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liam Quinn, James Toroson, Robt. But- [ ler, Joseph Oliver, David Smith, Jacob Tapsico, John Messer, Sampson Peters, Adam Clincher, Zarah Hall, Julius Stewart, Daniel C. Hall, (Steward,) William Johnson, James Woolford, Samuel Ridley, Thomas Robinson, Abner Cooker.
In 1818, the whole number of preachers in the connection was 23, and the whole number of members was 6778. From thence the A. M. E. Church has béen gradually and steadily increasing in all her interests, so that now, in 1847, there are upwards of 300 preachers, 7 Annual Conferences, and upwards of 20,000 members, extending over thirteen states.
The A. M. E. Church has a book concern, and a magazine, edited by that man of God, the Rev. George Hogarth, general book steward of the connection. It has also 3 Education, and 7 Missionary Societies.
There are lands purchased in the State of Ohio for the establishment of a Manual Labor School, and an agent employed in collecting funds to establish another east of the Alleghany Mountains. Since the organization of the A. M. E. Church, it has had four bishops, namely: Bishop Richard Allen, who was ordained in 1816; Bishop Morris Brown, who was ordained in 1828; Bishop Edward Waters, who was ordained in 1836; and Bishop William P. Quinn, who was ordained in 1844. The first and third are dead, the second is superannuated, and now 77 years of age; the last is actively engaged in the eversight of the churches.
And may the great Head of the Church, who has led us thus far, still continue to shed the dews of his grace upon this little branch, until it shall become like the ce dars of Lebanon in strength, and like the garden of the Lord in beauty, and fertility.
THE AFRICAN METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH.
BY REV. JOHN J. MOORE, PHILADELPHIA, PA.
A compendious account of the rise, pro- | Methodist Episcopal Church, (White,) in gress, doctrines, government, and statistics the city of New York, being considerable of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in number, and being limited in their in America, commonly known by the title Christian privileges and usefulness among of the Zion Wesley Methodist connection. themselves: not being privileged to imI. History. prove their religious talents, on the account II. Doctrines. of those popular prejudices, existing against colored people, therefore they determined, from the suggestions of some of the most pious and intelligent of them, the propriety of having meeting among themselves, which they did, with the consent of Bishop Asbury: (Francis) for the full particulars of this movement, sce History of said
I. HISTORY.-The mother Church of said denomination, commenced her formation in the city of New York, in A. D. 1796. From the following circumstances, the colored members connected with the
connection, by Rev. Christopher Rush, now stands, in the city of New York; the published in New York. The leading house was dedicated October, A. D. 1800, men in this movement, were Francis Ja- and titled the African Methodist Episcopal cobs, William Brown, William Miller and Zion Church. When the white ministers others too tedious to name. In a short of the Methodist E. Church found that the time after the commencement of this sepa colored brethren were determined upon rate plan of worship, they secured a place becoming a separate society, they appointof worship, where they held stated meet- ed Rev. John McClaskey, at their general ings; there were three licensed preachers, conference, (who was a stationed elder in that conducted these meetings, with the the city of New York,) to effect a stipula. permission of the white Bishop Asbury; tion with the trustees of the A. M. E. Zion they held their meetings on Sabbath, in Church, to secure the government spiritual the intermediate time of preaching in the part of said church to the general conferwhite church ; for the persons of color ence of the Methodist Episcopal Charch, principally composing those meetings, were and secure a union between the two bodies, members connected with the white Metho- so as to give the general conference ecdist Church, and had to give their atten- clesiastical control over the former, from tion there, at its proper hours of worship, time to time. Accordingly he met them, thus for several years they worshipped in the trustees) on his mission, and in conthis way; the white Church being their cert with them, he framed an article of proper and permanent place of worship, agreement to that effect; for said article of but privileged to worship among them. agreement, see History of African Methoselves, in such places as they could secure dist Episcopal Church in America, by C. for that purpose; which places of worship Rush, pages 17–24. An instrument was they had frequently to change from con. then drawn up by the trustees, to present tingencies.
