Types of Ethical Theory
Cosimo, Inc., 2006 - 556 sayfa
A synthesis of the lifelong thinking of British theologian philosopher JAMES MARTINEAU (1805-1900), this astonishing work, written when he was 80 and published in 1885, continues to offer important insight into the borderlands between faith and reason. A devout champion of Christianity, Martineau was also one of the first religious thinkers to recognize the import of Darwin's theory of evolution, and here, he interprets and applies ethics-which he defines as "the doctrine of human character"-in a world undergoing a radical paradigm shift. In Volume II, Martineau discusses such issues as moral judgment, moral authority, the psychological states that compel everything we do and feel, concepts of justice, how psychology is impacted by Darwin's work, and much more.
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activity admit affections animal appear assumes authority beauty become called carry character claim common conception conduct conscience consciousness constitution contents desire determined directed distinction Divine doctrine duty elements equally ethical evidence existence experience expression external fact faculty feeling follow force former function give given hand happiness higher human idea impulse individual instinct intellectual interest judgment kind knowledge latter less light limits living look means measure mere mind moral motive nature never object obligation once organism ourselves pain pass passion perhaps phenomena pleasure position possible preference present principle psychological question reason regard relations relative rule scale seems sense sentiments separate side simply social springs of action supposed theory things thought tion true truth turn universal virtue whole wrong