop is Right Rev. Samuel Allen union in 1835, the parishes numbering McCoskry, consecrated July 7, 1836, by six; the clergy seven. In 1844, the par Kight Rev. Bishops Henry U. Underdonk, ishes were twenty; the clergy nineteen. George W. Doane, and Jackson Kemper. Its Diocesan Institutions are Jubilee

Its Diocesan Institution is a Diocesan College and Theological Seminary. Its Missionary Society.

Bishop is Right Rev. Philander Chase,

consecrated for Ohio, but who subse. 18. TENNESSEE.

quently removed to this Diocese. This Diocese was admitted into union

22. LOUISIANA. with the General Convention in 1829, having then four parishes and three clergy.

This Diocese was received into the In 1644, the parishes were thirteen, the union in 1838, having three parishes, and clergy thirteen. Its Bishop is Right Rev. two clergy. In 1844, the parishes were Jaines Hervey Otey, consecrated January ten; the clergy eleven. Its Bishop is Right 14, 1834, by Right Rev. Bishops William Rev. Leonidas Polk, consecrated December White, Henry U. Onderdonk, Benjamin T. 9, 1838, by Right Rev. Bishops William Onderdonk, and George W. Doane.

Meade, Benjamin B. Smith, Charles P. Its Diocesan Institutions are a Mission. McIlvaine, and James H. Otey. ary and Education Society ; Mercer Hall,

It has a Diocesan Missionary Society. Columbia; and Columbia Hall; at the same place.

23. INDIANA. 19. KENTUCKY.

This Diocese was received into the This Diocese was admitted into union nine clergy.

union in 1838, having twelve parishes, and

In 1844 the parishes were with the General Convention in 1832, twenty-two; clergy fourteen. It is under having then three parishes and three the supervision of Right Rev. Jackson clergy. In 1844 the parishes were seven- Kemper, Missionary Bishop; consecrated teen, the clergy twenty-three. Its Bishop September 25, 1835, by Right Rev. is Right Rev. Benjamin Bosworth Smith, Bishops William White, Richard C. consecrated October 31, 1832, by Right Moore, Philander Chase, Henry U. OnRev. Bishops William White, Thomas C. derdonk, Benjamin T. Onderdonk, BenBrownell, and Henry U. Onderdonk.

jamin B. Smith, and George W. Doane. Its Diocesan Institutions are a Missionary and Education Society, a Diocesan

24. FLORIDA. Sunday School Society, a Theological Seminary, and Shelby College.

This Diocese was received into the

union in 1838, having ten parishes and 20. ALABAMA.

six clergymen. In 1844 the parishes

were nine ; clergy seven, This Diocese was admitted into union with the General Convention in 1832,

25. MISSOURI. having four parishes, and three clergy. men. In 1844 the parishes were twenty ; This Diocese was received into union in clergy fourteen. Its Bishop is Right Rev. 1841. In 1844 it had nine organized par. Nicholas Hawner Cobbs, consecrated Oc. ishes, beside several Missionary Stations, tober 20, 1844, by Right Rev. Bishops with twelve clergy. Its Bishop is Right

Rev. Cicero Stephens Hawks, consecrated Philander Chase, William R. Whitting.
October 20, 1944, by Right Rev. Bishops ham, Stephen Elliott, John Johns, and
Philander Chase, Jackson Kemper, Samuel J. P. K. Henshaw.
A. McCoskry, Leonidas Polk, and William In addition to the Diocesan Institutions
H. De Lancey.

already described, there are the following Beside these, there are belonging to the General Institutions established by the Ge. Protestant Episcopal Church, the Mission- neral Convention : ary Diocese of Wisconsin, Iowa, and the 1. The General Theological Seminary North Western Territory, having in 1844, of the Protestant Episcopal Church, New fifteen clergy, under the charge of Right York City, established 1817. Rev. Jackson Kemper; and the Diocese 2. Domestic and Foreign Missionary of Arkansas and Texas, with six clergy Society, of the General Convention, 1820; in 1844, under the charge of Right Rev. re-organized 1835, upon the principle, that George Washington Freeman, consecrated the Church is the great Missionary SoOctober 26, 1844, by Right Rev. Bishops ciety of the world, and every baptized Philander Chase, Jackson Kemper, Leo. christian a member of it. nidas Polk, and Alfred Lee.

Also Right

(1) Domestic Department, 1846, two Rev. William Jones Boone, Bishop of Missionary Bishops, and one hundred and Amoy, China, consecrated October 20, five missionaries. 1844, by Right Rev. Bishops Philander (2) Foreign Department, 1846, two Chase, William Meade, Levi Silliman Missionary Bishops, thirteen missionaries, Ives, George W. Doane, and James Her- and twenty-two assistants. vey Otey; and Right Rev. Horatio South- 3. General Protestant Episcopal Sunday gate, Bishop of Constantinople, consecrated School Union, 1826. October 26, 1844, by Right Rev. Bishops

HISTORY

OF

THE EVANGELICAL ASSOCIATION.

BY REV. W. W. ORWIG, AND IMPROVED BY REV. A. ETTINGER,

NEW BERLIN, UNION COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA.

This Christian denomination took its | awakening influences of God's Holy Spirit, rise about the year 1800, in one of the and was brought to the knowledge of his middle free States of Anerica ; at first sinful state and of the truth; and after a they were called the A brights, (Albrechts- long and very severe struggle, he received leute,) probably oli account of Jacob Al. at last, by faith in the Son of God, the rebright having been, by the grace of God, mission of his sins and the spirit of adop. the instrunient of their solemnly uniting tion. In this state he spent several years the nselves for the service of Almighty in the service of God; and, at the request God. About the year, 1790, Jacob Al of his fellow.Christians, he at sundry times bright became the happy subject of the spake publicly a word of exhortation,

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