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A. M. 3430
A. M. 3430
The ilescription of
the new temple. 16 And there were onarrow P| dows : the length was fifty cubits, B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. windows to the little chambers, and the breadth five and twenty Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii, and to their posts within the gate cubits.
Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5. round about, and likewise to the 26 And there were seven steps
• R. Roman., 5. I arches: and windows were round about "in- to go up to it, and the arches thereof were beward : and upon each post were palm trees. fore them: and it had palm trees, one on this
17 Then brought he me into the outward side, and another on that side, upon the posts court, and, lo, there were chambers, and a thereof. pavement made for the court round about : 27 And there was a gate in the inner court * thirty chambers were upon the pavement:
. toward the south: and he measured from gate 18 And the pavement by the side of the gates to gate toward the south a hundred cubits. over against the length of the gates was the 28 And he brought me to the inner court by lower pavement.
the south gate : and he measured the south 19 Then he measured the breadth from the gate according to these measures ; forefront of the lower gate unto the forefront 29 And the little chambers thereof, and the of the inner court without, a hundred cubits posts thereof, and the arches thereof, accordeastward and northward.
ing to these measures : and there were win20 And the gate of the outward court w that dows in it, and in the arches thereof round looked toward the north, he measured the about: it was fifty cubits long, and five and length thereof, and the breadth thereof.
twenty cubits broad. 21 And the little chambers thereof were 30 And the arches round about were y five three on this side, and three on that side ; and and twenty cubits long, and five cubits a broad. the posts thereof and the arches thereof were 31: And the arches thereof were toward the after the measure of the first gate : the length utter court; and palm trees were upon the thereof was fifty cubits, and the breadth five posts thereof; and the going up to it had and twenty cubits.
eight steps. 22 And their windows, and their arches, and 32 And he brought me into the inner court their palm trees, were after the measure of toward the east : - and he measured the gate the gate that looketh toward the east: and according to these measures. they went up unto it by seven steps; and the 33 And the little chambers thereof, and the arches thereof were before them.
posts thereof, and the arches thereof, were 23 And the gate of the inner court was over according to these measures : and there were against the gate toward the north, and toward windows therein and in the arches thereof the east; and he measured from gate to gate round about : it was fifty cubits long, and five a hundred cubits.
and twenty cubits broad. 24 After that he brought me toward the 34 And the arches thereof were toward the south, and behold a gate toward the south : outward court; and palm trees were upon the and he measured the posts thereof and the posts thereof, on this side, and on that side : arches thereof according to these measures. and the going up to it had eight steps.
25 And there were windows in it and in the 35 And he brought me to the north gate, arches thereof round about, like those win- and measured it according to these measures;
o1 Kings vi. 4. -p Heb. closed. -4 Or, galleries, or porches. Or, from urithout. Heb. whose face was.- Or, galleries, • Or, within. - Rev. xi. 2.1 Kings vi. 5.-u Chap. or porches.
verses 21, 25, 33, 36.- - Hebrew, xlv. 5.
Verse 17. The outward court] This was the court twenty cubits long] That the five cubits broad should of the people.
be read twenty-five is evident from verses 21, 25, 29, Verse 21. And the little chambers thereof were three, 33, and 36. The word d'hoyi veesrim, twenty, has fc.) See the plan.
probably been lost out of the text. Indeed the whole Arches] Porch. The arch was not known at this verse is wanting in two of Kennicott's MSS., one of period.
De Rossi's, and one of mine, (Cod. B.) It has been Verse 24. According to these measures.] The same added in the margin of mine by a later hand. It is measures that had been used at the eastern court. reported to have been anciently wanting in many Verse 30. And the arches round about were five and MSS.
A. M. 3430
A. M. 3430.
Anno Servii Tullii
R. Roman., 5.
The description of
the new temple 36 The little chambers thereof, tables was the flesh of the Olymp. LI. 3. the posts thereof, and the arches offering.
Olymp. LI. 3 Servii Tultii; thereof, and the windows to it 44 And without the inner gate
R. Roman., 5 round about : the length was fifty were the chambers of the singcubits, and the breadth five and twenty cubits. ers in the inner court, which was at the side
37 And the posts thereof were toward the of the north gate; and their prospect was utter court; and palm trees were upon the toward the south : one at the side of the east posts thereof, on this side, and on that side : gate having the prospect toward the north, and the going up to it had eight steps. 45 And he said unto me, This chamber,
38 And the chambers and the entries thereof whose prospect is toward the south, is for the were by the posts of the gates, where they priests, f the keepers of the 5 charge of the washed the burnt-offering.
