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Whereof paid by Mr. Jessop, being the whole received by him
PARL. HISTORY, 12 CHARLES II. 1660.-List of the Navy.
By Mr Parry, part of 2,0001. by him received, with the 500l. advanced by Mr. Forth
Charged on the Committee for the Army. 8,938 4 For the Forces in England For the Forces in Scotland 13,329 For the Forces in, and belonging to, Ireland For transporting 70 Recruits to Dunkirk
1,000 0 0
2,460 13 S
3 3,460 13 9,404 6 9
Charged on the Almoner, Dr. Barnard.
For lady Inchequin, not paid 100 0 0 For Inhabitants of Dover, for quartering sick and wounded Soldiers sent from Dunkirk, not paid 300 0 0°
For Mr. Sam. Hartlib, in part of his arrears of what was allowed him by the State, not paid
40 0 0
45,657 12 6
Charged on the Treasury of the Navy. For gen. Montagu, advanced on his going to sea
For gen. Penn, for a special service
200 0 0
600 0 0
500 0 0
100 0 0
Charged on the Treasurers for the Piedmont Collection-Money 156 0 0 Charged on the Revenue in Scotland, &c. Charged on the Prize-Office Charged on Sherwood-Forest
4,500 0 0
45 0 0 20 O
3. Lamport -
5,321 0 0
Pensions charged by Order of the Council of State. 17 Week On the Exchequer, per On the Council's Contingencies, per week
10 0 0
The house approved of this Account, in all its particulars; and ordered, That the Monies charged by the respective Warrants be paid accordingly and the Thanks of the house were ordered also to be returned by the Speaker to the Council, for their great and careful service.
Dover Hampshire Nampwich
List of the Navy of England at this time.] A List of such of his majesty's Ships of the Navy-Royal, now in pay, and not of the Summer's Guard; with an Account of the Wages due to them to the 1st of May 1660, and the Charge they are at, was read as followeth :
Men. Guns, Wages due to Martie
£. 210 50 8,854 210 52 9,286
150 40 3,025 140 40 150 40
130 38 4,370
5,205 11 变
4,430 14 3 3,785 14
6,573 11 5,220
25 4 1,985 9 4 620 17
4 3,310 10 3,167
S 2,619 10 5,147
7 130 38
110 32 2,629 18
40 10 1,440 14 (* 35 8 648 9 f
60 12 1,179 17
35 8 1,260 19 (
Ships 40-Men 3681-Wages 128,982
Mem. The Charge of these 40 Ships, which are unnecessarily kept abroad, will for ever month they continue unpaid,amount to 11,085)
May 17. The lords heard a Report; from b their Committee of Privileges, by the lord Ra berts, That it was their opinion, that when Message is brought from the commons, th Speaker of this house is to go to the bar alone and receive the Message; the rest of the lord Ce sitting in their places; which the house ap proved of, and ordered it to be added to the Roll of the Orders of this house.
stead of the first Vote, to have this Order following to be made, viz. "Upon complaint made this day, by the commons in parliament assembled, That all these persons, viz. John Bradshaw, John Lisle, and the rest, (except Matthew Tomlinson) who sat in Judgment upon the late King's majesty when Sentence of Death was pronounced against him; and the estates, both real and personal, of all and every the said persons (whether in their own hands, or in the hands of any in trust for their or any of their uses) who are fled, be forthwith seized and secured; and the respective sheriffs and other officers whom this may concern, are to take effectual order accordingly."
