Sayfadaki görseller

B. C. cir. 712.

The deliverance of Israel


from captivity predicted. A. M. cir. 3292. 21 . But a wild beasts of the 22 And h the wild beasts of the A. M. cir. 3292.

B. C. cir. 712. Olymp. XVII. 1. desert shall lie there; and their islands shall cry in their i desolate Olymp. XVII. 1. Numæ Pompilii, houses shall be full of e doleful houses, and dragons in their pleas- Numæ Pompilii

, R. Roman., 4. creatures ; f and

R. Roman., 4. 8 owls shall ant palaces : kand her time is near dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.

e Chap. xxxiv. 11-15; Rev. xviii. 2.—d Heb. Züm.

Ochim.- Or, ostriches.

- Heb. Heb. daughters of the owl.- - Heb. lim.

Jer. li. 33.

Or, palaces


day, made of earth or clay, mixed or beat up with Verse 21. Satyrs] A kind of beast like to man, straw to make the parts cohere, and dried only in the which is called voisin marmots, a monkey.Rabbi

This is their method of making bricks ; see on Parchon. chap ix. 9. The walls of the city were built of the Verse 22. In their pleasant palaces——“In their paearth digged out on the spot, and dried upon the place, laces”] Inuph83 bealmenothaiv ; a plain-mistake, I by which means both the ditch and the wall were at presume, for. I'N97x3 bearmenothaiv. It is so coronce formed, the former furnishing materials for the rected in two MSS., the Syriac, Chaldee, and Vulgate. latter. That the walls of Babylon were of this kind is well known; and Berosus expressly says, (apud Jo- Πουλυπoδες δ' εν εμοι θαλαμας φωκαι σε μελαιναι seph. Antiq. x. 11,) that Nebuchadnezzar added three Οικια ποιησονται ακηδεα, χησεϊ λαων. new walls both to the old and new city, partly of brick

Hom. Hymn. in Apol. 77. and bitumen, and partly of brick alone. A wall of of which the following passage of Milton may be tathis sort must have a great thickness in proportion to ken for a translation, though not so designed :its height, otherwise it cannot stand. The thickness of the walls of Babylon is said to have been one-fourth

" And in their palaces, of their height, which seems to have been no more Where luxury late reigned, sea monsters whelped, than was absolutely necessary. Maundrell, speaking And stabled.”.

Par. Lost, xi. 750. of the garden walls of Damascus, says, “ They are of

This image of desolation is handled with great proa very singular structure. They are built of great pieces of earth, made in the fashion of brick, and har- priety and force by some of the Persian poets :dened in the sun. In their dimensions they are two

! yards long each, and somewhat more than one broad, and half a yard thick.” And afterward, speaking of the walls of the houses, he says, “From this dirty way

“ The spider holds the veil in the palace of Cæsar ; of building they have this amongst other inconveni

The owl stands centinel on the watch-tower of Afences, that upon any violent rain the whole city be

rasiab." comes, by the washing of the houses, as it were a quagmire ;” p. 124. And-see note on chap. xxx. 13. On this quotation Sir W. Jones observes, you When a wall of this sort comes to be out of repair, noubet is an Arabic word, signifying a turn, a change, and is neglected, it is easy to conceive the necessary a watch ; henee. w; ce noubet zudun in Persian consequences, namely, that in no long course of ages signifies to relieve the guards by the sounds of drums it must be totally destroyed by the heavy rains, and and trumpets. Their office is given by the poet to the at length washed away, and reduced to its original owl ; as that of yls xix. purdeh dar, or chamberlain, earth.-L.

is elegantly assigned to the spider.

پرده داری میکند در قصر قیصر عنکبوت بوسي نوبت میزند بر گنبد افراسیاب


Deliverance of Israel from captivity, which shall follow the downfall of the great Babylonish.empire, 1, 2.

Triumphant ode or song of the children of Jacob, for the signal manifestation of Divine vengeance against their oppressors, 3–23. Prophecy against the Assyrians, 24, 25. Certainty of the prophecy, and immutability of the Divine counsels, 26, 27. Palestine severely threatened, 28-31. God shall establish Zion

in these troublous times, 32. 13. M. cir: 3122 FOR the LORD will have strangers shall be joined with A. M. cir. 3292. Olymp. XVII. 1. mercy on Jacob, and will them, and they shall cleave to Olymp. XVII. 1.

cir. annum
Numæ Pompilii, yet choose Israel, and set them the house of Jacob.

