Sayfadaki görseller

The qualifications of

the good Shepherd. A. M. cir. 3417. and none did search or seek | I, even I, will both search my B.C. cir. 387

A. M. . 3417. B. C. cir. 587. 01. XLVIII. 2after them.

sheep, and seck them out.

QI. XLVIII.2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prişci, R. Roman.,

7 Therefore, ye shepherds, 12 As a shepherd seeketh R. Roman., cir. annum 30. hear the word of the LORD;

cir. annum 30.

out his flock in the day that he 8 As I live, saith the Lord God, surely be- is among his sheep that are scattered ; so cause my flock became a prey, and my flock will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver m became meat to every beast of the field, be- them out of all places where they have been cause there was no shepherd, neither did my scattered in the cloudy and dark day.. shepherds search for my flock, n but the shep- 13 And I will bring them out from the herds fed themselves, and fed not my flock; people, and gather them from the countries,

9 Therefore, O-ye shepherds, hear the word and will bring them to their own land, and of the LORD;

feed them upon the mountains of Israel by 10 Thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I am the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of against the shepherds; and I will require my the country. flock at their hand, and cause them to cease 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and from feeding the flock; neither shall the shep- upon the high mountains of Israel shall their herds p feed themselves any more: for I will fold be : " there shall they lie in a good fold, deliver my flock from their mouth, that they and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the may not be meat for them.

mountains of Israel. 11 For thus saith the Lord God; Behold, 15 I. will feed my flock, and I will cause m.Ver. 5, 6. -n Ver. 2, 10.- Chap. iii. 18; Heb. xii. 17. Joel il. 2. Isa. lxv. 9, 10; Jer. xxiii. 3 ; chap. xxviii. 25; p Ver. 2,8. - Heb. According to the seeking.- Chap. xxx. 3; xxxvi. 24; xxxvii. 21, 22.- Psa. xxiii. 2. Sufer. xxxiji. 12.

them, and scattered the whole flock. Now, the true labourer is worthy of his meat. He who does not lashepherd, the pastor of God's choosing, knows- bour, or, because of his ignorance of God and salvation,

1. How to keep the healthy in health ; and cause cannot labour, in the word and doctrine, deserves them to grow in grace, and in the knowledge of Jesus neither meat nor drink; and if he exact that by law, Christ.

which he has not honestly earned by a proper dis2. How to nourish, feed, and care for the convales- charge of the pastoral functiôn, let him read this chapcent, that they may be brought into a state of spiritual ter, and learn from it what a fearful account he shall soundness.

have to give to the chief Shepherd at the great day; 3. How to reprove, instruct, and awaken those who and what a dreadful punishment shall be inflicted on are still under the full power of the disease of sin, him, when the blood of the souls lost through his ne

4 How to find out and remove the cause of all glect or inefficiency is visited upon him! See the that spiritual weakness of which he sees some slowly notes on chap. iii. 17, &c. dying.

Verse 7. Therefore, ye shepherds, (ye bad and wicked 5. How to deal with those who have fallen into some shepherds,) hear the word of the Lord] In the prescandalous sin, and restore them from their fall. ceding character of the good shepherd the reader will

6. How to find out and turn aside the sore tempta- find, by reversing the particulars, the character of a tion or cruel usage by which some have been driven bad shepherd; and therefore I may be excused from away.

entering into farther detail. 7. How to seek and bring back to the fold those who Verse 10. I will cause them to cease from feeding have strayed into strange pastures, and have had their the flock] God, in this country, unpriested a whole souls perverted by erroneous doctrines ; and knows also hierarchy who fed not the flock, but ruled them with how, by a godly discipline, to preserve him in the flock, force and cruelty; and he raised up a new set of and keep the flock honourably together.

shepherds better qualified, both by sound doctrine and 8. How to oppose, confound, and expel the grievous learning, to feed the flock. Let these be faithful, wolf, who has got among the flock, and is scattering lest God cause them to cease, and raise up other them from each other, and from God. He knows how feeders. to preach, explain, and defend the truth. He is well Verse 12. Cloudy and dark day.) Times of general acquainted with the weapons he is to use, and the distress and persecution ; in such times the shepherd spirit in which he is to employ them.

should be especially watchful. In a word, the true shepherd gives up his life to the Verse 13. I will-feed them upon the mountains) sheep; spends and is spent for the glory of God; and When I bring back the people from their captivity, I gives up his life for the sheep, in defence of them, will raise up to them a holy and diligent priesthood, and in labouring for their welfare. And while he is who shall in all places give them sound instructhus employed, it is the duty of the flock to feed and tion. But this, and some of the following promises, clothe him; and see that neither he nor his family belong to the Christian Church, as we shall find lack the necessaries and conveniencies of life. The below.

