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this Writer had taken his leave of the press long ago; having heard nothing of him for some time past: but now he threatens the world with more publications. How much are Kings and Reo viewers to be pitied!
Did not Mr. Pooke assure ús that he is quite disinterested in the entertainment he occasionally affords the Public, and that the thoughts of gain is the least motive of his writing, we should be apt to suspect he had a diftant view of being some time or other promoted at court; of obtaniing a pension; or of being made, perhaps, PoctLaureat to the Queen: this later, indeed, may possibly be the height of his ambition. There is one piece of advice, however, we would give him; and that is, not only to make a proper choice of his subjects, but to time his performances with the same proprietý. His cona duct in the former point is, indeed unexceptionable. An Elegv on the old King, a Panegyrıc on the new one, now an Aldi ess on the Queen's arrival, and we are promised foon an Epithalamium on their Majesties Marriage, together with a Panegyric on the Coronation. All these are notable subjects, and so far to the purpose ; but, Sir, they come the Day after the Fair. Instead of being behind-hand with your pieces for the Marriage and Coronation, you ought to have set forth a Lyric Ode on the Birth of the Prince, a week ago, and a Pindaric on the Christening ready cut and dried in your pocket. What do you think, man, to make of your poetry at this rate ? All the places will be filled up, and the pensions given away; before you have sufficiently displayed your talents, to be taken notice of. Or should you be so lucky as to succeed in obtaining the Laureat, only think what a figure you will make, coming out with a New-Year's Ode at Midsummer; or a Birth-day Compliment on her Majetty, when, the good Queen being down in the straw, your Mule thould have celebrated the birth of an Heir to Brunfruick's royal Line. Think on these things, and spur your tardy Pegasus, or de. pend on it, he will be beat all bollow, by the other galloway Nags and ambling Jades of Parnassus.
But, to give our Readers fome idea of the qualifications Mr. Pooke pofleffes, for the post of which we have been speaking. The following is his description of the fleet sent to conduct her Majelly; with a relation of its voyage, and the arrival of the noble Peers at Mecklenburg, &c.
Soon were the yachts new deck'd in rich array,
Waiting equip'd, to enter on the Main,
Euge! magne Poeta! There's a Poct for you!
Mozeen. 8vo. 5s. Bristow, &c. Mr. Mozeen is a tolerable hand at a song for Sadler's Wells, or a ballad for Vaux-Hall; and may do very well in the capacity of Poet Laureat of Covent Gardena
Terviceable, or mutually prejudicial in each other. --Before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary's, on A&. Sunday, July 11, 1762. By Thomas Fothergill, D: D: Fellow of Queen's College. 'Ri. vington.
2. The duty of a People's remembering their deceafed Paflors, -Occafioned by the Funeral of the late Rev. Mr. Thomas Hall. By John Conder. Dilly.
3. A Spittal Sermon, before the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Governors of the several Hospitals of the City of London, at St. Bridget, on Wednesday in Eafter Week, 1762. By Lewis Bruce; Preacher at Somerset-house, and Chaplain to the Lord Mayor, Kearlly.
4. The Blefedness of living and dying in the Lord, proved in a Ser. mon preached upon the Death of the Rev. Mr. Thomas Jones, Chaplaix of St. Saviour's, Soutbwark, who departed this Life, June 6, 1962; and printed for the Benefit of bis Widow. By W. Romaitie, M. A. Lecturer of St Dunftan's in the Welt. Worral.
The religion of Christians has not suffered fo mach from any external injuries as from the folly and the treachery of its profesors. When they lose fight of reason, and give into the absurdities of fanaticism, well may they expose it to the attacks of ridicule. To read the senseless Sermon before us were enough indeed to give the Reader a surfeit of all religion. But it is really not more an object of ridicale than of indignation; and the author of it is not less profane than ftupid when he talks of binding up Nir. Jones's Seul in ibe Bundle of Life with the Lord his God.
The Works of Nicholas Machiavel, Secretary of State to the Ret
public of Florence. Newly translated from the Originals ; Illuftrated with Notes, Anecdotes, Differtations, and the Life of Machiavel, never before published; and several net Plans on the Art of War. By Ellis Farneworth, M. A. Vicar of Rosthern in Cheshire, Translator of the Life of Pope Sixtus the Vth*, and Daviia's History of the Civil Wars of Francet. 4to, 2 vols. il. 16s.' bound. Davies.