Numæ Pompilii, Roman., 4. in their own land: © and the

2 And the people shall take R. Roman., 1. a Psa. cii. 13. -b Zech. i. 17; ii. 12.

Chap. Ix. 4, 5, 10; Eph. ii. 12, 13, &c.

may seem to desert them, by giving them up to their Verse 1. And will yet choose Israel.] That is, will enemies, and scattering them among the nations. Jastill regard Israel as his chosen people; however he dah is sometimes called Israel ; see Ezek. xiii. 16; 82

( 64 )

cir. annum

R. Roman., 4.

Pride and destruction of


the king of Babylon. 4. M. cir

. 3292. them, d and bring them to their 6 He who smote the people in 4. M. cir. 3292. Olymp. XVII. 1. place : and the house of Israel wrath with ma continual stroke, Olymp. XVII. 1. Numæ Pompilii, shall possess them in the land he that ruled the nations in anger, Numæ Poinpilii

, of the LORD for servants and is persecuted, and none hindereth. R. Roman., 4. handmaids : and they shall take them cap- 7 The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet : tives, whose captives they were ; f and they they break forth into singing. shall rule over their oppressors.

8 Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, and the 3 And it shall come to pass in the day that cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art laid the Lord shall give thee rest from thy sorrow, down, no feller is come up against us. and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage 9 ° Hell p from beneath is moved for thee to wherein thou wast made to serve,

meet thee at thy coming : it stirreth up the . 4 That thou 8 shalt take up thisproverb dead for thee, even all the chief 'ones of the against the king of Babylon, and say, How earth; it hath raised up from their thrones hạth the oppressor ceased! the golden city all the kings of the nations. ceased!

10 All they shall speak and say unto thee, 5 The LORD hath broken the staff of the Art thou also become weak as we? art thou wicked, and the sceptre of the rulers. become like unto us?


Chap. xlix. 22; 1x. 9; lxvi. 20.- Heb. that had taken them captives. Chap. lx. 14.- Chap. xii. 19; Hab. ii. 6. 1 Or, taunting speech. - Or; exactress of gold.

* Rev. xviii. 16. Psa. cxxv. 3. Heb. a stroke without removing. Chap. Iv. 12; Ezek. xxxi. 16.-. Ezek. xxxii. 21. -- Or, The grave. Heb. leaders. Or, great goals.

Mal. i. 1; i. 11 : but the name of Jacob and of Israel, though it has hardly any thing figurative in it: but it used apparently with design in this place, each of is beautifully sententious, and, from the very form and which names includes the twelve tribes, and the other manner of it, has great spirit, force, and energy. Thus circumstances mentioned in this and the next verse, Job's last speeches, in answer to his three friends, which did not in any complete sense accompany the chap. xxvii.-xxxi., are called mashals ; from no one return from the captivity of Babylon, seem to intimate particular character, which discriminates them from that this whole prophecy extends its views beyond that the rest of the poem, but from the sublime, the figuraevent.

tive, the sententious manner 'which equally prevails Verse 2. For servants and handmaids) for thrallis through the whole poem, and makes it one of the and thrallesses.-OLD BIBLE. Male and female first and most eminent examples 'extant of the truly slaves.

great and beautiful in poetic style. See the note on Verse 3. In the day—“In that day"] 19777 o13 Prov. i. 1. bayom hahu. The word nion-hahu is added in two The Septuagint in this place render the word by MSS. of Kennicott's, and was in the copies from which Sprvos, a lamentation. They plainly consider the the Septuagint and Vulgate translated : ev on fuego speech here introduced as a piece of poetry, and of EXEivn, in die illa, ( avapaugei, MS. Pachom. adding that species of poetry which we call the elegiac; either

) in that day. This is a matter of no great conse- from the subject, it being a poem on the fall and death quence : however, it restores the text to the common of the king of Babylon, or from the form of the comform, almost constantly used on such occasions; and position, which is of the longer sort of Hebrew verse, is one among many instances of a word apparently lost in which the Lamentations of Jeremiah, called by the out of the printed copies.