"The spiritual David,


the true Shepherd. M. cir. 3417. them to lie down, saith the Lord | drink that which ye have fouled 4. M. cir. 3417 OL. XLVIII. 2. God.

with your feet.

Ol. XLVII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., 16 I will seek that which was 20. Therefore thus saith the

R. Roman., cir. annum 30.

cir. annum 30. lost, and bring again that which Lord God unto them; Behold, was driven away, and will bind up that which I, even I, will judge between the fat cattle and was broken, and will strengthen that which was between the lean cattle. sick : but I will destroy. W the fat and the 21 Because ye have thrust with side and strong; I will feed them with judgment. with shoulder, and pushed all the diseased

17 And as for you, O my flock, thus saith with your horns, till ye have scattered them the Lord GOD: y Behold, I judge between abroad; --> cattle and cattle, between the rams and the 22 Therefore will I save my flock, and they a he-goats.

shall no more be a prey; and · I will judge 18 Seemeth it a small thing unto you to between cattle and cattle. have eaten up the good pasture, but ye must 23 And I will set up one a Shepherd over tread down with your feet the residue of your them, and he shall feed them, even my servant pastures? and to have drunk of the deep David; he shall feed them, and he shall be waters, but ye must foul the residue with your their Shepherd. feet?

24 And. I the LORD will be their God, and 19 And as for my flock, they eat that which my Servant David & a Prince among them; I ye have trodden with your feet; and they the Lord have spoken it.

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See ver. 4; Isa. xl. 11; Mic. iv. 6; Matt. xviii. 11; Mark ii. • Ver. 17. - Ver. 17.d Isa. xl. 11; Jer. xxiji. 4, 5; John 17; Luke v. 32.— -w lsa. x. 16; Amos iv, 1, Jer. x. 24. x. 11; Heb. xiii. 20; 1 Pet. ii. 25; v. 4. — Jer. xxx. 9; chap. y Chap. xx. 37, 38; ver. 20, 22; Zech. x. 3; Matt. xxv. 32, 33. xxxvii. 24, 25; Hos. iii. 5. Ver. 30; Exod. xxix. 45;, chap. 2 Heb. small cattle of lambs and kids.- - Heb. great he-goats. Xxxvii. 27.- *Chap. xxxvii. 22 ; Luke i. 32, 33.

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Verse 16. I will destroy the fat and the strong] Itian ministers must derive their authority to teach, and will destroy those cruel and imperious shepherds who their grace to teach effectually. abuse their authority, and tyrannize over the lock. By the kind providence of God it appears that he

Verse 17. And as for you, my flock] After has not permitted any apostolic-succession to be prehaving spoken to the shepherds, he now addresses the served, lest the members of his Church should seek flock.

that in an uninterrupted succession which must be I judge between cattle and cattle] Between false found in the Head alone. The papists or Roman Caand true professors; between them that have only the tholics, who boast of an uninterrupted succession, which form and them that have the power of godliness ; be-. is a mere fable that never was and never can be tween the backslider in heart and the upright man. proved, have raised-up another head, the pope: And

Verse 18. Have eaten up the good pasture] Arro- I appeal to themselves, in the fear of God, whether gate to yourselves all the promises of God, and will they do not in heart and in speech trace up all their hardly permit the simple believer to claim or possess authority to him, and only compliment Christ as haany token of God's favour.