veral Votes, whereunto he desired their lord- | ships concurrence, viz. “Resolved, upon the question, by the and commons assembled in parliament, That all the persons who sat in Judgment upon the late King's majesty, when Sentence of Death was pronounced against him, and the estates, both real and personal, of all and every the said persons (whether in their own hands, or any other in trust for their or any of their uses) who are fled, be forthwith seized and secured, and the respective sheriffs and other officers whom this may concern are to take effectual order accordingly.-2. That nothing in the Orders touching the seizing of the persons or estates of those who sat in Judgment upon the late King, do in anywise ex- The house, after some consideration of the tend to colonel Matthew Tomlinson or his said Report, consented unto the Order accordestate.-3. That the Council of State do forth-ingly; and ordered, that the same, with the with take Order for stopping of all the ports, List aforesaid, shall be printed and published. to the end that none of those who are ordered And touching the rest of the said matters in to be apprehended, as having sat in Judgment the Votes, the lords sent a Message to the upon the late king's majesty, may make his commons for a conference to be had with them escape beyond the seas.-4. That these Votes, the next morning in the Painted-Chamber. with a List of the Names of those who are to be secured, be sent up to the lords and their concurrence desired, viz. John Bradshaw, serj. at law, president of the pretended High Court of Justice. John Lisle,
May 19. This day the said conference was held between the two houses, when the earl of Manchester, deputed by the lords, offered the following Reasons: He was to let the commons know, "That their lordships do not agree to these Votes as they were brought up, in respect they do intrench upon the antient privileges of this house; Judicature in parliament being solely in the lords house, and the Votes brought up were such. That, notwithstanding, their lordships were so careful of the matter as they would not lose time for the manner, and therefore have issued out an Order of their own for doing that which was desired; in which Order colonel Tomlinson is omitted, according to the desire of the commons. That the 3rd Vote relates to a Council of State, which the lords conceive not in being, and therefore have resolved that such emergencies as shall necessarily arise during his majesty's absence, and until his pleasure be further known, for his majesty's service and the peace of the kingdom, shall be transacted henceforth by the committee of lords and commons appointed for the Reception of his majesty, wherein their lordships desire the concurrence of the commons."
The commons, in a grand committee, went upon Ways and Means for the speedy raising of a considerable sum of money, for the satisfaction of the Arrears due to the Army and Navy; and came to a Resolution, That a PollBill should be brought in for raising 400,000l. for that purpose.
May 21. The commons heard the Report of the late conference with the lords, concerning their Votes for securing the persons and estates of the King's Judges; and appointed a committee to peruse their own Journal-Books, state the matter of fact upon the whole,and prepare Heads for a free conference with the lords about it. They also ordered that all the ports should be stopped, and that none of those persons should make their escape beyond the seas: and that no money or bullion be exE
to the commons, upon the matter of this free conference, whereby a good correspondency may be kept between the houses, and the privileges of this house preserved.
ported without the approbation of parliament. May 22. Another Conference was held between the two houses, on the subject of the last, and of which we find this Entry in the Lords Journals. The earl of Manchester reported the effect of the free Conference this morning, which his lordship said was managed by Mr. Annesley; who said, The commons had an earnest desire to continue a fair correspondency between both the houses; and they were sensible what distempers have been for many years past; and they desired that all breaches might be healed; that this conference was to preserve a good understanding. The commons said, "That they had seen a printed Paper, which was printed and published from their lordships, without their concurrence or a conference, or taking notice of it: the Paper is dated the 18th instant, which mentions, That, upon complaint made by the commous in parliament, it is ordered, by the lords in parliament, That divers persons should be secured, who sat in Judgment upon the late King's majesty, when Sentence of Death was pronounced; which Order leaves them out, contrary to their Resolution, as they presented it to this house for concurrence. The commous take notice that there was no Complaint in this case made by the commons, nor is there any Entry thereof in their Journals. If there had been a Complaint preceding, the lords could not have proceeded as they have, in a judicial way, without consent of the commons.
As this case is, the point of Judicature is not in question. 1. The Order sent by the commons to the lords for their concurrence, is not in a judicial, but in an extraordinary way, and for a notorious and transcendent crime. 2. The law allowed no such proceedings regularly before conviction. 3. This was in order only to bring them to a judicial proceeding. 4. The lords sent several Orders to the commons in the cases of sales, securing rents, and hindering of cutting or selling of wood or timber; wherein the commons concurred, and this before the parties heard: and this is a case of members of the lords house, all being assented unto as cases of extremity. The commons say they cannot adnit the lords Judicature so largely as they assert it; but judicature, as aforesaid, not being in question, they decline this dispute. They conceive the lords intrench upon the commons privileges; for col. Hutchinson, a member of the commons, could not be under such an Order of the lords, upon any account, unless the commons Order had been consented to. By this way, if allowed, the lords may vary from any Orders sent up by the commons, without a conference, and ground their variation upon pretended Complaint of the commons when there is none. The printing of the lords Order before the conference with the commons, or their assent, is a further intrenching upon the privilege of the commons.""