Septuagint Oprvos, are written. Verse 4. This proverb—" This parable"] Son The golden city ceased] 737777 madhebah, which mashal. I take this to be the general name for poetic is here translated golden city, is a Chaldee word. Prostyle among the Hebrews, including every sort of it, bably it means that golden coin or ingot which was as ranging under one or other, or all of the characters, given to the Babylonians by way of tribute. So the of sententious, figurative, and sublime; which are all word is understood by the Vulgate, where it is rendered contained in the original notion, or in the use and ap- tributum ; and by Montanus, who translates it aurea plication of the word mashal. Parables or proverbs, pensio, the golden pension. Kimchi seems to have unsuch as those of Solomon, are always expressed in derstood the word in the same sense. De Rossi transshort - pointed sentences; frequently figurative, being lates it auri dives, rich in gold, or auri exactrix, the formed on some comparison ; generally forcible and exactor of gold ; the same as the exactor of tribute. authoritative, both in the matter and the form. And Verse 9. Hell from beneath is moved for thee to such in general is the style of the Hebrew poetry. meet thee). That is, Nebuchadnezzar. It (hell) hath The verb mashal signifies to rule ; to exercise autho- raised up from their thrones all the kings of the earth ; rity ; to make equal ; to compare one thing with ano--the ghosts (rephaim) of all the mighty ones, or goats, ther; to utter parables, or acute, weighty, and power- (Tiny attudey,) of the earth—all the oppressors of ful speeches, in the form and manner of parables, mankind.” What a most terrible idea is here! Tythough not properly such. . Thus Balaam's first pro- rannical kings who have oppressed and spoiled manphecy, (Num. xxiii. 7-10.) is called his mashal ; 1 kind, are here represented as enthroned in hell; and

cir. annum

The fall of


Nebuchadnezzar. A. M. cir. 3292.

11 Thy pomp is brought down 15 Yet thou shalt be brought 4. M. cir. 3292. B. C. cir. 712. Olymp. XVII.1. to the grave, and the noise of down to hell, to the sides of Olymp. XVII. 1. Numæ Pompilii, thy viols: the worm is spread the pit.

Numæ Pompilii, R. Roman., 4. under thee, and the

R. Roman., 4. worms 16 They that see thee shall narcover thee.

rowly look upon thee, and consider thee, say12 How art thou fallen from heaven, oing, Is this the man that made the earth to Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou tremble, that did shake kingdoms? cut down to the ground, which didst weaken 17 That made the world as a wilderness, the nations !

and destroyed the cities thereof; that ? opened 13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will not the house of his prisoners. ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne 13 All the kings of the nations, even all above the stars of God: I will sit also upon of them, lie in glory, every one in his own the mount of the congregation, win the sides house. of the north :

19 But thou art cast out of thy grave like 14 I will ascend above the heights of the an abominable branch, and as the raiment of clouds; * I will be like the Most High. those that are slain, thrust through with a Chap. xxxiv. 4.- Or, O day star. Lu Matt. xi. 23. -Dan. 13 Chap. xlvii 8; 2 Thess. ïi. 4. —y Matt. xi. 23.

-z Or, did viii. 10. w Psa. xlviii. 2.

not let his prisoners loose homeward. as taking a Satanic pleasure in seeing others of the xxv. 22, and xxix. 42, 43, where God appoints the same description enter those abodes of misery! place of meeting with Moses, and promises to meet with

Verse 11. Cover thee-—" Thy covering.”) Twenty- him before the ark to commune with him, and to speak eight MSS. (len ancient) of Kennicott's, thirty-nine unto him; and to meet the children of Israel at the of De Rossi's, twelve editions, with the Septuagint door of the tabernacle; that the tabernacle, and afterand Vulgate, read 70321 umechassecha, in the singular wards the door of the tabernacle, and Mount Zion, (or number.

