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wholly in their Power, whom they restored at the Peace to their former Poffeffions, that they may continue to export our Silver.

Cape-Breton therefore was restored, and the French were re-established in America, with equal Power and greater Spirit, having loft nothing by the War which they had before gained.

To the general Reputation of their Arms, and that habitual Superiority which they derive from it, they owe their Power in America, rather than to any real Strength, or Circumstances of Advantage. Their Numbers are yet not great; their Trade, though daily improved, is not very extensive; their Country is barren ; their Fortreffes, though numerous, are weak, and rather Shelters from wild Beasts, or favage Nations, than Places built for Defence against Bombs or Cannons. Cape-Breton has been found not to be impregnable ; 'nor, if we consider the State of the Places possessed by the two Nations in America, is there any Reason upon which the French should have presumed to molest us, but that they thought our Spirit so broken that we durft not resist them; and in this Opinion our long Forbearance easily confirmed them.

We forgot, or rather avoided to think, that what we delayed to do must be done at last, and done with more Difficulty, as it was delayed longer; that while we were complaining, and they were eluding, or answering our Complaints, Fort was rising upon Fort, and one Invasion made a Precedent for another.

This Confidence of the French is exalted by fome real Advantages.

If they possess in those Countries less than we, they have more to gain, and

if they are less numerous, they are better united.

The French compose one Body with one Head, They have all the same Interest, and agree to pursue

less to

azard ;

it by the fame Means. They are subject to a Governor commissioned by an absolute Monarch, and participating the Authority of his Master, Designs are therefore formed without Debate, and executed without Impediment. They have yet more martial than mercantile Ambition, and seldom suffer their military Schemes to be entangled with collateral Projects of Gain : They have no Wish but for Conquest, of which they justly confider Riches as the Consequence.

Some Advantages they will always have as Invaders. They make War at the Hazard of their Enemies: The Contest being carried on in our Territories, we must lose more by a Victory than they will suffer by a Defeat. They will subfift, while they stay, upon our Plantations; and perhaps destroy them when they can stay no longer. If we pursue them, and carry the War into their Dominions, our Difficulties will increase every Step as we advance, for we shall leave Plenty behind us, and find nothing in Canada but Lakes and Forests barren and trackless; our Enemies will shut themselves up in their Forts, against which it is difficult to bring Cannon through so rough a Country, and which, if they are provided with good Magazines, will soon starve those who befiege then.

All these are the natural Effects of their Government and Situation ; they are accidentally more formidable as they are less happy. But the Favour of the Indians which they enjoy, with very few Exceptions, among all the Nations of the Northern Continent, we ought to consider with other Thoughts; this Favour we might have enjoyed, if we had been careful to deserve it. The French, by having these favage Nations on their Side, are always supplied with Spies and Guides, and with Auxiliaries, like the Tartars to the Turks, or the Hufjars to the Germans, of no great Use against Troops ranged in


Order of Battle, but very well qualified to maintain a War among Woods and Rivulets, where much Mischief may be done by unexpected Onsets, and Safety be obtained by quick Retreats. They can waste a Colony by sudden Inroads, furprize the ftraggling Planters, frighten the Inhabitants into Towns, hinder the Cultivation of Lands, and starve those whom they are not able to conquer.






ANTIPAROS is one of the smallest Islands of

the Levant; has but a single Village on it, and very few Inhabitants : It is one continued Mass of Stone, but covered two or three Feet deep, and very rich in Vegetables. In this Island is the famous Grotto, known from the earliest Times, and celebrated down to these. I heard so much of it that I was determined to go down ; but I confess that I often repented my Curiosity, and often gave myself up for loft. I am apt to fufpect no Body

will follow my Example, and that my Account will be the last that ever will be given from personal Observation.

We were led about four Miles from the Town to the Place : The Opening into it is by a vast Cavern formed into a Kind of natural Arch at the Entrance ; this opens in the folid Rock, and its Roof and Sides are rough and craggy. There are some Pillars the Work of Nature, not of Art, which divide this Entrance into two Parts ; on the largest of thefe there is the Remains of an Inscription; it is very ancient, and consists only of fome proper Names. The Greeks, who at present inhabit the land, have a Tradition that they are the Names of the Con

spirators spirators against Alexander the Great, who retired hither as to a Place of the greatest Security that could be found; but there is nothing to countenance this Suppofition.

The Descent into the Cavern is by a floping Walk that begins between two Pillars on the right Hand. 'Tis but a gentle Declivity at first; but afterwards it becomes much more steep. We were now at the farther Part of the Cavern, and our Guides lighted their Torches, and pointed to an Opening that led to the Receffes of the Grotto. They were in no Humour to go down before us. I was obliged to walk in first with a Flambeau in my Hand, and a Fellow with another just behind me; after him followed three more ; and there were still two others behind, who were to keep at a little Diftance, to be ready in case of Accidents.

We had not walked far along this narrow Alley, which was too low to admit our standing upright, when I saw before me a strong Iron Staple driven into the Rock; the Guides, if I may so call the People who went behind, not before us, had told me of this, and one of them had now the Courage to come forward, and fasten a Rope he had brought for that Purpose to the Staple. I had some Difficulty to persuade him to make the first Descent into a frightful Abyss, which was now immediately before us; I was the second that descended; we flid down by means of the Rope, and I found myself on a level Floor with Walls of rough Rock all about me, and a vast arched Roof above. There had been nothing particular in the Sound of my Guide's Voice from below; but that of those who answered me from above, was echoed to us in Thunder. When we were all Tanded, a Gratuity, which I gave

the bold Fellow who descended first, encouraged hiin to precede us again; he turned to the Right, and led us, after a few Paces, to the Bririk


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