T happens unfortunately for the interest of Civil Society,
that the science of Politics has generally been treated rather with the narrow view of supporting, or overthrowing, some particular form of government, than with the noble and generous design of establishing a system for the public good of the community. Writers of this class have, for the most part, been influenced by private pique or resentment against the Governors, or else have been biassed by the alluring prospect of those preferments, which the ruling powers alone have the privilege of dispensing.
In the number of political Writers, however, we would not be thought to include the scurrilous advocates of contending parties, in whose writings there is not a single idea which can be properly termed political, or which bears the least relation to the Art of Government. We speak of those only who have been Opposers or Defenders of Systems, not of temporary Administrations: and even among such, how few are there, who have confidered Government as an Art which has the security and happiness of mankind for its end!
See Review, vol. XI. p. 268. + Ibid. vol. XVIII. p. 625, VOL. XXVII.
Plato, Sir Thomas More, and others, who may be deemed visionary Projectors, seem indeed to have had this Ultimate in view, but alas ! their zeal has overleaped the bounds of discretion, and before their schemes can be adopted, human nature must undergo a total revolution. Some of our countrymen, however, have made a conspicuous appearance in the political circle; and we may venture to say, that the world is indebted for the best treatises on Government to the English Writers of the last century.
To counterbalance, in some measure, the cruel calamities which are infeparable from civil commotions, they are generally attended with this advantage, that they call forth men of bold spirits, and strong talents, into action. Times of trouble neceffarily draw the attention to solid and serious confiderations, and leave no room for idle gallantries, and trivial amusements, which diffipate, and enervate the mind. It was the unhappy divisions which proved fatal to the milguided Charles, and their consequences, which gave occasion to the writings of Hobbes, Harrington, Sydney, Nevil, and others, whose talents we must respect, even where we cannot embrace their tenets. If the three last must yield to Hobbes in depth and subtilty of argument, yet they have the merit of having beit explained, and defended, the principles of political Liberty; though it must be confessed, that they have sometimes pushed their reasoning too far; which cannot be wondered at, when we consider the times in which they lived, and the instances of opprefion which they had seen and feit.
But of all the Authors who have treated of the Art of Government, Machiavel shews the least regard to the general welfare of human fociety: and though his writings, like those of Hobbes, seemn, with some, to be growing out of reputation, yet too many of his maxims are still adopted and defended, by insidious enemies to the civil rights of mankind.
Machiavel always considers Government as an institutin calculated merely to swell the pride, and gratify the pleasure of ambitious and voluptuous Rulers. He speaks of kingdoms, as of territorial subjects of property; and of fubjects, as so many cattle grazing on the Sovereign's demesnes. He is very copious in his instructions how to acquire kingdoms, and to keep possession of them; but wholly omits the more useful precepts, how to improve them, for the mutual benent of Prince and People.
His Navish and horrid doctrines, have not escaped the censure they deserve; though, at the same time, he has not wanted Apologists, who have endeavoured to justify or palliate his principles. Many would persuade us, that he does not deliver the real dietates of his heart; but that his reflections are penned in a vein of sarcastic irony': that while he is laying down rules for establishing and confirming usurpation and tyranny, he only meatis to fneer at Tyrants : in short, that he only tells us, what Princes do, not what they ought to do.
With respect to this apology, we are ready to admit, that Machiavel does not always express his real sentiments, which may be safely inferred from the glaring contradictions which so frequently occur in his writings. But, at the same time, we think it evident from the whole tenour of his works, and from the characters of the several persons to whom they are addressed, that he never intended they should be taken ironically, or construed as a satire upon Princes. In order, however, to comprehend Machiavel's defign as a Politician, we need only examine his treatise entitled the Prince, in which he has reduced all the wicked and abominable reflections, interspersed through the several parts of his works, into one regular system. To this treatise the Translator has annexed an Examen, generally ascribed to the King of Prussia; and which proves his Prussian Majesty to be in theory at least) what a wise and good Prince ought to be.
If Machiavel meant to be ironical, he certainly was not so little acquainted with Aristotle, as not to know, that the irony ought to be supported, if not through the whole work, at least through a single sentence. Now let us apply this rule of judging to the following observations.
Speaking of mixed principalities, he observes, that “Dominions newly acquired and annexed to the ancient territories of the conqueror, are either provinces of the same nation and language with his own subjects, or they are not. When it. "happens that they really are so, they are very easily maintained, especially if the people have not been too much accustomed to liberty. For, to secure the possession of them, little more is required than to extirpate the family of the Prince who left reigned over them : after which, the natives will live quietly enough, provided they are suffered to enjoy their former privileges, and there does not happen to be any remarkable and material didimilitude in the manners and cu