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Il and in the other. By the blessing of the upright the city is ex

alted ; by their prayers, counsels, and admonitions : but it is

overthrown by the mouth of the wicked ; by their blasphemy, 12 perverse opposition, and evil communications. He that is void of

wisdom despiseth his neighbour ; whatever a man thinks, it is foolish in him to speak contemptuously of his neighbour, because it is provoking him, and he may return it ; þut a man of under

standing holdeth his peace ; if he can say no good, he will say no 13 harm. A talebearer revealeth secrets ; pries into the secrets of

families, and carries stories from one to another : but he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter ; an upright man conceal

eth that which may be hurtful to another, though he has no express 14 charge about it. Where no counsel [is,] the people fall ; they

are influenced by private interest, and act rashly : but in the 15 multitude of counsellors (there is) safety. He that is surety

for a stranger shall smart (for it ;] he does not know his circum

stances, and therefore he is in danger : and he that hateth sureti16 ship is sure ; it is most prudent to avoid it. A gracious woman

retainetli honour : and strong (men) retain riches; she is as careful of her reputation, as a strong man of his riches ; or, will

as effectually secure a gopd reputation, as a strong man his wealth. 17 The merciful man doeth good to his own soul ; while he doeth

good to others, he equally does good 10 himself"; such is the connection between man and man: but [he that is] cruel troubleth his own fiesh ; his own envy and malice tear him to pieces. This may refer to the pleasure which arises from the exercise of benevolent

affections, and the anguish and remorse which are inseparable from 18 cruelty. The wicked worketh a deceitful work; that which will

deceļve his erpectations : but to him that soweth righteousness

[shall be] a sure reward ; though it may tarry it will not disap19 point him. As righteousness (tendeth) to life, in its natural con

sequence, so he that pursueth evil (pursueth it) to his own death. 20 They that are of a froward heart, persons of double dealing,

who are herverse and ill natured, Care] abomination to the LORD:

but (such as are) upright in (their) way (are] his delight. 21 [Though) hand (join) in hand, though they form a potent alliance,

and strengthen and countenance one another, the wicked shall not

be unpunished : but the seed of the righteous shall be delivered 22 from iheir confederacies, by the help of God alone, [As) a jewel

of gold in a swine's snout, which is more taken notice of, and more despised on that account, (so is] a fair woman which is without

discretion ; without taste, without judging what is right and 23 wrong, and not considering consequences. The desire of the

righteous [is] only good ; either to do or get good, and it shall be granted them : [but) the expectation of the wicked (is) wrath ;

whatsoever happiness they promise themselves, the issue will be 24 wrath and destruction. There is that scattereth, and yet in

creaseth; and (there is) that withholdeth more than is meet, not providing for their families, sparing necessary expenses in trade, and showing a covelous lemper in every thing, but [it tend. eth] to poverty ; by a strange train of providences they are free 25 quently beggared. The liberal soul shall be made fal, comforta

ble and happy : and he that watereth shall be watered also

himself; it shall rain ufion him blessings as copiously as showers. 26 He that withholdeth corn in dear times, in hopes of a higher mar:

hel, and will not sell it at a reasonable price, and for a moderate pornfil, the people shall curse him : but blessing from God, as

well as his neighbour, (shall be] upon the head of him that selle 27 eth [it.) He that diligently seeketh good, or to do good, pro:

cureth favour from God and man : but he that seeketh mischief,

it shall come unto hiin ; le draws upon himself the evils he di: 28 signed against others. He that trusteth in his riches shall fall

like a withered leaf : but the righteous shall flourish as a branch; 23 shall grow stronger and stronger, and be more fruitful. He that

troubleth his own house, who ruins his family by extravagance, or makes it anhaliny by ill nalure, shall inherit the wind; he shall have nothing but air to live upon; or, he shall raise a dreadful storm which shall fall upon his own head : and the fool (shall be} servant unto the wise of heart ; those who are foolish, shall be brough! si low, that they shall be glad to become servants to those

qvho set out in life wi'n less thin themselves, bul by prudence and 30 diligence have risen in the world. The fruit of the righteous (is) a

tree of life, is the means of much good; and he that winneth souls

10 God and goodness, [is] wise, though his method way not be 80 31 judicious as that of others. Behold, the righteous shall be ree

compensed in the earth : much more ihe wicked and the sinner shall be corrected for their sins, in this world, or in another. See how much religion consists in justice, humanity, good tem.per, und zeal 10 do good. May we not only hear these things, but apply our minds to do them.




