Libertas and the Practice of Politics in the Late Roman Republic
Cambridge University Press, 3 Oca 2013
This is a comprehensive analysis of the idea of libertas and its conflicting uses in the political struggles of the late Roman Republic. By reconstructing Roman political thinking about liberty against the background of Classical and Hellenistic thought, it excavates two distinct intellectual traditions on the means allowing for the preservation and the loss of libertas. Considering the interplay of these traditions in the political debates of the first century BC, Dr Arena offers a significant reinterpretation of the political struggles of the time as well as a radical reappraisal of the role played by the idea of liberty in the practice of politics. She argues that, as a result of its uses in rhetorical debates, libertas underwent a form of conceptual change at the end of the Republic and came to legitimise a new course of politics, which led progressively to the transformation of the whole political system.
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according adopted agrarian amongst Antipater Archytas argues argument attested auctoritas balanced constitution beneﬁt Caesar Cato Catulus Cicero civic Clodius commonwealth conceptual conferral of extraordinary consuetudo consul debate decemviri defence deﬁned deﬁnition democracy Dicaearchus Dio Cass Dionysius of Halicarnassus equality extraordinary powers Ferrary ﬁght ﬁnd ﬁrst century BC form of government Gabba Gaius Gaius Gracchus Gracchus Greek idea identiﬁed imperium individual intellectual tradition interests issue land distribution late Republic late Republican Livy magistrates measure mixed and balanced mixed constitution notion ofﬁce ofliberty ofthe opposed optimates Panaetius people’s pilleus plebs Plut politicians Polyb Polybius Pompey Pompey’s preserve proposal Quintilian Quintus recognised reference res publica rhetorical role Roman citizens Roman political Rome Rullus Sall Schoﬁeld Scipio senate senate’s senatus consultum ultimum Sest shared signiﬁcant slavery slaves sources Sparta speciﬁc speech status Tiberius Tiberius Gracchus tribune Varro Varro Ling vote