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our subjects, bow faulty soever, rely upon the door, it was resolved that he should be called word of a king, solemnly given by this present in; which being done, and he at the bar, after Declaration, That no crime whatsverer, com- obeisance made, he said, • Nir. Speaker, I am mitted against us or our royal father before the commanded by the King, my master, to depublication of this, shall ever rise in judgment, "liver this Letter to you, and his desires that or be brought in question, against any of thein," you would communicate it to the house. The to the least endamagcrnent of them, either in messenger being withdrawn, the Letter was their lives, liberties, or estates, or (as far forth read to the house by Mr. Speaker, and was as as lies in our power) so much as to the preju- follows: dice of their reputations, by any reproach or “ To our Right Trusty and Well-belored term of distinction froin the rest of our best

tie Speaker of the flouse of Comsubjects; we desiring and ordaining, that benceforth all notes of discord, separation, and dittc- “ C. R. Trusty and Well-beloved, we greet rence of parties be utterly abolished among all you well : In these great and insupportable our subjects, whom we invite and conjure to a afflictions and calamities under which ihe poor perfect union among themselves, under our nation hath been so long exercised, and by prutection, for the Re-settlement of our just which it is so vear exhausted, we cannot think Riglits aud theirs, in a Free Parliament, by of a more natural and proper Remedy, than to which, upon the word of a king, we will be ad- resort to those for council and advice, who vised.--And because the passion and uncha- have seen and observed the first beginning of ritableness of the times bave produced several our miseries, the progress from bad to worse, opinions in Religion, by which men are en- and the mistakes and misunderstandings which gaged in parties and animosities against each have produced and contributed to inconveniother, (which, when they shall hereafter unite ences which were not intended; and after so in a freedom of conversation, will be composed, many revolutions, and the observation of what or better understood) we do declare a Liberty hath attended them, are now trusted by our to tender Consciences, and that no man shall good subjects to repair the breaches which are be disquicted or called in question, for dille nade, and to provide proper Remedies for rences of opinion in matter of Religion, which those Evils, and for the lasting Peace, Happido not disturb the peace of the kingdom; and ness, and Security of the kingdom.-We do that we shall be ready to consent to such an assure you, upon our royal word, that none act of parliament, as, upon mature deliberation, of our predecessors have had a greater esteem shall be offerrd to us, for the full granting that of parliaments than we have; in our judgment, indulgence --And because, in the continued as well as from our obligation, we do believe distractions of so many years, and so many them to be so vital a part of the constitution of and great revolutions, many grants and pur- the kingdom, and so necessary for the governchases of estates have been made to, and by, ment of it, that we well know, neither prince many officers, soldiers, and others, who are nor people can be, in any tolerable degree, now possessed of the same, and who may be happy without thein : and therefore you may liable to actions at law upon several titles, we be confident, that we shall always look upon are likewise willing that all such differences, their counsels as the best we can receive, and and all things relating to such granıs, sales, and shall be as tender of their Privileges, and as purchases, shall be determined in parliament; careful to preserve and protect them, as of that which can best provide for the just satisfaction which is most near to ourself, and most neces of all men who are concerned.—And we do sary for our own preservation. And as this is fartber declare, That we will be ready to con- our opinion of Parliaments, that their authority sent to any act or acts of parliament to the is most necessary for the gorernment of the purposes aforesaid, and for the full satisfaction kingdom, so we are most confident that you beof all Arrears due to the officers and soldiers of lieve and find, that the preservation of the the Army under the command of general Monk, King's Authority is as necessary for the preand that they shall be received into our ser- servation of parliaments ; and that it is not vice opon as good pay and conditions as they the name, but the right constitution of them, now enjoy. Given under our Sign Manual which can prepare and apply proper Remedies and Privy-Signet, at our Court at Breda, this for those evils which are grievous to the people, 14th day of April, 1660, in the 12th year and which can thereby establish their Peace our reigu."