Moriah, which is reckoned a part of Mount Zion,) Verse 12. O Lucifer, son of the morning. The whereon it stood, was called the tabernacle, and the Versions in general agree in this translation, and ren- mount of convention or of appointment; not from the der sko heilel as signifying Lucifer, owopwgos, the people's assembling there to perform the services of morning star, whether Jupiter or Venus ; as these are their religion, (which is what our translation expresses both bringers of the morning light, or morning stars, by calling it the tabernacle of the congregation,) but annually in their turn. And although the context speaks because God'appointed that for the place where he himexplicitly concerning Nebuchadnezzar, yet this has self would meet with Moses, and commune with him, been, I know not why, applied to the chief of the fallen and would meet with the people. Therefore 7 77 angels, who is most incongruously denominated Luci- har moed, the “mountain of the assembly,” or box fer, (the bringer of light !) an epithet as common to wis ohel moed, thé “ tabernacle of the assembly,” him as those of Satan and Devil. That the Holy means the place appointed by God, where he would Spirit by his prophets should call this arch-enemy of present himself; agreeably to which I have rendered God and man the light-bringer, would be strange in- it in this place, the mount of the Divine Presence. deed. But the truth is, the text speaks nothing at all Verse 19. Like an abominable branch-"Like the concerning Satan nor his fall, nor the occasion of that tree abominated ") That is, as an object of abominafall, which many divines have with great confidence tion and detestation ; such as the tree is. on which a deduced from this text. O how necessary it is to un- malefactor has been hanged. “It is written," saith derstand the literal meaning of Scripture, that prepos- St. Paul, Gal. iii. 13, “ Cursed is every man that hangterous comments may be prevented! Besides, I doubt eth on a tree,” from Deut. xxi. 23. The Jews theremuch whether our translation be correct. Sbo heilel, fore held also as accursed and polluted the tree itself which we translate Lucifer, comes from 55 yalal, yell, on which a malefactor had been executed, or on which howl, or shriek, and should be translated, “Howl, son he had been hanged after having been put to death by of the morning;” and so the Syriac has understood it; stoning. “Non suspendunt super arbore, quæ radici. and for this meaning Michaelis contends : see his rea- bus solo adhæreat; sed super ligno eradicato, ut ne sit sons in Parkhurst, under 5507 halal.

excisio molesta : nam lignum, super quo fuit aliquis susVerse 13. I will ascend into heaven] I will get the pensus, cum suspendioso sepelitur ; ne maneat illi maempire of the whole world. I will eralt my throne lum nomen, et dicant homines, Istud est lignum, in quo above the stars of God-above the Israelites, who are suspensus est ille, é deiva. Sic lapis, quo aliquis fuit here termed the stars of God. So the Targum of lapidatus ; et gladius, quo fuit occisus is qui est occiJonathan, and R. D. Kimchi. This chapter speaks sus; et sudarium sive mantile, quo fuit aliquis strangunot of the ambition and fall of Satan, but of the pride, latus; omnia hæc cum iis, qui perierunt, sepeliuntur.” arrogance, and fall of Nebuchadnezzar.

Maimonides, apud Casaub. in Baron. Exercitat. xvi. The mount of the congregation—" The mount of An. 34, Num. 134. Cum itaque homo suspensus. the Divine Presence") It appears plainly from Exod. maximæ esset abominationi,- Judæi quoque præ cæte

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B. C. cir. 712.

cir. annum

The fall of

the Assyrians. A. M. cir

. 3292. sword, that go down to the stones 24 The LORD of hosts hath A. M. cır. 3292. Olymp. XVII. 1. of the pit; as a carcass trodden sworn, saying, Surely as I have Olymp. XVII. 1. Nuna Pompilii, under feet.

thought, so shall it come to pass ; Nuræ Pompilii, R, Roman., 4.

R. Roman., 4. 20 Thou shalt not be joined with and as I have purposed, so shall them in burial, because thou hast destroyed it stand : ihy land and slain thy people : the seed of 25 That I will break the Assyrian in my evil-doers shall never be renowned.

land, and upon my mountains tread him under 21 Prepare slaughter for his children b for foot : then shall 8 his yoke depart from off the iniquity of their fathers; that they do not them, and his burden depart from off their rise, nor possess the land, nor fill the face of shoulders. the world with cities:

26 This is the purpose that is purposed upon 22 For I will rise up against them, saith the the whole earth : and this is the hand that is LORD of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the stretched out upon all the nations. name, and a remnant; and son, and nephew, 27 For the LORD of hosts hath purposed, saith the LORD.

and who shall disannul it? and his hand is 23 'I will also make it a possession for the stretched out, and who shall turn A. M. cir. 3278, bittern, and pools of water : and I will sweep it back ?

Olymp. XIII. 3. it with the besom of destruction, saith the 28 In the year that i king Ahaz

Romuli, LORD of hosts.

died was this burden.

