Sayfadaki görseller

A. M. cir. 3264.

A. M. cir. 3264.
B. Ccir, 740.

cir. annum

Christ's notivity, nature,


kingdom, and government, 6 For unto us a child is born,

7 Of the increase of his govern- B. C. cir. 740. Olymp. X. 1. unto us a son is given : and ment and peace there shall be no Olymp. X. 1. Romuli, Regis "the government shall be upon end, upon the throne of David, and Romuli, Regis Roman., 14.

Roman, 14. his shoulder: and his name shall upon his kingdom, to order it, be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The and to establish it with judgment and with mighty God, The everlasting Father, The justice from henceforth even for ever. The u Prince of Peace.

w zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.

p Chap. vii. 14; Luke ii. 11.- - John ii. 16. - Matt. xxviii. Tit. ii. 13.

18; 1 Cor. xv. 25. • Judg. xiii. 18.

Eph. ii. 14. - Dan. ii. 44; Luke i. 32, 33. w 2 Kings xix. 31 ; chap. xxxvii. 32.


“ Behold, it is come to pass, and it is done, Christ, with an enumeration of those characters in Saith the Lord Jehovah.

which he stands most nearly related to mankind as This is the day of which I spoke :

their Saviour ; and of others by which his infinite maAnd the inhabitants of the cities of Israel shall go jesty and Godhead are shown. He shall appear as a forth,

child, born of a woman, born as a Jew, under the law, And shall set on fire the armour, and the shield, but not in the way of ordinary generation. He is a And the buckler, and the bow, and the arrows, Son given—the human nature, in which the fulness And the clubs, and the lances;

of the Godhead was to dwell, being produced by the And they shall set them on fire for seven years. creative energy of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the And they shall not bear wood from the field; Virgin. See Matt. i. 20, 21, 23, 25, and Luke i. 35, Neither shall they hew from the forest :

and Isa. vii. 14, and the notes on those passages. As For of the armour shall they make their fires ; being God manifested in the flesh, he was wonderful And they shall spoil their spoilers,

in his conception, birth, preaching, miracles, sufferings, And they shall plunder their plunderers." death, resurrection, and ascension ; wonderful in his R. D. Kimchi, on this verse, says this refers simply person, and wonderful in his working. He is the to the destruction of the Assyrians. Other battles are Counsellor that expounds the law; shows its origin, fought man against man, and spear against spear; and nature, and claims; instructs, pleads for the guilty ; the garments are rolled in blood through the wounds and ever appears in the presence of God for men. He given and received: but this was with burning, for the is the mighty God; God essentially and efficiently preangel of the Lord smote them by night, and there was vailing against his enemies, and destroying ours. He neither sword nor violent commotion, nor blood ; they is the Father of eternity; the Origin of all being, and were food for the fire, for the angel of the Lord con- the Cause of the existence, and particularly the Fasumed them.

ther, of the spirits of all flesh. The Prince of peace Verse 6. The government shall be upon his shoulder] not only the Author of peace, and the Dispenser of That is, the ensign of government; the sceptre, the peace, but also he that rules by peace, whose rule tends sword, the key, or the like, which was borne upon or always to perfection, and produces prosperity. Of the hung from the shoulder. See note on chap. xxii. 22. increase of his government—this Prince has a govern

And his name shall be called] 1922 58 El gibbor, the ment, for he has all power both in heaven and in earth; prevailing or conquering God.

and his government increases, and is daily more and The everlasting Father—"The Father of the ever- more extended, and will continue till all things are put lasting age”] Or 7's Abi ad, the Father of eternity. under his feet. His kingdom is orderedevery act of The Septuagint have μεγαλης βουλης Αγγελος, « the government regulated according to wisdom and goodMessenger of the Great Counsel.” But instead of ness; is established so securely as not to be overW 'Ix Abi ad, a MS. of De Rossi has yn Abezer, thrown; and administered in judgment, and justice, so the helping Father; evidently the corruption of some

as to manifest his wisdom, righteousness, goodness, and Jew, who did not like such an evidence in favour of truth. Reader, such is that Jesus who came into the the Christian Messiah.

