Kullanıcılar ne diyor? - Eleştiri yazın
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acts adopted Agnatic ancient appear assumed authority became become belonged body called civil Civil Law claim codes common complete conception condition considered continued Contract conveyance course Court criminal descended distinction doctrine doubt duties early effect Empire English entirely equal Equity existing explain expression fact feudal fiction followed formal give governed Greek ideas importance individual influence inheritance institution Italy juris jurisconsults jurisprudence king known land language later lawyers legislation less limited meaning mind mode moral nature never notion object obligation observed once origin particular period person political position possession practice Prætor present primitive principle probably progress question race reason regarded relation remarkable respect result Roman law Rome rules seems social society succession supposed term Testament theory thought tion transferred true universal whole
Sayfa 163 - The movement of the progressive societies has been uniform in one respect. Through all its course it has been distinguished by the gradual dissolution of family dependency and the growth of individual obligation in its place. The Individual is steadily substituted for the Family, as the unit of which civil laws take account.
Sayfa 23 - With respect to them it may be laid down that social necessities and social opinion are always more or less in advance of Law. We may come indefinitely near to the closing of the gap between them, but it has a perpetual tendency to reopen. Law is stable ; the societies we are speaking of are progressive. The greater or less happiness of a people depends on the degree of promptitude with which the gulf is narrowed.
Sayfa 21 - It is indisputable that much the greatest part of mankind has never shown a particle of desire that its civil institutions should be improved, since the moment when external completeness was first given to them by their embodiment in some permanent record.
Sayfa 116 - The rudiments of the social state, so far as they are known to us at all, are known through testimony of three sorts — accounts by contemporary observers of civilisation less advanced than their own, the records which particular races have preserved concerning their primitive history, and ancient law.
Sayfa 119 - Sclavonians supplying the greater part of it; and indeed the difficulty, at the present stage of the inquiry, is to know where to stop, to say of what races of men it is NOT allowable to lay down that the society in which they are united was originally organised on the patriarchal model.
Sayfa 266 - The explanation which appears to cover the greatest number of instances is, that the objects of enjoyment honoured above the rest were the forms of property known first and earliest to each particular community, and dignified therefore emphatically with the designation of Property. On the other hand, the articles not enumerated among the favoured objects seem to have been placed on a lower standing, because the knowledge of their value was posterior to the epoch at which the catalogue of superior...
Sayfa 30 - ... be not discovered, it is only that the necessary patience, knowledge or acumen, is not forthcoming to detect it. Yet the moment the judgment has been rendered and reported, we slide unconsciously or unavowedly into a new language and a new train of thought. We now admit that the new decision has modified the law. The rules applicable have, to use the very inaccurate expression sometimes employed, become more elastic. In fact they have been changed.
Sayfa 7 - The chief object of the following pages is to indicate some of the earliest ideas of mankind, as they are reflected in ancient law, and to point out the relation of those ideas to modern thought.
Sayfa 26 - At a particular stage of social progress they are invaluable expedients for overcoming the rigidity of law, and, indeed, without one of them, the Fiction of Adoption which permits the family tie to be artificially created, it is difficult to understand how society would ever have escaped from its swaddling-clothes, and taken its first steps towards civilisation.