HOSO loveth instruction loveth knowledge ; is in the

Tray 10 be wise and good : but he that hateth reproof 2 [is] brutish ; wants sense as well as grace. A good (man) obe

taineth favour of the LORD : but a man of wicked devices will 3 he condemn. A man shall not be established by wickedness :

but the root of the righteous shall not be moved ; he shall be 4 established by righteousness. A virtuous woman, a diligent, active

woman, as the word signifies, who anplies close to family business, [is] a crown to her husband, an ornament and a blessing to him : but she that maketh ashamed [is] as rottenness in liis bones ;

though he does not show il frublicly, it is a continual and incurable 5 vexation to him. The thoughts of the righteous (are) right ;

it is his constant purpose to dra! justly with God and man : [but] 6 the counsels of the wicked (are] carried on by deceit. The

words of the wicked [are] to lic in wait for blood ; to corrupit

men and bring them to death and ruin : but the mouth of the upright shall deliver them, by warning and exhorting those who

are assaulted by dangerous persons and principles, and by vindicata 7 ing their character. The wicked are overthrown, and Care) not to 8 be found : but the house of the righteous shall stand. A

man shall be commended according to his wisdom : but he that 9 is of a perverse heart shall be despised as a crafıy knave. (He

that is) despised, or overlooked, and hath a servant, [is] better than he thai honoureth himself, and lacketh bread ; or rather, Belter is he that lives meanly, and is servant to himself, than he that appears in a great deal of grandeur, and has not wherewith 10 suppor: it. This is a common case ; many who make a great figure in the world, would not have bread to eat, if their debts were

paid. It is prudent 10 set out in life plainly, and be servant: 10 10 ourselves. A righteous (man) regardeth the life of his beast,

that it be not used cruelly, but be moderately worked, and have proper food and rest, as a sensitive creature and a creature of God:

but the tender mercies of the wicked (are] cruel ; they have lose il the natural compassion of men, and delight in cruelty, He that

tilleth his land, who minds his business, does his work himself, not trusting to servanis, shall be satisfied with bread : but he that followeth vain (persons is) void of understanding ; he who loves

company and rambling about, who makes frequent and long visits, 12 and neglects his business is a fool. The wicked desireth the net

of evil [men ;) longs to practise the arts by which other wicked men draw their neighbours and acquaintance into snares, and therrby enrich themselves : but the root of the righteous yieldeth

(fruit ;] the righteous have enough, and are comfortable without 13 such unjust courses. The wicked is snared by the transgression

of his lips ; cuts his throat with his orun tongue, brings upun him

self troubles and law suits : but the just inan shall come out of 14 trouble, by his prudent specches and conduct. A man shall be

satisfied with good by the fruit of (his) mouth : and the recompense of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him ; his good

words, and much more his good actions, shall be remembered 15 and rewarded. The way of a fool (is) right in his own eyes ; he

is confident and asks no advice : but he that hearkeneth unto

counsel, who does not rely entirely upon his own judgment, [is] 16 wise. A fool's wrath is presently known ; he fires immediately,

which shor's his folly : but a prudent (man) overcometh shame;

he curbs his passions, and his resen!ment of the greatest injuries. 17 (He that) speaketh truth showeth forth righteousness; he who

is used 10 speak truth in common conversation, will do it in public 18 as a witness ; but a false witness deceit. There is that speaketh

like the piercings of a sword ; the cut throat, or common assassin, is not more pernicious than the man who makes it his business to wound his neighbour's reputation and 899 discord among them :

but the tongue of the wise [is] health, or healiny, it promotes 19 peace and love. The lip of truth shall be established for ever: bat a

lying tongue [is] but for a moment; he loses his credit, and is not

Lo believed when he apieaks truth. Deceit [is] in the heart of them

that imagine evil; they deceive themselves, and bring mischief on their own heads : but to the counsellors of peace (is) joy ; it is

a comfortable reflection, that they have always taken the mildest side, 21 have endeavoured to make peace, and not firomote discord. There

shall no real evil happen to the just : but the wicked shall be

filled with mischief, even when filled with sensual gratifications. 22 Lying lips (are) abomination to the Lord; he abhors all kind

and degree of falsehood : but they that deal truly, as well as speak truly, (are) his delight ; and this circumstance of being loved or

hated of God, will turn the balance as to all firesent advantages. 23 A prudent man concealeth knowledge ; does not make a promp or

show of it, but knows when to be silent : but the heart of fools pro

claimeth foolishness; while they want to show their knowledge 24 they only proclaim their ignorance and folly. The hand of the