world to save sinners! Trust in Him! Prince of Peace) bilo uv sar shalom, the Prince of Chap. ix. 8-chap. x. 4. This whole passage reprosperity, the Giver of all blessings.

duced to its proper and entire form, and healed of the A Ms. of the thirteenth century in Kennicott's col- dislocation which it suffers by the absurd division of lection has a remarkable addition here.“ He shall be the chapters, makes a distinct prophecy, and a just a stumbling-block, olyann; the government is on his poem, remarkable for the regularity of its disposition shoulder.” This reading is nowhere else acknow and the elegance of its plan. It has no relation to the ledged, as far as I know.

preceding or following prophecy; though the parts, Verse 7. Of the increase] In the common Hebrew violently torn asunder, have been, on the one side and Bibles, and in many MSŞ., this word is written with the other, patched on to them.

Those relate princithe close or final nanos. But in twelve of Kenni- pally to the kingdom of Judah; this is addressed excott's MSS., and twelve of De Rossi's, it is written with clusively to the kingdom of Israel. The subject of it the open o mem ; but here it is supposed to contain is a denunciation of vengeance awaiting their crimes. mysteries, viz., that Jerusalem shall be shut up, closed, It is divided into four parts, each threatening the parand confined, till the days of the Messiah.

ticular punishment of some grievous offence-of their This is an illustrious prophecy of the incarnation of pride, of their perseverance in their vices, of their im

B. C. cir. 738.

cir. annum

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Threatenings against


the disobedient. A. M. cir. 3266.

8 The Lord sent a word into adversaries of Rezin against him, 4; M. cir. 32
Olymp. X. 3. Jacob, and it hath lighted upon and join his enemies together; Olymp. X. 3.
Romuli, Regis

12 The Syrians before and the Romuli, Regis
Roman., 16.
9 And all the people shall Philistines behind; and they shall

Roman., 16. know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of devour Israel y with open mouth. 2 For all Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness this his anger is not turned away, but his hand of heart,

is stretched out still. 10 The bricks are fallen down, but we will 13 For a the people turneth not unto him build with hewn stones : the sycamores are that smiteth them; neither do they seek the cut down, but we will change them into cedars. Lord of hosts. 11 Therefore the Lord shall set up the 14 Therefore the LORD wili cut off from * Heb. mingle. —y Heb. with whole mouth.

2 Chap. v. 25; x. 4; Jer. iv. 8.-a Jer. v. 3; Hos. vii. 10. piety, and of their injustice. To which is added a parts of the clay adhere together, appears from Exod. v. general denunciation of a farther reserve of Divine These bricks are properly opposed to hewn stone, so wrath, contained in a distich, before used by the pro- greatly superior in beauty and durableness. The phet on a like occasion, chap. v. 25, and here repeated sycamores, which, as Jerome on the place says, are after each part.

This makes the intercalary verse of timber of little worth, with equal propriety are opposed the poem; or, as we call it, the burden of the song. to the cedars. “ As the grain and texture of the

“ Post hoc comma (cap. ix. 4) interponitur spatium sycamore is remarkably coarse and spongy, it could unius lineæ, in Cod. 2 et 3: idemque observatur in therefore stand in no competition at all (as it is ob245, in quo nullum est spatium ad finem capitis ix.” served, Isa. ix. 10) with the cedar, for beauty and Kennicott, Var. Lect.

ornament."-Shaw, Supplement to Travels, p. 96. “After this clause (chap. ix. 4) is interposed the We meet with the same opposition of cedars to sycaspace of one line in Cod. 2 and 3.