and Security : and therefore we bave not the The King's Letter to the House of Commons.] | least doubt but that you will be as tender in, May 1. In the house of commons, Mr. Au- and as jealous of, any thing that may infringe nesley reported from the Council of State, a our honour, or impair our authority, as of your Letter from the King, unopened, directed, own liberty and property, which is best pre• To our Trusty and Well-beloved General served by preserving the other. -How far we * Monk, to be communicated to the President have trusted you in this great affair, and how and Council of State, and to the Officers of much it is in your power to restore the nation

the Armies under his command,' being re- to all that it bath lost, and to redeem it from ceived from the hands of sir John Grenville. any infamy it hath undergone, and to make The house being informed that sir John Gren- king and people as happy as they ought to be, ville, a messenger from the King, was at the you will find by our inclosed Declaration, á Vol. IV.


copy of which we have likewise sent to the word ; there is nothing that you can propose, house of peers, (sce p. 10): and you will easily that may make the hivydum happy, which we believe that we would not voluntarily, and of will not contend with you to compass; and, ourself, bave reposed so great a trust in you, upon this contidence and assurance, we bave but upon an entire contidence that you will not thought fit to send you this Declaration, that abuse it, and that you will proceed in such a you may, as much as is possible, at this dismanner, and with sucli due cousideration of tance, see our heart; which when God shall us who have trusted you, tbat we shall not be bring us nearer together, (as ne hope he will ashamed of declining other assistance, (which do shortly) will appear to you very agreeable to we have assurance of) and repairing to you what we have professed. And we hope that for more natural and proper Remedies for the we have made that right Christian use of our evils we wouhl be freed from ; nor sorry that aflliction, and that the observation and expewe have bound up our own interest so intirely rience we have had in other countries hath with that of our subjects, as that we refer it to been such, as that we, and we hope all our subthe same persons to take care of us, who are jects, shall be the better for what we have seen trusted to provide for them. We look upon and suffered.--We shall add to more but our you as wise and dispassionate men, and good prayers to Almighty God, that he will so bless patriots, who will raise up those banks and your counsels, and direct your endeavours, fences which have been cist down, and who that his Glory and Worsbip may be provided will most reasonally bope, that the same pros- for, and the Peace, Honour, and Happiness of perity will again spring from those roots from the nation may be established upon those founwhich it hath beretofore and always grown. dations which can best support it. And so we Nor can we apprebend that you will propose bid you farewell. Given at our Court at Breda any thing to us, or expect any thing from us, this 14th day of April, 1660, in the 12th year but that we are as ready to give as you to of our reign.” receive.- If you desire the advancement and The King's Letter to Gen. Monk, and the propagation of the Protestant Religion, we Council of State.] After reading the forehave, by our constant profession and practice going, with the Declaration inclosed, the folof it, given sutlicient testimony to the world, lowing Letter from bis majesty to general that neither the unkindness of those of the Monk was also read: same faith towards us, nor the civilities and “ To our Trusty and Well-belored General obligations from those of a contrary profession, Monk, to be by biin communicated to (of both wbich we have had abundant evidence) the President and Council of State, and could in the least degree startle us, or make us to the Cfficers of the Armies under bis swerve from it. And nothing can be proposer Command. to manifest our zeal and affection for it, to “ C. R. Trusty and Well-beloved, we greet which we will not readily consent.

And we

you woll: It cannot be believed but that we hope in due time ourself to propose somewhat have been, are, and ever must be, as solicitous to you for the propagation of it, that will sa- as we can, by all endeavours, to improve the tisfy the world that we have always made it affections of our good subjects at home, and to both our care and our study, and have enough procure the assistance of our friends and allies observed what is most like to bring disadvan- abroad, for the recovery of that Right, whicli,