diligent shall bear rule ; shall have wealth and power : but the

slothful shall be under tribute ; will always be in straits, and de. 25 pendant upon others. Heaviness in the heart of man maketh it

stoop, therefore those who are sorrowful and low spirited should not pore on their sorrows, but pursue their business, and get into friendly and cheerfil company : but a good word maketh it glad,

therefore others should be ready to comfort them. This is especially 26 applicable to the promises of God's word. The righteous (is)

more excellent than his neighbour in every respect, and particu

larly as he does not delude himself with vain hopes : but the way 27 of the wicked seduceth them ; they do ill for themselves. The

slothful (man) roasteth not that which he took in hunting; does not make the best of his circumstances, like a man who has taken the trouble of hunting, and through mere sloth will not dress his game, bilt suffers it to spoil by him : but the substance of a

diligent man [is] precious; he makes the best of it, and it gives 28 him comfort. In the way of righteousness [is] life ; and in the

pathway (thereof there is) no death ; it is a sure way to happi. ness here, and to immortal life hereafier. We see from hence of what importance humility, diligence, and the wise government and use of the tongue are to our prosperity for both worlds. Let us habitually practise the government of the thoughts, in order to ob. tain the government of the tongue ; and as a grand motive to this, reinember that ' in the way of righteousness is life, and that in the pathway thereof there is no death.'





scorner heareth ņot rebuke, therefore there is no hope of 2 him, he is not likely to be wise. A man shall eat good by the

fruit of [his] mouth : but the soul of the transgressors (shall eat] violence in the present life, but eshecially hereafier, when by our words we shall be justified, and by our words we shall be con. S demned. He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life from

guilt and grief : [but] he that openeth wide his lips, a slanderer or a brawler, who bolts out every thing that comes uppermost,

shall have destruction ; shall lose his reputation, and bring ruin 4 upon himself. The soul of the sluggard, who will and will not,

has no resolution, who loves gain, but hates the exertions of the dil

igent, such an one desireth, and (hath] nothing : but the soul of 5 the diligent shall be made fat. A righteous (man] hateth lying

in himself and others : but a wicked (man) is loathsome to God 6 and man, and cometh to shame. Righteousness keepeth shim

that is] upright in the way : but wickedness overthroweth the 7 sinner, though he foolishly seeks establishment by it. There is that

maketh himself rich, yet (hath] nothing : [there is) that maketh himself poor, yet (hath] great riches. This is applicable to the figure persons make in the world ; therefore we have need of prudence in judging of others, and in trusting them. It is equally

applicable to sfuiritual things, to conceited and modest persons. & The ransom of a man's life Care] his riches ; these sometimes ex

pose men to injuries, persecutions, and false accusations, so that they are glad to part with their riches to ransom their lives : but the poor heareth not rebuke ; they are often free from these

things, men do not think it worth while to sue them, because there is 9 nothing to be got. The light of the righteous rejoiceth, like the

sun, with constant, pleasant brightness, which, though clouded or eclipsed, is not extinguished: but the lamp, the poor, glimmering

candle of the wicked shall be put out, with a disagreeable stench, 10 however bright it may have been. Only by pride cometh con

tention ; this is the chief cause of quarrels in kingdoms, churches, and families, and of the continuance of them : but with the well ad

vised [is] wisdom ; they act with prudence, yield, and study 11 peace. Wealth [gotten} hy vanity, by cheating, lying, and ga

ming, shall be diminished : but he that gathereth by labour,

that is, by honest industry, shall increase ; it will wear well. 12 Hope deferred maketh the heart sick : but [when] the desire

cometh, [it is] a tree of life; the most desirable thing in the world. This should teach us not to raise our expectations too high, but to

expect and prepare for disappointments ; and also not to keep 13 others in suspense, when they expect any benefit froin us. Whoso

despiseth the word, that is, good admonition from God or man, who will not study it, and be ruled by it, shall be destroyed ; but

he that feareth the commandment, who reverences the precept, 14 and feareth the penalty, shall be rewarded. The law of the wise

[is] a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death ; it af15 fords him comfort, and preserves him from temptation. Good

understanding giveth favour ; wisslom and piety are most amiable and acceptable to all : but the way of transgressors [is] hard;

rough and perplexed, however pleasant and flowery at its first ):16 trance. Every prudent (man) dealeth with knowledge, he u.

dertakes nothing but what he understands, and proceeds cautious?;; Vol. V.


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