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5. The assured salvation of the church of

old, from the foundation of the world,

by virtue of the one offering of Christ,

is a strong confirmation of the faith of

the church at present to look for, and

expect everlasting salvation thereby 191

6. It is the prerogative of God, and the

effect of his wisdom, to determine the

times and seasons of the dispensation of

himself and his grace to the church · 195

7. God had a design of infinite wisdom

and grace in his sending of Christ,

and his appearance in the world there-

on, which could not be frustrated 196

8. Sin had erected a dominion, a tyranny

over all men as by a law


9. No power of man, of any mere crea.

ture, was able to evacuate, disannul,

or abolish this law of sin


10. The destruction and dissolution of

this law and power of sin, was the

great end of the coming of Christ for

the discharge of his priestly office in

the sacrifice of himself


11. It is the glory of Christ, it is the

safety of the chureh, that by his one

offering, by the sacrifice of himself

once for all, he hath abolished sin as

to the law and condemning power of it ib.

VERSES 27, 28.

1. God hath eminently suited our relief,

the means and causes of our spiritual

deliverance, to our misery, the means

and causes of it; as that his own wis-

dom and grace may be exalted, and

our faith established.


2. Death in the first constitution of it,

was penal


3. It is still penal, eternally penal to all



4. The death of all is equally determined

and certain in God's constitution ib.

5. The ground of the expiation of sin by

the offering of Christ is this, that there-

in he bare the guilt and punishment

due unto it


6. It is the great exercise of faith, to live

on the invisible actings of Christ on

the behalf of the church


7. Christ's appearance the second time,

one offering of Christ, that it stands

in need of, that it will admit of, no

repetition in any kind


2. This one offering of Christ is always

effectual unto all the ends of it, even

no less than it was in the day and hour

when it was actually offered


3. The great call and direction of the

gospel is to guide faith, and keep it up

anto this one offering of Christ, as the

spring of all grace and me су


4. Whatever had the greatest glory in the

old legal institutions, carried along

with it the evidence of its own imper-

fection, compared with the thing signi-

fied in Christ and his office

. 187


1. It was inconsistent with the wisdom,

goodness, grace, and love of God, that

Christ should often suffer in that way

which was necessary to the offering of

himself, namely, by his death and



2. It was impossible from the dignity of

his person


3. It was altogether needless, and would

have been useless


4. As the sufferings of Christ were neces-

sary unto the expiation of sin, so he

suffered neither more nor oftener than

was necessary.


his return from heaven to complete

the salvation of the church, is the

great fundamental principle of our

faith and hope, the great testimony we

have to give against all his and our



8. Faith concerning the second coming

of Christ is sufficient to support the

souls of believers, and to give them sa-

tisfactory consolation in all difficul-

ties, trials, and distresses


9. All true believers do live in a wait-

ing, longing expectation of the coming

of Christ


10. To such alone as look for him will

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condemning right and power, by virtue

of the sacrifice of Christ, is the founda-

tion of all the other privileges which

we receive by the gospel


2. All peace with God is resolved into a

purging atonement made for sin ib.

3. It is by a principle of gospel light

alone, that conscience is directed to

condemn all sin, and yet to acquit all

sinners that are purged


4. An obligation unto such ordinances of

worship as could not expiate sin, nor



testify that it was perfectly expiated,

was part of the bondage of the church

under the old testament


5. It belongs' unto the light and wisdom

of faith, so to remember sin and make

confession of it, as not therein or there-

by to seek after a new atonement for

it, which is made once for all



1. It is possible that things may usefully

represent what it is impossible that in

and by themselves they should effect 231

2. There may be great and eminent uses

of divine ordinances and institutions,

although it be impossible that by them-

selves, in their most exact and diligent

use, they should work out our accept-

ance with God


3. It was utterly impossible that sin should

be taken away before God, and from

the conscience of the sinner, but by the

blood of Christ


4. The declaration of the insufficiency of

all other ways for the expiation of sin,

is an evidence of the holiness, right-

eousness, and severity of God against

sin, with the unavoidable ruin of all



5. Herein also consists the great


stration of the love, grace, and mercy

of God, with an encouragement to

faith, in that, when the old sacrifices

neither would nor could perfectly ex-

piate sin, he would not suffer the work

itself to fail, but provided a way that

should be infallibly effective of it ib.

VERSES 5-10.

