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Subjects from their Oaths of Allegiance, and make it their Duty to take up Arms aginst their Sovereign, That he may depose Kings without any Fault committed by them, if the Good of the Church re. quires it: That the Clergy are exempt from all Tribute to Kings, and are not accountable to them even in Cafes of High Treason. That the Pope cannot err : That his Decisions are to be received and obeyed on Pain of Sin, though all the World should judge them to be false. That the Pope is God upon Earth, that his Sentence and that of God are the fame, and that to call his Power in Question, is to call in Question the Power of God. Maxims equally shocking, weak, pernicious, and absurd! which did not require the Abilities or Learning of Father Paul to demonstrate their Fallhood and destructive Tendency.
It may be easily imagined that such Principles were quickly overthrown, and that no Court hut that of Rome thought it for its Interest to favour them. The Pope therefore finding his Authors confuted, and his Cause abandoned, was willing to conclude the Affair by Treaty, which, by the Mediation of Henry IV. of France, was accommodated upon Terms very much to the Honour of the Ve. netians.
But the Defenders of the Venetian Rights were, though comprehended in the Treaty, excluded by. the Romans from the Benefit of it ; fome upon ditferent Pretences were imprisoned, fome fent to the Galleys, and all debarred from Preferment, their Malice was chiefly aimed against Father Paul, who foon found the Effects of it; for as he was going one Night to his Convent, about fix Months after the Accommodation, he was attacked by five Ruffians armed with Stilettoes, who gave him no less than fifteen Stabs, three of which wounded him in such a Manner that he was left for dead. The
Murderers fled for Refuge to the Nuncio, and were afterwards received into the Pope's Dominions, but were pursued by divine Justice, and all, except one Man who died in Prison, perished by violent Dea: hs.
This, and other Attempts upon his Life, obliged him to confine himself to his Convent, where he engaged in writing the History of the Council of Trent, a Work unequalled for the judicious Dispofition of the Matter, and artful Texture of the Narration, commended by Dr. Burnet as the completest Model of Historical Writing, and celebrated by Mr. Wotton as equivalent to any Production of Antiquity ; in which the Reader finds ' Liberty • without Licentiousness, Piety without Hypocrisy,
Freedom of Speech without Neglect of Decency, Severity without Rigour, and extensive Learning 6 without Oftentation.'
In this, and other Works of less Consequence, he spent the remaining Part of his Life, to the Beginning of the Year 1622, when he was seised with a Cold and Fever, which he neglected till it became incurable. He languished more than twelve Months, which he spent almost wholly in a Preparation for his Paffage into Eternity; and among his Prayers and Aspirations was often heard to repeat, 'Lord ! now let thy Servant depart in Peace.'
On Sunday the Eighth of January of the next Year, he rose, weak as he was, to Mass, and went to take his Repast with the rest, but on Monday was feised with a Weakness that threatened immediate Death ; and on Thursday prepared for his Change by receiving the Viaticum with such Marks of Devotion, as equally melted and edified the Beholders.
Through the whole Course of his Illness to the last Hour of his Life, he was consulted by the Senate in public Affairs, and returned Answers in his greatest Weakness, with such Presence of Mind, as could only arife from the Consciousness of Innocence.
On Saturday, the Day of his Death, he had 'the Passion of our blessed Saviour read to him out of St. John's Gospel, as on every other Day of that Week, and spoke of the Mercy of his Redeemer, and his Confidence in his Merits.
As his End evidently approached, the Brethren of the Convent came to pronounce the last Prayers, with which he could only join in his Thoughts, being able to pronounce no more than these Words, Esto perpetua, Mayst thou last for ever ;' which was understood to be a Prayer for the Prosperity of his Country
Thus died Father Paul, in the seventy-fint Year of his Age: Hated by the Romans as their most formidable Enemy, and honoured by all the Learned for his Abilities, and by the Good for his Integrity. His Detestation of the Corruption of the Roman Church appears in all his Writings, but particularly in this memorable Passage of one of his Letters:
There is nothing more effential than to ruin the * Reputation of the Jesuits: By the Ruin of the
Jeluits Rome will be ruined ; and if Rome is ruined, Religion will reform of itself.
He appears by many Passages of his Life to have had a high Efteem of the Church of England; and his Friend, Father Fulgentío, who had adopted all his Notions, made no Scruple of administring to Dr. Duncomb, an English Gentleman that fell fick at Venice, the Communion in both Kinds, according to the Common Prayer which he had with him in Italian.
He was buried with great. Pomp at the publie Charge, and a magnificent Monument was erected 10 his Memorial
Dangerously falling through the Ice at God
wood: illustrated with Notes Variorum, by Martin Scribbler, Jun.-Supposed to be written by B. THORNTON, Esq.
EAVE rustic Muse, the Cott and furrow'd
Plains, The Loves of rural Nymphs, and Shepherd Swains; Lay by the lowly Reed, whose fimple Notes Die on the lonely Hills round wattled Cotes,
Furrow'd Plains.] Left we should imagine that the Plains here meant were plain and even, as all Plains
should be, the Author judiciously adds an Epithet
Wattled Cotes.]" An elegant Expreffion,
Critics are in doubt what Instrumentour Poet would here make use of; though I think it is plain, it can be no other than a Jew's Harp. - Nor is it any Objection to say that this is fometimes' in the Mouth of the Vulgar, since its Notes seem adapted to such noble Subjects as this. For, as the Poet Fustian Sackbut, sweetly fings:
Buzzing twangs the Iron Lyre
Whizzing with the wav'ring Wire. Son'rous] Who, that has not loft his Ears, can be fatisfied with the cutting off the long in this Word? I say, read Snorus ; as the Bass of a few's Harp, or, (as it nould be written) Jaws-Harp, very nearly resembles Snoring. B-NTLY.
While condescending Nobles circle round, In bending Attitude, to judge the Sound. This is truly sublime. Here we have the. Humility, (a rare Virtue) the Manner of fitting or standing, and the Posture of the Nobles who are (not barely to hear, but) to try, hang, or acquit the Sound, as they think fit, and all in two Verses.
Fancy delighted touches o'er the Strings,
And warbling to the Groves of Richmond wings. The last Line, I confess, has long puzzled me, and I suspect it is a false Reading, and should be corrected thus : Andrambling thro’ the Groves of Richmond sings. F 2