Hereupon the lords appointed a committee to consider what Auswer is fit to be returned
Several peers had leave given them to attend the King on his Landing; the same leave was given to general Monk by the commons, and to such other members of that house as be should desire to accompany him.
Letter from the Committee of Lords sent to the King. May 23. The following Letter from the lords who were sent by their house to his majesty, was read:
For the right hon. the earl of MANCHESTER,
"My lord; We have delivered the Letters and Message intrusted to us by the house of peers, and found a most gracious reception from his majesty, who is pleased to declare (which desire your lordships to communicate to the house) that he intends to depart from hence on Monday next, being the 21st of this month, to land at Dover; and, after a short stay at Canterbury, to continue his jour ney to London, and there to reside with his Court at Whitehall. This we are commanded to impart to your lordships from his majesty, and remain, Your, &c. Oxford, Middlesex, visc. Hertford, Berkley, Brook."
Another Letter was sent, of the same date, to the house of commons, from their members sent to the King, but it is not entered in their Journals.
Another Letter from the Speaker of the House of Lords to the King.] May 25. Both houses agreed to send congratulatory Letters to their committees with the King, to deliver to his majesty on his landing in England; which he was now very near doing, as the reader will find by a subsequent Letter from admiral Montagu to the lords. The Letter from the house of commons to the King is only mentioned in their Journals, as reported and approved of by that house, but not entered: that from the lords ran in these words:
"To the KING's Most Excellent Majesty; "May it please your Majesty; The sense your faithful subjects the peers, now assembled, have of your majesty s safe arrival into this your realin of England is so great, as obligeth them, by all dutiful acknowledgments, to express the same by these lines, before they have the honour and happiness to do it personally to your majesty; which they intend to perform so soon as they shall receive signification of your majesty's pleasure when, where, and in what manner they shall wait upon you. And, as your faithful council, do humbly offer to your majesty's deliberation so to consult the safety of your royal person, wherein they are highly concerned, that, in your return to London, the security thereof be preferred to all external considerations; which, out of our zeal to your majesty, is humbly offered by, Your majesty's most humble, faithful, and obedient Subjects and Servants. Signed in the Names, and by the command, of the said House of
Peers, by E. MANCHESTER, Speaker pro tempore. Westminster, May 25, 1660."
The Letter from general Montagu was as follows:
"To the right hon. the SPEAKER of the House of Peers. "About ten leagues from Scheveling, May 23, 1660. "My lord; Having appointed a rendezvous of as many ships as could be got together in the Bay of Scheveling, that I might the better receive his majesty's commands, in order to his happy return to England, it pleased his most gracious majesty, this day about noon, to embark himself in the Nazeby, riding before Scheveling. Their royal highnesses the dukes of York and Gloucester, the princess royal, queen of Bohemia, and the prince of Orange, accompanied his majesty on board; and, about 3 hours after, the duke of York embarking in the London, the duke of Gloucester in the Swiftsure, the princess royal, the queen of Bohemia, and prince of Orange, returned to Scheveling; and the fleet set sail, by his majesty's command, bound for the port of Dover, whither I trust God will give us a speedy and prosperous passage. I apprehend it my duty to give your lordships the soonest advertisement thereof I could, and so remain, Your, &c. "E. MONTAGU." The commons read a 2nd time, and committed, a Bill for taking away the Court of Wards and Liveries, and all Tenures in capite, or by Knights Service; and, on the question, resolved, "That the sum of 100,000l. a-year be settled on the king's majesty, in lieu of the said Court and Tenures."
