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cal, beg leave to approach the House, in the Queen's County, in Ireland, setting perfect confidence of its fixed determina- forth, tion to maintain unimpaired the Protestant “ That the Petitioners beg leave respectconstitution in Church and State; and fully, at this most important conjuncture, that, reposing in full security on this con- to solicit the favourable attention of the fidence, the common council have not for House to the peculiar condition of the some time past appeared as Petitioners Roman Catholics of Ireland, under the sea before the House, notwithstanding the re- vere penal laws now in force against them; peated demands of the Roman Catholics, and that, if they appear to the House to but now, when it is publicly asserted that persevere with more than common earnestthe Protestants of Ireland are favourable ness in their humble solicitarions for the to such demands, and when every power abrogation of those laws, and for a free of artifice and intimidation is employed admission to the blessings and benefits of to give colour to such assertion, the Peti. the civil constitution of their country, the tioners should feel that they shrunk from Petitioners trust that their perseverance their duty if they did not now declare, will be viewed rather as a proof of their that in their opinion the concessions al- just title to the liberty which they seek, ready made to the Roman Catholics are and of their sincerity in its pursuit, than such as, if exercised with gratitude to the as the result of any sentiment hostile to state, and for the tranquillity of the coun- the peace or true interests of this empire; try, would be most amply sufficient to and that the Petitioners should sincerely make the situation of the Roman Catholics dread lest their silence might be construed happy under the present Protestant estab- by a faithful but feeling people as an indilishment; and praying the House to per- cation of despair, and they would not severe in maintaining the constitution un- lightly abandon the pursuit of a laudable impaired in Church and State."
and most important object, strengthened Ordered to lie upon the table.
as they are by the concurring support of
their generous and enlightened fellow Sir John Neuport.-I much regret, Sir, countrymen, as well as by the fullest apthat I did not enter the House a few mi- probation of their own conscientious feelnutes earlier, whilst the Petition just read ings; they beg leave humbly to state to was under cognizance of the House, that the House, that they have publicly and I might have enabled this House, by a solemnly taken every oath of fidelity and statement of circumstances which occurred allegiance which the jealous caution of in that very assembly of the corporation the legislature has, from time to time, imof Dublin which framed that Petition, duly posed as tests of their political and moral to estimate its value, and that of the meet- principles; and, although, they are still ing whose sentiments it conveys. It was set apart (how wounding to every sentithere proposed to grant the freedom of ment of honour!) as if unworthy of the city of Dublin to major O'Donoghoe, credit in these their sworn declarations, in consideration of the signal valour and they can appeal confidently to the sacri. ability which that gallant officer had dis- fices which they and their forefathers have played in the defence of Tariffa, against long made, and which they still make an infinitely superior French force. His (rather than violate conscience by taking eminent services in that defence were oaths of a spiritual import contrary to proved by his being entrusted with the their belief), as decisive proofs of their dispatches, which bore testimony to his profound reverence for the sacred obligadistinguished gallantry. The majority of tion of an oalh; and that, by those awiul that corporate assembly gave a decided tests, they have bound themselves, in the negative to the freedom, which was ex- presence of the all-seeing Deity, whom pressly refused to major O'Donoghoe be- all classes of Christians adore, to be faithcause he was a Roman Catholic!!! How ful and bear true allegiance to their most striking is the display of loyal attach- gracious sovereign lord king George the ment to the constitution, in thus withhold- 3rd, and him to defend, to the utmost of ing from the brave defenders of their their power, against all conspiracies and country their well-earned rewards! attempts whatsoever against his person,
crown, or dignity; to use their utmost Petition Of The Roman Catholics or endeavours to disclose and make known Queen's County.) Mr. Parnell present to his Majesty and his heirs, all treasons ed a Petition from the Roman Catholics of and traitorous conspiracies which may be (VOL. XXII.)