The same is mores, 1 Kings x. 27, where Solomon is said to have likewise observed in Cod. 245, in which no space ex- made silver as the stones, and cedars as the sycamores ists at the end of chap. ix."

in the vale for abundance. By this mashal, or figuraVerse 8. Lord—“ JEHOVAH"] For '78 Adonai, tive and sententious speech, they boast that they shall thirty MSS. of Kennicott's, and many of De Rossi's, easily be able to repair their present losses, suffered and three editions, read nin' Yehovah.

perhaps by the first Assyrian invasion under TiglathVerse 9. Pride and stoutness of heart- "Carry pileser; and to bring their affairs to a more flourishing themselves haughtily"] wym" veyadeu, " and they shall condition than ever. know;" so ours and the Versions in general. But Some of the bricks mentioned above lie before me. what is it that they shall know? The verb stands They were brought from the site of ancient Babylon. destitute of its object ; and the sense is imperfect. The straw is visible, kneaded with the clay; they are The Chaldee is the only one, as far as I can find, that very hard, and evidently were dried in the sun ; for expresses it otherwise. He renders the verb in this they are very easily dissolved in water. place by 13737089 veithrabrabu, “they exalt them- Verse 11. The adversaries of Rezin against himselves, or carry themselves haughtily ; the same word “ The princes of Retsin against him"] For '73 tsarey, by which he renders 1731 gabehu, chap. iii. 16. He enemies, Houbigant, by conjecture, reads 'vv sarey, seems, therefore, in this place to have read 10751") vai- princes; which is confirmed by thirty of Kennicott's yigbehu, which agrees perfectly well with what fol- and De Rossi's MSS., (two ancient,) one of my own, lows, and clears up the difficulty. Archbishop Secker ancient; and nine more have y tsaddi, upon a rasure, conjectured 1727" rayedabberu, referring it to moss and therefore had probably at first in sarey. The lemor, in the next verse, which shows that he was not princes of Retsin, the late ally of Israel, that is, the satisfied with the present reading. Houbigant reads Syrians, expressly named in the next verse, shall now wym" vaiyereu, et pravi facti sunt, they are become be excited against Israel. wicked, which is found in a MS.; but I prefer the The Septuagint in this place give us another variareading of the Chaldee, which suits much better with tion; for 7"37 Retsin, they read 17"8 m77 har isiyon, the context.

ogos Eiwv, Mount Sion, of which this may be the sense ; Houbigant approves of this reading; but it is utterly but Jehovah shall set up the adversaries of Mount Sion unsupported by any evidence from antiquity : it is a against him, (i. e., against Israel,) and will strengthen mere mistake of a resh for 7 daleth; and I am sur- his enemies together; the Syrians, the Philistines, prised that it should be favoured by Houbigant. who are called the adversaries of Mount Sion. See

Verse 10. The bricks) “ The eastern bricks," says Simonis Lex. in voce 720 sachach. Sir John Chardin, (see Harmer's Observ. I., p. 176,) Verse 12. With open mouth—"On every side."] " are only clay well moistened with water, and mixed .no haa bechol peh, in every corner, in every part of with straw, and dried in the sun.” So that their their country, pursuing them to the remotest extremiwalls are commonly no better than our mud walls ; see ties, and the most retired parts. So the Chaldee Maundrell, p. 124. That straw was a necessary part was bechol athar, in every place. in the composition of this sort of bricks, to make the Verse 14. In one day.) Thirteen MSS. of Kenni

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The desolation and


ruin of the wicked.

cir, annum

cir. annum

Or, they

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that call them blessed.


A. M. cir. 3266. Israel head and tail, branch and shall devour the briers and thorns, 4 M cir. 3266.
B. C. cir. 738.
Olymp. X. 3. rush, b in one day.

and shall kindle in the thickets of Olymp. X. 3. Romuli, Regis

15 The ancient and honoura- the forest, and they shall mount up Romúli, Regis Roinan., 16.

Roman., 16. ble, he is the head; and the pro- like the lifting up of smoke. phet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.