The King's Letter to the Lords after landing.] May 28. The Speaker of the house of lords acquainted their lordships with a Letter he had received by the hands of Mr. Berkeley; which, being opened, appeared to be a Letter from the King, and was read as follows: "To our Trusty and right Well-beloved the SPEAKER of our House of Peers, to be communicated to the Lords there assembled ;
"C. R. Right Trusty and intirely-beloved cousins, right trusty and right well-beloved cousins, and right trusty and well-beloved, we greet you well: After we had received your invitation, we made all possible expedition to embark, and return to our native kingdom. It hath pleased God to bring us safe to land, and we hope that peace and happiness shall be brought to our kingdoms with us. We know our own heart to have nothing but affection to the good of all our people; and we cannot doubt of God's blessing on our councils and endeavours, for the advancing the honour and happiness of our kingdoms. We cannot distrust but that you will answer the professions you have made of your loyalty and affection to our service; and, you may be sure, that we will be deficient in nothing that becomes a gracious prince to his faithful subjects. We hope shortly to see you, and do intend to set
forward from hence on Monday next, and we hope to arrive at London on Tuesday in the afternoon, and will then give you timely notice where, and when, to attend us; and, in the mean time, we bid you heartily farewell, Given at our Court at Canterbury, this 26th day of May, 1660, in the 12th year of our reign."
After the foregoing Letter was read, the lord Berkley, one of the Commissioners sent over to the king, acquainted the house, That he was commanded by his majesty to let their lordships know, the King intended to be the next day at Whitehall, at 12 o'clock, where he expected their lordships to attend him in a full assembly.
Another Letter, to the same purport as the last to the lords, from the King, was presented to the commons by lord Falkland, and was read by their Speaker.
The late lords commissioners of the Great Seal, according to the Order of the house, did this day bring the Great Seal, in their custody, to the clerk's table, and delivered the same to the Speaker and a smith being sent for forthwith, he was ordered to deface and break in pieces the said Seal at the bar, the house then sitting, which was done accordingly, and the pieces thereof were delivered to the late Commissioners as their fees.
Both Houses wait upon the King at Whitehall.] May 29, p. m. The lords met for the purpose of going in the forenoon of this day from their own house, in procession, to wait upon the King at Whitehall. The earl of Manchester was appointed to speak what his lordship thought fit, to express the joy of that house for his majesty's safe return to his throne.
The commons did nothing material in the forenoon of this day, but resolve, nem. con. "That the king's majesty be pleased to give order, that the Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance be administered according to the laws and statutes of this realm now in force."
In the afternoon they met again, read and committed a Bill for Confirmation of the Privileges of Parliament, Magna Charta, Statutum de Talagio non concedendo, the Petition of Rights, and other Acts: after which we find the following Entry in their Journals: "The King's majesty having, by Letter to this house, signified his pleasure to be at Whitehall this day, and the lord Herbert having communicated his majesty's intentions to give a meeting to this house there, the house did, after their adjournment, walk on foot from Westminster to Whitehall, divers gentlemen going before Mr. Speaker; and, after them, the clerk, and clerk-assistant of this house; and next, before Mr. Speaker, the serjeant at arms attending this house bearing his mace, (being all uncovered) the members of this house following Mr. Speaker three in a rank; and, being come to Whitehall, they went up into the Banquetting-House, and there attended his majesty's coming to Whitehall;
which being about 7 of the clock, his majesty, about half an hour after, came into the Banquetting-House, and there placed himself in his chair of state: whereupon Mr. Speaker, being before retired to the lower part of the room, and the way being clear to the chair of state did, after his humble obeisauce, walk up towards his majesty; two members of the house going, one on one hand, and another on the other hand of him, and divers other members following him, the serjeant going immediately before him, with the mace turned downwards; and, in his way, made two other obeisances to his majesty; and, coming up to his majesty, he did address himself to him, in the name of this house, by an eloquent oration, to which his majesty gave a gracious Answer: which being performed, the members of this house, then attending, kissed his majesty's hand and, after that, his majesty retired out of the Banquetting-House; and Mr. Speaker, and the rest, thereupon departed."
