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Skeleton, a thin Shadow, if we Ser. IV. were oblig'd to do no more than what our corrupt and self-indulgent Nature should think necesla. ry: Might we not then argue as strongly against the Lord's Supper? Can you not think of his dying Love when you pray or hear the Word preach'd ? What • need of going to the Table ? But as this is an Ordinance, own'd to be instituted on purpose for the

commemorating of Christ's Death c. and Sufferings; fo why may not

singing of Psalms be a distinct Ordinance, appointed for the celebrating in an especial manner the Praises of God? And can we be

so disingenuous as to refuse exalorting the Name of God in any way

that is possible and lawful for us, who in such numberless ways hath been infinitely merciful and gracious to us?

S. 3. 'Tis objected that this is a Practice without New Testament Prescription; and would you have us sing without warrant from Christ? To make good this Objection, they endeavour to enervate


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Ser. Iy. the force of those Pallages we pronduce from the New Testament

for the establising our Practice.

As to that which mentions' our
Marth. Saviour's singing an Hymn with the
XXVI.30. Disciples, they would make us be-

lieve the original word imports
no more than limple giving of
Thanks, without Singing ; but all
who understand Gréek, and will be
impartial, must confefs that the
word does in its primary and
proper sense signify such a praising
of God as is perform’d by Sing?
ing. To cite Authoritys can be
of no use to the Unlearn'd, and to
those who are converfant in this
Tongue it is notorious; besides,
the fense of this word is so fully
clear'd in fome late Treatises, that
I shall refer you to them * where
you have the Judgment of Austing
Conftantine, Suidas, Calzin, Beză,
and our Countrymen Ainsworth,
Leigh, and many more that might
be added. But it may suffice to

T9S .

* Singing of Pjalms vindicated froin the Charge of Novelty, printed by Mr. Parkhurst, Mr. Alleb's Ejay, and the Vindication of it.


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convince the unskilful Reader of Ser. IV.
the sense of the word Hymn (which ☺
is but an abbreviation of the Greek
word ulvo, or Hymnos) that leare
ned Men, by common Consent,
have adopted it into the English
Language to signify a grave Song
of Praise. To conclude, we have
reason to acquiesce in this sense of
the word, inasmuch as it is ge-
nerally acknowledgd our Saviour
did actually sing after his last Sup-
per*, according to the custom of
the fers, who in the Paschal Night,
after they had eaten the Lamb,
did use to sing some of David's
Psalms; which folemn Hymns
they call the great Hallel, and
which began at Psal. CXIIÍ. and
ended with Psal. CXVIII. Hence
είτerefore the word υμνήσαντες mult
imply more than bare giving of
Thanks, viz. such a giving of

Thanks as hath Singing conjoin'd
with it.

To those Places in St. Paul's
Epistles which we alledg for this

*. See Lightfoot, Pacrick, Juriệu, Whitby,



Col. III. 16.

Ser. IV. Duty, they say the Apostle re.

quires speaking only, and teaching

and admonishing one another. They Eph. V.19.

can't deny they are further direc ted to fing, and to make melody: but they evade this, by telling us, it is confin'd wholly to the Heart; finging with Grace in your Hearts; fofinging and making melody in your Hearts to the Lord: and that these Expressions have no respex at all to vocal Singing. This we deny, and say, that those who diffent from us must acknowledg these A&tions of speaking, teaching and admonishing, do undeniably imply the use of the Voice. This being granted, the Nature of the things, in which we are to use our Voice, do fufficiently determine the manner of doing it, viz. by Singing ; the Duty requir'd be. ing fuch as was to be perform'd in Psalms, Hymns, and spiritual Songs, which all who are impartial and ingenuous must own were compos’d and form’d for Singing. But the Apostle says; Singing with Grace in your Hearts, and making melody in your Hearts : Tis gran.


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ted, and no doubt ’tis a great Du-Ser. IV.
ty to do so ; but then this was
not to exclude finging with the
Voice, but only to caution us that
we rest not in the external


of the Duty. But how can we teach and admonish one another in Singing? I reply, it would be no wrong done to the Text, if we say that the word écoulès, one another, may be rendred [your selves] for so our Translators have rendred the fame word, Eph. V. 19. And indeed while we are singing, we have a special Opportunity and Help to instruct and admonish our own Souls ; as that by dilating the Sound, and prolonging the Voice, there is more time given for the fixing our Hearts upon that which is sung, with more delightful Meditation. But as I do not deny the word may be and is translated to one another, so how our mutual Instruction and Edification is promoted in the practice of Singing, is plainly, and fully set forth already by him who from this Text hath open'd the nature of the Duty. Thus I have with brevity

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