19 Through the wrath of the Lord of hosts 16 For the a leaders of this people cause is m the land darkened, and the people shall them to err; and they that are led of them be as the fuel of the fire: ono man shall are 'destroyed.

spare his brother. 17 Therefore the Lord & shall have no joy 20 And he shall snatch on the right hand, in their young men, neither shall have mercy and be hungry; and he shall eat on the left on their fatherless and widows: ha for every one hand, 9 and they shall not be satisfied : 'they is a hypocrite and an evil doer, and every shall eat every man the flesh of his own arm: mouth speaketh i folly. For all this his 21 Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Maanger is not turned away, but his hand is nasseh : and they together shall be against stretched out still.

Judah. * For all this his anger is not turned 18 For wickedness ? burneth as the fire : it away, but his hand is stretched out still. 6 Chap. x. 17; Rev. xvii. 8. - Chap. iii. 12.

* Ver. 12, 21; chap. v. 25; X. 4.- Chap. x. 17; Mal. iv. I. Or, they that are called blessed of them. Chap. viii. 22.

Heb. meat.

Mic. vii. 2,6. -p Heb. cut. (Heb. swallowed Psa. cxlvii. 10, 11.- Mic. vii. 2. 4 Lev. xxvi. 26. Chap. xlix. 26; Jer. xix. 9.

- Ver. 12, 17; i Or, villany.

chap. v. 25 ; x. 4. cott and De Rossi read oia beyom, in a day; and forest, consumed there the green wood with the dry.” another has a rasure in the place of the letter 3 beth. See Harmer's Observations, Vol. II., p. 187.

Verse 17. The Lord—“ JEHOVAH"] For "378 Ado- Verse 20: The flesh of his own arm—“The flesh nai, a great number of MSS. read ning Yehovah. of his neighbour"] «Του βραχιονος του αδελφου αυσου,

Verse 18. For wickedness) Wickedness rageth the Septuagint Alexand. Dupler versio, quarum altera like a fire, destroying and laying waste the nation : legit w7 reo, quæ vox extat, Jer. vi. 21. but it shall be its own destruction, by bringing down rea, adspos, Gen. xliii. 33. Recte ni fallor.” the fire of God's wrath, which shall burn up the briers Secker. I add to this excellent remark, that the and the thorns; that is, the wicked themselves. Briers Chaldee manifestly reads wyn reo, his neighbour, not and thorns are an image frequently applied in Scripture, ww zeroo, his arm ; for he renders it by 17'3'p kariwhen set on fire, to the rage of the wicked ; violent, beyh, his neighbour. And Jeremiah has the very yet impotent, and of no long continuance. “ They are

: extinct as the fire of thorns,” Psa. cxviii. 12. To the reehu yochelu, " and every one shall eat the flesh of wicked themselves, as useless and unprofitable, proper his neighbour,” chap. xix. 9. This observation, I objects of God's wrath, to be burned up, or driven think, gives the true reading and sense of this place : away by the wind. “ As thorns cut up they shall be and the context strongly confirms it by explaining the consumed in the fire,” Isa. xxxiii. 12. Both these general idea by particular instances, in the following ideas seem to be joined in Psa. lviii. 9 :

verse : “ Every man shall devour the flesh of his “Before your pots shall feel the thorn,

neighbour ;” that is, they shall harass and destroy one

another. “ Manasseh shall destroy Ephraim, and As well the green as the dry, the tempest shall bear

Ephraim, Manasseh ;" which two tribes were most

closely connected both in blood and situation as broThe green and the dry is a proverbial expression, thers and neighbours; "and both of them in the midst meaning all sorts of them, good and bad, great and of their own dissensions shall agree in preying upon small, &c. So Ezekiel : “Behold, I will kindle a Judah.” The common reading, “ shall devour the fire, and it shall devour every green tree, and every flesh of his own arm," in connexion with what follows, dry tree," chap. XX. 47. D'Herbelot quotes a Persian seems to make either an inconsistency, or an anticlipoet describing a pestilence under the image of a con- max; whereas by this correction the following verse flagration : “ This was a lightning that, falling upon a l becomes an elegant illustration of the foregoing.-L.