to it.--- If you desire Security for those, by the laws of God and man, is unquestionable, who, in these calamitous times, eit wiltully and of which we have been so long dispossessed or weakly have transgressed those bounds by such force, and with those circumstances, which were prescribed, and bave invaded cach as we do not desire to aggravate by any sharp other's rights, we have left to you to provide expressions; but rather wish that the memory for their Security and Indemnity, and in such of what is past may be buried to the world, a way as you shall think just and reasonable ; That we have more endeavoured to prepare and, by a just computation of what men have and to improve the affections of our subjects at done and suffered, as near as is possible, to home for our Restoration, than to procure take care that all inen be satisfied; wbich is assistance from abroad to invade either of our the surest way to suppress and extirpate all kingdoms, is as manifest to the world: and we such uncharitableness and animosity, as might cannot give a better evidence that we are still hereafter shake and threaten that Peace, wbich, of the same mind than in this conjuncture, for the present, might seem established. If when common reason must satisfy allinen that there be a crying sin, for which the nation we cannot be without assistance from abroad, may be involved in the infamy that attends it, we chuse rather to send to you, who have it in we cannot doubt but that you will be as soli- your own power to prevent that ruin and desocitous tn redeem and vindicate the nation from lation which a war would bring upon the nathat guilt and intamy as we can be.--If you | tion, and to make the whole kingdom owe the desire that reverence and obedience may be Peace, Happiness, Security, and Glory it shall paid to the fundamental Laws of the Land, and enjoy, to your virtue; and to acknowledge that that Justice may be equally and impartially ad- your armies have complied with their obligaministered to all men, it is that which we desire tions for which they were first raised, for the to be sworn to ourself, and that all persons in preservation of the Protestant Religion, the power and authority should be so too.-In a Ilonour and Dignity of the King, the Privileges


of Parliament, the Liberty and Property of the “ To our Trusty and Well-beloved the Lord Subject, and the Fundamental Laws of the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common CounLand ; and that you have vindicated that trust cil of our City of London. which others inost perfidiously abused and be- C. R. Trusty and Well-beloved, we greet 'trayed. How much we desire and resolve to you well : In these great Revolutions which of contribute to those good ends, will appear to late bave bappened in that our kingdom, to you by our inclosed Declaration, wbich we de- the wonder and amazement of all the world, sire you to cause to be published for the intor- there is none that we have looked upon with mation and satisfaction of all good subjects, more comfort than the su frequent and public who do not desire a further effusion of precious manifestations of their affections to us in the Christian blund; but to have their Peace and city of London, which bath exceedingly raised Security founded upon that which can only our spirits, and which, no doubt, bath proceeded support-it, an Unity of Affections amongst our- froin the Spirit of God, and bis extraordinary selves, an equal Administration of Justice to mercy to the nation, which bath been encoumen, restoring Parliaments to a full capacity of raged by you, and your good example, to assert providing for all that is amiss, and the Laws of that governinent, under which it bath so many the Land to their due veneration. You bave hundred years enjoyed as great fælicity as any been yourselves witnesses of so many Revolu- nation in Europe, and to discountenance the tions, and have had so much experience how imaginations of those who would subject our far any power and authority, that is only as- subjects to a government they have not yet sumed by passion and appetite, and not sup- devised ; and, :0 satisfy the pride and ambiported by justice, is from providing for the tion of a few ill men, would introduce the most happiness and peace of the people, or from re- arbitrary and tyrannical power that was ever ceiving any obedience from them, without yet heard of. How long we have all suffered which no government can provile for them, under those and the like devices, all the world that you may very reasonably believe that God takes notice, to the no-small reproach of the hath not been well pleased with the attempts English nation, which we hope is now prothat have been made, since he hath usually viding for its own security and redemption, increased the confusion, by giving all the suc- and will be no longer bewitched by those incess that hath been desired, and brought that ventions. How desirous we are to contribute to pass without effect, which the designers have to the obtaining the peace and happiness of proposed as the best means to settle and com- our subjects without further effusion of blood, pose the nation; and therefore we cannot but and how far we are from desiring to recover hope and believe that you will concur with what belongs to us by a war, it it can be otherus in the Remedy we have applied ; which, to wise dove, will appear to you by the inclosed human understanding, is only proper for the Declaration; which, together with this our ills we all groan under; and that you will Letter, we have intrusied our right trusty make yourselves the blessed instruments to and well-beloved cousin the lord viscount bring this blessing of Peace and Reconciliation Mordaunt, and our trusty and well-beloved upon king and people, it being the usual method servant sir John Grenville, knt. one of in which Divine Providence deligliteth itself to the gentlemen of our bed-chamber, to deuse and sanctify those very means which ill | liver to you, to the end that you, and all the men design for the satisfaction of private and rest of our good subjects of that our city of particular ends and ambition, and other wicked London, (to whom we desire it should be pubpurposes, to wholesome and public ends, and lished) may know 'how far we are from the to establish that good which is most contrary desire of revenge, or that the Peace, Happito the designers ; which is the greatest mani-piness, and Security of the kingdom should be festation of God's peculiar kindness to a nation raised upon any other foundation than the that can be given in this world. How far we affection and hearts of our subjects, and their resolve to preserve your interests and reward own consents. We have not the least doubt your services, we refer to our Declaration; and of your just sense of those our condescensions, ve bope God will inspire you to perforin your or of your zeal to advance and promote the same duty to us and to your native country, whose good end, by disposing all men to meet us bappiness cannot be separated from each other. with the same affection and tenderness, in re-We have intrusted our well-beloved servant storing the fundamental laws to that reverence sir John Grenville, one of the gentlemen of our that is due to them, avd upon the preservation bed-chamber, to deliver this unto you, and to whereof all our happiness depends : and you give us an account of your reception of it, and will have no reason to doubt of enjoying your to desire you, in our name, that it may be pub- full share in that happiness, and of the imlished ; and so we bid you farewell. Given at proving it by our particular affection to you. our Court at Breda this 14th of April, 1660, in It is very natural for all men to do all the the 12th year of our reign.”