R. Roman., 28.

B. C. cir. 726.

cur. annum

a Job rrit. 19; Psa. xxi. 10; XXxvii. 28; cix. 13. • Exod. &Chap. x. 27. - 2 Chron. xx. 6; Job ix. 12; xxiii. 13; Psa. 11.5; Matt. xxiii, 35.- e Prov. x. 7; Jer. li. 62. d1 Kings xxxiii. 11; Prov. xix. 21 ; xxi. 30; chap. xliii. 13; Dan. iv. 31, xiv. 10.-€ Job. xviii. 19.-Chap. xxxiv. 11; Zeph. ii. 14. 35.-i 2 Kings xvi. 20. ris aborninabantur lignum quo fuerat suspensus, ita ut of this king's wanton cruelty in killing the son of Goillud quoque terra tegerent, tanquam rem abominabilem. brias, on no other provocation than that, in hunting, he Unde interpres Chaldæus hæc verba transtulit you und struck a boar and a lion which the king had missed. kechat temir, sicut virgultum absconditum, sive sepul- Cyrop. iv. p. 309. tum.” Kalinski, Vaticinia Observationibus Illustrata, Verse 23. I will sweep it with the besom of dep. 342.

struction—"I will plunge it in the miry gulf of de" The Jews never hang any malefactor upon a tree struction"] I have here very nearly followed the Verthat is growing in the earth, but upon a post fixed in sion of the Septuagint; the reasons for which see in the ground, that it might never be said, “That is the the last note on 'De Poësi Hebr. Prælect. xxviii. tree on which such a one was hanged ;' for custom re- The besom of destruction, as our Version renders it. quired that the tree should be buried with the malefac-xoroga bematale. This, says Kimchi, is a Chaldee tor. In like manner the stone by which a criminal word : and it is worthy of remark that the prophet, was stoned to death, or the sword by which he was be- writing to the Chaldeans, uses several words peculiar headed, or the napkin or handkerchief by which he was to their own language to point out the nature of the strangled, should be buried with him in the same grave.” Divine judgments, and the causes of them. See the "For as the hanged man was considered the greatest note on Jer. x. 11. Sixteen of Kennicott's MSS., abomination, so the very post or wood on which he was and seventeen of De Rossi's, and one ancient of my hanged was deemed a most abominable thing, and there own, have the word "oxuya bematatey, in the plural. fore buried under the earth.”

“I will sweep her with the besoms of destruction." Agreeably to which Theodoret, Hist. Ecclesiast. i. Verse 25. I will break the Assyrian-—upon my 17, 18, in his account of the finding of the cross by mountains—" To crush the Assyrian-on my mounHelena, says, “ That the three crosses were buried in tains”] The Assyrians and Babylonians are the same the earth near the place of our Lord's sepulchre.” And people, Herod. i. 199, 200. Babylon is reckoned the this circumstance seems to confirm the relation of the principal city in Assyria, ibid. 178. Strabo says the discovery of the cross of Christ. The crosses were same thing, lib. xvi. sub init. The circumstance of found where the custom required they should be buried. this judgment being to be executed on God's moun

The raiment of those that are slain—"Clothed with tains is of importance; it may mean the destruction the slain") Thirty-five MSS., (ten ancient,) and three of Sennacherib's army near Jerusalem, and have a still editions, have the word fully written, vias lebush. It farther view: compare Ezek. xxxix. 4; and see Lowth is not a noun, but the participle passive ; thrown out on this place of Isaiah. among the common slain, and covered with the dead Verse 28. In the year that king Ahaz died was this bodies. So ver. 11, the earth-worm is said to be his burden] Uzziah had subdued the Philistines, 2 Chron. bed-covering. This reading is confirmed by two an- xxvi. 6, 7; but, taking advantage of the weak reign cient MSS. in my own collection.

of Ahaz, they invaded Judea, and took, and held in Verse 20. Because thou hast destroyed thy land, &c. possession, some cities in the southern part of the _* Because thou hast destroyed thy country; thou kingdom. On the death of Ahaz, Isaiah delivers this hast slain thy people ") Xenophon gives an instance I prophecy, threatening them with the destruction that

cir. annum

cir, annum


Calamities to fall


on the Moabites. A. M cir. 3278.