ving appointed Peter to be the first bishop of Rome, Ye must foul the residue with your feet ?] Ye abuse (which is an utter falsity, for he was never appointed God's mercies; you consume much upon yourselves, to such an office there, nor ever held such an office in and ye spoil more, on which the poor would have been that city, nor, in their sensè, any where else ;) and they glad to feed. There are some who would rather give hold also that the popes of Rome are not so much food to their sporting dogs than to the poor around Peter's successors as God's vicars; and thus both God them, who are ready to starve, and who would be glad and Peter are nearly lost sight of in their papal enuof the crumbs that fall from the table of those masters! merations. With them the authority of the Church is

Verse 20., I will judge between the fat cattle and all in all; the authority of Christ is seldom menbetween the lean cattle.) Between the rich and the tioned. poor,; those who fare sumptuously every day and Verse 24. I the Lord will be their -God, and my those who have not the necessaries of life.

Servant David a Prince) Here we find God and his Verse 23. I will set up one Shepherd-my servant Christ are all in all in his Church, and Jesus is still David] David, king of Israel, had been dead upwards Prince among them; and to him the call and qualifiof four hundred years ; and from that time till now cations of all genuine pastors belong, and from him there never was a ruler of any kind, either in the Jew- they must be derived. And he has blotted out what is ish Church or state, of the name of David. This, then, called uninterrupted succession, that every Christian must be some typical person ; and from the texts minister may seek and receive credentials from himmarked in the margin we understand that Jesus Christ self: Here is the grand reason why the uninterrupted alone is meant, as both Old and New TESTAMENTS succession cannot be made out. And here is the proof agree in this. And from this one Shepherd all Chris-I also that the Church that pretends to it, and builds


cit. annum 30.

XX. 40.

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The spiritual Shepherd,


and his spiritual flock. A M. cir. 3417. 25 And h I will make , with -28 And they shall no more A. M. cir. 3417. B. C. cir. 587. 01. XLVIII: 2 them a covenant of peace, and be a prey to the heathen, nei. 01. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., will cause the evil · beasts to ther shall the beast of the land

R. Roman., cease out of the land. and they devour them; but they shall cir. annum 30. I shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and dwell safely, and none shall make them sleep in the woods.

afraid. 26 And I will make them and the places 29 And I will raise up for them a " plant round about 'my hill n a blessing : and I will of renown, and they shall be no more w con

cause the shower to come down in his sumed with hunger in the land, * neither bear season ; there shall be showers of blessing. the shame of the heathen any more.

27 And P the tree of the field shall yield her 30 Thus shall they know that v I-the LORD fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, their God am with them, and that they, even and they shall be safe in their land, and shall the house of Israel, are my people, saith the know that I am the LORD, when I have Lord God. a broken the bands of their yoke, and delivered 31 And ye my

31 And ye my 2 flock, the flock of my pas them out of the hand of those that "served ture, are men, and I am your God, saith the themselves of them.

Lord God. Chap. xxxvii. 26.- -; Lev. xxvi. 6; Isa. xi. 6-9; xxxv. 9; 9 Lev. xxvi. 13; Jer. ii. 20.- Jer. xxv. 14. See ver. 8; Hos. ii. 18, * Ver. 28; Jer. xxiii. 6. Isa. lvi. 7; chap. chap. xxxvi. 4. Ver. 25; Jer. xxx. 10; xlvi. 27.- Isa. xi. m Gen. xii. 2; Isa. xix. 24; Zech. viii. 13. — Lev. 1; Jer. xxiii. 5.- Or, for renown.

w Heb. taken away. xxvi. 4. Psa. lxvii. 9.; Mal. iii. 10. - Lev. xxvi. 4; Psa. Chap. xxxvi. 3, 6, 15.- - Ver. 24; chap. xxxvii. 37. - Psa.” \xxxv. 12; Isa. iv. 2.

c. 3; John x. 11. upon it, must be à false Church ; for it is founded on men who are Christians, who have the spirit of Christ a falsity ; an uninterrupted succession which does not in them, and do not bear his name in vain. I believe exist either in history or in fact.

