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cir, annum 30.
Gracious promises of
restoration to the Jews.
shall be glorified, saith the Lord with mighty men, and with all R. Roman,
cir, annum 30.
men of war, saith the Lord God.
15 And the passengers that pass through the I am the LORD their God from that day and
16 And also the name of the city shall be iniquity : because they trespassed against me,
17 And, thou son of man, thus saith the them into the hand of their enemies : so fell Lord God; Speak funto every feathered they all by the sword. fowl, and to every beast of the field, & Assem- 24 According to their uncleanness and acble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves cording to their transgressions have I done on every side to my h sacrifice that I do sacri- unto them, and hid my face from them. fice for you, even a great sacrifice i upon
the 25 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and drink blood.
and have mercy upon the ' whole house of - 18 Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name; drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of 26 y After that they have borne their shame, rams, of lambs, and of 'goats, of bullocks, all and all their trespasses whereby they have of them m fatlings of Bashan.
trespassed against me, when they 2 dwelt safely 19 And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and in their land, and none made them afraid. drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice 27 When I have brought them again from which I have sacrificed for you.
the people, and gathered them out of their y Chap. xxviii. 22. Heb. men of continuance, Ver. 12. Rev. xix. 18. Chap. xxxviij. 16, 23.
—Exod. vii. 4. __ That is, the multitude. d Ver. 12.- Rev. Ver. 7, 28. Chap. xxxvi. 18, 19, 20, 23. -- Deut. xxxi. xix. 17.—Heb. 10 the fowl of every wing. - Isa. xviii. 6; 17; Isa. lix. 2.- Lev. xxvi. 25.-- Chap. xxxvi. 19.
- Jer. xxxiv. 6; Jer. xii. 9; Zeph. i. 7. -b Or, slaughter. -i Ver. 4. XXX. 3, 18; chap. xxxiv. 13; xxxvi. 21.- Chap. XX. 40; Hos.
Rev. xix. 18.! Heb. great goats. Deut. xxxii. 14; Psa. i, 11. -y Dan. ix. 16. Lev, xxvi, 5, 6, -Chap. xxvi. xxii. 12. - Psa. lxxvi. 6; chap. xxxviii. 4.
25, 26. found by a passenger, the place was marked, that, the Who shall eat and drink, &c. ? Not the Jews; though buriers might see and inter it. Seven months was little Voltaire says they ate human flesh, and are invited time enough for all this work; and in that country pu- here by the prophet to eat the flesh and drink the blood trescency does not easily take place; the scorching of their enemies; which is a most unprincipled falsewinds serving to desiccate the flesh, and preserve it hood. It is the fowls and the beasts that God invites, from decomposition.
ver. 17: “Speak to every feathered fowl, and to every Verse 17. Gather yourselves to my sacrifice] This beast of the field, assemble yourselves—that ye may is an allusion to a custom common in the east : when a eat Aesh and drink blood ;” nor are the persons altered sacrifice is made, the friends and neighbours of the party in all these verses, 17, 18, 19, 20 : so the assertion sacrificing are invited to come and feast on the sacrifice. of Voltaire is either through brutish ignorance or Sa- Verse 18. Ye shall-drink the blood of the princes tanic malice.. of the earth] I need not mention the custom of the Verse 25. Now will I bring again the captivity of Scandinavians : they were accustomed to drink the, Jacob] Both they and the heathen shall know that it blood of their enemies out of the skulls of the dead. was for their iniquity that I gave them into the hands But this is spoken of fowls and beasts here-wrams, of their enemies : and now I will redeem them from lambs, and goats. The feast shall be as grateful and as those hands in such a way, as to prove that I'am a plenteous to the fowls and beasts, as one made of the merciful God, as well as a just God. above animals, the fattest and best of their kind, (be- Verse 26. After that they have borne their shame] cause fed in the fertile fields of Bashan,) would be to After they shall have borne the punishment due to a line of the guests of him who makes a sacrifice.
conduct which is their shame and reproach, viz. idolatry. Verse 19. And ye shall eat fal—and drink blood] Verse 27. When I have gathered them) Antiochus
b Heb. build.
cir. annum 30.
Gracious promises of
restoration to the Jews. 4 M. cir: 3417. enemies lands, and bam sanc- then : but I have gathered them 4. M. cir. 3417. 01. XLVIII. 2: tified in them in the sight of many unto their own land, and have left 01. XLVIII. 2. Tarquinii Prisci,
Tarquinii Prisci, R. Roman., nations ;
none of them any more there. R. Roman., 28 - Then shall they know 29 e Neither will I hide my face cir. annum 30. that I am the Lord their God, a which caused any more from them, for I have f poured out my them to be led into captivity among the hea- Spirit upon the house of Israel,saith the Lord God. Chap. xxxvi. 23, 24; xxxviii. 16. — Chap. xxxiv. 30; Heb. by my causing of them, &c. Isa, liv. 8.- Joel ii.