29 Rejoice not thou, whole PaB. C. cir. 726.

31 Howl, O gate; cry, O AM: cir. 3278. Olymp. XIII. 3. lestina, * because the rod of him city; thou, whole Palestina, art Olymp. XIII. 3. Romuli, that smote thee is broken: for dissolved : for there shall come

Romuli, R. Roman., 28.

out of the serpent's root shall from the north a' smoke, and R. Roman., 28. come forth a 'cockatrice, mand his fruit shall n shall be alone in his. • appointed be a fiery flying serpent.

times. 30 And the first-born of the poor shall feed, 32 What shall one then answer the messenand the needy shall lie down in safety : and gers of the nation ? that P the LORD hath I will kill thy root with famine, and he shall founded Zion, and a the poor of his people slay thy remnant.

shall r trust in it. * 2 Chron. xxvi. 6. Or, adder. -M2 Kings xviii. 8. Or, • Or, assemblies. -- Psa. lxxxvii. 1,5; cii. 16.-Zeph. u. 12; he shall not be alone.

Zech. xi. 11. Or, betake themselves unto it. Hezekiah, his son, and great-grandson of Uzziah, against Philistia ; which lay to the south-west from should bring upon them: which he effected; for “he Jerusalem. A great dust raised has, at a distance, smote the Philistines, even unto Gaza, and the borders the appearance of smoke : Fumantes pulvere campi ; thereof," 2 Kings xviii. 8. Uzziah, therefore, must “ The fields smoking with dust.”—VIRG. Æn. xi. 908. be meant by the rod that smote them, and by the ser- Verse 32. The messengers of the nation—“ The pent from whom should spring the flying fiery serpent, ambassadors of the nations”) The Septuagint read ver. 29, that is, Hezekiah, a much more terrible enemy D'la goyim, edvwv, plural; and so the Chaldee, and one than even Uzziah had been.

MS. The ambassadors of the neighbouring nations, The Targum renders the twenty-ninth verse in a that send to congratulate Hezekiah on his success; singular way.

“For, from the sons of Jesse shall which in his answer he will ascribe to the protection come forth the Messiah ; and his works among you of God. See 2 Chron. xxxii. 23. Or, if u goi sinshall be as the flying serpent.”

gular, the reading of the text, be preferred, the ambasVerse 30. And the first-born of the poor, &c.] The sadors sent by the Philistines to demand peace.-L. Targum goes on applying all to the Messiah.

" And

The Lord hath founded Zion] Kimchi refers this the poor of the people shall he feed, and the humble to the state of Zion under Hezekiah, when the rest shall dwell securely in his days : and he shall kill thy of the cities of Judea had been taken, and this only children with famine, and the remnant of thy people was left for a hope to the poor of God's people : and shall he slay."

God so defended it that Rabshakeh could not prevail I will kill—“He will slay") The Septuagint reads against it. To hemith,' in the third person, avɛdes; and so the The true Church of God is a place of safety; for as Chaldee. The Vulgate remedies the confusion of per- all its members are devoted to God, and walk in his sons in the present text, by reading both the verbs in testimonies, so they are continually defended and supthe first person.

ported by him. In the congregations of his people, Verse 31. There shall come from the north a smoke God dispenses his light and salvation; hence his poor -“ From the north cometh a smoke"], That is, ta or humble ones expect in his ordinances the blessings cloud of dust raised by the march of Hezekiah's army they need.

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cir, annum

cir. annum

Prediction of very heavy calamities about to fall upon the Moabites, 1-9.
B. C. cir. 120. THE . burden of Moab.
Be- Kir' of Moab is laid waste, and A. M. cir

. 3278.

B. C. cir. 726. Olymp. XIII. 3. cause in the night Ar of brought to silence :

Olymp. XIII. 3. Romuli,

Moab-is laid waste and brought 2 a He is gone 10 Bajith, and Romuli, R. Roman., 28.

to silence ; because in the night to Dibon, the high places, to R. Roman., 28. a Jer. xlviii. 1, &c.; Ezek. xxv. 8-11; Amos ii. 1.

Num. xxi. 28. -c Or, cut off.- -d Chap. xvi. 12. This and the following chapter, taken together, plished in his fourth year, when Shalmaneser invaded make one entire prophecy, very improperly divided the kingdom of Israel. He might probably march into two parts.

The time of its delivery, and conse- through Moab; and to secure every thing behind him, quently of its accomplishment, which was to be in possess himself of the whole country, by taking their three years from that time, is uncertain; the former principal strong places, Ar and Kirhares.-L. The not being marked in the prophecy itself, nor the latter authorized Version, which we have followed in the recorded in history. But the most probable account margin, places the prophecy in this chapter fourteen is, that it was delivered soon after the foregoing, in years earlier than that contained in the two preceding. the first year of Hezekiah ; and that it was accom- Jeremiah has happily introduced much of this pro

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