formed against him or them, and faith- subvert the present Church establishment, fully to maintain, support, and defend, to for the purpose of substituting a Catholic the utmost of their power, the succession establishment in its stead ; and that they to the crown in his Majesty's family have solemnly sworn, that they will not against all persons whomsoever; and that, exercise any privilege, to which they are by those oaths, they have renounced and or may become entitled, to disturb and abjured obedience and allegiance unto weaken the Protestant religion or Proany other person claiming or pretending testant government in Ireland; and that a right to the crown of this realm; that they can, with perfect truth, assure the they have rejected, as unchristian and House, that the political and moral prin. impious to believe, the detestable doctrine, ciples asserted by these solemn and special that it is lawful in any ways to injure any tests are not merely in unison with their person or persons whomsoever, under pre- fixed principles, but expressly inculcated tence of their being heretics, and also that by the religion which they profess; and unchristian and impious principle, that no they do most humbly trust, that, as, profaith is to be kept with heretics, that it is fessors of doctrines which permit such no article of their faith; and they re- tests to be taken, they shall appear to the nounce, reject, and abjure the opinion, House to be entitled to the full enjoyment that princes, excommunicated by the of religious freedom, under the happy conPope and council, or by any authority stitution of these realms; and that frewhatsoever, may be deposed or murdered quently has the legislature of Ireland by their subjects or by any person what borne testimony to the uniform peaceable soever; that they do not believe that the demeanour of the Irish Roman Catholics, Pope of Rome, or any other foreign prince, to their acknowledged merits as good and prelate, state, or potentate, hath, or ought loyal subjects, to the wisdom and sound to have, any temporal or civil jurisdiction, policy of admitting them to all the blesspower, superiority, or pre-eminence, within ings of a free constitution, and of thus ihis realm; that they firmly believe, that binding together all classes of people by no act, in itself unjust, immoral, or wicked, mutual interest and mutual affection; and can ever be justified or excused by or that yet may they humbly represent to under pretence or colour that it was done the House, and they do so at this perilous for the good of the Church, or in obedience crisis, with sincere regret and deep solicito any ecclesiastical power whatsoever; tude, that the Roman Catholics of Ireland and that it is not an Article of the Catholic still remain subject to severe and humiFaith, neither are they thereby required liating laws, rigidly enforced, universally to believe or profess, that the Pope is infal. felt, and inflicting upon them divers injulible, or that they are bound to any order, rious and vexatious disabilities incapacities in its own nature immoral, though the Pope privations and penalties, by reason of their or any ecclesiastical power should issue or conscientious adherence to the religious direct such order, but that, on the con- doctrines of their forefathers; and that, trary, they hold that it would be sinful in for nearly the entire period of the last them to pay any respect or obedience twenty years, the progress of religious thereto; and that they do not believe that freedom has been obstructed, and, whilst any sin whatsoever, committed by them, other Christian nations have hastened to can be forgiven at the mere will of any unbind the fetters imposed upon religious Pope, or of any Priest, or of any person dissent, the Roman Catholics of Ireland or persons whatsoever, but that any person have remained unrelieved; and that the who receives absolution, without a sincere laws, which unequivocally attest their insorrow for such sin, and a firm and sincere nocence and their merits, continue to load resolution to avoid future guilt, and to them with the pains of guilt; their own atone to God, so far from obtaining there consciences, the voice of mankind, acquit by any remission of his sin, incurs the ad- them of crime and offence; their ProtesJitional guilt of violating a sacrament; tant fellow citizens press forward, with and, by the same solemn obligations, they generous ardour and enlightened benevoare bound and firmly pledged to defend, lence, to testify their earnest wishes for to the utmost of their power, the settle their relief; yet these penal laws, of which ment and arrangement of property in Ire. they humbly complain, cherish the spirit land, as established by the laws now in of hostility, and impede the cordial union being; that they have declared, disavow of the people, which is at all times so deed, and solemnly abjured, any intention to sirable, and now so necessary; and that these penal laws operate for no useful or people, but the bare permission to rise meritorious purpose, affording no aid to from their prostrate posiure, and to stand the constitution in church or state; not erect in the empire; and that they have attaching affection to either, they are ef. been taught that, according to the pure ficient only for objects of disunion and and practical principles of the British condisaffection; they separate the Protestant stitution, property is justly entitled to a from the Catholic, and withdraw both from proportionate share of power; and they the public good; they irritate man against humbly trust, that no reasonable apprehenhis fellow creature, alienate the subject sion can arise from that power which can from the state, and leave the Roman Ca. only be obtained and exercised through tholic community but a precarious and the constitution; and they are sensible, imperfect protection, as the reward of fixed and they do not regret, that this equality and unbroken allegiance; and that the Pe- of civil rights, which alone they humbly titioners forbear to detail the numerous in. sue for, will leave a fair practical ascencapacities and inconveniences inflicted by dancy wheresoever property shall predothose laws, directly or indirectly, upon the minate ; but, whilst they acknowledge the Roman Catholic community, or to dwell wholesomeness of this great principle, they upon the humiliating and ignominious cannot admit the necessity of the unqualisystem of exclusion, reproach, and suspi- fied disfranchisement of any part of the cion which they generate and keep alive; people in a constitution like that of these perhaps no other age or 'nation has ever realms; and that they are gratified by the witnessed severities more vexatious, or in- reflection that the attainment of this their flictions more taunting, than those which constitutional object will prove as conthe Petitioners have long endured, and of ducive to the welfare and security of this which but too large a portion still re- great empire, as to the complete relief of mains; and that relief from these disabili. the Roman Catholic community; that it ties and penalties they have sought through will secure the quiet and concord of their every channel that has appeared to them country, animate all classes of the people to