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ration is the beginning of sanctification, which signifies the making of that person or thing holy, which was before unholy.

We cannot however, fully explain or even comprehend the manner, in which the new nature is communicated. In general we may observe, that as na. tural life subsists in every part of the animal; so spiritual life pervades all the faculties of the soul. It is light, knowledge, and judgment in the understanding; sensibility in the conscience; purity, spirituality, and fervour in the affections, and submission in the will: and this entire inward revolution produces proportionable effects upon the whole conduct and character of the real Christian. But this will appear more distinctly, while,

III. We consider the effects of the change, “Old things are passed away; behold, all things are be. come new."

This language is general, and no exceptions are intimated.--He who hath thus“ passed from death “ unto life,” will find that his old sentiments and thoughts are vanished. His high opinion of himself, of his abilities, actions, and heart are no more; he ceases to shine in his own eyes, and gradually discovers that he is “ wretched, poor, miserable, blind, and “ naked;" he is constrained to renounce all depend. ence on his wisdom and righteousness, to distrust his own heart as “ deceitful and desperately wicked,” and to abhor himself as a guilty polluted criminal. Nor can he ever again recover those lofty thoughts of him. self, which once were natural to hiin.

His hard thoughts of the divine law, as unreason


ably strict and severe, are passed away: and he can no longer entertain his former palliating notions concerning the evil of sin. He perceives the commandment to be hoiy, just, and good; and the transgression of it to be replete with ingratitude, rebellion, and contempt of God. He dares no longer impeach the divine justice and goodness, in respect of the punishments denounced against sinners: his old thoughts and reasonings on these subjects are gone, and he is astonished at his own presumption, in having formerly indulged them.

His sentiments concerning the happiness to be enjoyed in worldly pleasures, and the gloom and melanicholy of a religious life, are wholly changed. He can no longer think of eternity as uncertain or distant: and no temptation or discouragement can henceforth prevail with him, to give up his hope of everlasting life, to rest satisfied with a portion in this world, or to risk the tremendous consequences.

“ He looks "not at the things which are seen, but at the things

which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are


His former thoughts of Christ and his salvation are passed away. He once despised the glorious Redeemer in his heart; perhaps he deemed those to be hypocrites or enthusiasts, who spoke in animated language of his love and preciousness: but these imaginations are no more; he is now ready to exclaim, “How great is his goodness! how great is his beauty!” He counts all but lost for Christ, and fears exceedingly coming short of his salvation. He cannot think


meanly of him, or be indifferent to his favour, cause; or glory; yet he continues dissatisfied with the degrec of his admiring love and gratitude to his great 3enefactor.-His former opinions concerning the wise and happy among the sons of men are irrecoverably gone. He pities the very persons, whom he once admired or envied; and counts the despised and afflicted disci. ples of Christ “ the excellent of the earth, in whom “ is all his delight." He longs to share their privileges and felicity: nor could he recover his former aversion to them, even if he supposed that he should be for ever excluded from their company.

When any one is in Christ a new creature, his old pursuits and pleasures also pass away.-- As the man of business has done with the pastimes of childhood: so the believer ceases to relish those scenes of dissipated or sensual indulgence, which once were his element. He finds himself uneasy, when they come in his way: not only deeming them a criminal waste of time and money, and a wilful hindrance to serious reflection; but feeling them to be a chasm in his enjoyment, and an interruption to his comfort, in commu. nion with God, and the company of his servants.

His conduct is still more decided in things directly evil; “ How shall he that is dead to sin live any longer “therein?” He hates and dreads sin as his worst enemy:

“ His seed remaineth in him, that he cannot sin, “ because he is born of God." He does not indeed forsake his lawful employments; but he gradually learns to follow them from new motives, and in a new manner; not from covetousness or on worldly princi

ples, but as his duty, from love to God and man, and according to the precepts of the sacred scriptures.

It will readily be perceived, that the old companions of such a man will pass away. Even when relative duties and other causes render some intercourse with ungodly persons unavoidable, it will become less cordial and intimate. When such opposite characters meet, one of them must be out of his element: all those associates therefore of the new convert's former years, who have no interest in continuing the acquaintance, will drop off, as leaves from the trees in autumn: and he will find that the society of his most agreeable old companions is become irksome; for they seem far more profane and frivolous than they used to be.

Time would fail, should we particularly consider how the new convert's former discourse is passed away: and how his idle, slanderous, profane, or perhaps polluting, words are exchanged for such as are pure, peaceable, and edifying. * And it is almost needless to state, that his old course of behaviour also is finally renounced. The particulars that have been mentioned, may serve for a specimen: and it should be remembered, that in every respect in which “old

things pass away, all things become new,” the apos. tle, by inserting the word behold, hath emphatically demanded our attention to this circumstance!

This too might be illustrated, by considering the various operations of the believer's mind, and the ob. jects of his affections. He hopes and fears, grieves

• Eph. iy. 29. v. 4. Col. iv. 6. Jam.i. 26. iji

and rejoices, desires and hates, in a new manner; and his passions have respect to new objects. He fears the wrath and frown of God; he hopes for glory and immortality; he mourns for his own sins, and the miseries of other men; he rejoices in God, hungers and thirsts after righteousness, and abhors that which is evil. His judgment and taste are gradually formed upon God's word; his memory is replenished with divine truths, and his imagination employed in realizing invisible things. The company of his choice, the places of his willing resort, the books he prefers, his select topicks of discourse, the use he makes of his time and talents, the manner in which he conducts business, and enjoys the coniforts of life, might be enlarged upon, to shew in what respects" all things

are become new.” For the real Christian desires, that " whether he eat or drink, or whatsoever he do, " he may do all to the glory of God.”

The extent of the apostles' meaning may, however, be further illustrated, by shewing that the believer does the same things in a new manner, in respect of the best part of his former conduct, and the worst of present.--He used perhaps to attend on religious ordinances: and though his heart was not engaged, nor his profession sincere; he returned home well satisfied with having done his duty, or elated with an idea of his own goodness. But now, when his prayers and praises are the language of his habitual judg. ment and desires, and he is upon the whole a spiritual worshipper; he is continually humbled for the unal. lowed defects and evils of his services, and seeks to have all washed in the atoning blood of Christ.

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