house. 39 And in the porch of the gate were two 46 And the chamber whose prospect is tables on this side, and two tables on that toward the north is for the priests, h the keepside, to slay thereon the burnt-offering and ers of the charge of the altar : These are the * the sin-offering and the trespass-offering. sons of i Zadok among the sons of Levi,
40. And at the side without, • as one goeth up which come near to the LORD to minister to the entry of the north gate, were two unto him. tables ; and on the other side, which was at 47 So he measured the court, a hundred the porch of the gate, were two tables. cubits long, and a hundred cubits broad, four
41 Four tables were on this side, and four square; and the altar that was before the house. tables on that side, by the side of the gate;
by the side of the gate.; 48 And he brought me to the porch of the eight tables, whereupon they slew their sacri- house, and measured each post of the porch, fices.
five cubits on this side, and five cubits on that 42. And the four tables were of hewn stone side : and the breadth of the gate was three for the burnt-offering, of a cubit and a half cubits on this side, and three cubits on that long, and a cubit and a half broad, and one side. cubit high: whereupon also they laid the in- 49 The length of the porch was twenty struments wherewith they slew the burnt- cubits, and the breadth eleven cubits; and he offering and the sacrifice.
brought me by the steps whereby they went 43 And within were hooks, a hand up to it: and there were 'pillars by the posts, broad, fastened round -about: and upon the one on this side, and another on that side.
a Lev. iv. 2, 3.- Lev.v. 6;. vi. 6; vii. 1. • Or, at the step. '2 Chron. xiii. 11 ; Psa. cxxxiv. 1. Or, ward, or ordinance; and d Or, endirons, or the two hearthstones.- € 1 Chron. vi. 31. so ver. 46.- Num. xviii. 5 ; chap. xliv. 15.- il Kings ii. 35; Lev. vii. 35; Num. iii. 27, 28, 32, 38; xviii. 5; 1 Chron. ix. 23; chap. xliii. 19; xliv. 15, 16. 1 Kings vi. 3. - 1 Kings vi. 21.
Verse 39. The porch of the gate] The north gate of Verse 48. Breadth of the gate] It is evident that the court of the priests. See Q in the plan. the gate was a bivalve, or had folding doors. The Two tabies] Some say of marble. See dddd in the plan. length of the porch was twenty cubits. :-Josephus says
Verse 41. Four tables] These were in the porch of the vestibule was twenty cubits long and ten broad. the north gate, in the court of the priests: on them Antiq. lib. viii. 3, 2. they slew, flayed, and cut up the victims. See dddd Verse 49. By the steps] This was a flight of steps in the plan.
that led to the temple; there vere eight steps in each Verse 47. He measured the court) This was the flight. See YY in the plan. court of the priests. See FFF in the plan.
In this chapter the prophet gwes us a circumstantial account of the measures, parts, chambers, and orna
ments of the temple, 1-26. 538
A. M. 3430.
The description of
the new temple. AFTERWARD he brought me ng And "there i was an enlarg.. A M. 3430. Olymp. LI. 3. to the temple, and measured ing, and a winding about still Olymp. LI. 3. Servi Tullii, the posts, six cubits broad on the upward to the side chambers : for Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5. one side, and six cubits broad on the winding about of the house
R. Roman., 5. the other side, which was the breadth of the went still upward round about the house: tabernacle.
therefore the breadth of the house was still 2 And the breadth of the door was ten upward, and so increased from the lowest cubits; and the sides of the door were five chamber to the highest by the midst. cubits on the one side, and five cubits on the 8. I saw also the height of the house round other side: and he measured the length about : the foundations of the side chambers thereof, forty cubits: and the breadth, twenty were ka full reed of six great cubits. cubits,
9 The thickness of the wall, which was for 3. Then went he inward, and measured the the side chamber without, was five cubits: post of the door, two cubits; and the door six and that which was left was the place of the cubits; and the breadth of the door, seven side chambers that were within. cubits.
10 And between the chambers was the wide-4 So ? he measured the length thereof, ness of twenty cubits round about the house twenty cubits; and the breadth, twenty cubits, on every side. before the temple : and he said unto me, This 11 And the doors of the side chambers were is the most holy place.
toward the place that was left, one door toward 5 After he measured the wall of the house, the north, and another door toward the south : six cubits; and the breadth of every side and the breadth of the place that was left was chamber, four cubits, round about the house five cubits round about.
12 Now the building that was before the 6 d And the side chambers were three, • one separate place at the end toward the west over another, and thirty in order; and they was seventy cubits broad; and the wall of the entered into the wall. which was of the house building was five cubits thick round about, and for the side chambers round about, that they the length thereof ninety cubits. might have hold, but they had not hold in 13 So he measured the house, a hundred the wall of the house.
cubits long : and the separate place, and the
on every side.
Ur, entrance. b 1 Kings vi. 2. -- 1 Kings vi. 20; 2 Chron. in. 8.-01 Kings vi. 5, 6.—Heb. side chamber over sidc chamber.
i Or, three and thirty times, or foot.- Heb. be holden. b Heb. it was made broader, and weni round. -il Kings vi. 8. ** Chap. xl. 5.