good they cau for their native country, and to The King's Letter to the Lord Mayor and advance the honour of it : and as we have that City of London.) Besides the foregoing, the full affection for the kingdom in general, so we following Letter from the King was sent to the would not be thought to be without some exLord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council traordinary kindness for our native city in parof the City of London ;

ticular, which we shall manifest on all occasions, not only by renewing their Charter, and consider with the lord mayor, aldermen, and contirming all those Privileges which they have commons of the city of London, about a furreceived from our predecessors, but by adding ther sum to be raised and applied for the payand granting any new favours which may ad- ing of the Army, and to consider how the vance the trade, wealth, and honour of that Arrears of the Army may be satisfied, our native city ; for which we will be so so- A Conference baving been desired by the licitous, that we doubt not but that it will, in lords with the other house, the commons sent due time, receive some benefit and advantage up sir George Booth to let them know, that in all those respects, even from our own obser- they were ready for it as they desired. The vation and experience abroad : and we are committee appointed by the cominons to mamost confident we shall never be disappointed nage this conference, were, Mr. Annesley, Mr. in our expectation of all possible service from Finch, Mr. Turner, lord Falkland, Mr. Piereyour affectious; and so we bid you farewell. point, serjeants Hales and Brown. The subGiven at our Court at Breda the 11th day of ject was the Settlement of the Government of April, 1000, in the 12th year of our reign." these Nations.

After reading these Letters, with the Decla- May 1, p. m. Mr. Annesley reported the ration, in the two houses, the Lords ordered sir Conference had with the lords: That the earl John Grenville to be called in again, and the of Manchester had acquainted the comwittee Speaker, by direction of the house, gare bim of this house with the lords' receipt of a Letter Thanks, in their name, for his care in bringing from bis majesty, and of a Declaration inclosed. this gracious Message from the King. They He told us, it was a maxim, “Where the Word also ordered, That the King's Letter to them of a Kirg is, there is power;” and where the and the Declaration should be forthwith printed Word of our King is, as it is now received, and published, with this title, ‘llis Majesty's there is truth; and Power and Truth are the • gracious Letter and Declaration, sent to best supports of government: he wished us to : the House of Peers by sir John Grenville, consider the mistaken maxins of some politi

kut.' Lastly, the Lords appointed a Con- cians, that distrust and jealousies are the mittee to consider of a Letter of Thanks to the nerves and sinews of wisdom; but he hopes, king for bis gracious Message sent, this day, that we will rather consider that Wisdom from to the house, and to present it for their lord-above, which is first pure,

