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“ All human perfection is relative : let us cherith, therefore, the principle on which our paft improvements have been effected, and to which even the present state of our civil and religious liberties is so truly owing. Let us encourage, let us esteem, every one who, like our Author, ventures, with a manly freedom, to controvert the general opinions and customs of a misguided or miftaken world. Right or wrong, indeed, he has not only a claim to be heard, but it is the intereft, as it should be the pride, of a free people to give him a candid hearing. The worst of slavery is the subjection of the mind. The man who dares not think, is the most abject flave in nature; and he who dares not publith his sentiments with decency and freedom, is the vileft slave of society.

“ It has been reported, that this performance has been difcountenanced, where a statue should have been erected to the honour of its Author, even in his native country, Geneva. The Protestant Republics owe their existence to a very different kind of policy; and it may be safely affirmed, that a society must be in a tottering situation, indeed, whose pillars rest on such rotten foundations as those our Author endeavours to expose. Be this as it may; it is to be hoped, that Eng. land will be the last country in the world, wherein the friends of truth and liberty will be restrained from thus exercising their talents for the service and improvement of mankind.”

We have only to add, that the two volumes now published, contain but half the work; the third and fourth, we are told, are now in the press, and will speedily make their appearance.


For SEPTEMBER, 1762.


Art. 1. A new Guide to Eloquence : Being a Treatise of the pro

per Distinctions to be observed between 1Vords reckoned fynonimous; or their different Significations, and the Choice which should be made of them, in order to express ourselves juftly. The synonimous Words clased alphabetically, upon the Plan of

a French


a French Work of the same Nature, by the Abbot Girard. 8vo. is.

HIS publication is part of a work which, we are told, is to be

continued, if found acceptable to the public. We are sorry, therefore, to find so useful a design likely to be frustrated for want of competent abilities in the Undertaker. What is here published is translated from the French, on which account the alphabetical order of the words is already broken; and yet we do not find that this pamphlet is published merely as a specimen. Our Readers will rea. dily conceive, that a work of this kind, calculated to adjust and determine the nicest punctilios of language, cannot admit of transa. tion : the utility, however, of such an original work, in every language, is sufficiently displayed in the Abbe Girard's excellent preface, which is translated, and prefixed to this performance.

After having explained the nature and design of his work, in treating of words usually esteemed synonimous, and shewn the necesfity of making a choice adapted to every occafion in writing and dis. course, this ingenious Writer proceeds to enforce what he advances by the following beautiful illustration.

" I will not absolutely deny, that there are some occasions on which such a very nice choice as this may be dispensed with; but surely there are innumerable more in common discourse ; where such 'words cannot tolerably pass one for another; especially if the speaker pretends to any scholarship, or knowlege of compofition. To illuftrate this doctrine by a comparison.-If a Lady wants merely a yellow ribband for her head-dress, it is no great matter whether she chuses the hue of the daffodil or the jonquil; but if he means to fhew a rich and elegant variety in that colour of her attire, she mult undoubtedly chuse it, set off with different tints and shades; and in how few circumstances, either of composition or conversation, do we find ourselves, in which we ought not to use the same varicus degrees or shades, as we may call them, of diaion!”

While we recommend, however, the execution of this design to fome abler hand, we must observe, that it is impossible to make such a work compleat ; the meaning of words is not so permanent but that the lights and shades of the more delicate modes of expression are perpetually changing.

Art. 2. A Discourse on the Cultivation of waste and barren Lands.

Translated from the French of the Marquis de Turbilly, for the Benefit of the Farmers of Great Britain and Ireland, where these uncultivated Lands too much abound. Part I. 25. 6 d. fewed. Dodsley.

Having already given an account of the original of this work among our foreign articles *, we Mall here only oblerve, that the tranNation, which is inscribed to the Hon. Thomas Cholmondeley, Esq; of Vale Royal in Cheshire, and is said to be the performance of a CheTire Farmer, bears genuine marks of its having been executed by a person skilled in matters of husbandry, and is not unfaithful to the original. The Translator hath also prefixed a sketch of some of the principal implements requisite for the purposes laid down in this ulefuland commendable tract.


* Under the title of Memoire sur les defrichemens, vol. XXIII. p. 507.

See Review,


Art. 3. Thesaurus Grace Poefe12s; frue Lexicon Græco-Pro

sodiacum ; versus, et synonyma, (tum ad explikationem vocabulorum, quam ad compofitionem poeticam pertinentia) epitheta, phrases, descriptiones, &c. (ad modum Latini gradús ad Para nasum) complectens. Opus, in Audiofæ, juventutis gratiam et utilitatem, ex optimis quibufque Poetarum Græcorum monumentis, que adhuc prodierunt, nunc primum conftrutium. Cui præfigitur, de Poesi, seu Profodia Græcorum Tractatus. Autore T. Morell, S. T.P. 4to. Il. is. in boards. Pote.

In our Review for September, 1757, we gave an account of that part of this work which was published as a specimen. The whole is now compleated; and we shall only add, that the learned Author has executed his laborious talk with great judgment and accuracy It is buc juitice to add, that the work is handsomely and correctly printed, fo that we hope it will meet with that favourable reception from the public which it so juftly deserves.

Art. 4. The Female Pilgrim ; or, the Travels of Hephzibah,

under the Similitude of a Dream. Illustrated with Copperplates. 8vo. 75. bound. Johnson.

