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If to the Senate then he chance to go,
He gets his Lesson well, and cries out--No.
The Crowd straight hail an Idol of their own,
Made of the true Materials Wood or Stone:
Him the loud Voice of glowing Fame pursues ;
Nay more-those Oracles of Truth-the News :
For him rich Steams of fragrant Incense rise,
And smoky Off'rings reach the vaulted Skies.
Unknowing then despise no earthly Clod,
For Crowds have chang'd a BULLOCK to a God.

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HE Original of this celebrated Performance

lay in Manuscript above a Century and Half. Though it was read with the greatest Pleasure by the Learned of Italy, mo Man was hardy enough, during so long a Period, to introduce to the World a Book, in which the Successors of St. Peter were handled so roughly: A Narrative, where Artists and Sovereign Princes, Cardinals and Courtezans, Ministers of State and Mechanicks, are treated with equal Impartiality.

At length, in the Year 1730, an enterprizing. Neapolitan, encouraged by Dr. Antonio Cocchi, one of the politest Scholars in Europe, published this somuch-desired Work in one Volume Quarto. The Doctor gave the Editor an excellent Preface, which with very flight Alteration, is judiciously preserved by the Translator Dr. Nugent : The Book, is not withstanding, very scarce in Italy; the Clergy of Naples are very powerful, and though the Editor


very prudently put Colonia instead of Napoli in the Ti. tle Page, the Sale of Cellini was prohibited; the Court of Rome has actually made it an Article in their Index Expurgatorins, and prevented the Importation of the Book into any Country where the Power of the Holy See prevails.

The Life of Benvenuto Cellini is certainly a Phænomenon in Biography, whether we consider it with respect to the Artist himfelf, or the great Variety of historical Facts which relate to others: It is indeed a very good Supplement to the History of Europe during the greatest Part of the sixteenth Century, more especially in what relates to Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, and the most eminent Masters in those elegant Arts, whose Works Cellini praises or censures with peculiar Freedoin and Energy

As to the Man himself, there is not perhaps a more singular Character among the Race of Adam : The admired Lord Herbert of Cherbury scarce equals Cellini in the Number of peculiar Qualities which feparate him from the Rest of the Human Species.

He is at once a Man of Pleasure, and a Slave to Superstition; a Despiser of vulgar Notions, and a Believer in magical Incantations ; a Fighter of Duels, and a Composer of Divine Sonnets ardent Lover of Truth, and a Retailer of visionary Fancies; an Admirer of Papal Power, and a Hater of Popes; an Offender against the Laws, with a strong Reliance on Divine Providence. If I may be allowed the Expression, Cellini is one striking Feature added to the Human Form--a Prodigy to be wondered at, not an Example to be imitated.

Though Cellini was so blind to his own Imperfections as to commit the most unjustifiable Actions, with a full Persuasion of the Goodness of his Cause and the Rectitude of his Intention, yet '

no Man was a keener and inore accurate Observer of the


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Blemishes of others; hence his Book abounds with sarcastic Wit and satirical Expression. Yet though his Portraits are sometimes grotesque and overcharged, from Misinformation, from Melancholy, from Infirmity, and from Peculiarity of Humour ; in general it must be allowed that they are drawn from the Life, and conformable to the Idea given by cotemporary Writers. His Characters of Pope Clement the Seventh, Paul the Third and his Bastard Son Pier Luigi, Francis the First, and his favourite Mistress Madam d'Estampes, Cosmo Duke of Florence and his Duchess, with many others, are touched by the Hand of a Master.

General History cannot descend to minute Details of the domestic Life and private Transactions, the Passions and Foibles of great Personages; but these give truer Representations of their Characters than all the elegant and laboured Compositions of Poets and Historians.

To fome a Register of the Actions of a Statuary may seem a Heap of uninteresting Occurrences ; but the Discerning will not disdain the Efforts of a powerful Mind, because the Writer is not ennobled by Birth, or dignified by Station.

The Man who raises himself by consummate Merit in his Profession to the Notice of Princes, who converses with them in a Language dictated by honest Freedom, who scruples not to tell them those Truths which they must despair to hear from Courtiers and Favourites, from Minions and Parafites, is a bold Leveller of Distinctions in the Courts of powerful Monarchs. Genius is the Parent of Truth and Courage ; and these, united, dread no Oppofition.

The Tuscan Language is greatly admired for its Elegance, and the meanest Inhabitànts of Florence speak a Dialect which the Rest of Italy are proud to imitate. The Stile of Cellini, though plain and


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familiar, is vigorous and energetic. He possesses, to an uncommon Degree, Strength of Expression, and Rapidity of Fancy Dr. Nugent seems to have carefully studied his Author, and to have translated him with Ease and Freedom, as well as Truth and Fidelity.

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