רע Nam

veish besar ואיש בשר רעהו יאכלו : same expression

them away."

CHAPTER X. God's judgments against oppressive rulers, 1-4. The prophet foretells the invasion of Sennacherib, and the

destruction of his army. That mighty monarch is represented as a rod in the hand of God to correct his people for their sins; and his ambitious purposes, contrary to his own intentions, are made subservient to the great designs of Providence, 5-11. Having accomplished this work, the Almighty takes account of his impious vauntings, 12-14; and threatens utler destruction to the small and great of his army, represented by the thorns, and the glory of the forest, 15–19. . This leads the prophet to comfort his country

cir. annum

cir. annum

God's judgments against


oppressive rulers. men with the promise of this signal interposition of God in their favour, 20–27. Brief description of the march of Sennacherib towards Jerusalem, and of the alarm and terror which he spread every where as he hastened forward, 28–32. The spirit and rapidity of the description is admirably suited to the subject. The affrighted people are seen fleeing, and the eager invader pursuing; the cries of one city are heard by those of another; and groan swiftly succeeds to groan, till at length the rod is lified over the last citadel. In this critical situation, however, the promise of a Divine interposition is seasonably renewed.

The scene instantly changes ; the uplifted arm of this mighty conqueror is at once arrested and laid low by the hand of heaven; the forest of Lebanon, (a figure by which the immense Assyrian host is elegantly pointed oul,) is hewn down by the are of the Divine vengeance ; and the mind is equally pleased with the equity of the judgment, and the beauty and majesty of the description, 33, 34.

7 Howbeit he meaneth not so, f. 1. circ

. 3293
: Wo unto them that decree

A. M. cir. 3291.

B. C. cir. 713. Olymp. XVI. 4. unrighteous decrees, and neither doth his heart think so; Olymp. XVI. 4. Numa Pompilii,

b that write grievousness which but it is in his heart to destroy Numa Pompilii, R. Roman., 3.

R. Roman., 3. they have prescribed ;

and cut off nations not a few. 2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, 8 °For he saith, Are not my princes altoand to take away the right from the poor of gether kings? my people, that widows may be their prey, and 9 Is not p Calno 9 as Carchemish ? is not that they may rob the fatherless!

Hamath as Arpad ? is not Samaria as Da3 And what will ye do in a the day of mascus ? visitation, and in the desolation which shall 10 As my hand hath found the kingdoms of come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? the idols, and whose graven images did excel and where will ye leave your glory?

them of Jerusalem and of Samaria ; 4 Without me they shall bow down under 11 Shall I not, as I have done unto Samathe prisoners, and they shall fall under the ria and her idols, so do to Jerusalem and her slain. e For all this his anger is not turned idols ? away, but his hand is stretched out still. 12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, that

5 ľO & Assyrian, " the rod of mine anger, and when the Lord hath performed his whole
the staff in their hand is mine indignation. work s upon Mount Zion, and on Jerusalem,

6 I will send him against ka hypocritical * I will punish the fruit of the stout heart
nation, and against the people of my wrath of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his
will I 'give him a charge, to take the spoil, and high looks.
to take the prey, and m to tread them down 13 For he saith, By the strength of my
like the mire of the streets.

hand I have done it, and by my wisdom; for a Psa. lviii. 2; xciv. 20.- -b Or, to the writers that write griev- Gen. 1. 20; Mic. iv. 12.- _02 Kings xvii. 24, 33, &c.; xix. c Job xxxi. 14. -d Hos. ix. 7; Luke xix. 44. 10, &c.