the words might be applied to the Christian Church; Verse 25. I will make with them a covenant of peace) but that Christ may be called a plant or plantation The original is emphatic : disa mind ons nii ve- here,--as he is elsewhere called a branch and a rod, charatti lahem berith shalom, " And I will cut with Isa. iv, 2 ; xi. 1 ; so Jer. xxiii. 5 ; xxxv. 15,-is most them the peace covenant;" that is, a covenant sacri- probable. He is the Person of name, owh leshem, fice, procuring and establishing peace between God JÈSUS ; the Saviour, CHRIST; the Anointer, long spoand man, and between man and his fellows. I need ken of before he was manifested in the flesh, and since not tell the reader that the cutting refers to the ancient the daily theme in the Church militant. It is he who mode of making covenants. The blood was poured out; hath loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own the animal was divided from mouth to tail, exactly in blood, no other name being given under heaven among two; the divisions placed opposite to each other; the men by which we can be saved; he who has a name contracting parties entered into the space, going in at above every name, and at whose name every knee each end, and met in the middle, and there took the shall bow; through whose name, by faith in his name, covenant oath. He is the Prince of peace, and through the diseased are healed; and in whose name all our him come glory to God in the highest, and peace and prayers and supplications must be presented to God to good will to men upon earth.

make them acceptable. This is the Person of n'AME! And will cause the evil beasts to cease] These false They shall be no more consumed with hunger) For and ravenous pastors. Christ purges them out of his this glorious plant of name is the Bread of life; and Church, and destroys that power by which they lorded this is broken in all the assemblies of his people where it over God's heritage.

his name is properly proclaimed. Verse 26. The shower to come down] The Holy Verse 31. And ye my flock] That is, under the Spirit's influence.

allegory of a flock of sheep, I point out men ; under There shall be showers of blessing.) Light, life, joy, that of a pasture, my Church; and under that of a peace, and power shall be manifest in all the assem- shepherd, the Messiah, through whom I am become blies of Christ's people.

' Verse 29. I will raise up-a plant of renown) yoo Adonai Yehovah, the self-existent Being ; the Goverov'y matta leshem, “ a plantation to the name ;" to the nor and Director, as well as the Saviour and Judge, name of CHRIST.. A Christian Church composed of 1 of men.

your God.

אדני יהוה And he who is your God is

CHAPTER XXXV. The prophet having formerly predicted the ruin of Edom, the same with Seir, (chap. xxv. 12;) now resumes and

pursues the subject at greater length, intimating, as did also Isaiah, (chap. xxi. 11, 12,) that though other nations should recover their liberty after the fall of the Babylonian monarchy, the Edomites should continue in bondage for their very despiteful behaviour towards the children of Israel in the day of their calamity, 1-15.

eir. annum 30.

The final overthrow of


the persecuting Edomites. 1.4. cir: 347. MOREOVER the word of the 8 P And I will fill his moun. 4. M. cir. 3417. OI. XLVIII. 2. LORD came unto me, saying; tains with his slain men: in thy 01. XLVII, 2. Tarquinii Prisci,

Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman, 2 Son of man, a set thy face hills, and in thy valleys, and R. Roman., cir. annum 30.

against Mount Seir, and pro- in all thy rivers, shall they fall phesy against it.

that are slain with the sword. 3 And say unto it, Thus saith the Lord God; 9 ? I will make thee perpetual desolations, Behold, O Mount Seir, I am against thee, and and thy cities shall not return: and ye shall "I will stretch out mine hand against thee, know that I am the LORD. and I will make thee e most desolate.

10 Because thou hast said, These two na4 'I will lay thy cities waste, and thou shalt tions and these two countries shall be mine, be desolate, and thou shalt know that I am and we will • possess it; whereas "the LORD the LORD.

was there : 5 Because thou hast had a perpetual 11. Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord God, hatred, and hast ished the blood of the chil. I will even do, according to thine anger, and dren of Israel, by the k force of the sword in according to thine envy which thou hast used the time of their calamity,-' in the time that out of thy hatred against them; and I will their iniquity had an end :

make myself known among them, when I have 6 Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord God, judged thee. I will prepare thee unto blood, and blood shall 12 w And thou shalt know that I am the pursue thee :

m sith thou hast not hated blood, LORD, and that I have heard all thy blaseven blood shall pursue thee.

phemies which thou hast spoken against the 7 Thus will I make Mount Seir " most deso- mountains of Israel, saying, They are laid delate, and cut off from it ohim that passeth out solate, they are given us * to consume. and him that returneth.