, easy to be inships consideration.

treated; and that all distrust and jealousy Mr. Rich, and Mr. Eltonhead, Masters of might be laid aside: he took notice of soine the Chancery, being sent by the Lords, with a new State Builders, that had been framing imaMessage, desiring a conference with the Com- ginary states of government; which brought mons this day (May 1) at 11 o'clock, in the into consideration our antient government, the Painted-Chamber, in order to the Settlement best in the world: and thereupon took notice of the great Affairs of the Kingdom, the mes- ot'a Vote in the lords' house, concerning the sengers were called in, and the Speaker ac- Government of this kingdom, to the tenor fulquainted them, That the house had considered lowing, viz. The lords do own and declare, klicir Message, and would return an Answer by Theat, according to the antient and fundamessengers of their own,

• mental laws of this kingilom, the government Then it was resolved, nem. con. “ That an is, and ought to be, by King, Lords, and Answer be prepared to his Majesty's Letter, Commons. -Then he proceeded further, and expressing the great and joyful sense of this took notice of the great revolutions and changes house of tis gracious offers, and their humble that have been, and the occasion of them to and hearty Thanks to his inajesty for the same, be, the separation of the head from the memwith professions of their loyalty and duty to bers; and therefore he acquainted the com his majesty; and that this house will give a mittee with another Vote of the lords, viz, speedy' Answer to his majesty's gracious pro- • That the lords, having a deep sense of the posals.”—Mr. Finch, Mr. Annesley, sir Anth. miseries and distractions that this kingdom Ashley Cooper, the Lord-General, sir Wm. . hath been involved in, since the violent atLewis, Mr. Morris, and Mr. Hollis, were or- tempts to dissolve the established governdered to prepare the said Answer.

ment; and conceiving that the separating the It was also resolved, nem, con. “ That the head from the members hath been the chiefsum of 50,0001. be presented to the King's ma- est occasion of all our disorders and confujesty from this house; and the Committee ap- sions, they desire that some ways may be conpointed to draw up the Answer to the King's sidered how to make up these breaches, and Letter were ordered to go to the lord mayor, to obtain the King's Return again to his peoaldermen, and commons of the city of London, ple.' And that he also acquainted them with to consider with them how the said sum of a third Vote of the lords, in order to a further 50,0001. may be raised ; what security they proceeding on the former, viz. “ That a comwill desire for the repayment thereof with mittee of the house of compions may be apinterest after the rate of 6l. per cent, and to pointed to meet with a committee of the oiler such security as they shall think fit, for • lords, to prepare such things as may be in re payment thereof to the persons who shallad-' order to these good and necessary ends; and vance the same."-Resolved, That it be re- "to frame a Letter of Thanks and Acknowferred to the same Committee appointed to ledgments to his majesty for his gracious · Letter and Declaration.' And, lastly, his “ For the King's Most Excellent Majesty, majesty's said Letter and Declaration, sent to “ Most gracious Sovereign; Your loyal subthe lords, was read there; and that they had jects the Peers, now assembled, do, with all intrusted the committee with them, that they humility and thankfulness, return their acknowmight also be read here, and a Resolution ledgments to your majesty for your gracious given upon the whole.

