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at the Opening Session of the

International Congress of Engineering

Held in the Memorial Art Palace, in the City of Chicago,

During the Week Beginning Monday, July 31, 1893.

The various divisions of the World's Congress of Engineers met in joint session at the Hall of Washington in the Memorial Art Palace, Chicago, Illinois, on Monday, July 31, 1893, at ten o'clock A. M.

Mr. Charles C. Bonney, president of the World's Congress Auxiliary of the World's Columbian Exposition, called the congress to order and delivered an address of welcome.

Mr. Bonney stated that, owing to the unavoidable absence of Mr. E. L. Corthell, chairman of the general committee of the World's Congress Auxiliary on Engineering Congresses, Mr. 0. Chanute, first vicechairman of the committee, would act as presiding officer in his stead.

Mr. 0. Chanute was then introduced by Mr. Bonney, and after referring to a communication from Mr. Corthell dated City of Mexico, July 22nd, stating that on account of continued indisposition and for other reasons it would be impossible for him to be present, delivered a further greeting.

Mr. 0. Chanute stated that there were so many countries represented that it was impossible to hear from them all at this session, and that therefore he would call for responses from only five or six of the principal countries, and would first ask for a response from the mother country-Great Britain.

Sir Benjamin Baker, builder of the Forth bridge, was then introduced and responded for Great Britain.

For France, Baron Quimette de Rochemont responded in the French language. His remarks were translated into English by the chairman.

Mr. Chanute then introduced Mr. B. 0. Gleim, of Hamburg, the representative of the Associated Engineering Societies of Germany, who responded for Germany.

Mr. Hugo Koestler, chief engineer of the Austrian State Railway, after stating in English that he had the honor to bring the compliments of the Austrian Society of Civil Engineers and also of the Engineers who were sent by the Austrian Government and the Austrian Railroad, responded in German for AustriaHungary

Prof. Neiberg, of St. Petersburg, responded for Russia, and Mr. Celso Capacci for Italy.

The chairman then stated that he hoped to hear at greater length at the closing session from the representatives of the various foreign societies represented in the congress.

The chairman of the various divisions were then called upon to respond and addresses were accordingly made as follows:

On behalf of Division A, Civil Engineering, by Mr. William Metcalf, president American Society of Civil Engineers, chairman.

On behalf of Division B, Mechanical Engineering, by Mr. Eckley B. Coxe, president American Society of Mechanical Engineers, chairman.

On behalf of Division C, Mining Engineering, and Division D, Metallurgical Engineering, jointly in charge of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, by Mr. Henry M. Howe, president American Institute of Mining Engineers, chairman.

On behalf of Division E, Engineering Education, by Prof. I. O. Baker, University of Illinois, chairman.

On behalf of Division F, Military Engineering (Major Clifton Comly, chairman of that division, not present) by Lieut. Henry L. Harris, secretary.

On behalf of Division G, Marine and Naval Engineering and Naval Architecture, by Com. George W. Melville, Chief Engineer U. S. Navy, chairman.

The chairman then announced that printed advance copies of the different papers to be read could be had by application to the secretary of divisions A, B, C, D, E, F and G, and that a copy of the volumes of proceedings would be given gratuitously to each society represented and to each foreign government represented, and that such volumes of proceedings could be had by individuals at cost, by application to the secretaries of the various divisions.

An invitation was received and read to visit the United States Coast Survey Steamer Blake, on exhibition at the World's Fair.

The chairman then declared the International Congress of Engineers open.


MONDAY, JULY 31, 1893.


Formal opening of the Congress. General session of all divisions.

Hall 33–11:30 A, M.

Opening address, PROFESSOR IRA 0. BAKER, Chairman of University of Illinois.

"Present State of Collegiate Engineering Education."

(a) “Mining Engineering,''* SAMUEL B. CHRISTY, Professor of Mining and Metallurgy, University of California, Berkeley.

(6) "Electrical Engineering,''+ H. S. CARHART, Professor of Electrical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

(c) “Architecture,”+ N. CLIFFORD RICKER, Professor of Architecture, University of Illinois, Champaign.

(d) “Mechanical Engineering,” the Committee in charge of Division. (e) “Civil Engineering,” the Committee in charge of Division.

"The Ideal Engineering Education,” WILLIAM H. BURR, Professor of Engineering, Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

• Presented in joint session of the three divisions of Mining Engineering, Metallurgy and Engineering Education.

fNot presented.


HALL 33-10 A. M.

Papers. “Maximum and Minimum Mathematics Necessary for an Engineer," ARTHUR N. TALBOT, Professor of Applied Mathematics, University of Illinois, Champaign.

"Present Favorable and Unfavorable Tendencies in Engineering Education," PALMER C. RICKETTS, Director Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York.

“Comparison between American and European Methods of Engineering Education,” GEORGE F. SWAIN, Professor of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institutes of Technology, Boston.

† "Civil Engineering Education," J. A. L. WADDELL, Kansas City, Missouri.

† “Views of Practicing Engineers as to the Methods and Needs of Engineering Education."


HALL 33–10 A. M.

Papers. “Shop and Laboratory Equipment," Dr. R. H. THURSTON, Director Sibley College, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

"Laboratory of Hydraulics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology,'' DWIGHT PORTER, Professor of Hydraulic Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston.

"The Teaching of Graphical Methods in Engineering Colleges and Schools," H. S. HELE-SHAW, Professor of Engineering, University College, Liverpool, England.

"Original Research by Students,” R. C. CARPENTER, Professor of Experimental Engineering, Sibley College, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.

CHARLES D. MARX, Leland Stanford Junior University, Pa Alto, California.

† Not presented.

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