NOTES ON CHAP. XLI.
into the outer wall, but they rested on projections of Verse 1. To the temple) He had first described the inner wall. the courts and the porch. See chap. xl.
Verse 7. An enlarging, and a winding about] PerVerse 2. The breadth of the door] This was the haps a winding staircase that widened upward as the door, or gate, of the sanctuary, (see gates, 3, in the inner wall decreased in thickness; this wall being six, plan,) and this doorway was filled up with folding gatés. cubits thick as high as the first story, five from the
The measurements are exactly the same as those of floor of the second story to that of the third, and four, Solomon's temple. See 1 Kings vi. 2, 17.
from the floor to the ceiling of the third story: and Verse 4. The length thereof, twenty cubits) This thus there was a rest of 'one cúbit in breadth to supis the measurement of the sanctuary, or holy of holies. port the stories. —Newcome. See G in the plan. This also was the exact measure- Verse 9. 'The thickness of the wall] See LLL in ment of Solomon's temple, see 1 Kings vi.-20. This, the plan. and the other resemblances here, sufficiently prove that The place of the side chambers]. A walk, or gallery Ezekiel's temple and that of Solomon were on the of communication along the chambers, five cubits broad, same plan; and that the latter temple was intended to ver. 11. be an exact resemblance of the former.
Verse 11. And the doors) See the plan, aa. bb. Verse 6. The side chambers were three) We find Verse 12. The length thereof ninety cubits.] The by Joseph. Antiq. vii. 3, 2, that around Solomon's tem- temple, with the buildings which surrounded it, was ple were chambers three stories high, each story con- eighty-one cubits long; add ten cabits for the vestibule, sisting of thirty chambers. It is supposed that twelve or five for the breadth of the separate place, and five for were placed to the north of the temple, twelve to the its wall; in all, ninety cubits. See the plan, LHIL. By south, and six to the east.
the separate place I suppose the temple itself is meant. Entered into the wall] The beams were admitted Verse 13. So he measured the house] The temple,
A. M. 3430.
A. M. 3430.
The description of
the new temple. building, with the walls thereof, 20 From the ground unto above
B. C. 574. Olymp. LI. 3. a hundred cubits long;
the door were cherubims and palm Olymp. LI. 3. Servii Tullii,
14 Also the breadth of the face trees made, and on the wall of Servii Tullii, R. Roman., 5. of the house, and of the separate the templè.
R. Roman., 5. place toward the east, a hundred cubits. 21 The posts of the temple were squared,
15 And he measured the length of the build- and the face of the sanctuary; the appearing over against the separate place which was ance of the one as the appearance of the behind it, and the galleries thereof on the other. one side and on the other side, a hundred 22 * The altar of wood was three cubits high, cubits, with the inner temple, and the porches and the length thereof two cubits; and the of the court;
corners thereof, and the length "thereof, and 16 The door posts, and m the narrow window, the walls thereof, were of wood : and he said and the galleries round about on their three unto me, This is the table that is before the stories, over against the door, ceiled with Lord. wood round about, • and from the ground 23 w And the temple and the sanctuary had up to the windows, and the windows were two doors. covered;
24 And the doors had two leaves apiece, two 17 To that above the door, even unto the turning leaves; two leaves for the one door, inner house, and without, and by all the wall and two leaves for the other door. round about within and without, by P measure. 25 And there were made on them, on the
18 And it was made ? with cherubims and doors of the temple, cherubims and palm palm trees, so that a palm tree was between a trees, like as were made upon the walls; and cherub and a cherub, and every cherub had there were thick planks upon the face of the two faces;
porch without. 19. So that the face of a man was toward 26 And there were narrow windows and the palm tree on the one side, and the face palm trees on the one side and on the other of a young lion toward the palm tree on the side, on the sides of the porch, and upon other side : it was made through all the house the side chambers of the house, and thick round about.
10r, several walks, or, walks with pillars.- Chapoxl. 16; ver. 9 1 Kings vi.- 29.- See chap. i. 10. Heb. pos! Heb. ceiling of wood.- Or, and the ground unto the Exod. xxx. I.- Chap. xliv. 16 ; Mal. i. 7, 12.
.- Eiod. windows.pHeb. measures.
xxx. 8.W Kings vi. 31-35:- - Chap. xl. 16; ver. 16.
taken from the wall which encompassed it from the to the palm tree on the right, the other to the palm western side to the vestibule, was one hundred and one tree on the left. cubits; five for the separate place, nine for the wall Verse 20. From the ground unto above the door] and the chambers attached to the temple, sixty for the The temple was thirty cubits high, 1 Kings vi. 2; the sanctuary and the holy place, ten for the vestibule, and gate was fourteen cubits, chap. xl. 48. The palm trees twelve for the two great walls on the west and east of and the cherubim were the same height as the gate or the temple; in all, one hundred and one cubits. See door. The windows were above the door. the plan, GHI.