-42 Chron. xxxv. 20.- 2 Kings e Chap. v. 25; ix. 12, 17, 21. - Or, Wo to the Assyrian. xvi. 9.- - 2 Kings xix. 31.- Jer. I. 18. Lu Heb, visit upon. & Heb. Asshur. Jer. li. 20.-i Or, though. - Chap. xix. Heb. of the greatness of the heart.- w Isa. xxxvii. 24; Ezek. 17.-Jer, xxxiv. 22 - Heb. to lay them a treading.

xxviii. 4, &c.; Dan. iv. 30. NOTES ON CHAP. X.

the whole subject of this chapter, it must have been deVerse 2. My people] Instead of sy ammi, my peo- livered before the fourteenth of the same reign. ple, many MSS., and one of my own, ancient, read 19y The staff in their hand—“The staff in whose hand") ammo, his people. But this is manifestly a corruption. The word N17 hu, the staff itself, in this place seems

Verse 4. Without me) That is, without my aid : to embarrass the sentence. I omit it on the authority they shall be taken captive even by the captives, and of the Alexandrine copy of the Septuagint : nine MSS., shall be subdued even by the vanquished. “The 'yod (two ancient,) and one of my own, ancient, for din nosi in nba bilti is a pronoun, as in Hos. xiii. 4.”Kim- umatteh hu, read inun maltehu, his staff. Archbishop chi on the place. One MS. has asas lebilti. Secker was not satisfied with the present reading. He pro

As the people had hitherto lived without God in poses another method of clearing up the sense, by reading worship and obedience; so they should now be without DI'd beyom, in the day, instead of 7'3 beyadam, in their his help, and should perish in their transgressions. hand : “And he is a staff in the day of mine indignation.”

Verse 5. O Assyrian "Ho to the Assyrian”) Here Verse 12. The Lord“Jehovah') For '378 Adonai, begins a new and distinct prophecy, continued to the fourteen MSS. and three editions read nin Yehovah. end of the twelfth chapter: and it appears from ver. The fruit—The effect") "999 peri, f. '38, tsebi. 9-11 of this chapter, that this prophecy was delivered vid. xiii. 19, sed confer, Prov. i. 31; xxxi. 16, 31.”— after the taking of Samaria by Shalmaneser ; which SECKER. The Chaldee renders the word 'n peri by '731 was in the sixth year of the reign of Hezekiah : and obadey, works; which seems to be the true sense; and as the former part of it foretells the invasion of Sen- I have followed it.-L. nacherib, and the destruction of his army, which makes Verse 13. Like a valiant man" Strongly seated."


-P Amos vi. 2.

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R. Roman., 3.

Threatenings against


the wicked in general. A. M. cir. 3291. I am prudent: and I have re- 17 And the light of Israel 4. M. cir. 3291. Olymp. XVI. 4. moved the bounds of the people, shall be for a fire, and his Holy Olymp. XVI. 4. Numæ Pompilii , and have robbed their treasures, One for a flame : 1 and it shall Nuniæ Pompilii

, and I have put down the inhabi- burn and devour his thorns and R. Roman., 3. tants like a valiant man:

his briers in one day; 14 And y my hand hath found as a nest the 18 And shall consume the glory of his forest, riches of the people : and as one gathereth and of his frụitful field, f both soul and body; eggs that are left, have I gathered all the and they shall be as when a standard bearer earth; and there was none that moved the fainteth. wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.

19 And the rest of the trees of his forest 15 Shall z the axe boast itself against him shall be & few, that a child may write them. that heweth therewith ? or shall the saw mag- 20 And it shall come to pass in that day, nify itself against him that shaketh it ? a as if that the remnant of Israel, and such as are the rod should shake itself against them that escaped of the house of Jacob, - shall no more lift it up, or as if the staff should lift up again stay upon him that smote them; but b itself, as if it were no wood.

shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of 16 Therefore shall the Lord, the Lord of Israel, in truth. hosts, send among his fat ones leanness; and 21 The remnant shall return, even the remunder his glory he shall kindle a burning like nant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. the burning of a fire.

