The Phenomenological Quest Between Avicenna and Heidegger

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Global Academic Publishing, 2000 - 279 sayfa
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The Phenomenological Quest between Avicenna and Heidegger investigates Avicenna’s (Ibn Sina’s; 980–1037) ontological, epistemological, mystic, and linguistic accounts of being while at the same time accounting for Martin Heidegger’s critique of the history of metaphysics. This investigation constitutes one of the first elaborate examinations of Avicenna’s phenomenological considerations of the question of being. The consideration of Avicenna’s philosophical works has been mainly conducted through primary Arabic medieval texts that have not yet been translated into English, French, or German, nor sufficiently addressed by Western scholarship.

Martin Heidegger claims that the history of metaphysics is the history of the oblivion of being while holding that his “fundamental ontology” presents a “genuine phenomenological account that attempts to overcome metaphysics.” However, Avicenna’s philosophical works do testify to the emergence of a phenomenological philosophical tradition that took the question of being to be the most central question of philosophical investigations. This Avicennian philosophical heritage grounded subsequent developments that attested to the rise of a new strain in ontology that overcomes substance and subject based ontology while being characterized by salient phenomenological dimensions. To sum up, Avicenna’s philosophical accounts of being present phenomenological dimensions in ontology that offer alternative phenomenological methods of investigation in ontology that would contribute to the renewal of philosophy in general, and ontology and metaphysics in particular.
 

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İçindekiler

PREFACE
xiii
Aims
xv
A Remark about Avicenna
xvii
Methodological Issues
xix
ANAL rac SYNOPSIS
xxi
Introduction
xxiii
The Metaphysical Tradition
xxvii
Heideggers Theory of The Subject
xxx
BEING AND ESSENCE
129
Being Existence Essence and Existents
132
A Reply to the Essentialism Claim
139
CHAPTER 6
149
Suspended Person Argument Cogito Argument
163
AlWahm
171
CHAPTER 7
181
The Recital of Hayy Ibn Yaq zan
187

Heideggers Theory of Modernity
xxxiii
The Ontology of Being
xxxvi
Being Essence
xxxviii
The Epistemology of Being
xl
EX The Authenticity of Being xiii
xlii
Language Being
xlv
Concluding Remarks
xlviii
INTRODUCTION
1
Aims and Particulars
3
Contextual Issues
4
Heideggers Dasein
5
Avicennas Philosophy
7
Modernity and the Obliteration of the Tradition
15
CHAPTER 1
19
CHAPTER 5
20
CHAPTER 2
45
CHAPTER 3
75
CHAPTER 4
95
Additional Remarks on the Modalities of Being
123
Orientation
190
The Mystic Ascension and alMi craj
192
The Recital of the Bird
196
jnAtcc philia and the Authenticity of Being
199
The Recital of Salman wa Absal
205
Symbolism
208
CHAPTER 8
219
Remarks on the Language of Being
222
Hermeneutics and Ta wll
227
AlTawll
235
Doctrinal Accounts of Ta wll
238
Tawll and the Unveiling of Truth
242
Mystery and Poetizing
243
World Things and the Fourfold
248
CONCLUDING REMARKS
251
BIBLIOGRAPHY
259
GLOSSARY OF ARABIC KEY TERMS
267
INDEX
275
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