Better to Rely on Ourselves: Changing Social Rights in Urban China Since 1979

Ön Kapak
NIAS Press, 2004 - 353 sayfa
With the implementation of economic reforms in China from 1979 came the abolition of the "iron rice-bowl", the social and employment guarantees underpinning communist rule in Maoist China. This study analyses changes in the protection of social rights in China since 1979 for the middle-income level of the urban population, based on family interviews and documentary studies. It shows how conditions for employment, housing, social security and education have undergone a complete transformation as a consequence of the transition to a market economy. While the Chinese population has benefited from more freedom of choice and movement for the individual citizen, there is less stable protection of the right to work, health care, housing and education. Moreover, channels of popular participation in the decision-making process remain fragile and knowledge of complaints mechanisms and legal remedies is poor.
 

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İçindekiler

Introduction
1
Setting the Scene
9
Social Welfare and Reforms
27
Concluding Remarks
39
Social Policy Theory
63
The Chinese discussion
71
How to Get and Keep a
93
International and National Law
102
Social Security
157
Outline of National Reform
166
Implementation Problems
184
Rights and Social Policy
192
Reactions and Perceptions
220
Consequences of Economic Reform for Social
241
Afterword
266
Selections from the interviews
292

Conclusion
121
Prereform Housing Allocation 19491979
144
Reform problems
150
Key to cases
322
Index
349
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