1. We have the solemn word of Christ,

in the declaration he made of his rea-

diness and willingness to undertake the

work of the expiation of sin, proposed

unto our faith, and engaged as a sure

anchor of our souls


2. The Lord Christ had an infinite pros-

pect of all that he was to do and suffer

in the world, in the discharge of his

office and undertaking


3, No sacrifices of the law, not all of

them together, were a means for the

expiation of sin, suited to the glory of

God or necessities of the souls of men 239

4. Our utmost diligence, with the most

sedulous improvement of the light and

wisdom of 'faith, is necessary in our

search into and inquiry after the mind

and will of God in the revelation be

makes of them


5. The constant use of sacrifices to sig-

nity those things which they could not

effect or really exhibit to the worship-

pers, was a great part of the bondage

that the church was kept in under the

old testament


6. God may in his wisdom appoint and





accept of ordinances and duties to one

end, which he will refuse and reject

when they are applied to another 240

7. The supreme contrivance of the salva-

tion of the church, is in a peculiar

manner ascribed unto the person of the



8. The furniture of the Lord Christ,

(though he were the Son, and in his

divine person the Lord of all,) for the

discharge of his work of mediation,

was the peculiar act of the Father. ib.

9. Whatever God designs, appoints, and

ealls any unto, he will provide for

them all that is peedful unto the duties

of obedience, whereunto they are so

appointed and called


10. Not only the love and grace of God

in sending his Son, are continually to

tre admired and glorified, but the act-

ing of this infinite wisdom, in fitting

and preparing his human nature, 30 as

to render it every way meet unto the

work which it was designed for, ought

to be the especial object of our holy



11. The ineffable, but yet distinct opera-

tion of the Father, Son, and Spirit, in,

about, and towards the human nature

assumed by the Son, are, as an uncon.

trollable evidence of their distinct sub-

sistence in the same individual divine

essence; so a guidance unto faith, as

unto all their distinct actings towards

us in the application of the work of

relemption unto our souls


12. It is the will of God that the chureh

should take especial notice of this sa-

cred truth, thai nothing can expiate or

take away sin but the blood of Christ



13. Whatever may be the use or efficacy.

of any ordinances of worship, yet if

they are employed or trusted unto for

such ends as God hath not designed

them unto, he accepts not of our per-

sons in them, nor approves of the

things themselves


14. The foundation of the whole glorious

work of the salvation of the church,

was laid in the sovereign will, pleasure,

and grace of God, even the Father 254

15. The coming of Christ in the flesh was,

in the wisdom, righteousness, and holi-

ness of God, necessary for to fulfil his

will, that we might be saved unto his



16. The fundamental motive unto the

Lord Christ, in his undertaking the

work of mediation, was the will and

glory of God


17. God's records in the roll of his book,

are the foundation and warrant of the

faith of the church in the head and



18. The Lord Christ, in all that he did



and suffered, had continual respect

unto what was written of him


19. In the record of these words, 'Lo I

come,' &c. 1. God was glorified in his

truth and faithfulness. 2. Christ was

secured in his work and the underta-

king of it. 3. A testimony was given

unto his person and office. 4. Direc-

tion is given unto the church, in all

wherein they have to do with God,

what they should attend unto, namely,

what is written. 5. The things which

concern Christ the mediator, are the

head of what is contained in the same



20. Whereas the apostle doth plainly dis-

tinguish and distribute all sacrifices and

offerings, into those on the one side

which were offered by the law, and

that one offering of the body of Christ

on the other side, the pretended sacri-

fice of the mass is utterly rejected

from any place in the worship of God 257

21. God, as the sovereign lawgiver, had

always power and authority to make

what alteration he pleased in the orders

and institutions of his worship


22. Sovereign authority is that alone

which our faith and obedience res-

pect in all ordinances of worship ib.

23. As all things from the beginning made

way for the coming of Christ in the

minds of them that did believe, so every

thing was to be removed out of the

way, that would hinder bis coming and

the discharge of the work he had un-

dertaken. Law, temple, sacrifices,

must all be removed to give way unto

his coming


24. Truth is never so effectually declared

as when it is confirmed by the expe-

rience of its power in them that believe

it and make profession of it


25. It is a holy glorying in God, and no

unlawful boasting, for men openly to

profess what they are made partakers

of by the grace of God and blood of



26. It is the best security in differences

in and about religion, (such as these

wherein the apostle is engaged, the

greatest and highest that ever were,)

when men have an internal experience

of the truth which they do profess ib.

27. The sovereign will and pleasure of

God, acting itself in infinite wisdom

and grace, is the sole, supreme, origi-

nal cause of the salvation of the



VERSES 11-14.

