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ERE sleeps what once was Beauty, once

was Grace, Grace, that with Sense and Tenderness combin'd, To form that Harmony of Soul and Face,

Where Beauty shines the Mirror of the Mind.

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Such was the Maid, who, in the Morn of Youth,

In Virgin Innocence, in Nature's Pride,
Bleft with each Art which owes its Charm to Truth,

Sunk in her Father's fond Embrace, and died.

He weeps- venerate the holy Tear!

Faith lends her Aid to ease Afriction's Load, The Parent mourns his Child upon her Bier,

The Christian yields an Angel to his God,


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THE Lives of learned Men, and especially Phithe Shade of Obscurity; amongst Books and Manuscripts, in Schools and Colleges; amongst Men unacquainted with the Intrigues of Courtiers and Schemes of Statesmen; amongst such as are Strangers to all the Noise and Parade of the Military, and the Tumult and Bustle of the busy and commercial Part of the World: the fole Ambition of studious Men is, generally, at least, to make literary. Conquests, and to extend the Boundaries of Science,

From a Life thus private and inactive, no Materials can be obtained to amuse the common Readers of Biography, who require Actions more fplendid and vigorous, and Occurrences more varied and striking. They can find little or no Entertainment in such Narratives as rarely contain more than Accounts of learned Controversies acutely managed, or of clerical Duties faithfully discharged.

All that we can gather relating to the Life of Dr. John Eachard, may be comprized in a very narrow Compass,


He was born of a good Family in the County of Suffolk. After being instructed in the first Elements of Learning at a Grammar-School; he was sent to Catharine Hall

, in the University of Cambridge, where he was admitted May 10, 1653; and was elected Fellow, July 9, 1658. He took the Degree of Batchelor of Arts 1656, and that of Master in 1660.

In 1670, he published his celebrated Work, called, The Grounds and Occasion of the Contempt of the Clergy and Religion enquired into. It was attacked by an anonymous Writer, the following Year, in an Answer to a Letter of Enquiry into the Grounds, &c. And by Barnabas Oley and several others, and amongst the rest the famous Dr. John Owen, in a Preface to fome Sermons of W. Bridge *.

Eachard replied to the first, in Some Observations upon an answer to his Enquiry; and in a few Letters printed at the End of his Book, intituled, Mr. Hobbs's State of Nature considered, in a Dialogue between Philautus and Timothy, he took Notice of the Reft of his Opponents, whom he treats with less Ceremony than his first Answerer, though he does not consider him as a Person of great Importance, or as a fair and candid Enemy.

Soon after our Author published a I fecond Dialogue between Philautus and Timothy ; called, Some Opinions of Mr. Hobbs's considered it

. In this as well as the former Dialogue, he has employed all the Powers of his Wit to expose the false Reasoning and specious Sophistry of the Philosopher of Malmesbury. And furely the gravest Reader cannot help being highly diverted with the happy Strokes of fine Humour and keen Raillery, with which he has attacked, and entirely confuted the absurd and doga matical Lectures of this inveterate Enemy of true Religion and found Morals. All the serious and systematical Books, written by the most eminent and learned of our Divines, could never have rendered the Philosophy of Hobbs fo contemptible as the incomparable Dialogues of Eachard, which contain the most judicious Arguments, united with the most spirited Satire, and the liveliest Mirth.

Formerly of Emanuel College, Cambridge. 1 This second Dialogue was never published in any Edition of the Author's Works, the last of which was the twelfth. Dedicated to Archbishop Sheldon, May 20, 1673.


Upon the Decease of Dr. John Lightfoot 1675, John Eachard was chosen in his Room Master of Catharine-hall; and in the Year following he was created Doctor of Divinity by a Royal Mandate.

It cannot be doubted, but that Eachard, who was Master of such admirable Wit and fine Fancy, united to a very competent Share of Learning, with a Temper equally chearful and benevolent, muft have been a most agreeable Companion, and a welcome Guest, wherever he went ; yet that grave Antiquary Antony Wood, in some part of his Diary, insinuates, that one of the greatest Prelates of that Age, Archbishop Sheldon, preferred the Pleasure of his Society to the Enjoyment of our Author's chearful and spirited Conversation. Take the Story in his own Words.

Sunday Sir Leol. Jenkyns took with him in the * Morning over the Water to Lambeth, Antony Wood;

and after Prayers, he conducted him up to the Dining-Place Room, where Archbishop Sheldon

received him, and gave him his Blessing. There " then dined among the Company John Eachard,

the Author of "The Contempt of the Clergy," who sat at the lower End of the Table between

the Archbishop's two Chaplains, Sam. Parker and Tho. Tompkins, being the first Time the faid Eachard ''was introduced unto the said Archbishop's Com

pany. After Dinner the said Archbishop went • into his Withdrawing-Room, and Eachard, with • the Chaplains and Ralph Snow, to their Lodgings

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s to drink and smoak. · Sir Leol. Jenkyns took then « A. Wood by the Hand, and conducted him into the Withdrawing-Room to the Archbishop.'

From this invidious Narrative of the vain and conceited A. Wood, the very learned and reverend Commentator of Pope's Works has been induced to charge Archbishop Sheldon with Want of Dircernment and Taste ; and to represent him as a Man, who could prefer the Society of the dullest Fellow in the Universe to that of one eminently distinguished for his Vivacity and Wit. With Submission to so great ? Writer, I must beg Leave to say, that it is not difficult to make such Observa. tions, nor very easy to support them.

From the Diary itself, we may reasonably suppose that the Archbishop, who was a Friend and Patron of the University of Oxford, might think himself under a Necessity to pay a little Compliment to the Man who was employed in writing the History of that learned Society, aad to encourage him in the Prosecution of the Undertaking; and surely some Marks of Civility were due to a Writer, who, by indefatigable Industry, had alınost accomplished a very laborious as well as useful Work. It is very evident, that this Prelate was a firin Friend to our Author, and, as far I can guess from his own Words, a bountiful Mecænas to him; nay, in the Dedication of his first Dialogue, he produces his Grace as a strong Instance of the great and noble Qualities inherent in Human Nature, in Opposition to the Philosopher Hobbs, who endeavours to de grade her noblest Works : Such a Man then as Sheldou, who was universally acknowledged to be a most generous and munificent Patron of Learning ; who was a Statesman, a Courtier, and an accomplished Gentleman, certainly knew how to distinguish between the dull, though useful Qualities of


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