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persecutors, in the forementioned shires, amounting to above two hundred.

The immediate authors, actors, and instruments of these oppressions, were principally the curates instigating the Privy Council, which empowered the forces, and noblemen, and gentlemen of the country, to prey upon the poor people. All cannot be here expressed, but some of the most noted in the western shires shall be named, who were the greatest persecutors and oppressors by finings and other exactions.

F officers of the forces, Colonel Douglas, brother to the Duke

of Queensberry, exacted above 2000 pounds Scots money in

Galloway. Nithsdale, shire of Ayr, and other places. Lieutenant General Drummond, besides the forefaultures [i.e., forfeitures) of gentlemen, did also exact moneys of the poor in the shire of Ayr.

The Earl of Linlithgow and his soldiers spoiled much in Galloway. The Earl of Airly and his troop in the same shire.

The Lord Balcarras, a great oppressor in Galloway, besides all the robberies he committed in Fife.

Graham of Claverhouse, afterwards Viscount of Dundee, with his brother and subaltern officers in Galloway, Nithsdale, and Annandale, exacted by fines and otherwise above 13,500 pounds Scots money.

Colonel Buchan, a most violent persecutor in Galloway and the shire of Ayr, by robberies took from the people upwards of 4000 pounds Scots.

Major Cockburn, a great oppressor in Galloway.

Major White in Clydesdale, and shire of Ayr, exacted by fines and otherwise above 2500 pounds Scots.

Major Balfour, a great persecutor and oppressor in Clydesdale.

Captain Strachan with his troop oppressed and spoiled much in Galloway and other places.

Captain Inglis with his troop did dispossess many families, and got much spoil in Galloway, Ayr, and Clydesdale.

Captain Douglas in Galloway committed much outrage and spoil.
Captain Dalziel harassed much in Annandale.
Captain Bruce in Nithsdale.

- Meldrum in Clydesdale took from poor families upwards of 2800 pounds, and vast sums in Merse and Teviotdale, with the Earl of Hume, and Ker of Grandoun, with the lairds of Haining and Blindlee, and in Tweeddale with the laird of Posso.

Lieutenant Winram in Galloway, a very vigilant persecutor and spoiler.

Lieutenant Barns, also in the same shire, took much spoil.

Lieutenant Lauder in the shire of Ayr, a most outrageous persecutor and oppressor.

James Irvine of Bonshaw, a borderer, a highwayman, afterwards an officer of dragoons, robbed much from the poor people in Clydesdale.

Duncan Grant, a cripple with a tree leg, a very outrageous persecutor, exacted in Clydesdale from poor people above 1500 pounds.

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F noblemen, gentlemen, and others, the greatest oppressors
and persecutors of the people were :

In Clydesdale.
Sommerville of Spittel, sheriff-depute, who, beside his other

ways of persecution, wherein he was most active, drew from

the poorest people above 1200 pounds.
The laird of Halyards, who uplifted more than 8500 pounds.
The laird of Lachop, a great persecutor and oppressor.
The laird of Bonnytown and laird Symme, both violent perse-

cutors and exactors.
In the city of Glasgow :
Provost Johnston, Provost Barns, Baillie John Anderson,

Baillie Yuil, Baillie Graham, William Stirling, Baron-Bailiff,

great persecutors, exacted above 20,000 pounds. In Renfrew : The Earl of Glencairn, by fines and dispossessing of families,

exacted partly there, and partly in Clydesdale and Niths

dale, above 2400 pounds. Lord Sempill, a papist, a persecutor. Alexander Hume in Eaglesham, a most violent and vigilant persecutor and exactor, with many

Mr Ezekiel Montgomerie, a great fine-monger.
In the shire of Ayr:

The Earl of Dumfries exacted above 1000 pounds.
The Lord Craigie, a great persecutor and oppressor.
William Crighton, sheriff-depute, very violent and active.
James Crawford of Ardmillan, a wicked persecutor and

Mr William Crawford, Montgomery of Bozland, the laird of

Broych, and Clerk Ogilvie, all great persecutors, who sought

to make themselves up with the spoils of the poor people. In Galloway: The laird of Lagg, Grierson, a most wicked persecutor there,

and in Nithscale exacted above 1200 pounds. The laird of Elie, Lidderdale, and Canon of Mardrogate, all

diligent persecutors and intelligencers, together with the

then collectors. In Nithsdale :

The Duke of Queensberry and his sons oppressed much.
John Alison, chamberlain to the Duke of Queensberry, who,

when dying said, “ He had damned his soul for the Duke
his master,” and George Charters, another of the Duke's
factors, who vaunted he had made twenty-six journeys in

one year in pursuit of the Whigs. John Douglas of Stenhouse, a Papist, exacted above 5000

pounds. The laird of Closeburn, above 700 pounds. Sir Robert Dalziel, upwards of 400 pounds of a few poor

families. Sir Robert Lawrie of Maxwelton, an oppressor and persecutor. In Annandale : The Lord Annandale dispossessed and harassed many families,

and persecuted much in Galloway. Sir James Johnstone of Westerhall, a great persecutor, ex

acted upwards of 11,000 pounds. Sir Patrick Maxwell of Springkell, a very active and violent

persecutor and oppressor. The lairds of Powdeen, Castlemilk, Robert Carruthers of

Rammerscales, Thomas Kennedy of Heybeiths, were most

violent persecutors of poor people. From these short accounts of the oppressions, bloodshed, and illegal tyranny exercised in this land, it may be conjectured what the total would amount to if a history thereof were published; but all these (howsoever great) persecutions are but little in comparison of what THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS and her children intend against us : which that the Lord may prevent, ought to be the serious prayer and strenuous endeavour of all them that have a regard to the greatest interests of themselves and posterity.

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O fill up the vacancy of some pages, it is conceived that it

will be neither impertinent to the subject nor unacceptable

to the reader to insert the following epitaphs or inscriptions that are upon the tombs or gravestones of the martyrs, in several churchyards and other places where they lie buried. And the reader is desired to remember, that they being mostly composed by illiterate country people, one cannot reasonably expect neatness and elegant poetry in them, and therefore will readily pardon any harshness in the phrase or metre which he may meet with.—Note by the compilers of the Cloud.

[In the first edition the inscriptions fill six double-columned pages, closely printed down to the very bottom, as if there were others for which room could not be found. Following these inscriptions, a number of others, taken from gravestones in different parts of the country, have now been added for the first time. One or two of them, both of those in the first edition and of those now appended, have been verified by kind friends, but in most cases the writer has visited the localities themselves in which the monuments are to be found. At the end of each inscription a short account is given of the stone, or of the martyrs, where they have not been mentioned in the foregoing pages.-Ed.]

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Upon the head of the tomb there is the effigies of an open Bible, drawn with these Scripture citations : “And when he had opened the first seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that had been slain for the Word of God, and for the testimony which they held. And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth ? And white robes were given unto every one of them, and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellow-servants also, and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled” (Rev. vi. 9-11). “ These are they which have come out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb” (Rev. vii. 14).

“Halt, passenger,

ake heed what thou dost see :
This tomb doth shew for what some men did die.
Here lies interred the dust of those who stood
'Gainst perjury, resisting unto blood ;

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