1. If all those divine institutions, in the

diligent observance of them, could not

take away sin, how much less can any

thing do so that we can betake our.

selves unto for that end !





of the gospel, that believers, in all

their holy worship, have liberty, bold-

ness, and confidence, to enter with it

and by it into the gracious presence of



3. Nothing but the blood of Jesus could


given this boldness, nothing that

stood in the way of it could otherwise

have been removed, nothing else could

have set our souls at liberty from that

bondage that was come upon them by



4. Rightly esteem and duly improve the

blessed privilege which was purchased

for us at so dear a rate


5. Confidence in an access unto God not

built on, not resolved into the blood of

Christ, is but a daring presumption

which God abhors


6. The way of our entrance into the ho.

liest is solemnly dedicated and conse-

crated for us, so as that with boldness

we may make use of it


7. All the privileges we have by Christ

are great, glorious, and efficacious, all

tending and leading unto life


8. The Lord Christ doth peculiarly pre-

side over all the persons, duties, and

worship of believers in the church of



9. The heart is that which God princi-

pally respects in our access unto him 286

10. Universal internal sincerity of heart

is required of all those that draw nigh

unto God in his holy worship


11. The actual exercise of faith is required

in all our approaches unto God in

every particular duty of his worship 287

12. It is faith in Christ alone, that gives

us boldness of access unto God . ib.

13. The person and office of Christ are to

be rested in with full assurance, in all

our accesses to the throne of grace ib.

14. Although that worship whereby we

draw nigh unto God be wrought with

respect to institution and rule, yet

without internal sanctification of heart,

we are not accepted in it


15. Due preparation, by fresh applica-

tions of our souls unto the efficacy of

the blood of Christ, for the purification

of our hearts, that we may be meet

to draw nigh to God, is required of us ib.

16. Universal sanctification upon our

whole persons, and the mortification in

an especial manner of outward sins,

are required of us in our drawing nigh

unto God


17. These are the ornaments wherewith

we are to prepare our souls for it, and

not the gaiety of outward apparel 290

18. It is a great work to draw nigh unto

God, so as to worship him in spirit and

in truth


19. There is an internal principle of sav-

ing faith required unto our profession

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in church relations, ought to be marked,

and their ways avoided


6. Forsaking of church assemblies is usu-

ally an entrance into apostasy.


7. When especial warnings do not excite

us unto renewed diligence in known

duties, our condition is dangerous as

unto the continuance of the presence of

Christ amongst us


8. Approaching judgments ought to in-

Auence unto especial diligence in all

evangelical duties


9. If men will shut their eyes against evi-

dent signs and tokens of approaching

judgments, they will never stir up

themselves, nor engage into the due

performance of present duties. 302

10. In the approach of great and final

judgments, God, by his word and pro-

vidence, gives such intimations of their

coming, as that wise men may discern



11. To see evidently such a day approach-

ing, and not to be sedulous and dili-

gent in the duties of divine worship, is

a token of a backsliding frame, tending

unto final apostasy.


VERSES 26, 27.

1. If a voluntary relinquishment of the

profession of the gospel and the duties

of it, be the highest sin, and be attended

with the height of wrath and punish-

ment, we ought earnestly to watch

against every thing that inclineth or

disposeth us thereunto

. 304

2. Every declension in or from the pro-

fession of the gospel, hath a proportion

of the guilt of this great sin, according

unto the proportion that it bears unto

the sin itself


3. There are sins and times wherein God

doth absolutely refuse to hear any

more from men in order unto their



4. The loss of an interest in the sacrifice

of Christ, on what account or by what

means soever it fall out, is absolutely

ruinous unto the souls of men


5. There is an inseparable concatenation

between apostasy and eternal ruin 307

6. God oftentimes visits the minds of

cursed apostates with dreadful expec-

tations of approaching wrath


7. When men have hardened themselves

in sin, no fear of punishment either

will rouse or stir them up to seek after



8. A dreadful expectation of future wrath,

without hope of relief, is an open en-

trance into hell itself


9. The expectation of future judgment in


1. The mutual watch of Christians, in the

particular societies whereof they are

members, is a duty necessary unto the

preservation of the profession of the



2. A due consideration of the circum-

stances, abilities, temptations, and op-

portunities for duties, in one another,

is required hereunto

3. Diligence, or mutual exhortation unto

gospel duties, that men on all grounds

of reason and example may be pro-

voked unto them, is required of us,

and is a most excellent duty, which in

an especial manner we ought to attend



guilty persons is, and will be at one
time or another, dreadful and tremen-

10 There is a determinate time for the



1. Great diligence is required of us in a

due attendance unto the assemblies of

the church for the ends of them, as

they are instituted and appointed by

Jesus Christ


2. The neglect of the authority and love

of Christ in the appointment of the
means of our edification, will always

tend to great and ruinous evils . ib.
3. No church order, no outward profes-

sion, can secure men from apostasy 298
4. Perfection, freedom from offence, scan-

dal, and ruinous evils, are not to be

expected in any church in this world ib.
5. Men that begin to decline their duty




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