be legitimate and eligible; they have in the common defence, and form the most never consciously violated, or sought to stable protection against the dangers which violate, the known laws of the land, nor heavily menace these islands; for the Pehave they pursued their object in any titioners most humbly presume to submit other manner than such as has been to the House, as their firm opinion, that an usually adhered to, and apparently the equal degree of enthusiasm cannot reabest calculated to collect and communi- sonably be expected from men, who feel cate their united sentiments accurately, themselves excluded from a fair participawithout tumult, and to obviate all pretext tion of the blessings of a good constitution for asserting, that the Roman Catholic and government, as from those who fully community at large were indifferent to partake of its advantages; that the enemies the pursuit of their freedom; and they of this empire, who meditate its subjugacan affirm, with perfect sincerity, that tion, found their best hope of success they have no latent views to realize, no upon the effects of those penal laws, which, , secret or sinister objects to attain; any by depressing millions of the inhabitants such imputation must be effectually re- of Ireland, may weaken their attachment pelled, as they humbly conceive, by the to their country, and impair the means of consideration of their numbers, their pro- its defence; and that the continued pres. perty, and their known principles and sure of these laws in times of unexampled character; and that their object is avowed danger only spreads the general feeling of and direct, earnest yet natural; it extends distrustful alarm, and augments the risks to an equal participation of the civil rights of common ruin; and that, to avert such of the constitution of their country equally evils, to preserve and promote the welfare with their fellow subjects of all other reli- and security of this empire, and to become gious persuasions ; it extends no further; thoroughly identified with their fellow and that they would cheerfully concede subjects in interests and affection, are obthe enjoyment of civil and religious liberty jects as precious in their eyes, upon every to all mankind; they ask no more for consideration of property, principle, and themselves; they seek not the possession moral duty, as in those of any other deof offices, but mere eligibility to office, in scription of the inhabitants of these realms; common with their fellow citizens; not and that, if, in thus humbly submitting power or ascendancy over any class of their depressed condition, and their earnest
hopes, to the consideration of the House, to the advantage of the Company, has laid they would dwell upon the great numbers, them under the necessity of frequently apand the property of the Roman Catholics plying to government for enormous sums of Ireland, already so considerable and of the public money to support their esso rapidly encreasing, and to their conse- tablishment, so that, even in this respect, quent most important contributions to the it is a national grievance; and that it is exigencies of the state, they would do so extremely discouraging, and in itself unnot with a view of exciting unworthy mo- natural, that the merchants of foreign natives for concession, but in the honest hope tions should be allowed the benefit of a of suggesting legitimate and rational free trade to British possessions of such grounds of constitutional relief; and deep- magnitude, which is denied to British merly indeed should they lament, if these very chants; and the circumstance of Amerirecommendations should serve only to cans and other foreign nations carrying on hold them out as the objects of harsh sus- trade with the countries comprehended in picion at home, or of daring attempts upon the East India Company's Charter, comtheir allegiance from abroad : may the pletely refutes the arguments urged by Petitioners then, with hearts deeply inte- those interested in the monopoly, of a free rested in the fate of this their humble sup- trade being prejudicial to private merplication, presume to appeal to the wisdom chants; and the petitioners beg leave forand benignity of the House on behalf of a ther to state, that the continuance of this very numerous, industrious, affectionate monopoly bears peculiarly hard on British and faithful body of people, the Roman merchants at present, when our inveterate Catholics of Ireland, and to pray, that the foe is exerting all his power to shut out House may be pleased to take into their this nation from commercial intercourse favourable consideration the whole of with the continent of Europe, which rentheir condition, their numbers, their ser- ders the continuation of that system pevices, their merits, and their sufferings; culiarly inexpedient; on the other hand, and that they may be restored to the the admission of a free and unfettered rights and privileges of the constitution of trade with such a large proportion of the their country, be freed from all penal and population of the globe, most fortunately disabling laws in force against them, on presents a very seasonable substitute for account of their religious faith, and may the loss of European commerce, the vast thereby become more worthy, as well as extent of countries and variety of climates more capable of promoting the service of situated between the Cape of Good Hope the crown, and the substantial interests of and Straits of Magellan, affording an exthis great empire."
tensive field for mercantile talents and caOrdered to lie upon the table.
pital, beyond the tyrannical grasp of the
enemy, and such an opening cannot fail Petition FROM STIRLING RESPECTING to prove highly gratifying and beneficial The Renewal Of The East INDIA COM- to the British empire at large, strengthen PANY's Charter.) A Petition from the and secure its vital interests by reviving provost, magistrates, and town council of languishing commerce and manufactures the royal burgh of Stirling, North Britain, at home, and most effectually defeat the was presented and read ; setting forth, grand object of our inveterate foe on the
" That, in the prospect of the East India continent; and praying the House neither Company's Charter being soon expired, to renew nor continue the exclusive prithe petitioners beg leave to address the vileges of the East India Company, but to House on this very important subject, so adopt such measures as may render it lawhighly interesting to the empire at large; ful for any of his Majesty's subjects, from and the petitioners humbly plead the na- and after the Ist of March, 1814, to carry tural right that every British subject has on from all ports of the United Kingdom, to exercise a free trade with every coun- a free and unlimited trade with the British try dependent upon, or in amity with, the possessions in India, and with all other British empire ; and that the experience countries situated to the east of the Cape of past ages sufficiently proves the gene- of Good Hope, and to the west of Cape ral inexpediency of commercial monopo- Horn.” lies; that the monopoly hitherto enjoyed Orde: by the East India Company, while it has excluded British subjects from any participation in the trade, so far from operating