Speech of the Speaker of the House of Lords to the King at Whitehall.] May 30. The two houses having congratulated his majesty on his Return to his dominions and the exercise of his kingly office, by the mouths of their distinct Speakers, they met again this day to proceed in national affairs, which were now to be carried on according to the antient government of this realm, by king, lords, and commons. The Speech the earl of Manchester, Speaker of the house of lords, till a lord chancellor, or lord keeper of the great seal could be created, made to the king, is entered in the proceedings of this day, in their Journals, as follows:
"That this day may prove happy to your majesty, is the hope, the expectation, and the earnest desire of my lords the peers, whose commands are upon me to make this humble tender to your majesty, of their loyal joy for your majesty's safe Return to your native kingdom, and for this happy Restoration of your majesty to your crown and dignity, after so long, and so severe, a suppression of your just right and title.-I shall not reflect upon your majesty's sufferings, which have been your peo-to ple's miseries; yet I cannot omit to say, that as the nation in general, so the peers, with a more personal and particular sense, have felt the stroke that cut the gordian knot, which fastened your majesty to your kingdom, and your kingdom to your majesty.-For since those strange and various fluctuations and discomposures in government, since those horrid and unparalleled violations of all order and justice, strangers have ruled over us, even with a rod of iron but now, with satisfaction of heart, we own and see your majesty, our native king, a son of the wise, a son of the antient king's, whose hand holds forth a golden Scepter. Great King! Give me leave to speak the confidence, as well as the desires, of the peers of England. Be you the powerful Defender of the true Protestant Faith; the just asserter and maintainer of the Laws and Liberties of your subjects; so shall
judgment run down like a river, and justice like a mighty stream;' and God, the God of your mercy, who hath so miraculously preserved you, will establish your throne in righteousness and in peace.-Dread Sovereign! I offer no flattering titles, but speak the words of truth. You are the desire of three kingdoms, the strength and the stay of the tribes of the people, for the moderating of extremities, the reconciling of differences, the satisfying of all interests, and for the restoring of the collapsed honour of these nations. Their eyes are toward your majesty, their tongues, with loud acclamations of joy, speak the thoughts and loyal intentions of their hearts; their bands are lift up to Heaven with prayers and praises: and what oral triumph can equal this your pomp and glory ?-Long may your majesty live and reign; a support to your friends, a terror to your enemies, an honour to your nation, and an example to kings of piety, justice, prudence, and power; that this prophetic expression may be verified in your majesty, King Charles the Second shall be greater than ever was the greatest of that name.'"
The King's Answer.] To the above speech his majesty made the following Answer:
"My lord; I am so disordered by my journey, and with the noise still sounding in my ears, (which I confess was pleasing to me, because it expressed the affections of my people) as I am unfit at the present to make such a reply as I desire; yet thus much I shall say unto you, That I take no greater satisfaction to myself in this my change, than that I find my heart really set to endeavour, by all means, for the restoring of this nation to their freedom and happiness: and I hope, by the advice of my parliament, to effect it. Of this also you may be confident, that, next to the honour of God, from whom principally I shall ever own this Restoration to my crown, I shall study the welfare of my people; and shall not only be a true Defender of the Faith, but a just asserter of the Laws and Liberties of my Subjects."
Speech of the Speaker of the House of Commons the King at Whitehall.] The Speech of the Speaker of the House of Commons on this occasion is not entered in the Journals. It was, however, afterwards printed, as follows: The Speech of Sir HARBOTTLE GRIMSTON,
Bart. Speaker of the Honourable House of Commons, to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, delivered in the Banquetting-House, at Whitehall, May 29, 1660, the Members of that House being then present.
"Most gracious and dread Sovereign; If all the reason and eloquence that is dispersed in so many several heads and tongues as are in the whole world, were conveyed into my brain, and united in my tongue, yet I should want sufficiency to discharge that great task I am now enjoined. The restitution of your majesty to the exercise of your just and most indubitable native right of sovereignty, and the deliverance of your people from bondage and