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according action activity acts actual admit animal answer appears argument Aristotle attained become Book certainly chapter character clear common Compare complete conceived conception conduct consciousness consequences consider continually definite desire determined difficulty directed discussion distinction distinguish doubt duty effects element equal eternal Ethics existence fact faculties feeling follows freedom further give given greatest Green happiness hold human idea ideal implies important impulse individual instance interest involves judge judgment Justice kind knowledge less limited living Martineau means merely Methods mind moral motive nature notion object observe organism pain particular pass passages perfection persons pleasure possible practical present principle question rational realisation reason recognise reference regards relation result rules satisfaction says seems sense sentiments social society speaking Spencer suppose things thought tion true truth ultimate Utilitarianism virtue whole wrong
Sayfa 53 - All we have willed or hoped or dreamed of good shall exist; Not its semblance but itself; no beauty, nor good nor power Whose voice has gone forth, but each survives for the melodist When eternity affirms the conception of an hour. The high that proved too high, the heroic for earth too hard...
Sayfa 268 - has freedom to do all that he wills, provided he infringes not the equal freedom of any other...
Sayfa 158 - ... achievement of the highest life. That the intuitions of a moral faculty should guide our conduct, is a proposition in which a truth is contained ; for these intuitions are the slowly organized results of experiences received by the race while living in presence of these conditions.
Sayfa 147 - This is true as far as it goes ; but, ignoring as he does all passages concerning the universal process of adaptation, Mr. Sidgwick omits a large part of the evidence favouring optimism. The chapter on the " Relativity of Pains and Pleasures," sets forth and illustrates the biological truth that everywhere faculties adjust themselves to the conditions of existence, in such wise that the activities those conditions require become pleasurable. The pains accompanying the inactions of faculties for which...
Sayfa 73 - Thus the ideal of virtue which our consciences acknowledge has come to be the devotion of character and life, in whatever channel the idiosyncrasy and circumstances of the individual may determine, to a perfecting of man, which is itself conceived not as an external end to be attained by goodness, but as consisting in such a life of self-devoted activity on the part of all persons.
Sayfa 254 - ... two cardinal and opposed principles of animal-ethics. During immaturity benefits received must be inversely proportionate to capacities possessed. Within the familygroup most must be given where least is deserved, if desert is measured by worth. Contrariwise, after maturity is reached benefit must vary directly as worth : worth being measured by fitness to the conditions of existence.
Sayfa 290 - ... his conclusions, his sentiments, his technical skill : things which more truly belong to him than do any visible and tangible things to their owners; since all of these contain raw material which has been removed from the potential use of others. So that in fact a production of mental labour may be regarded as property in a fuller sense than may a product of bodily labour ; since that which constitutes its value is exclusively created by the worker.
Sayfa 208 - Not for the human race only, but for every race, there are laws of right living. Given its environment and its structure, and there is for each kind of creature a set of actions adapted in their kinds, amounts, and combinations, to secure the highest conservation its nature permits.