An unequal imitation of the celebrated Pilgrim's Progress, which is, perhaps, inimitable. Art. 5. An Essay on Oeconomy. The third Edition. By Ed- .

ward Watkinson, M. D. Rector of Little Chart in Kent. 8vo. Printed for the Author, by Meff. Oliver in Bartholomew Close.

Dr. Watkinson having corrected and enlarged the present edition, from no pecuniary motives, is entitled to the thanks of the public, for his truly benevolent design. See Review for May lalt, page 387. Vide also the Note on the Cover of our Review for June.

Art. 6. The History of Carausius : Or, an Examination of what

has been advanced upon that Subject by Genebrier and Stukeley. in which the many Errors and Inaccuracies of both Writers are pointed out and corrected. With an Appendix, containing Oba servations on their Method of explaining Medals. 4to. 3 s. Becket and De Hondt.

This elaborate disquisition is introduced with the following advertisement.

“ The science of Antiquities has been involved in the systematic fatality of the age. Every research after truth has degenerated into contet for an hypothesis. Of all inquiress after it, Antiquarians, to whose discoveries some deference is presumed to be due, should quarrel lenít. Much less should they substitute fancy and invention to that fiction and obscurity they labour to banilh.

Every one knows what degree of credit is due to our monkith Historians, who, though they furnish us with many new faus, do not give us many more true ones. The cause under confideration has not been at ali served by them. Carausius has been acknowleged as a lawful, or even as a good, Prince, by no party since the Roman legion, and some mercenaries whom he attached to his interests upon principles like his own, and the inhabitants of our isle, whom he awed into submission. But ample amends have been made him in this century; when a war, as inveterate as that himself waged with Kome, has been carried on between learned Writers, not so much about his actions and chara&ter, as about the proofs of them. 'Tis true, in the examination of the latter, the former have been brought into view, I wilh I could say, canvalled. This is the design of the present work. There may be fome vanity in fucceeding in it

. However, there is no resentment or partiality in undertaking it."

We shall only add, that the work appears to be learnedly and critically conducied; and may afford much satisfaction to those who have a taste for the subject..


Art. 7. Colonia Anclicance Ilin/irate: Or, the Acquet of Do

minion, and the Plantation of Colonies made by the English in America; with the Rights of the Colonists examined, stated, and illustrated Part I. Containing, 1. The Plan of the whcle IVork, including the Proposition, asserting the Rights of the Colorists, intended to be established. II. A brief Hijtory of the Wars, Revolutions, and Events which gave Rise to all the marine Discoveries, and foreign Acquisitions made by the modern Europeans. III. A Survey of the Knowlege and Opinions which the Europeans had of the Earth in Times preceding these Discoveries; with other Matters relating to this Subje£t. IV. The Particulars of the Progress made by the Portuguese, from their beginning these Discoveries to the Death of King John II. and an Account of the Grants made to the King of Portugal of the Countries that were or might be discovered, by the Bulls of Several Popes, with one of them set forth at large. 4to. 8s. in boards. Baker.

This specimen promises a work formed on a very extensive plan, and executed, fo far as this first part extends, with great 'erudition, tho' not written in a pleasing fiyle. The learned Author informs us,


by a previous Advertisement, that “ although he has collected many materials necefiary for his proceeding in this work, the state of his health and a airs renders the time of his intended progress in it uncertain."

Art. 8. A rational Account how Capt. Weller's conversing at a

Distance, affills the Fancy and animal Spirits. Published by the Author, from Experience in some Positions. 8vo. 6d. Bristow.

What is here called a rational Account, is a more incoherent composition than we ever remember to have seen ; except a former pamphiet by the same hand, which is referred to in this; and which is to be found in Review, vol. V. page 521, intitled, I be Experiments fid by a Captain of a Man of War, &c.


POLITICA L. Art. 9. Invincible Reasons for the Earl of Buti's immediate - Resignation of the Ministry. In a Letter to a Nobleman,

8vo. Mariner. A wretched attempt at Irony. The Author is by no means qualified to handle the keen weapons of ridicule, or to display the talents of a Rhetorician, in the management of that beautiful figure, under which he affects to convey his thoughts to the public. He adopts many of those reflections that have been so frequently made on the conduct of Mr Pitt and his Partizans; and is to extremely gros, in treating of those allusions and inuendos which he fupposes faction ha'h thr)wn out against the most respectable personages, that we imagine the latter will think themselve: litile obliged to this their obscure and incompetent advocate. They might, indeed, with no little propriety cry out to such Defenders, Pol, me occidiflis amici.

Art. 10. The Favourite. A political Epislle. Hurnbly addressid

to all Monarchs, Favourites, and Ministers in the known IVorld. By an ancient Briton. 8vo. IS. Burd.

What fund of politics the Author of this political Epistle may be poffefied of we know not; certain it is, he has obliged us with very little knowlege of this kind in his pamphlet. The whole is, indeed, nothing more than a rambling declamation againit vicious sovereigns and their Favourites; or, to use this very familiar Writer's own phrases, Pimes, Stallions, and as all, Procurers, that are exclusively countenanced by the wrong-head of My

For what good furpose this publication was calculated, we cannot pretend to fay; nor is it clear to us whom or what the Author aims at. The following, however, is the conclusion he draws from, what he calls, the anecdotes contained in his performance.

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