Verse 22, The altar of wood] This was the altar Verse 14. The breadth of the face of the house). That of incense, and was covered with plates of gold. is, the front. See the plan, FRR.
Verse 25. There were thick planks] The wood, or Verse 18. A palm tree was between a cherub and a planks, were thick and strong; for the cherubim and cherub] That is, the palm trees and the cherubs were palm trees were carved in relief, out of their substance, alternated; and each cherub, had two faces, one of a and unless they had been of considerable thickness, lion, and the other of a man; one of which was turned this could not have been done.
CHAPTER XLII. This chapter gwes us a description of the priests' chambers and their use, with the dimensions of the holy
mount on which the temple stood, 1-30. 540
A. M. 3430.
A. M. 3430.
Anno Servii Tullii,
The description of
the new temple. THEN he brought me forthcording to their fashions, and acOlymp. LI. 3, into the utter court, the way cording to their doors.
Olymp. LI. 3. Serii Tallii, toward the north: and he brought | 12 And according to the doors R. Roman., 5.
me into the chamber that was of the chambers that were toward R. Roman., 5. over against the b separate place, and which the south was a door in the head of the way, was before the building toward the north. even the way directly before the wall toward
2 Before the length of a hundred cubits the east, as one entereth into them. was the north door, and the breadth was fifty 13. Then said he unto me, The north chamcubits.
bers and the south chambers, which are 3. Over against the twenty cubits which were before the separate place, they be holy chamfor the inner court, and over against the pave- bers
, where the priests that approach unto the ment which was for the utter court, was gal- LORD shall eat the most holy things : there lery against gallery in three stories.
shall they lay the most holy things, and the 4 And before the chambers was a walk of ten meat-offering, and the sin-offering, and the cubits' breadth inward, a way of one cubit; and trespass-offering ; for the place is holy. their doors toward the north.
14 m When the priests enter therein, then 5. Now the upper chambers were shorter : shall they not go out of the holy place into for the galleries were higher than these, e than the utter court, but there they shall lay their the lower, and than the middlemost of the garments wherein they minister; for they are building.
holy; and shall put on other garments, and 6 For they were in three stories, but had not shall approach to those things which are for pillars as the pillars of the courts : therefore the people. the building was straitened more than the 15 Now when he had made an end of mealowest and the middlemost from the ground. suring the inner house, he brought me forth
ng And the wall that was without over against toward the gate whose prospect is toward the the chambers, toward the utter court on the east, and measured it round about. forepart of the chambers, the length thereof 16 He measured the east n side with the was fifty cubits.
measuring reed, five hundred reeds, with the 8 For the length of the chambers that were measuring reed round about.
in the utter court was fifty cubits : and, 10, 17 He measured the
north side, five hun
before the temple were a hundred cubits. . dred reeds, with the measuring reed round
9. And from under these chambers was 8 the about. entry on the east side, has one goeth into them 18 He measured the south side, five hunfrom the utter court.
dred reeds, with the measuring reed. 10 The chambers were in the thickness of 19 He turned about to the west side, and the wall, of the court toward the east, over measured five hundred reeds, with the meaagainst the separate place, and over against suring reed. the building.
20 He measured it by the four sides : oit
appearance of the chambers which were toward long, and five hundred broad, to make a sepathe north, as long as they, and as broad as ration between the sanctuary and the profane they: and all their goings out were both ac- place.
Chap. xli. 12, 15.- - Chap. xli. 12, 13, 14; xlii. 10, 13. Or, as he came.- i Ver. 4.- * Lev. vi. 16, 26; xxiv. 9. c Chap. xli. 16. - Or, did eat of these. Or, and the building Lev. ii. 3, 10; vi, 14, 17, 25, 29 ; vii. 1; x. 13, 14; Num. xviii. consisted of the lower and the middlemost.- "Or, from the place. 9, 10.- Chap. xliv. 19, Heb. wind. Chap. xl. 5. 8.Or, he that brought me.
p Chap. xlv. 2. NOTES ON CHAP. XLII.
Verse 14. They shall lay their garments wherein Verse 1. He brought me forth into the utter court] they minister). The priests were not permitted to wear He brought him out from the temple into the court of their robes in the outer court. These vestments were the priests. This, in reference to the temple, was called to be used only when they ministered; and when they the outer court; bat the court of the people was be had done, they were to deposit them in one of the yond this.
chambers mentioned in the thirteenth verse. Verse 4. A walk of ten cubits' breadth inward] This Verses 16-19. He measured the east-north-south scems to have been a sort of parapet,
west side). Each of which was five hundred reeds :