13 Thus Y with your mouth ye have a boasted • Chap. vi. 2.= b Deut. ij. 5. Jer. xlix. 7, 8; chap. xxv. Judg. v. 6; chap. xxix. 11.- -p Chap. xxxi. 12; xxxi. 5. 12; Amos i. Il ; Obad. 10, &c. -d Chap. vi. 14. - Heb. des. 9 Jer. xlix. 17, 18; ver. 4; chap. xxv. 13, Mal. i. 3, 4. olation and desolation ; so ver. 7.-Ver. 9. < Chap. xxv. 12.; vi. 7; vii. 4,9; xxxvi. 11. s Psa. Ixxxii. 4, 12; chap. xxxvi. Obad. 10.- Or, hatred of old ; chap. xxv. 15. - Heb. pour 5; Obad. 13.- Or, though the LORD was there. - Psa. ed ou the children. Heb. hands. - Psa. cxxxvii. 7; chap. xlviii. 1, 3; cxxxii. 13, 14; chap. xlviii. 35. Matt. vü. 2; xxi. 25, 29; Dan. ix. 24; Obad. II.- -m Psa.eix. 17. Heb. James íi. 13. Chap. vi. 7; Psa. ix. i6. Heb. to devour. desolation and desolation ; ver. 3.

yl Sam. ii. 3; Rev. xiii. 6.- -z Heb. magnified. NOTES ON CHAP. XXXV.

seeks opportunities to add affliction to those who are Verse 2. Set thy face against Mount Seir) That is, already under the rod of God. against the Edomites. This prophecy was probably : Verse 6. Blood shall pursue thee] Thou lovest blood, delivered about the time of the preceding, and before and thou shalt have blood. It is said that Cyrus and the destruction of Idumea by Nebuchadnezzar, which two hundred thousand men weré slain in an ambush by took place about five years after.

Thomyris, queen of the Scythians, and that she cut off Calmet supposes that two destructions of Idumea his head, and threw it into a vessel filled with blood, are here foretold ; one by Nebuchadnezzar, and the with this severe sarcasm :other by the Jews after their return from their cap

Satia te sanguine quem sitisti, Cyre. tivity.

“O Cyrus, now satisfy thyself with blood." Verse 3. Most desolate.] Literally, "A desolation and a wilderness.”

Hence, the figure :Verse 5. A perpetual hatred] The Edomites were

Sarcasmus, with this biting taunt doth kill : the descendants of Esau ; the Israelites, the descend

Cyrus, thy thirst was blood, now, drink thy fill." ants of Jacob. Both these were brothers; and be- Verse 9. Perpetual desolations] Thou shalt have tween them there was contention even in the womb, perpetual desolation for thy perpetual hatred. and they lived generally in a state of enmity. Their Verse 10. These two nations] Israel and Judah. descendants kept up the ancient feud: but the Edom- The Idumeans thought of conquering and possessing ites were implacable ; they had not only a rooted but both; and they would have succeeded, but only the perpetual enmity to the Israelites, harassing and dis. Lord was there ; and this spoiled their projects, and tressing them by all possible means; and they seized blasted their hopes. the opportunity, when the Israelites were most harass- Verse 12. They are laid desolate, they are given us ed by other enemies, to make inroads upon them, and to consume.) They exulted in seeing Judea overrun; cut them off wherever they found them.

and they rejoiced in the prospect of completing the ruin, To afflict the afflicted is cruel. This is scarcely of when the Chaldeans had withdrawn from the land. man, bad as he is. He must be possessed by the Verse 13. Thus with your mouth ye have boasted malignant spirit of the devil, when he wounds the against me] Ye have said you would enter into those wounded, insults over the miseries of the afflicted, and lands, and take them for your inheritance ; though yo

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Restoration of the


mountażns of Israel, A M. cir

. 3417. ágainst · me, and have multiplied 15 b.As thou didst rejoice at the 4. M. cir. 3937: OL. XLVIII. 2.

your words against me : I have. inheritance of the house of Israel, Ol. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman,

Tarquinii Prisci, heard them.

because it was desolate, so will I R. Roman., cir, annum 30.