28; Zech. xii. 10; Acts ii. 17. had before captured many of the Jews, and sold them Verse 29. For I have poured out my Spirit] That for slaves; see Dan. xi. 33.
is, I will pour out my Spirit ; see the notes on chap. Verse 28. And have left none of them any more xxxvi. 25-29, where this subject is largely considered. there.] All that chose had liberty to return; but many This Spirit is to enlighten, quicken, purify, and cleanse remained behind. This promise may therefore refer to their hearts ; so that, being completely changed, they a greater restoration, when not a Jew shall be left be- shall become God's people, and be a praise in the earth. hind. This, the next verse intimates, will be in the Now, they are a proverb of reproach; then, they shall Gospel dispensation.
be eminently distinguished.
A NEW PLAN OF THE TEMPLE AT JERUSALEM.
(For an explanation of this plan, and of the accompanying map of the division of the Land of Cangan,
see at the end of chap. xlviii.]
The description of
the new temple.
CHAPTER XL. The prophecy or vision, which begins here, continues to the end of the Book. The Temple of Jerusalem
lying in ruins when Ezekiel had this vision, (for its date is the fourteenth year after the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar,) the Jews needed consolation. If they were not promised a restoration of the temple, they would not feel so great an interest in returning home. It is thought by some that no model of Solomon's Temple had remained. To direct them, therefore, in the dimensions, parts, order, and rules of their new temple might be one reason why Ezekiel is so particular in the description of the old; to which the new was conformable in figure and parts, though inferior in magnificence, on account of the poverty of the nation at the time. Whatever was august or illustrious in the prophetic figures, and not literally fulfilled in or near their own times, the ancient Jews properly considered as belonging to the time of the Messiah, Accordingly, upon finding that the latter temple fell short of the model of the tempie here described by Ezekiel, they supposed the prophecy to refer, at least in part, to the period now mentioned. And we, who live under the Gospel dispensation, have apostolical authority for the assertion that the temple and temple worship were emblematic of Christ's Church, frequently represented in the New Testament under the metaphor of a temple, in allusion to the symmetry, beauty, and firmness of that of Solomon; to its orderly worship; and to the manifestations it had of the Divine Presence. This chapler commences with the time, manner, and end of the vision, 1-5, We have next a description of the east gate, 6-19, the north gate, 20-22, and the south gate, 24–31. A farther description of the east gate, 32-34, and of the north gate, 35-38, Account of the eight tables, 39-43; of the chambers, 44-47; and of the porch of the temple, 48, 49.. A. M. 3430.
8. C. 39,320 IN the five and twentieth year teenth year after that 'a the city. A M. 3430. Olymp. LI. 3. of our captivity, in the be- was smitten, in the selfsame day Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, ginning of the year, in the tenth the hand of the LORD was upon Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5.
R. Roman., 5. day of the month, in the four- me, and brought me thither.
NOTES ON CHAP. XL.
Lord, which comprehended the holy place or sanctuary, Verse l. In the five and twentieth year of our cap- and which are so exactly described in the Books of tivity) According to the date here given, this prophecy Kings. He dwells more largely upon the gates, the was delivered on Tuesday, April 20, A. M. 3430, in galleries, and apartments, of the temple, concerning the twenty-fifth year of the captivity of Jeconiah, and which the history of the kings had not spoken, or only fourteen years after the taking of Jerusalem. just taken notice of by the way.
The temple here described by Ezekiel is, in all pro- This is the judgment of Calmet; and although every bability, the same which he saw before his captivity, Biblical critic is of the same opinion, yet more labour and which had been burned by the Chaldeans fourteen is spent on rebuilding this temple of Ezekiel than was years before this vision. On comparing the Books of spent on that built by Solomon! The Jésuits, Prada Kings and Chronicles with this prophet, we shall find and Villalpand, have given three folio volumes on this the same dimensions in the parts described by both; temple, with abundance of cuts, where the different for instance, the temple, or place which comprehended parts are exhibited after the finest models of Grecian the sanctuary, the holy place, and the vestibule or porch and Roman architecture! But still the building is inbefore the temple, is found to measure equally the complete. Now, of what consequence is all this to the same both in Ezekiel and the Kings. Compare 1 Kings Christian, or to any other reader ? I confess I see not. vi. 3–16, with chap. xli. 2, &c. The inside ornaments While, then, we have the exact dimensions and accuof the temple are entirely the same; in both we see rate description in 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles, of that two courts ; an inner one for the priests, and an outer built by Solomon, in imitation of whịch this plan by one for the people. Compare i Kings vi. 29–36; Ezekiel was drawn, we need not be very solicitous 2 Chron. iv. 9, and Ezek. xli. 16, 17, and xlviii. about the manner of measuring and describing used by 7-10. So that there is room to suppose that, in all the prophet; as, when we have laboured through the the rest, the temple of Ezekiel resembled the old one; whole, we have only the measurements and descripand that God's design in retracing these ideas the tion of that built by Solomon, and delineated by a hand prophet's memory was to preserve the remembrance not less faithful in the First Book of Kings, chap. vi., of the plan, the dimensions, the ornaments, and whole and 2 Chron. ii., iii., iv., V., and vi. structure of this Divine edifice; and that at the return As the prophet knew that the Chaldeans had utterly from captivity the people might more easily repair it, destroyed the temple, he thought it necessary to preagreeably to this model
. The prophet's applying him- serve an eract description of it, that on their restoration self to describe this edifice was a motive of hope to the the people might build one on the same model. As to Jews of seeing themselves one day delivered from cap- allegorical meanings relative to this temple, I can say tivity, the temple rebuilt, and their nation restored to nothing: God has given no data by which any thing its ancient inheritance. Ezekiel touches very slightly of this kind can be known or applied ; and as to those upon the description of the temple or house of the who have laboured in this way, perhaps “Solomon's
