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(By the AUTHOR of The Cave of MORAR.)


' ES here in the Sylyan Retreat,

Where INNOCENCE carelesly strays,
SIMPLICITY fixes her Seat,

And numberless Beauties displays.
How sweet are the Nymphs in her Train,

While Modesty leads them along,
How pleasing the Notes of the Swain

Who warbles her elegant Song. The Arbours that wave in the Gale,

The Warblers that fing on the Boughs, The Flow'rets that bloom on the Dale,

The Stream that enchantingly flows,

The Grotto's impervious Glooms,

Where thick-throbbing Terror alarms, The Rock where the Jeffamine blooms,

Acquire from her Bounty their Charms.

Her Manner is soft and refin'd,

She's free from affected Disguise, She's gentle, she's friendly, she's kind,

And Sympathy beams in her Eyes ;

She's She's deck'd in the Garments of Ease,

She smiles with an innocent Air, With Sweetness that always must please,

With Softness becoming the Fair.

Would CHLORIS more lovely appear,

And Beauty's bright Graces improve, These magical Robes let her wear,

And yield to the Impulse of Love.

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Would Damon to Glory aspire,

And swell, with true Ardor, the Strain, Simplicity's Charms must inspire,

And soften the Breast of the Swain.





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Expectation is more fallacious than that

which Authors form of the Reception which their Labours will find among Mankind. Scarcely any Man publishes a Book, whatever it be, without believing that he has caught the Moment when the publick Attention is vacant to his Call, and the World is disposed in a particular Manner to learn the Art which he undertakes to teach.

The Writers of this Volume are not so far exempt from epidemical Prejudices, but that they likewise pleafe themselves with imagining, that they have reserved their Labours to a propitious Conjuncture, and that this is the proper Time for the Publication of a DICTIONARY OF COMMERCE.

The Predictions of an Author are very far from Infallibility; but in Justification of some Degree of Contidence it may be properly observed, that there was never from the earliest Ages a time in which Trade so much engaged the Attention of Mankind, or commercial Gain was fought with such general Emulation. Nations which have hitherto cultivated no Art but that of War, nor conceived any Means of encreasing Riches but by Plunder, are awakened to more inoffensive Industry. Those whom the Poffellion of fubterraneous Treasures have long disposed to accommodate themselves by foreign Industry, are

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at last convinced that Adleness never will be rich. The Merchant is now invited to every Port, Manu actures are establifhed in all Cities, and Princes, who just can view the Sea from some single Corner of their Dominions, are enlarging Harbours, erecting mercantile Companies, and preparing to traffick in the remotest Countries.

Nor is the Form of this Work less popular than the Subject. It has lately been the Practice of the Learned to range Knowledge by the Alphabet, and publish Dictionaries of every Kind of Literature. This Practice has perhaps been carried too far by the Force of Fashion. Sciences, in themselves syste, matical and coherent, are not very properly broken into such fortuitous Distributions. A Dictionary of Arithmetick or Geometry can serve only to confound. But Commerce, considered in its whole Extent, seems to refuse any other Method of Arrangement, as it comprises innumerable Particulars unconnected with each other, among which there is no Reason why any should be first or last, better than is furnished by the Letters that compofe their Names.

We cannot indeed boast ourselves the Inventors of a Scheme so commodious and comprehensive. The French, among innumerable Projects for the Promotion of Traffick, have taken care to supply their Merchants with a Dictionaire de Commerce, collected with great Industry and Exactness, but too large for common Use, and adapted to their own Trade. This Book, as well as others, has been carefully consulted, that our Merchants may not be ignorant of any thing known by their Enemies or Rivals.

Such indeed is the Extent of our Undertaking, that it was necessary to solicite every Information, to consult the Living and the Dead. The great Qualification of him that attempts a Work thus general, is Diligence of Enquiry. No Man has Opportunity 4


or Ability to acquaint himself with all the Subjects of a Commercial Dictionary, so as to describe from his own Knowledge, or affert on his own Experience. He must therefore often depend upon the Veracity of others, as every Man depends in common Life, and have no other Skill to boast than that of selecting judiciously, and arranging properly.

But to him who considers the Extent of our Subject, limited only by the Bounds of Nature and of Art, the Talk of Selection and Method will appear fufficient to overburthen Industry and distract Attention. Many Branches of Commerce are fubdivided into smaller and smaller Parts, till at last they become fo minute as not casily to be noted by Observation. Many Interests are so woven among each other as not to be disentangled without long Enquiry; many Arts are industriously kept secret, and many Practices neceffary to be known are carried on in Parts too remote for Intelligence.

But the Knowledge of Trade is of so much Importance to a Maritime Nation, that no Labour can be thought great by which Information may be obtained; and therefore we hope the Reader will not have Reason to complain, that, of what he might justly expect to find, any thing is omitted.

To give a Detail or Analysis of our Work is very difficult; a Volume intended to contain whatever is requisite to be known by every Trader, necessarily becomes lo miscellaneous and unconnected as not to be easily reducible to Heads; yet, since we pretend in fome Measure to treat of Traffick as a Science, and to make that regular and systematical which has hitherto been to a great Degree fortuitous and conjectural, and has often succeeded by Chance rather than by Conduct, it will be proper to shew that a Distribution of Parts has been attempted, which, though rude and inadequate, will at least preserve


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