22 kFor though thy people Israel be as the

• Or, like many people.

.-s Job xxxi. 25. — Jer. li. 20. • Or, as if a rod shoulil shake them that lift it up. _. Or, that which is not wood. Chap. v. 17.-Chap. ix. 18; xxvii. 4.

€ 2 Kings xix. 23. —Heb. from the soul, and even to the flesh. & Heb. number. - See 2 Kings xvi. 7; 2 Chron. xxviii. 20. i Chap. vii. 3. * Rom. ix. 27.

Tueire MSS. agree with the Keri in reading 739 So here sy xs lo ets means him who is far from being kabbir, without the x aleph. And Sal. ben Melec an inert piece of wood, but is an animated and active and Kimchi thus explain it : “them who dwelled in being ; not an instrument, but an agent. a great and strong place I have brought down to the Verse 16. The Lord—“JEHOVAH."] For 378 Adoground.”

nai, fifty-two MSS., eleven editions, and two of my Verse 15. No wood—“Its master.”] I have here own, ancient, read 7177 Yehovah, as in other cases. given the meaning, without attempting to keep to the And under his glory] That is, all that he could expression of the original, yy ng lo ets, “the no- boast of as great and strong in his army, (Sal. ben wood;" that which is not wood like itself, but of a Melec in loc.,) expressed afterwards, ver. 18, by the quite different and superior nature. The Hebrews glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field. have a peculiar way of joining the negative particle Verse 17. And it shall burn and devour his thorns*s lo to a noun, to signify in a strong manner a total “ And he shall burn and consume his thorn.”] The negation of the thing expressed by the noun.

briers and thorns are the common people; the glory “ How hast thou given help (na xss lelo choach) to of his forest are the nobles and those of highest rank the no-strength ?

and importance. See note on chap. ix. 17, and comAnd saved the arm (W xs lo oz) of the no-power ? pare Ezek. xx. 47. The fire of God's wrath shall How hast, thou given counsel (238'xsh lelo choch- destroy them, both great and small; it shall consume mah) to the no-wisdom ?" Job xxvi. 2, 3.

them from the soul to the flesh; a proverbial expres

sion ; soul and body, as we say; it shall consume them That is, to the man totally deprived of strength, entirely and altogether; and the few that escape shall power, and wisdom.

be looked upon as having escaped from the most immi“ Ye that rejoice (127 855 ielo dabar) in no-thing.” nent danger; “ as a firebrand plucked out of the fire,”

Amos vi. 13. Amos iv. 11; ús dia supos, so as by fire, 1 Cor. üi. That is, in your fancied strength, which is none at 15; as a man when a house is burning is forced to make all, a mere nonentity.

his escape by running through the midst of the fire. “ For I am God, (v'x x'i velo ish,) and no-man;

I follow here the reading of the Septuagint,

ODυ kemash noses, ώς ο φευγων απο φλογος καιομένης, The Holy One in the midst of thee, yet do not frequent cities."

Hos. xi. 9.

as he who flees from the burning flame. Symmachus

also renders the latter word by deuywv, flying. " And the Assyrian shall fall by a sword (vx šs lo

Verse 21. The remnant shall return-unto the ish) of no-man ;

mighty God.] 10 58 El gibbor, the mighty or conquerAnd a sword of (078 XS lo adam) no-mortal, shall ing God; the Messiah, the same person mentioned in devour him.”

Isa. xxxi. 8.

ver. 6 of the preceding chapter. “(

Verse 22. For though thy people Israel] I have belo lechem) for the no-bread." Isa. lv, 2. endeavoured to keep to the letter of the text as nearly

בלוא לחס) Wherefore do ye weigh out your silver *

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