A. M. 3430.
B. C. 574.
The description of
the new temple. 2 c In the visions of God litele chambers were five cubits;
A. M. 3430. Olymp. LI. 3. brought he me into the land and the threshold of the gate by Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, of Israel, d and set me upon the porch of the gate within was Servü Tullii, R. Roman., 5.
R. Roman., 5. very high mountain, e by one reed. which was as the frame of a city on the 8 He measured also the porch of the gate south.
within, one reed. 3 And he brought me thither, and, behold, 9 Then measured he the porch of the gate, there was a man, whose appearance was ' like eight cubits: and the posts thereof, two cubits; the appearance of brass, 6 with a line of flax and the porch of the gate was inward. in his hand, h and a measuring reed; and he 10 And the little chambers of the gate eaststood in the gate.
ward were three on this side, and three on 4 And the man said unto me, Son of man, that side; they three were of one measure : behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine and the posts had one measure on this side ears, and set thine heart upon all that I shall and on that side. show thee; for to the intent that I might show 11 And he measured the breadth of the them unto thee art thou brought hither : entry of the gate, ten cubits; and the length * declare all that thou seest to the house of of the gate, thirteen cubits. Israel.
12 The "space also before the little cham 5 And behold 'a wall on the outside of the bers was one cubit on this side, and the space house round about, and in the man's hand a was one cubit on that side: and the little measuring reed of six cubits long by the cubit chambers were six cubits on this side, and six and a hand breadth : so he measured the cubits on that side.' breadth of the building, one reed ; and the
he 13 He measured then the gate from the roof height, one reed.
of one little chamber to the roof of another: 6 Then came he unto the gate m which look- the breadth was five and twenty cubits, door eth toward the east, and went up the stairs against door, thereof, and measured the threshold of the
14 He made also posts of threescore cubits, gate, which was one reed broad; and the even unto the posts of the court round about other threshold of the gate, which was one the gate. reed broad.
15 And from the face of the gate of the q And every little chamber was one reed entrance unto the face of the porch of the long, and one reed broad; and between the inner gate were fifty cubits.
Chap. viii. 3. - Rev. xxi. 10.-- Or, upon which,—s Chap. Chap. xliv.5.- Chap. xliii. 10. Chap. xlii. 20.--Heb. í. 7; Dan. x. 6. -6 Chap. xlvii. 3.
Rev. xi. 1 ; xxi. 15. whose face was the way toward the east.- Heb. limil, or bound. Temple Spiritualized, by John Bunyan,” is equally The breadth-one reed; and the height, one reed.] good with their well-intended inventions. Those who As this wall was as broad as it was high, it must have wish to enter much into the particulars of this temple been a kind of parapet, which was carried, of the same must have recourse to the more voluminous expositors, dimensions, all round the temple. See AAAA in the who on this subject seem to have thought that they plan. could never say enough. See also the accompanying map. Verse 6. Went up the stairs thereof ] As the temple
Verse 2. Set me upon a very high mountain Mount was built upon an eminence, there must have been steps Moriah, the mount on which Solomon's temple was on the outside, opposite to each door, to ascend by. built, 2 Chron. ii. 1.
And it appears there were steps to go up from one court Verse 3. A man, whose appearance was like-brass) to another, see ver. 22, 26, 34, 37; and also from the Like bright polished brass, which strongly reflected the court of the priests to the sanctuary, ver. 49. See rays of light. Probably he had what we would term MMMMM in the plan. a nimbus or glory round his head. This was either Verse 7. And every little chamber was one reed] an angel; or, as some think, a personal appearance of These were the chambers of the buildings which were our blessed Lord.
within the inclosure of the temple round the court, and Verse 4. Declare all that thou seest to the house of these chambers appear to have been numerous. See Israel] That they may know how to build the second the map, which has been carefully copied from that of temple, when they shall be restored from their captivity. Calmet.
Verse 5. A measuring reed of six cubits long] The Verse 9. The porch of the gate) See account of the Hebrew cubit is supposed to be about twenty and a gates in the plan. half inches; and a palm, about three inches more; the Verse 15. Fifty cubits.] The length of the building, length of the rod about ten feet six inches.
See MMMMM in the plan.