14 Thus saith the Lord God; do unto thee: thou shalt be deso- cir. annum 30. • When the whole earth rejoiceth, I will make late, O Mount Seir, and all Idumea, even all of thee desolate.

it : and they shall know that I am the LORD.

a Isa. lxv. 13, 14.

bObad. xii. 15.

c'Ver. 3, 4.

knew that God had promised them to the Israelites, and Do as thou wouldst be done by; and what thou wouldst that you should never have them for your portion. not have done to thee, do not to others. And from it

Verse 14. When the whole earth rejoiceth] When we learn that every man may, in some sort, be said to the whole land shall rejoice in the restoration of the make his own temporal good or evil; for as he does to Jews, I will make thee desolate. Probably this refers others, God will take care to do to him, whether it be to the time of the Maccabees,

evil or good, weal or wo. Would you not be slandered Verse 15. So will I do unto thee) Others shall re- or backbitten? Then do not slander nor backbite. joice in thy downfall as thou hast rejoiced at their Wouldst thou' wish to live in peace? Then do not downfall.

disturb the peace of others. Be merciful, and thou This whole chapter strongly inculcates this maxim: shalt obtain mercy.


A. M. cir. 3417.

ye are

B. C. cir. 587.

The Edomites or Idumeans, during the Babylonish captivity, took possession of the mountainous parts of

Judes, and the fortresses which command the country, intending to exclude the Jews if ever they should return from their captivity. The prophet therefore, by a beautiful personification, addresses the mounlains of Israel; and, ascribing to them passions and emotions similar to those of his own breast, consoles them, with the prospect of being soon rid of those .usúrping foes-; of being freed from the dishonour of idols under which they groaned ; and of flourishing again in their ancient glory under their rightful owners, 1-15. The idolatry and other sins of the Jews are then declared to be the cause of their captivity and dispersion, 16–20; from which however they are promised a deliverance in terms of great force and beauty, 21-38. This chapter contains also, under the type of the happy condition of the Israelites after their restoration from the Babylonish captivity, a glorious prophecy of the rich blessings of the Gospel dispensation.

A. M. cir. 3417. B. C. cir. 587.

ALSO, thou son of man, pro-1 of the heathen, and OL. XLVIII. 2. phesy unto the a mountains taken up in the lips of talkers, Ol. XLVIII: 2 Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman.,

of Israel, and say, Ye mountains and are an infamy of the people: R. Roman., cir. annum 30. of Israel, hear the word of the

4. Therefore, ye mountains of cir. annum 30. LORD:

Israel, hear the word of the Lord God; Thus 2 Thus saith the Lord God; Because the saith the Lord God to the mountains, and to the enemy hath said against you, Aha, o even the hills, to the h rivers, and to the valleys, to the ancient high places d are ours in possession : desolate wastes, and to the cities that are for :

3. Therefore prophesy and say, Thus saith saken, which i became a prey and k derision to the Lord God; . Because they have made you the residue of the heathen that are round about; desolate, and swallowed you up on every side, 5 Therefore thus saith the Lord God; that ye might be a possession unto the residue Surely in the fire of jealousy have I

* Chap. vi. 2, 3. — Chap. xxv. 3; xxvi. 2. Deut. xxxii. Or, ye are made to come upon the lip of the tongue.- Or, 13.- Chap. xxxv. 10. - Heb. Because for because. Deut. bottoms, or dales. Chap. xxxiv. 28.- * Psa. lxxix. 4. xviii. 37; 1 Kings ix. 7; Lain. ii. 15; Dan. ix. 16.

1 Deut. iv. 24; chap. xxxviii. 19.

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means thought they would shortly be put in possession Verse 1. Prophesy unto the mountains of Israel] of all the strong places of Israel; the ancient high This is a part of the preceding prophecy, though it places shall be ours. ehiefly concerns the Jews. In it they are encouraged Verse 4. Therefore-thus saith the Lord God to to expect a glorious restoration ; and that none of the the mountains, fc.] They shall neither possess mounevil wishes of their adversaries should take place tain nor valley, hill nor dale, fountain nor rwer; for against them.

though in my justice I made you desolate, yet they Verse 2, Because the enemy hath said] The Idu- shall not profit by your disasters. See ver. 5, 6, and 7.

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