to the master in Chancery, to obtain a In A. D. 1799, their number of mem- charter of incorporation, which they reberships having greatly increased, and ceived from the master in Chancery, as their disadvantages likewise, in the white follows : Church. They therefore thought of build- In pursuance of an act, entitled an Act ing a house of worship for themselves, and to enable religious denomintions of this to become a body corporate to themselves, State, to appoint trustees, who shall be a distinct from the white Church, and ac- body corporate, for the purpose of taking cordingly a meeting of the colored breth. care of the temporalities of their respecren was called to consult on the matter : tive congregations, and for other purposes, for the particulars in this move, see His. therein mentioned, passed this 6th day of tory of said Church, by Rev. C. Rush, April, A. D., 1784. Public notice was page 11. The following were some of the given in the African Methodist Episcopal leading men in this movement, George E. Church, (called Zion Church) of the city Moore, Thomas Sipkins, David Bias, Geo. of New York, in the state of New York, White, Thomas Cook, John Teesman, as the aforesaid law directs; and we the George Colling. After mature reflection subscribers, being nominated, and apon the subject, they determined to be a pointed agreeably to the foresaid act; inbody corporate, separate from the whites spectors for an election held in our place but under the government of the Methodist of meeting, the 8th day of September, A. Episcopal Church; they also determined D., 1800, do report and declare the fol. to be titled the African Methodist Episco- lowing persons duly elected by a plurality pal Church; in this purpose they suc. of voices, to serve as trustees for the said ceeded, and became a body corporate, church, viz: separate to themselves, but governed by the Francis Jacobs, George Collins, Thomas discipline of the white Methodist Church. Sipkins, George E. Moore, George White, Being successful in procuring a lot of David Bias, Peter Williams, Thomas ground on the corner of Church and Cook, William Brown, which said persons Leonard streets, they succeeded in erect. so elected and their successors in office, ing a Church on it, where the Zion Church | shall forever be styled and denominated,
the trustees of the corporation of the preachers more power over the temporaliAfrican Methodist Episcopal Church in ties of said Methodist Episcopal Church, the city of New York,
this resolution was highly objectionable by Given under our hands and seals this many of the ministers, common officiary, the fifth day of February, one thousand and laity of said church, and created gre eight hundred and one.
dissatisfaction, which resulted in a schism his
in the said church. The trustees of the Peter X Williams, African Methodist Episcopal Church, mark.
hearing of this movement were equally Francis Jacobs. dissatisfied ; also the entire officiary and
laity of said church, knowing that it would State of New York, ss. on the sixteenth deprive the trustees of the right of the day of February, A. D., 1801, before me control of the temporalities of the church, personally came Peter Williams and and effect the general prosperity of their Francis Jacobs, to me known to be the church. The trustees therefore called a persons within described, and who exe- meeting to consult on the subject, and to cuted the within conveyance, who duly adopt such measures as might avert the acknowledge the same, and there being no impending danger ; after the trustees meetmaterial erasures or interlineations therein, ing; the entire officiary were convened, to I do allow it to be recorded.
consult on the matter, then the laity with [signed] James M. Hughes,
all of which there was a concomitancy of Master in Chancery. conclusions, as to the impropriety of this Recorded in the office of the Clerk of movement of General Conference; (white) the city and county of New York, in lib. and also as to the danger of the African No. 1 of incorporations of religious denom. Methodist Episcopal Church, if she coninations, page 28, this ninth day of March, tinued in connection with the white bishops A. D., 1801.
and conference for further particulars in
the case. [signed] Robert Benson, Clerk.
See History of the African Methodist Episcopal Church,
by Rev. C. Thus the African Methodist Episcopal C. Rush, pages 40-45.-On Friday evenChurch, was established distinct from the ing, July 21st, A. D., 1820. The official whites in their temporalities, (government members of said church were convened of) but under the spiritual government of pursuant to a call, and after duly consid. the white General Conference. Thus ering the case, they unanimously agreed they remained for a number of years, upon the following: during which time, their efforts to promote Whereas, a very grievous Resolution the kingdom of Christ, were crowned was passed in the last general conference with the utmost success. In A. D., 1820, of the M. E. Church, and acted upon by the General Conference of the Methodist the annual conference of the New York Episcopal Church, (white) met according district, the substance of which was, that to usual mode, during the sitting of which, a memorial be drawn up, and subscribers several resolutions were passed, in that obtained by the preachers, and the same body, which were considered, by the more to be presented at the next session of the pious and wise portion of members, as State Legislature of New York, praying detrimental to the general prosperity of it to pass a special Act of incorporation to the Methodist Episcopal Church, but they suit the peculiarities of the Methodist dishad the majority in favor of their passage. cipline; to give the preacher more auThe most important of those resolutions, thority to exercise their functions in the was a resolve that a petition be drawn up Church; and so change the present man. and subscribers obtained by the preachers, ner of conducting the temporalities of the and the said memorial to be presented to said Church, that the trustees or stewards the legislature of New York, praying them appointed, (according to the contemplated to pass a special act, on the incorporation mode of the above memorial,) will hold of religious bodies, to suit the peculiarities the property of the society, for the preachof the Methodist discipline, giving the ers in conference instead of the members