Letter and Declaration; and do esteem it Atter bearing this Report, the commons or their greatest honour that your majesty is dered the King's Letter to the lords, with his pleased to express a confidence of their counmajesty's Deciaration there inclosed, to be sels and endeavours for the composing the sad Tead; and then it was Resolved, “ That this and unhappy distractions of your kingdoms; house doth agree with the lords, and do own and they own this as their great advantage, and declare, ihat, according to the antient and that they may now act in discharge of their fundamental laws of this kingdon, the Go- own duty by your maj.'s command. Your mavernment is, and ought to be, by King, Lords, jesty's great and many sufferings have long, and Commons."-Ordered also, That the fol- affected their hearts wiib deep resentments of lowing committee be appointed to peruse the trouble and sorrow; but the same power that Journals and Records, and to examine what usurped and profaned your sceptre, divested pretended Acts or Orders have passed, which them of their rights and privileges, and kept are inconsistent with the Government by them under such pressures and difficulties, as king, Lords, and Commons, and report them, they were rendered incapable of serving your with their opinion thereon, to this house; and majesty in order to those cuds, to which their also to offer such expedients, as may carry on duty and allegiance did engage them. It hath the Courts of Justice of this kingdom; and been their constant desire that the nation bad huw fines, recoveries, assurances, judgments, continued bappy and innocent; but your maand decrees, passed, may be confirmed and jesty's piety and wisdom bath shewed you to made good. Mr. Prynne, Mr. Finch, lord what degree your clemency is to be extended; Falkland, Mr. Turner, sir Wm. Lewis, serjeant and we hope all your subjects will answer your Hales, sir Walter Erle, sir Anth. Ash. Cooper, majesty's grace and favour to the ulmost point lord commissioner Tyrrel, sir A. Cope, serjeant of fidelity and obedience. The peers have a Glynn, lord commissioner Widdrington, sir just ground to own a more particular dependJohn Courtop, and all the gentlemen of the ence and subserviency to the throne of malung robe.

jesty, not only by the prescriptions of law, but May 2. The commons were busy, this day, by that affection and duty which is fixed in in altering and correcting the form of au Air their hearts upon the foundations of loyalty, siter to the King's Letter to them; which, be- which gives them the privilege to stile theming all read, was agreed to, and ordered to be selves Your majesty's most loyal, inost dutiful, superscribed, " To the King's Most Excellent and most obedient Subjects and Servants. -Majesty:'-Ordered, that sir John Grenville Signed in the name, and by the command, of be called to the bar, and that the Speaker re- the said House of Peers, by E. MANCHESTER, turn him Thanks for bis care, moreover the Speaker of the House of Peers pro tempore. house voted him 5001. to buy him a Jewel, as Westminster, May 3, 1660.” a testimony of their respects to him, and as a This day, the lords made an Order, That badge of honour, for bringing so gracious a the Statues of the late king's majesty be set Letter from the king's majesty to this house. up again in all the places from whence they

Alderman Robinson informed the house, were pulled down: and that the Arms of the That he was commanded, by the lord mayor, Commonwealth be demolished and taken away aldermen, and common council of the city of wherever they are, and the King's Arms be London, to acquaint them that they had re- put up in their stead: That the king's majesty ceived a Letter, (see p. 21) and Declaration be publicly prayed for by all ministers in their from the king's majesty, by the hands of the churches: and, lastly, that some place be conlord visc. Mordaunt and sir John Grenville; sidered of where general Monk's Statue may and that they desire the leave of this house to be set up. All which particulars were regire an Answer to them; to which the house ferred to the committee of privileges to conagreed.

sider of and make report to the house. The Answer of the House of Lords to the May 3. A Committee of the Commons had King's Letter.) May 3. This day, in the been appointed to go to the city of London, house of lords, the earl of Manchester reported to borrow Money of them for the present octhe draught of an Answer to the King's gra- casions; who returning, Mr. Annesley reported cious Letter to their house; which, being read, from them, That they had treated with the was approved of, and ordered to be sent to the lord mayor, &c. for a Loan of 100,0001, which king by the earls of Oxford, Warwick, Mid- the city was willing to advance on the security dlesex, viscount Hereford, lord Berkeley, and of an Ordinance for 3 months assessment; the lord Brooke ; who were to consider what time money arising from it to be paid into the they desire to prepare themselves to go. A Chamber of London; and that their ChamMessage was sent down to the commons, to berlain should be receiver for the whole. The acquaint them with this Vote. The Letter of house agreed to this proposal; and also voted the Lords to the King was as follows: 6 per cent. interest, from the time of re.

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